Events in History on April 11

  • 491 Flavius Anastasius becomes Byzantine Emperor, as Anastasius I - often called the first Byzantine Emperor
  • 672 Deusdedit II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1079 Bishop Stanislaus of Krakow is executed by order of Bolesław II of Poland
  • 1241 Battle of Mohi: Mongols led by Batu and Subedei defeat Hungarian King Béla IV in the major battle in during Mongolian invasion of Hungary, with 30,000 Hungarians slain

Historic Event

1471 Wars of the Roses: King Edward IV of England seizes London from Henry VI

Battle of Ravenna

1512 Battle of Ravenna: French forces under Gaston de Foix defeat the Holy League in a major battle of the Italian Wars

  • 1551 English premier John Dudley appointed Duke of Northumberland
  • 1564 England & France sign Peace of Troyes
  • 1564 Liege prince-bishop Robert van Bergen resigns
  • 1567 Dutch prince William of Orange flees from Antwerp to Breda
  • 1579 Venlo joins Union of Utrecht
  • 1580 Drenthe joins Union of Utrecht
  • 1612 Last public burning at the stake in England - Edward Wrightman for heresy in Lichfield

Victory in Battle

1677 Battle at Montcassel, French troops beat Prince William III

  • 1689 King William III and Queen Mary II crowned as joint rulers of England, Scotland and Ireland
  • 1713 Great Britain, Spain, the Netherlands, Prussia, Savoy, Portugal & France agree the Treaty of Utrecht; France cedes Maritime provinces in North America to Britain
  • 1783 Hostilities formally cease in the American Revolutionary War [1]
  • 1801 Johann von Schiller's "Die Jungfrau von Orleans" premieres in Leipzig

Historic Event

1814 Napoleon Bonaparte abdicates unconditionally and he is exiled to the island of Elba in the Mediterranean

  • 1828 Foundation of Bahia Blanca, Argentina
  • 1848 Hungary becomes constitutional monarchy under King Ferdinand of Austria
  • 1853 Steamboat ferry 'Jenny Lind' boiler explosion kills at least 31 passengers in San Francisco Bay, California
  • 1856 Battle of Rivas; Costa Rica beats William Walker's invading Nicaraguans
  • 1862 Confederates surrender at Fort Pulaski, Georgia
  • 1863 Battle of Suffolk, Virginia (Norfleet House)

Historic Event

1865 Abraham Lincoln urges a spirit of generous conciliation during reconstruction

  • 1865 Battle of Mobile, Alamaba evacuated by Confederates
  • 1868 The Shogunate is abolished in Japan
  • 1876 Benevolent & Protective Order of Elks organizes in New York City
  • 1876 Sir Charles Gordon ends religious tolerance in Sudan
  • 1881 Spelman College founded as Atlanta Baptist Female Seminary in basement of Friendship Baptist Church, Atlanta
  • 1890 Ellis Island, New York, designated as an immigration station
  • 1891 8-year old Jewish tailor's daughter disappears in Greece, rumor spreads that she was a Christian girl ritually killed by Jews
  • 1895 Anaheim completes its new electric light system
  • 1899 Treaty of Paris ratifies ends war; Spain cedes Puerto Rico to US

Historic Event

1900 The first modern submarine designed and built by John Philip Holland is purchased by the U.S. Navy

  • 1902 Second Boer War: British forces defeat Boer commandos in Battle of Rooiwal, South Africa
  • 1909 Establishment of Tel Aviv by Jewish settlers (named 1910)
  • 1912 Cornerstone of Technion laid in Haifa, Palestine

Historic Event

1912 RMS Titanic leaves Queenstown, Ireland, for NY

  • 1912 The UK Parliament introduce a Irish home rule bill, granting Ireland its own bicameral parliament and be required to send a representative to the British House of Commons; Protestants in Ulster resist
  • 1914 Mexican President Huerta breaks off diplomatic relations with the US
  • 1919 The International Labour Organization is founded.
  • 1921 Iowa imposes 1st state cigarette tax
  • 1921 The Emirate of Transjordan created
  • 1921 Turkestan ASSR forms in Russian SFSR
  • 1924 Socialists win Danish parliamentary elections
  • 1924 WLS-AM in Chicago IL begins radio transmissions
  • 1925 Abd el-Krims Rifkabylen beats French army in Morocco
  • 1926 Flemish Economic Covenant (VEV) forms in Ghent
  • 1927 Chilean general Carlos Ibáñez names himself president
  • 1929 KLO-AM in Ogden UT begins radio transmissions
  • 1929 Loetafoon celluloid film system demonstrated in Amsterdam

