1847 Sir James Young Simpson, a British physician, is the first to use chloroform as an anaesthetic.
1859 Jules Leotard performs 1st Flying Trapeze circus act (Paris) He also designed garment that bears his name
1873 Bay District Race Track in San Francisco opens
1893 The treaty of the Durand Line is signed between present day Pakistan and Afghanistan - the Durand Line has gained international recognition as an international border between the two sister nations.
1894 Lawrence Hargrave, Australian aeronautical pioneer and inventor of the box kite, linked four huge box kites together and flew - but remained attached to the ground by piano wire
1998 Vice President of the United States Al Gore symbolically signs the Kyoto Protocol.
1999 The Düzce earthquake strikes Turkey with a magnitude of 7.2 on the Richter scale.
2001 Taliban forces abandon Afghanistan's capital Kabul, ahead of advancing Afghan Northern Alliance troops
2001 In New York City, American Airlines Flight 587, an Airbus A300 on its way to the Dominican Republic, crashes minutes after takeoff from John F. Kennedy International Airport, killing all 260 on board and five on the ground.
2003 With 501 km/h (311 mph) Shanghai Transrapid sets up a new world record for commercial railway systems.
2003 Iraq war: In Nasiriya, Iraq, at least 23 people, among them the first Italian casualties of the 2003 Iraq war are killed in a suicide bomb attack on an Italian police base.
2006 Former Soviet republic of South Ossetia holds a second referendum on independence from Georgia
2011 Silvio Berlusconi resigns as Prime Minister of Italy due, in large part, to the European sovereign debt crisis.
2012 Into the Silence by Wade Davis wins the 2012 Samuel Johnson Prize
2014 European Space Agency's Rosetta lands the Philae probe on the comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko
2015 Suicide bombings in Lebanon kill 43, Isis claim responsibility
Event of Interest
2015 Out Magazine names Barack Obama 'Ally of the Year', Obama becomes 1st sitting US President to pose for cover of a gay magazine
2017 7.3 earthquake hits near Halabjal, Iraq, on border with Iran, killing over 500 people, with 7,000 injured
Event of Interest
2017 For the first time Prince Charles lays the wreath to Great Britain's war dead, replacing Queen Elizabeth
2018 Israeli secret operation in Gaza kills eight including one Israeli and an Hamas Commander, igniting tensions with retaliatory rocket attack from Gaza