Deaths in History on September 8

  • 394 Arbogast, French general, commits suicide
  • 701 Sergius I, Syrian born Pope (687-701), dies (b. c. 650)
  • 780 Leo IV de Khazar, Byzantine Emperor (775-80), dies of tuberculosis at 30
  • 1100 Antipope Clement III [Guibert of Ravenna], Italian archbishop, and1st anti-pope (1084-1100), dies at about 75 [birthdate uncertain]
  • 1397 Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester, son of Edward III of England, dies at 42
  • 1425 King Charles III of Navarre (b. 1361)
  • 1539 John Stokesley, English churchman, chaplain to Henry VIII and Bishop of London, dies at 74
  • 1550 Hans [Johann] Vischer, German count of Johann Cicero, dies
  • 1555 Thomas of Villanova [Tomás García], Spanish saint, Archbishop of Valencia, Spain, and writer, dies at 67
  • 1560 Amy Robsart, wife of English premier Robert Dudley, dies falling down a flight of stairs in suspicious circumstances at 28
  • 1603 George Carey, 2nd Baron Hunsdon, English politician, Lord Chamberlain to Elizabeth I (b. 1547)
  • 1633 Carlo Caraffa, Italian founder of the Jesuit religious order founder, dies at about 72
  • 1644 Francis Quarles, English poet (Enchiridion), dies at 52
  • 1645 Francisco Gómez de Quevedo, Spanish author and poet, dies at 64
  • 1645 John Coke, English politician and official to Charles I (b. 1563)
  • 1654 Peter Claver, Spanish saint and Jesuit missionary in Cartagena, South America (baptized 300,000 slaves), dies (b. 1581)
  • 1656 Joseph Hall, English bishop and writer (Virgidemiarum: Six Books), dies at 82
  • 1660 Daniel von Czepko, German poet, dies at 54
  • 1675 Amalia, countess of Solms-Braunfels and wife of Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange, dies at 73
  • 1682 Juan Caramuel y Lobkowitz, Spanish writer, dies at 76
  • 1721 Michael Brokoff, Czech sculptor, dies at 35
  • 1739 Yuri Troubetzkoy, Governor of Belgorod (b. 1668)
  • 1755 Ephraim Williams, American philanthropist (Williams College), dies at 40
  • 1761 Bernard Forest de Bélidor, French engineer who pioneered hydraulics (b. 1698)
  • 1780 Enoch Poor, American Revolutionary War general, dies at 44
  • 1806 Patrick Cotter O'Brien, Irish showman, first known eight-foot-tall person (stood 8-feet, 1-inch (246cm)), dies from strain of gigantism at 46 [1]
  • 1811 Peter Simon Pallas, Prussian geologist and zoologist working in Russia, dies at 69
  • 1814 Maria Carolina of Austria, Queen of the Two Sicilies, dies at 62
  • 1840 John Hendricus van de Palm, Dutch linguist and theologist, dies at 77
  • 1853 Frédéric Ozanam, French scholar and founder of the Society of Saint Vincent de Paul, dies at 40
  • 1881 Frederick, Prince of the Netherlands and general and large landowner (created Muskau Park), dies at 84
  • 1882 Joseph Liouville, French mathematician (surface of Liouville), dies at 73
  • 1888 Annie Chapman, English victim of the notorious serial killer Jack the Ripper, murdered at about 48
  • 1893 Luke Short, American Old West gunslinger and saloon owner, dies of dropsy at 39
  • 1894 Hermann von Helmholtz, German physician and physicist, dies at 73
  • 1895 Adam Opel, German automobile manufacturer (Adam Opel AG), dies at 58
  • 1909 Frank Crawford Armstrong, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 73
  • 1914 William Erasmus Darwin, British son of Charles Darwin, subject of his father's psychological studies, dies at 74
  • 1922 Léon Bonnat, French painter (Job), dies at 89
  • 1933 Faysal I of Iraq, King of the Arab Kingdom of Syria (1920–1933) & King of Iraq (1921–1933), dies of a heart attack at 48
  • 1935 Carl Weiss, American physician who murdered US Senator Huey Long, shot and killed by the senator's bodyguards at 28

Edward L. DohenyEdward L. Doheny (1856-1935)

American oil tycoon who drilled the 1st successful oil well in Los Angeles and set off the California oil boom, dies of natural causes at 79