Historic Event

1933 Hermann Goering becomes Premier of Prussia

  • 1936 First Butlins holiday camp opens in the UK at Ingoldmells, near Skegness
  • 1939 Hungary leaves League of Nations
  • 1941 Jewish Weekly newspaper taken control by Nazis
  • 1941 Nazi occupiers in Netherlands confiscate Jewish assets
  • 1942 US Merchant Marine Distinguished Service Medal established
  • 1943 Frank Piasecki, Vertol founder, flies his 1st (single-rotor) craft
  • 1944 RAF bombs census bureau in The Hague
  • 1945 Allied troops liberate Basket-Compascuum
  • 1945 Four soldiers in the Sixth Armored Division of the US Third Army liberate the Nazi concentration camp, Buchenwald
  • 1945 SS burns & shoots 1,100 at Gardelegen
  • 1945 US captures Tsugen Shima
  • 1945 US troops conquers Mulheim, Oberhausen, Bochum, Unna, Essen

Historic Event

1950 Prince Rainier III becomes ruler of Monaco

  • 1950 US B-29 bomber shot down over Latvia

Historic Event

1951 US President Harry Truman relieves General Douglas MacArthur of command in Korea

  • 1952 The Battle of Nanri island takes place.
  • 1953 Oveta Culp Hobby becomes 1st at Health, Education, & Welfare
  • 1953 US Department of Health, Education and Welfare created

Assassination Attempt

1955 Chartered Air India plane the "Kashmir Princess" is bombed and crashes into the South China Sea in a failed assassination attempt on Zhou Enlai by a Kuomintang secret agent

  • 1956 French government decides to send 200,000 reservists to Algeria
  • 1957 Britain agrees to Singaporean self-rule.

Historic Event

1957 Pablo Neruda arrested in Buenos Aires

  • 1957 Ryan X-13 Vertijet becomes 1st jet to take-off & land vertically
  • 1958 Brooks Hall in Civic Center dedicated in San Francisco, California
  • 1959 Dutch Prince Bernhard visits Lockheed factory
  • 1961 Austrian 4th & last government of Raab resigns

Catholic Encyclical

1963 Pope John XXIII publishes encyclical "Pacem in terris", that peace between all peoples must be based on truth, justice, love and freedom

  • 1963 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1965 40 tornadoes strike US midwest killing 272 & injuring 5,000

Election of Interest

1967 Harlem (NYC) voters defy Congress and reelect Adam Clayton Powell Jr.

  • 1968 Polish Marshal Spychalski succeeds Ochab as president

Historic Event

1968 US President Lyndon B. Johnson signs 1968 Civil Rights Act

  • 1968 W Berlin student Rudi Dutschke seriously wounded at demonstration
  • 1970 Apollo 13 launched to Moon; unable to land, returns in 6 days
  • 1970 San Francisco beats Cincinnati 2-1, only day Reds aren't in 1st place in 1970
  • 1971 "Johnny Johnson" opens/closes at Edison Theater NYC for 1 performance
  • 1972 Benjamin Hooks named to Federal Communications Commission (FCC), 1st African-American to serve
  • 1972 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1974 WW II war criminal JP Philippa arrested

Historic Event

1976 The Apple I computer, created by Steve Wozniak is released

  • 1977 Ireland sets fishing zone at 50 mile

Victory in Battle

1979 Tanzanian army captures Kampala, the capital of Uganda forcing Ugandan dictator Idi Amin to flee into exile in Libya

  • 1980 Equal Employment Opportunity Commission regulates sexual harassment
  • 1981 Race riot in London area of Brixton

Historic Event

1981 Ronald Reagan arrives home from hospital after Hinkley shot him

  • 1983 In the first 'supergrass' trial in Northern Ireland, fourteen Ulster Volunteer Force members are jailed for a total of two hundred years
  • 1983 NASA launches RCA-F
  • 1984 Challenger astronauts complete 1st in space satellite repair
  • 1984 Chinese troops invade Vietnam

