Events in History on April 1

  • 374 Comet 1P/374 E1 (Halley) approaches within 0.0884 AUs of Earth

Appointment of Interest

527 Byzantine Emperor Justin I names his nephew Justinian I as co-ruler and successor to the throne

  • 705 Greek pope John VII chosen as successor to John VI
  • 1064 Body of bishop Eleutherius of Blandain moved to Doornik
  • 1318 Berwick-upon-Tweed is captured by the Scottish from the English.
  • 1340 Niels Ebbesen kills Gerhard III of Holstein in his bedroom, ending the 1332-1340 interregnum in Denmark.
  • 1504 English guilds/corp goes under state control

Victory in Battle

1515 Portuguese fleet under Afonso de Albuquerque captures the Persian fortress of Ormuz, renaming it the Fort of Our Lady of the Conception

  • 1572 Watergeuzen capture Brielle from the Spaniards, during the Eighty Years' War, gaining the first foothold on land for what would become the Dutch Republic.

Historic Event

1581 Portuguese Cortes subjects himself on Philip II

  • 1663 Gemert fines unwed motherhood (50 guilder penalty)

Historic Event

1693 Cotton Mather's four-day-old son dies, and witchcraft is blamed

Historic Event

1724 Henry Pelham becomes English minister of War

Historic Publication

1724 Jonathan Swift publishes Drapier's letters

Ruins of Pompeii

1748 Ruins of Pompeii rediscovered by Spaniard Rocque Joaquin de Alcubierre

  • 1776 Friedrich von Klinger's "Sturm und Drang" premieres in Leipzig
  • 1778 New Orleans businessman Oliver Pollock creates the "$" symbol
  • 1792 Gronings feminist Etta Palm demands women's right to divorce
  • 1803 French law rules the use of intention
  • 1826 Samuel Morey is issued the first U.S. patent for an internal-combustion engine, which he calls a “Gas or Vapour Engine"
  • 1850 San Francisco County government established
  • 1853 Cincinnati becomes 1st US city to employ fulltime professional firefighters

Historic Publication

1854 "Hard Times" begins serialisation in Charles Dickens magazine, "Household Words"

Historic Publication

1857 Herman Melville publishes The Confidence-Man

  • 1862 Shenandoah Valley campaign, Jackson's Battle of Woodstock, Virginia
  • 1863 1st wartime conscription law in US goes into effect
  • 1865 -9] Battle at Blakely Alabama

Victory in Battle

1865 Battle of 5 Forks Virginia: Union forces defeat Confederates and capture important railway supply line for General Robert E. Lee's army

  • 1866 US Congress rejects presidential veto giving all equal rights in US
  • 1867 Blacks vote in municipal election in Tuscumbia, Alabama
  • 1867 International Exhibition opens in Paris
  • 1867 Singapore, Penang & Malacca become British crown colonies
  • 1868 Hampton Institute opens
  • 1871 New Constitution adopted by the German Empire
  • 1872 1st edition of The Standard
  • 1873 British White Star steamship Atlantic sinks off Nova Scotia, 547 die
  • 1873 Mehmed Kemals play "Vatan" premeres in Constantinople
  • 1881 Anti-Jewish riots in Jerusalem
  • 1881 Kingdom post office in Netherlands opens
  • 1889 1st dishwashing machine marketed (Chicago)

Historic Event

1891 French painter Paul Gauguin leaves Marseille for Tahiti

  • 1891 London-Paris telephone connection opens
  • 1891 The Wrigley Company is founded in Chicago, Illinois.
  • 1899 NC Mutual opens doors for business
  • 1900 1st edition of Dutch newspaper "The People"
  • 1905 "SOS" first adopted as a morse distress signal (· · · – – – · · ·) by German government
  • 1905 British East African Protectorate becomes colony of Kenya
  • 1910 Dumitru Dan (Romania) completes a 62,137 mile (100,000 m) walk

Historic Event

1918 Henry Miller's Theater opens at 124 W 43rd St NYC

  • 1918 United Kingdom: the Royal Air Force is created from the Royal Naval Air Service and the Royal Flying Corps.
  • 1920 The (Anglican) Church in Wales disestablished

