Deaths in History on October 20

  • 460 Aelia Eudocia Athenais, Athenian-born Empress of the Eastern Roman Empire, consort of Theodosius II, and poet, dies at about 60
  • 1139 Henry X the Trotse, duke of Bayern (1126-38), dies
  • 1187 Urban III [Umberto Crivelli], Italian Pope (1185-87), dies
  • 1268 Conrad Hohenstaufen/Conradin, last Duke of Swabia, beheaded in Naples aged 16
  • 1274 Engelbert II of Falkenburg, archbishop of Cologne, dies
  • 1438 Jacopo di Piero della Quercia, Italian sculptor, dies at about 64
  • 1525 Joannes Custos, Dutch humanist, dies at about 50
  • 1570 João de Barros, Portuguese historian (b. 1496)
  • 1631 Michael Maestlin, German astronomer and mathematician (b. 1550)
  • 1640 John Ball, English Puritan clergyman and author (A Short Catechisme, containing all the Principal Grounds of Religion), dies at about 55
  • 1652 Antonio Coello, Spanish writer and dramatist (b. 1611)
  • 1713 Archibald Pitcairne, Scottish physician (b. 1652)

Charles VICharles VI (1685-1740)

Holy Roman Emperor (1711-40), dies after falling ill on a hunting trip at 55

  • 1765 William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, English supreme commander, dies at 44
  • 1794 James Adam, Scottish architect and furniture designer, (partnership with brother Robert Adam), dies at about 64
  • 1842 Grace Darling, English heroine who saved shipwreck survivors, dies of tuberculosis at 26
  • 1864 Stephen Dodson Ramseur, American Major General (Confederate Army), dies at 27
  • 1865 Champ Ferguson, American Confederate guerrilla, found guilty of war crimes during US Civil War, executed and hung at 43
  • 1876 Jeronimo de Bosch Kemper, Dutch sociologist and historian, dies at 68
  • 1882 Olegario Victor Andrade, Argentina poet (El arpa perdida), dies at 41

Richard Francis BurtonRichard Francis Burton (1821-1890)

English explorer and translator (Arabian Nights), dies at 69

  • 1894 James Anthony Froude, English historian and novelist (The Nemesis of Faith), dies at 76
  • 1896 Félix Tisserand, French Astronomer, dies at 51
  • 1900 Charles Dudley Warner, American novelist (As We Go), dies at 70
  • 1900 Naim Frashëri, Albanian poet and writer, dies at 54
  • 1907 Said Pasha Kurd, Kurdish statesman (b.1834)
  • 1910 David B. Hill, American politician and Governor of New York (1885-91), dies at 67
  • 1913 Daniel David Palmer, Canadian founder of chiropractic (1897 Palmer School of Chiropractic), dies of typhoid fever at 68
  • 1926 Eugene V. Debs, American labor leader and Socialist presidential candidate, dies at 70
  • 1929 José Batlle y Ordóñez, President of Uruguay (1899, 1903-7, 1911-15), dies at 73
  • 1929 Rudolf Kittel, German theologist (Psalms), dies at 76
  • 1935 Adolphus Washington Greely, American Arctic explorer and recipient of the Medal of Honor, dies at 91
  • 1936 Anne Sullivan [Johanna Macy], American teacher who educated Helen Keller, dies at 70
  • 1940 Gunnar Asplund, Swedish modernist architect (The Woodland Crematorium), dies at 55
  • 1950 Henry L. Stimson, American statesman (46th United States Secretary of State), dies at 83
  • 1953 Werner Baumbach, German bomber pilot (Luftwaffe special bombing unit WWII), dies in a plane accident at 36

Herbert HooverHerbert Hoover (1874-1964)

American politician and 31st President of the United States (Republican: 1929-33), dies in NY at 90