Appointment of Interest

1984 General Secretary Konstantin Chernenko named President of the Soviet Union

  • 1984 Soyuz T-11 returns to Earth
  • 1986 A 1921 Canadian 50 cent coin is auctioned in New York for $22,000
  • 1986 Dodge Morgan sailed solo nonstop around world in 150 days
  • 1986 Halley's Comet makes closest approach to Earth this trip, 63 M km
  • 1986 KXA-AM in Seattle WA changes call letters to KRPM
  • 1989 Flyers, scores short-handed into an empty net beating Caps 8-5
  • 1990 Customs officers in Middlesbrough, United Kingdom, say they have seized what they believe to be the barrel of a massive gun on a ship bound for Iraq.
  • 1990 NY Lotto pays $35 million to two winner (#s are 6-14-24-32-34-51)
  • 1991 Space Shuttle STS 37 (Atlantis 8) lands at Edwards Air Force Base, California
  • 1991 UN Security Council issues formal cease fire with Iraq declaration
  • 1992 BPAA US Open by Robert Lawrence
  • 1992 Irish Republican Army bombs London financial district, killing 3
  • 1993 450 prisoners riot at the Southern Ohio Correctional Facility in Lucasville, Ohio, and continue for ten days, citing grievances about prison conditions and the forced vaccination of Nation of Islam prisoners (for tuberculosis)
  • 1993 Kirsan Ilumzjinov installed as president of Kalmukkie
  • 2001 Detained crew of a United States EP-3E aircraft that landed in Hainan, People's Republic of China after a collision with an J-8 fighter are released

Coup d'état

2002 An attempted coup d'état takes place in Venezuela against President Hugo Chávez.

  • 2002 The Ghriba synagogue bombing by Al Qaeda kills 21 in Tunisia

Historic Event

2006 Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad announces that Iran has successfully enriched uranium

  • 2007 Two bombings in the Algerian capital of Algiers kill 33 people and wounds a further 222
  • 2011 Minsk Metro bombing in Belarus kills at least 15 and injures over 200
  • 2012 2011 London riot looter is jailed for 11 years after starting a fire at a furniture retailer
  • 2012 8.6 magnitude earthquake and 8.2 aftershock occurs off the coast of Indonesia

Historic Event

2012 Billionaire Warren Buffett is diagnosed with prostate cancer

  • 2012 Prime Minister of Greece, Lucas Papademos, resigns and calls an election for May 6
  • 2012 South Korean legislative elections result in the governing Saenuri Party retaining governance
  • 2013 14 people are killed in clashes between drug traffickers and police in Michoacán, Mexico
  • 2013 57 people are killed by the Syrian Army in Daraa Governorate, Syria
  • 2013 Fossilized dinosaur eggs with embryos are discovered in China
  • 2013 Two women are beheaded for sorcery in Bougainville, Papua New Guinea

Meeting of Interest

2015 Barack Obama and Raúl Castro meet in Panama, the 1st meeting of US and Cuban heads of state since the Cuban Revolution

  • 2016 UN-backed ceasefire comes into effect in Yemen conflict between Iranian-backed Houthis rebels and government forces
  • 2016 Updated "Tree of Life" published in "Nature Microbiology" by scientists from Berkeley University in California
  • 2019 EU leaders agree to a six-month extension to Brexit after UK parliament fails to reach any consensus

Historic Event

2019 Ex-Pope Benedict XVI claims Catholic sexual abuse caused in part by 1960s sexual revolution

  • 2019 First day of voting in Indian general elections, the world's largest democracy with 900 million eligible voters in the world's largest-ever election (till 23rd May)
  • 2019 Israel's Beresheet spacecraft, the first privately-funded mission to the moon, crashes on the moon

Anti Omar al-Bashir Protest

2019 Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir overthrown and arrested by the army in Khartoum after 29 years in power

Historic Event

2019 WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange is forcibly removed from the Ecuadorian embassy in London by police and arrested on failure to appear in court on US extradition charges

COVID-19

2020 Brazil is the 1st country in the southern hemisphere to report more than 1,000 deaths from COVID-19, with 1,056 deaths and 19,638 cases

  • 2021 20-year-old Daunte Wright shot and killed at a traffic stop by police officer in Brooklyn Center, Minnesota, who says they mistook their gun for a taser
  • 2021 Peruvian general election: Free Peru party wins most seats but not a majority, Pedro Castillo wins presidency (not declared till 19 July)
  • 2021 Tropical cyclone Seroja makes landfall in Western Australia near the town of Kalbarri with winds up to 170km/h (105mph)
  • 2022 Mayor of Ukrainian city Mariupol says over 10,000 civilians have died in the Russian siege, with the likely death toll twice this, as bodies are " carpeted through the streets” [1]