Coup d'état

1924 Adolf Hitler sentenced to 5 years labor for "Beer Hall Putsch" but General Ludendorff acquitted

  • 1924 Crown takes over Northern Rhodesia from British South Africa Co
  • 1924 Imperial Airways forms in Britain
  • 1924 The Royal Canadian Air Force is formed.
  • 1925 1st transmission of Danish state radio
  • 1925 Hebrew University, Jerusalem dedicated [see May 9, 1925]
  • 1927 1st automatic record changer introduced by His Master's Voice
  • 1929 Austrian government of Ignaz Seipel falls
  • 1929 Doorne's trailer factory in Eindhoven Netherlands opens
  • 1929 Louie Marx introduces Yo-Yo
  • 1929 Luis Buñuel releases "Un Chien Andalou" 24-minute film
  • 1929 Morehouse College, Spellman College & Atlanta University affiliate
  • 1931 Earthquake devastate Managua Nicaragua, kills 2,000

Historic Event

1933 Heinrich Himmler becomes Police Commander of Germany

  • 1933 Nazi Germany begins persecution of Jews by boycotting Jewish businesses

Murder of Interest

1934 Clyde Barrow kills two young highway patrolmen, H. D. Murphy and Edward Bryant Wheeler, at the intersection of Route 114 near Grapevine, Texas. Bonnie Parker's role in the murders helps turn public perception against the gang for good

  • 1935 1st radio tube made of metal announced, Schenectady, NY

Historic Event

1936 Charles "Lucky" Luciano" is arrested in Arkansas on a criminal warrant from New York

  • 1936 Orissa constituted a province of British India
  • 1937 Aden becomes a British crown colony
  • 1938 Nescafé introduces their flagship brand in Switzerland

Historic Event

1939 US recognizes Francisco Franco's government in Spain at end of Spanish civil war. Pope Pius XII congratulates Generalissimo Franco's victory in Spain

Historic Publication

1940 Filipino President Quezon officially authorizes the printing and publication of the grammar and dictionary prepared by the Institute of the National Language.

Historic Event

1941 Lillian Hellman's "Watch on the Rhine" premieres in NYC

  • 1941 Nazis forbid Jews access to cafés
  • 1941 Pro-German Rashid Ali al-Ghailani grabs power in Iraq
  • 1941 The Blockade Runner Badge for German Kriegsmarine is instituted.
  • 1941 US Navy takes over Treasure Island in San Francisco Bay
  • 1942 Allied air raid on Japanese occupied harbor city Kupang, Timor, Indonesia
  • 1942 Mexico changes from 3 time zones to 2
  • 1943 Jan Dieters, Dutch politician and resistance fighter who was the head of the Communist Party of the Netherlands, is arrested by the Nazis
  • 1944 Japanese troops conquer Jessami, Eastern India

Battle of Okinawa

1945 Battle of Okinawa: US ground forces invade Okinawa during World War II in the largest amphibious assault of the Pacific theatre

