Deaths in History on October 22

  • 741 Charles Martel, ruler of the Franks and grandfather of Charlemagne, dies at 63
  • 1383 Ferdinand I, the wise, king of Portugal, dies
  • 1494 Gian Galeazzo, Italian duke of Milan (1476-94), dies
  • 1565 Jean, Vicomte d'Aguisy Grolier de Servieres, French bibliophile (b. 1479)
  • 1625 Kikkawa Hiroie, Japanese daimyō of the Azuchi–Momoyama period through early Edo period, dies at 63
  • 1674 Gerbrand van den Eeckhout, Dutch painter, dies at 53
  • 1707 Cloudesley Shovell, British Commander-in-Chief of the British fleet, drowns in Scilly Naval disaster at 57
  • 1708 Herman Witsius [Wits], reformed theologist, dies at 72
  • 1751 Willem IV KH Friso, prince of Orange-Nassau, dies at 40
  • 1755 Elisha Williams, American rector of Yale College (b. 1694)
  • 1763 French van Mieris "the Young", painter/historian, dies at 73
  • 1792 Guillaume Le Gentil, French astronomer, dies at 67
  • 1818 Joachim H Campe, German theory/author, dies at 72
  • 1847 Sahle Selassie, Negus of Shewa
  • 1852 Hans Christoph Ernst von Gagern, German political writer and advisor to Dutch king, dies at 86
  • 1854 Jeremias Gotthelf [Albert Bitzius], Swiss writer (The Black Spider), dies at 57
  • 1869 Michael Sars, Norwegian zoologist, dies at 64
  • 1871 Roderick Murchison, Scottish Geologist (Silurian system), dies at 79
  • 1882 Janos Arany, Hungarians poet (Toldi Szerelme), dies at 65
  • 1883 Thomas Mayne Reid, Irish-American novelist (The Headless Horseman), dies at 65
  • 1891 Ernst von Fleischl-Marxow, Austrian physiologist (b. 1846)
  • 1902 Annie Jones, American bearded lady (P. T. Barnum circus), dies of tuberculosis. at 37

Paul CézannePaul Cézanne (1839-1906)

French artist and Post-Impressionist painter (The Basket of Apples), dies of pneumonia at 67

  • 1915 Andrew Noble, Scottish physicist who was a founder of the science of ballistics, dies at 84
  • 1919 Bruce Frederick Cummings, English author (Journal of a Disappointed Man), dies at 30
  • 1926 Jules van den Heuvel, Belgian lawyer and politician, dies at 71
  • 1927 Borisav "Bora" Stanković, Serbian writer (b. 1876)

Andrew FisherAndrew Fisher (1862-1928)

5th Prime Minister of Australia (1908-09, 1910-13, 1914-15), dies at 66

  • 1932 Anna Elizabeth Dickinson, American Quaker orator, abolitionist, women's rights advocate, writer, and mountaineer, dies of a stroke at 89

Pretty Boy FloydPretty Boy Floyd (1904-1934)

American gangster and FBI Most Wanted criminal, shot dead at 30 by the FBI in Ohio

  • 1942 Gustave "Staff" de Clercq, Belgian politician, and Nazi sympathizer (Flemish Nationally Covenant), dies at 58
  • 1942 Sybren Tulip, Dutch National Socialist Party (NSB) member, and Superintendent of Police in Amsterdam (1941-42), dies of rheumatic fever at 53
  • 1948 August Hlond, Polish cardinal of the Roman Catholic church, dies at 67
  • 1952 Ernst Rüdin, Swiss-German psychiatrist, geneticist, and eugenicist, dies at 78
  • 1954 Jibanananda Das, Bengali poet (b. 1899)
  • 1954 Oswald de Andrade, Brazilian author (one of the modernist Group of Five), dies at 64
  • 1954 Prosper Cocquyt, Belgian brewer and pilot, dies at 54
  • 1960 Edgar Scauflaire, Belgian painter and decorator, dies at 67
  • 1963 Elvin M. Jellinek, American Physiologist and pioneer in the study of alcoholism, dies at 73
  • 1964 Khawaja Nazimuddin, 2nd Prime Minister of Pakistan and President of Pakistan Muslim League, dies at 70
  • 1965 Dipa Nusantara Aidit, Indonesian communist leader of PKI (1951-65), murdered at 42
  • 1965 Paul Tillich, German-American theologist (Courage To Be), dies at 79
  • 1966 Hewlett Johnson [Red Dean of Canterbury], English bishop, dies at 92
  • 1967 Cornelis "Kees" Maks, Dutch figurative painter, dies at 91
  • 1970 René Schneider, Chilean general/supreme commander, murdered
  • 1972 Kurt Edzard, German sculptor (nudist/portraits), dies at 82