  • 1964 Miles Lampson, 1st Baron Killearn, English diplomat (High Commissioner of Egypt and the Sudan), dies at 84
  • 1967 Shigeru Yoshida, Japanese politician and diplomat, Prime Minister of Japan (1946-54), dies at 89
  • 1968 Lightfoot Solomon Michaux, African-American TV preacher, dies at 84
  • 1972 Harlow Shapley, American astronomer (Sun's position in galaxy), dies at 86
  • 1983 Yves Thériault, French Canadian author, dies at 67
  • 1984 Carl Ferdinand Cori, Czech-American bio-chemist (Nobel 1947-discovery of how glycogen (animal starch) – a derivative of glucose – is broken down and resynthesized in the body, for use as a store and source of energy), dies at 87

Paul DiracPaul Dirac (1902-1984)

English physicist (quantum electrodynamics, Nobel 1933), dies at 82

  • 1986 Samora Machel, President of Mozambique, dies in air crash at 53
  • 1987 Andrey Nikolayevich Kolmogorov, Russian mathematician (theory of probability), dies at 84

Sheila ScottSheila Scott (1927-1988)

English aviator who completed the 1st round-the-world solo flight by a woman, dies of cancer at 61

  • 1990 Bridget Bate Tichenor (born Bridget Pamela Arkwright Bate), Mexican surrealist painter dies at 72
  • 1992 Orton Chirwa, Malawi lawyer, Minister of Justice, dies in captivity at 73
  • 1993 Sugiyama Yasushi, Japanese Nihonga style painter, and designer, dies on his 84th birthday
  • 1994 (Charles) Robert Medley, English abstract and figurative style painter, dies at 88
  • 1994 Francis Steegmuller, American biographer (Cocteau), dies at 88
  • 1994 Ivan Sviták, Czech philosopher and poet, dies at 69
  • 1995 Bernadette Hingley, English priest, one of 1st women to be ordained in England, dies of cancer at 47
  • 1996 Bill Bedford, British test pilot (pioneered the development of V/STOL aircraft), dies at 75
  • 1996 Mary Tuck, British social researcher and civil servant, dies at 68

Jack LynchJack Lynch (1917-1999)

Irish politician and Taoiseach (1966-73 and 1977-79), dies at 82

  • 2001 Ted Ammon, American financier and investment banker, bludgeoned to death at 52
  • 2004 Anthony Hecht, American poet, dies at 81
  • 2005 Endon Mahmood, First Lady of Malaysia, wife of Tun Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, dies of breast cancer at 64
  • 2005 Eva Švankmajerová, Czech surrealist artist, dies of cancer at 65
  • 2008 Sœur Emmanuelle, Belgian-French religious sister, dies at 99

Bob GuccioneBob Guccione (1930-2010)

American publisher (Penthouse, Omni), dies of lung cancer at 79

  • 2010 Farooq Leghari, 8th President of Pakistan (1993-97), dies at 70
  • 2011 Moatassem Gaddafi, Son of Moammar Gaddafi and National Security Adviser of Libya (b. 1977)

Muammar GaddafiMuammar Gaddafi (1942-2011)

Libyan revolutionary, political theorist and dictator (1969-2011), beaten to death in captivity by a Misratan militia at about 69

  • 2011 Tone Pavček, Slovenian poet and translator (b. 1928)
  • 2013 Lawrence Klein, American economist who created computer models to forecast economic trends (1980 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences), dies at 93
  • 2014 John Hoskyns, Policy Advisor to Margaret Thatcher (1979-82), dies at 87
  • 2014 Oscar de la Renta, Domincan American fashion designer (Coty Hall of Fame-1973), dies at 82
  • 2016 Junko Tabei, Japanese mountain-climber, 1st woman to climb Mount Everest, dies at 77
  • 2018 Wim Kok, Dutch politician, Dutch Prime Minister (1994-2002), dies at 80
  • 2019 Nick Tosches, American writer (bio of Jerry Lee Lewis), dies at 69