  • 1945 World War II: Canadian troops free the Dutch cities of Doetinchem, Enschede, Borculo and Eibergen
  • 1945 World War II: The Ruhr Pocket of German forces are encircled by the US Ninth Army and US First Army, eventually leading to the capture of 317,000 German troops
  • 1946 400,000 US mine workers strike
  • 1946 The Malayan Union is formed as a federation of the Malay states and the Straits Settlements of Penang and Malacca
  • 1946 Tsunamis generated by a quake in Aleutian Trench strike Hilo, Hawaii
  • 1946 Van Acker forms Belgian government (without CVP)
  • 1947 1st Jewish immigrants to Israel disembark at Port of Eilat
  • 1948 Faroe Islands receive autonomy from Denmark
  • 1952 Big Bang theory proposed in Physical Review by Alpher, Bethe & George Gamow
  • 1952 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1953 J van Bale appointed governor of New Guinea
  • 1954 1st Dutch motorway, Amsterdam-Utrecht, opens
  • 1954 1st US Army helicopter battalion forms, Fort Bragg, NC
  • 1954 Earthquake/tsunami ravage Aleutians, 200 killed
  • 1954 US Air Force Academy established
  • 1955 Armed military action taken against bureaucratic strike in Amsterdam
  • 1955 EOKA-bomb attacks against British government buildings in Cyprus
  • 1956 10th Tony Awards: Diary of Anne Frank & Damn Yankees win
  • 1956 Violent clashes in Algeria, kills at least 380
  • 1957 Trial begins in Budapest against participants of the Hungarian Uprising of October 1956
  • 1957 World's biggest glass oven used
  • 1958 Marshal Nikolai Bulganin becomes director of Soviet State Bank
  • 1960 1st weather satellite launched (TIROS 1)
  • 1960 2nd French atom bomb explodes (Sahara)
  • 1960 Census determines the resident population of the United States to be 179,245,000
  • 1960 France performs nuclear test at Reggane Proving Grounds, Algeria
  • 1960 U Nu elected premier of Burma
  • 1963 NYC's newspapers resume publishing after a 114 day strike
  • 1964 10°F lowest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in April
  • 1964 Robert Lowell's "Benito Cereno" premieres in NYC
  • 1965 South Africa worker's union leader Henry Fazzie sentenced to 10 years
  • 1965 Syncom 3, 1st geosynchronous communications satellite, passes from civilian to military control
  • 1966 1st world festival of black art (Dakar Senegal)

Historic Event

1966 Loyalist led by Ian Paisley, a Protestant fundamentalist preacher, founded the Ulster Constitution Defence Committee to challenge the civil rights movement; it set up a paramilitary-style wing called the Ulster Protestant Volunteers

  • 1967 1st British ombudsman Sir Edward Compton begins work
  • 1967 The United States Department of Transportation begins operation.
  • 1969 Royal Canadian Mint formally forms as a Crown Corporation
  • 1969 The Hawker Siddeley Harrier (vertical take-off fighter) enters service with the RAF.
  • 1970 Serious riots continue in the Ballymurphy estate in Belfast between Catholic residents and the British Army

Historic Event

1970 US President Richard Nixon signs bill limiting cigarette advertisements from 1st Jan 1971

  • 1971 United Kingdom lifts all restrictions on gold ownership
  • 1971 US/Canada ISIS 2 launched to study ionosphere
  • 1973 Japan allows its citizens to own gold
  • 1973 OPEC increases price of petroleum by 5.7 percent

Historic Event

1974 Ayatollah Khomeini calls for an Islamic Republic in Iran

  • 1974 In England, "Local Government Act 1972" redraws the administrative map and creates six new Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties; Newport and Monmouthshire transferred from England to Wales
  • 1974 Yourdon Inc consulting formed by Edward Yourdon
  • 1975 Cambodia President Lon Nol flees for Red Khmer
  • 1976 Conrail takes over operations from six bankrupt railroads in the northeastern U.S..
  • 1976 Jovian-Plutonian gravitational effect is first reported by the astronomer Patrick Moore.

Apple Macintosh Personal Computer

1976 Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs found Apple Computer in the garage of Jobs' parents house in Cupertino, California

  • 1977 Attempt for Muslim state in Chad fails
  • 1978 Philippine College of Commerce becomes the Polytechnic University of the Philippines by presidential decree
  • 1979 Iran proclaimed an Islamic Republic following fall of Shah
  • 1980 Failed assassination attempt on Iraqi vice-premier Tariq Aziz
  • 1980 France performs nuclear test
  • 1980 New York City's Transit Worker Union 100 begins a strike lasting 11 days.
  • 1981 Daylight saving time is introduced in the USSR.
  • 1982 Anguilla (dependent territory of UK) adopts constitution
  • 1982 US formally transfers Canal Zone to Panama
  • 1983 Anti-nuclear demonstrators link arms in 14-mile human chain in England
  • 1983 Iraq increases missile attacks on Iran
  • 1984 14th Easter Seal Telethon raises $24,600,000
  • 1984 8 men record longest distance (13 miles) rowed in 24 hours
  • 1986 US submarine Nathaniel Green runs aground in Irish Sea
  • 1986 World oil prices dip below $10 a barrel
  • 1991 Iran releases British hostage Roger Cooper after 5 years
  • 1991 US minimum wage goes from $3.80 to $4.25 per hour
  • 1991 US Supreme Court rules jurors cannot be barred from serving due to race
  • 1991 Warsaw Pact officially dissolves
  • 1992 Battleship USS Missouri, on which the Japanese surrender took place, decommissioned
  • 1992 Last defendant in St John sex assault case sentenced to 3 yrs probation
  • 1992 World's 7 wealthiest nations agree on $24B aid for former USSR

