Events in History on April 14

Assassination of Julius Caesar

43 BC Battle of Forum Gallorum: Mark Antony, besieging Julius Caesar's assassin Decimus Junius Brutus in Mutina, defeats the forces of the consul Pansa, who is killed.

Royal Coronation

193 Lucius Septimius Severus crowned Emperor of Rome

  • 754 Pact of Quierzy: between Pope Stephen II, [III] & Pippin the Korte
  • 966 Christianisation of Poland - Polish ruler Mieszko I and his court baptized
  • 972 Notger becomes bishop of Liege
  • 979 Challenge to throne of King Aethelred II of England
  • 1028 German emperor Conrad II the Sailor crowns his son Henry III, king
  • 1191 85-year old Giacinto Bobo becomes Pope Coelestinus III
  • 1341 Sack of Saluzzo (Italy) by Italian-Angevine troops under Manfred V of Saluzzo
  • 1361 Henry of Grosmont, the richest peer in England, is buried at the Church of the Annunciation of Our Lady of Newarke, Leicester, with the royal family in attendance
  • 1434 The foundation stone of Cathedral St. Peter and St. Paul in Nantes, France is laid
  • 1471 Wars of the Roses: Battle of Barnet - Yorkists defeat the Lancastrians and kill the Earl of Warwick

Historic Event

1536 English King Henry VIII expropriates minor monasteries

  • 1544 Battle at Carignano: French troops under Earl d'Enghien beat Swiss
  • 1570 Polish Calvinists, Lutherans and Hernhutters unify against Jesuits

Victory in Battle

1574 Battle of Mookerheyde: Spanish forces of D'Avila defeat Dutch mercenary force led by Louis of Nassau

  • 1611 Word "telescope" is 1st used by Prince Federico Cesi
  • 1629 England and France sign Peace of Susa
  • 1671 Cossacks capture Russian peasant leader Stenka Razin
  • 1699 Khalsa: Birth of Khalsa, the brotherhood of the Sikh religion, in Northern India in accordance with the Nanakshahi calendar
  • 1756 Governor Glen of South Carolina protests against 900 Acadia indians
  • 1775 1st abolitionist society in US organizes in Philadelphia
  • 1818 US Medical Corps forms
  • 1828 British 18-gun sloop HMS Acorn sinks off Halifax with 115 men aboard

Historic Event

1828 First American Dictionary: its author Noah Webster registers its copyright for publication

  • 1831 Soldiers marching on a bridge in Manchester, England, cause it to collapse.
  • 1836 US Congress forms Territory of Wisconsin

Historic Publication

1841 1st detective story published, Edgar Allan Poe's "Murders in Rue Morgue" (April 1841)

  • 1847 Persia & Ottoman Turkey sign 2nd Treaty of Erzurum
  • 1849 Hungary declares itself independent of Austria with Louis Kossuth as its leader

Meeting of Interest

1858 Abolitionist John Brown meets Harriet Tubman at a Constitutional Convention convened in Chatham, Ontario

Pony Express

1860 1st Pony Express rider arrives in San Francisco from St Joseph, Missouri

  • 1862 Battle of Fort Pillow, Tennessee
  • 1863 American inventor William Bullock patents continuous-roll printing press

Historic Event

1865 U.S. Secretary of State William H. Seward and his family are attacked in his home by Lewis Powell as part of the same conspiracy to assassinate Abraham Lincoln

Final Deadly Performance of a Twisted Actor

1865 US President Abraham Lincoln is shot in the head by John Wilkes Booth at Ford's Theater in Washington; he dies a day later

  • 1868 SC voters approved constitution, 70,758 to 27,228
  • 1871 Canada sets denominations of currency as dollars, cents, & mills
  • 1872 Dominion Lands Act passed: Canada's Homestead Act
  • 1872 San Francisco organizes Bar Association
  • 1881 The Four Dead in Five Seconds Gunfight in El Paso, Texas.
  • 1890 Pan American Day-1st conference of American states (Washington, D.C.)
  • 1896 US Patent Office issues Patent No. 558,393 to Dr John Harvey Kellogg of Battle Creek, Michigan for "flaked cereal, and process of making same"
  • 1900 Veteran's Hospital at Ft Miley forms

Historic Event

1902 J. C. Penney opens his first store, The Golden Rule Store, in Kemmerer, Wyoming

Historic Event

1906 US President Theodore Roosevelt denounces "muckrakers" in US press, taken from John Bunyan’s Pilgrim’s Progress

  • 1909 Anglo-Persian Oil Company forms in London
  • 1910 Pan American Union forms

The Titanic Sinks

1912 RMS Titanic, the world's largest ocean liner, hits an iceberg at 11.40pm off Newfoundland, sinks in the early hours of 15 April

  • 1913 Belgium begins general strike for voting rights
  • 1914 Dr. Harry Plotz isolates the bacteria that causes Typhus Fever (Mt. Sinai Hospital, New York City)