Arnold J. ToynbeeArnold J. Toynbee (1889-1975)

English historian (A Study of History), dies at 86

  • 1978 John Riley, English poet (murdered) (b. 1937)
  • 1979 Jesse Bishop, murderer, dies in Nevada gas chamber
  • 1982 Savitri Devi [Maximiani Portas], Greek French Nazi writer, dies at 77
  • 1986 Albert Szent-Györgyi, Hungarian biochemist (Vitamin C, Nobel 1937), dies at 93
  • 1986 Ye Jianying, Chinese communist general and politician (Head of State of the People's Republic of China 1978-83), dies at 89
  • 1989 Jacob Wetterling, American kidnapping victim, is kidnapped, assaulted and murdered at 11 by Danny Heinrich. His abduction and murder would remain a mystery for 30 years.
  • 1993 Elie A Cohen, physician (held in Auschwitz), dies at 84
  • 1993 Fred C Shapiro, American journalist (Tiananmen-square 1989), dies at 62
  • 1993 Jiří Hájek, Czech politician and diplomat, dies at 80
  • 1994 Chester WIlliams, painter, dies at 73
  • 1994 Fabio Grobart, founder (Cuban Communist Party), dies
  • 1994 Harold Horace Hopkins, British physicist and inventor (Endoscope), dies at 75
  • 1994 Rollo May, American psychologist (Love & Will), dies at 85
  • 1994 Sandy Horn, lesbian Activist, dies at 59
  • 1994 William Frankena, American philosopher, dies at 86
  • 1995 Edward Totah, art Dealer, dies at 46
  • 1995 K B Wilson, methodist principal (Westminster College), dies at 50
  • 1995 Kingsley Amis, English author (Lucky Jim), dies of injuries from a fall at 73
  • 1995 Simone Gallimard, French editor and publisher, dies at 77
  • 1996 Matthew Harding, businessman/football supporter, dies at 42
  • 1998 Eric Ambler, English novelist (b. 1909)
  • 2002 Queen Geraldina of the Albanians (b. 1915)
  • 2004 Alastair Down, CEO (Burmah Oil), dies at 90
  • 2004 Samuel Lee Gravely Jr., American naval officer, First African American fleet commander, dies at 82
  • 2005 Arman, French-born artist (b. 1928)
  • 2006 Choi Kyu-hah, President of South Korea, dies at 87
  • 2007 Ève Curie, French author and daughter of Madame Curie, dies at 102
  • 2011 Sultan bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Saudi Crown Prince (2005-11), dies at 82 or 83
  • 2012 Arthur Jensen, American psychologist, dies at 89
  • 2012 Russell Means, Native American activist, dies from esophageal cancer at 72
  • 2016 Steve Dillon, English comic book artist (Preacher), dies at 54
  • 2017 Paul J. Weitz, American test pilot and NASA astronaut (Skylab 2, STS-6), dies at 85

Dietrich MateschitzDietrich Mateschitz (1944-2022)

Austrian businessman (founder, owner Red Bull Racing; FC Red Bull Salzburg, RB Leipzig; co-creator Red Bull energy drink), dies of pancreatic cancer at 78