Theater Premiere

1993 Alan Bennett's play "The Madness of George III" premieres in London

  • 1995 Carlson Wagonlit Travel Agency begins charging $15 service fee
  • 1995 Howard Stern's radio show begins transmitting to Rochester, New York on WNVE at 95.1 and 95.5 FM
  • 1996 The Halifax Regional Municipality in Nova Scotia is created.
  • 1997 69 year old Gordie Howe begins playing AHL game with Syracuse Crunch
  • 1997 Comet Hale-Bopp Perihelion (0.914 AU)
  • 1997 Shell Oil confirms it will declare force majeure at its Nigerian Bonny terminal due to local protests which disrupted 210 million barrels per day of the company's oil production
  • 1999 Nunavut is established as a Canadian territory carved out of the eastern part of the Northwest Territories.

Historic Event

2001 Former president of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Slobodan Milošević surrenders to police special forces, to be tried on charges of war crimes.

  • 2001 Netherlands becomes the first country in the world to make same-sex marriage legal
  • 2002 The Netherlands legalizes euthanasia, becoming the first nation in the world to do so.
  • 2004 Google introduces Gmail: the launch is met with skepticism on account of the launch date
  • 2006 The Serious Organised Crime Agency, dubbed the 'British FBI', is created in the United Kingdom.
  • 2009 Croatia and Albania join NATO
  • 2011 After protests against the burning of the Quran turned violent, a mob attacked a United Nations compound in Mazar-i-Sharif, Afghanistan and killed thirteen people, including eight foreign workers.
  • 2012 Plane crash in Western Siberia kills at least 31 people (UTair Aviation ATR-72)
  • 2013 9 people are killed by a suicide bombing in Tikrit, Iraq
  • 2013 The world’s first smelling TV screen is unveiled in Japan
  • 2014 NATO suspends all practical civilian and military cooperation with Russia
  • 2015 56 people are killed after the Russian trawler Dalniy Vostok sinks off the coast of the Kamchatka Peninsula
  • 2017 Chinese leaders announce plans to build city in Xiongan New Area, 3x size of New York
  • 2019 China announces new laws against fentanyl-related substances to come into effect 1 May

Reiwa Era

2019 Japanese government announces the name of a new era 'Reiwa' for the next Emperor, Crown Prince Naruhito

  • 2019 Major archaeological site announced discovered on a reef in the middle of Lake Titicaca, in Andes, dated 8th and 10th centuries AD from Tiwanaku state
  • 2019 Methane, a gas usually made by living things, detected on Mars in 2013 by European Space Agency’s Mars Express orbiter reported in "Nature Geoscience"
  • 2019 Saudi Arabian oil company Saudi Aramco revealed to be world's most profitable company when its earnings released - $111.1 billion in the last year
  • 2019 US online sales overtake retail sales for the first time, with 11.813% online compared with 11.807% for general merchandise stores

COVID-19 Pandemic

2020 US President Donald Trump says the US Strategic National Stockpile is almost depleted amid widespread shortages of medical equipment to fight COVID-19

Historic Event

2021 Seven democracy protesters convicted for unauthorized assembly in Hong Kong including Martin Lee and Jimmy Lai

  • 2022 Sri Lanka's President Gotabaya Rajapaksa declares a nationwide public emergency after violent protests amid the country's worst economic crisis since independence [1]