Huey LongHuey Long (1893-1935)

American politician, 40th Governor of Louisiana (1928-32) and Senator (1932-35), assassinated at 42 by Carl Weiss at the Baton Rouge Capitol building

  • 1947 Victor Horta, Belgium architect, founder of Art Nouveau movement (Hôtel Tassel), dies at 86
  • 1948 Thomas Mofolo, Lesotho writer (b. 1876)
  • 1951 Jürgen Stroop, SS General during World War II and commander of Nazi forces during the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, executed by hanging for crimes against humanity at 56
  • 1953 Fred M. Vinson, American Democratic politician, US Treasury Secretary (1945-46) and the 13th Chief Justice of US Supreme Court (1946-53), dies of a heart attack at 63
  • 1955 Johannes de Young, Dutch cardinal and archbishop of Utrecht, dies at 69
  • 1956 Gerrit Bolkestein, Dutch minister of Education (1939-45), dies at 84
  • 1956 Vital Celen, Flemish writer ('t Pastoorke van Vossendonck), dies at 69
  • 1962 Hermann Staudinger, German chemist (Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1953 for polymers), dies at 84
  • 1969 Alexandra David-Néel, Belgian-French explorer and writer, dies at 100
  • 1969 Bud Collyer, TV emcee (Beat the Clock, To Tell the Truth), dies at 61
  • 1970 Percy Spencer, inventor of the microwave oven, (b. 1894)
  • 1980 Hermann Claudius, German folk poet (Meister Bertram), dies at 101
  • 1980 Jean Piaget, Swiss pioneer developmental psychologist and zoologist, dies at 84

Willard LibbyWillard Libby (1908-1980)

American chemist who developed radiocarbon dating (Nobel 1960), dies of pneumonia at 71

  • 1981 Hideki Yukawa, Japanese physicist (Nobel 1949), dies at 74
  • 1981 Roy Wilkins, American civil rights activist and longtime executive director of NAACP, dies at 80
  • 1983 Ibrahim Abboud, 1st President and 4th Prime Minister of Sudan (1958-64), dies at 82
  • 1983 Willem C "Wim" Kan, Dutch cabaret performer, dies at 72
  • 1985 John Franklin Enders, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1887)
  • 1990 Denys Watkins-Pitchford, British writer and illustrator (The Little Grey Men), dies at 85
  • 1991 Jan J Lipski, chairman (Polish Socialist Party)/writer, dies
  • 1992 Quentin N Burdick, (Sen-D-ND, 1960-91), dies at 84
  • 1993 Hall Bartlett, American director (Jonathan Livingston Seagull), dies at 70
  • 1993 Zaki Naguib Mahmoud, Egyptian philosopher/author/diplomat, dies at 88
  • 1994 Deborah Bear, Engl still photographer (Pasolini/Fellini), dies at 44
  • 1994 Michael Peters, choreographer, dies
  • 1995 Eileen Chang, Chinese-American writer and feminist, dies at 73
  • 1995 Halldis Moren Vesaas, Norwegian author and poet (Harp and Dagger), dies at 87
  • 1995 Olga Ivinskaya, mistress of Boris Pasternak, dies of cancer at 83
  • 1995 Safa Khulusi, Iraqi writer and historian, dies at 78
  • 1996 Elizabeth Eyre de Lanaux, designer artist/writer, dies at 102
  • 2006 Hilda Bernstein, English-born South African author, artist, and activist (b. 1915)
  • 2006 Jean Villain, Swiss writer, dies at 78
  • 2007 Nicholas Bethell, 4th Baron Bethell, British historian, dies at 69
  • 2007 Ramón Cardemil, Chilean huaso (b. 1917)
  • 2009 Aage Bohr, Danish physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1922)
  • 2012 Bill Moggridge [William], British designer, dies from cancer at 69
  • 2014 S. Truett Cathy, American businessman (founder of Chick-fil-A), dies at 93
  • 2016 The Lady Chablis [Benjamin Knox], American transgender entertainer (Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil), dies at 59
  • 2017 Pierre Bergé, French industrialist and co-founder of Yves Saint Laurent Couture House, dies at 86
  • 2019 Joseph P. Kolter, American politician (US Representatives from Pennsylvania, 1983-93), dies at 93

Elizabeth IIElizabeth II (1926-2022)

Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (country's longest reigning monarch 1952-2022), dies at 96