On This Day

Deaths in History on September 23

  • 79 Pope Linus, second Bishop of Rome after St Peter
  • 775 Constantine V Copronymus, Emperor of Byzantium (720-75), dies
  • 918 Conrad I, German King of East Francia (911-18), dies of battle wounds at 42
  • 965 Aboe a-Taia-H al-Moetanabbi, Arabic royal poet (Diwan), murdered
  • 1241 Snorri Sturluson, Icelandic historian, poet, and politician (b. 1178)
  • 1390 John I, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1346)
  • 1535 Catherine of Saxe-Lauenburg, Queen of Gustav I of Sweden, dies at 21
  • 1571 John Jewel, English bishop, dies at 49
  • 1573 Azai Hisamasa, Japanese warlord (b. 1524)
  • 1605 Pontus de Tyard, French poet
  • 1624 Willem Pietersz Buytewech, painter/etcher, dies at about 32
  • 1675 Valentin Conrart, founder of the Académie Française (b. 1603)
  • 1728 Christian Thomasius, German jurist (b. 1655)
  • 1738 Hermannus Boerhaave, medical/botanist, dies at 69
  • 1764 Robert Dodsley, English writer (b. 1703)
  • 1773 Johann Ernst Gunnerus, Norwegian bishop and botanist (b. 1718)

  • 1778 Balthazar Huydecoper, Dutch translator and historian, dies at 83
  • 1789 John Rogers, American Continental Congressman (b. 1723)
  • 1823 Matthew Baillie, Scottish Physician (first systematic study of pathology in 1793), dies at 61
  • 1830 Elizabeth Kortright Monroe, First Lady of the United States (1817-25) as the wife of the fifth President James Monroe, dies at 62
  • 1844 Alexander von Benckendorff, Russian general and statesman (b. 1783)
  • 1846 John Ainsworth Horrocks, English-born explorer of South Australia (b. 1818)
  • 1847 Henri de Mérode, Belgian revolutionary (Souvenirs), dies at 65)
  • 1850 José Gervasio Artigas, Uruguayan revolutionary leader and national hero who is regarded as the father of Uruguayan independence, dies at 86
  • 1864 Sandie [Alexander Swift] Pendleton, American Lieutenant Colonel (Confederate Army), dies at 23
  • 1870 Prosper Mérimée, French author (Carmen), dies at 66
  • 1871 Alexander N Afanasjev, Russian story teller, dies at 45
  • 1873 Jean Chacornac, French astronomer, dies at 50
  • 1877 Urbain JJ Leverrier, codiscoverer of Neptune, dies
  • 1889 [William] Wilkie Collins, English writer (The Moonstone), dies at 65
  • 1896 Ivar A Aasen, Norwegian linguistic/poet, dies at 83
  • 1900 William Marsh Rice, American philanthropist and university founder (b. 1816)
  • 1902 John Wesley Powell, US geologist (Grand Canyon), dies at 68
  • 1906 Jan van Rijswijck, Flemish journalist and Mayor of Antwerp, dies at 53
  • 1908 Jadwiga Łuszczewska, Polish poet, dies at 74
  • 1917 Werner Voss, German World War I flying ace, dies at 20

  • 1929 Richard A Zsigmondy, Austria chemist (Nobel 1925), dies at 64
  • 1930 Jonkvrouw Catharina AM de Savornin Lohman, author, dies at 62

Person of interestSigmund Freud

1939 Sigmund Freud, Austrian neurologist and creator of psychoanalysis, dies at 83

Father of Psychology Sigmund Freud
Father of Psychology
Sigmund Freud
  • 1943 Elinor Glyn, English author (b. 1864)
  • 1944 Colijn, Neth PM, buried
  • 1947 Nikola Petkov, leader of Bulgaria Boer party, hanged
  • 1968 Padre Pio, Roman Catholic saint, dies at 81
  • 1971 James Waddell Alexander II, American mathematician and topologist, dies at 83

Person of interestPablo Neruda

1973 Pablo Neruda, Chilean poet (Residence on Earth-Nobel 1971), dies at 69

  • 1974 Gerhard Nebel, German writer, dies at 70
  • 1988 Tibor Sekelj, Croatian explorer (b. 1912)
  • 1992 James A Van Fleet, US general (D-Day, Battle of Bulge), dies at 100
  • 1992 Paul E Garber, American founder/1st curator of National Air & Space Museum, dies at 93
  • 1994 Alec Dickson, founder of VSO, dies at 80
  • 1994 Ali Kouider Benyahia, [sheik Boualem], Alg Muslim leader, shot at 26
  • 1994 Cherif Gousmi, [kalief Abu Abdallah Ahmed], Alger Muslim leader, shot
  • 1994 Georgi, Tsar Nicholas II's brother, buried
  • 1994 John van Damme, businessman, hanged in Singapore at 59
  • 1994 Robert Bloch, American sci-fi author (Hugo, Psycho), dies of cancer at 77
  • 1995 Odut Joseph Olutola Oluola Oguntala, soho club owner, dies at 74
  • 1996 Stuart Pigott, archaeologist, dies at 86
  • 1996 Fujiko F. Fujio, Japanese cartoonist (b. 1933)
  • 1996 Stuart Piggott, British archaeologist best known for his work on prehistoric Wessex, dies at 86
  • 1997 Murray Burnett, writer (Everybody Goes to Rick-Casablanca), dies at 86
  • 2000 Carl Rowan, American journalist (b. 1925)
  • 2002 Lord Abinger [James Richard Scarlett], English Conservative peer, campaigned for reform of the ancient law on treasure trove, dies at 87
  • 2003 Yuri Senkevich, Russian TV anchorman (b. 1937)
  • 2004 Tabish Dehlvi, Pakistani poet, dies at 90
  • 2005 Filiberto Ojeda Ríos, Puerto Rican activist (Founder of FALN), dies at 72
  • 2008 Peter Leonard, Australian journalist (b. 1942)
  • 2009 Paul B. Fay, American businessman and cabinet member in the Kennedy administration (b. 1918)
  • 2010 Malcolm Douglas, Australian conservationist (b. 1941)
  • 2010 Teresa Lewis, American murderer (b. 1969)
  • 2011 Stuart J. Byrne, American sci-fi author (Star Man, God Man), dies at 97
  • 2013 Ruth Patrick, American botanist and limnologist, dies at 105
  • 2013 Hugo Raes, Flemish writer (Horses Jump & Fresh Sea), dies at 84