Historic Invention

1914 US head of Firestone Tire and Rubber Company Stacy G. Carkhuff patents non-skid tire pattern

  • 1915 A's Herb Pennock is within 1 out of pitching 1st Opening Day no-hitter
  • 1915 Dutch merchant navy ship Katwijk sunk by Germany torpedo
  • 1915 Turkey invades Armenia
  • 1918 Douglas Campbell is 1st US ace pilot (shooting down 5th German plane)
  • 1921 Prince Henry opens Rotterdam-Amsterdam-Bremen-Hamburg air route
  • 1922 Irish Republican Army rebels occupy the Four Courts (government buildings) in Dublin
  • 1923 Etienne Oehmichen sets helicopter distance record of 358 meters
  • 1927 The first Volvo car premieres in Gothenburg, Sweden
  • 1928 Maddus Airlines starts 1st regular passenger flights between SF & LA
  • 1930 Philip Barry's "Hotel Universe" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

1931 Spain becomes a republic with the overthrow of King Alfonso XIII

  • 1932 World's first particle accelerator built by Ernest Walton and John Cockcroft performs the first artificial nuclear fission with Lithium at Cambridge University [1]
  • 1935 Black Sunday: Severe dust storm ravages the US Midwest, led to the region being named "the Dust Bowl"

Historic Publication

1939 John Steinbeck novel "The Grapes of Wrath" published

  • 1940 Allied troops land in Norway
  • 1940 RCA demonstrated its new electron microscope in Philadelphia
  • 1941 1st massive German raid in Paris, 3,600 Jews rounded up
  • 1941 King Peter leaves Yugoslavia
  • 1942 Destroyer Roper sinks German U-85 of US east coast

Battle of Interest

1943 A JN-25 decrypt by American intelligence detailing a forthcoming visit by Marshal Admiral Yamamoto to Balalae Island results in his plane shot down 4 days later

Historic Event

1943 Generals Alexander, Eisenhower, Anderson and Bradley discuss assault on Tunis

  • 1943 James Gow & A d'Usseau's "Tomorrow the World" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

1944 1st Jews transported from Athens arrive at Auschwitz

  • 1944 Freighter "Fort Stikene" explodes in Bombay India, killing 1,376
  • 1944 General Eisenhower becomes the Supreme Allied Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force
  • 1944 Greek Colonel Venizelos forms government
  • 1945 American planes bomb Tokyo & damage the Imperial Palace
  • 1945 US Marines attack Yae-Take, the tallest mountain on Okinawa's Motobu Peninsula
  • 1945 World War II: US 7th Army & allies forces capture Nuremberg & Stuttgart in Germany
  • 1948 A flash of light is observed in crater Plato on Moon
  • 1948 NYC subway fares jump from 5 cents to 10 cents
  • 1948 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • 1949 International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg's last judgment
  • 1950 1st edition of British comic "Eagle"
  • 1950 Doorne's Auto factory opens in Netherlands
  • 1953 Viet-Minh offensive in Laos
  • 1954 Soviet diplomat Vladimir Petrov asks for politics asylum in Canberra
  • 1957 Leah Neuberger wins her 8th women's singles ping pong championship

Space Dog Laika Launched to her Death

1958 Soviet spacecraft Sputnik 2 with space dog Laika aboard burns up during reentry into Earth's atmosphere

  • 1959 (Robert) Taft Memorial Bell Tower dedicated in Washington, D.C.
  • 1960 1st underwater launching of Polaris missile
  • 1961 Cuban-American invasion army departs Nicaragua
  • 1961 US element 103 (Lawrencium) discovered
  • 1962 Demonstration for sovereign status of New Guinea in Amsterdam

Election of Interest

1962 Georges Pompidou becomes Prime Minister of France after the resignation of Michel Debré

  • 1965 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Historic Event

1967 General Gnassingbé Eyadéma becomes President of Togo

  • 1969 Student Afro-American Society seized at Columbia College
  • 1969 Tornado strikes Dacca, East Pakistan killing 540
  • 1971 Fort Point, San Francisco dedicated as a national historic site

Historic Event

1971 US President Richard Nixon ends blockade against People's Republic of China

  • 1971 US Supreme Court upheld busing as means of achieving racial desegregation
  • 1972 The Provisional Irish Republican Army explodes twenty-four bombs in towns and cities across Northern Ireland
  • 1973 Acting FBI director L. Patrick Gray resigns after admitting he destroyed evidence in the Watergate scandal
  • 1977 US Supreme Court says people may refuse to display state motto on license
  • 1978 David Hare's play "Plenty" premieres in London
  • 1978 Korean Air Lines Boeing 707, fired on by Soviets, crashes in Russia
  • 1978 Thousands of Georgians demonstrate in the capital Tbilisi against Soviet attempts to change the constitutional status of the Georgian language
  • 1978 WRR-AM in Dallas Texas changes call letters to KAAM
  • 1979 Susan Horvath, of Penn, crowned America's Young Woman of the Year
  • 1980 1st Cubans of the Mariel boatlift sail to Florida

Historic Event

1980 Pulitzer prize awarded to Norman Mailer (Executioner's Song)

  • 1981 1st Space Shuttle, Columbia 1, returns to Earth

Historic Event

1983 US President Ronald Reagan signs $165 billion Social Security rescue

  • 1985 "Take Me Along!" opens/closes at Martin Beck Theater NYC
  • 1985 Alan Garcia wins elections in Peru
  • 1985 Bob Carpenter is unsuccessful on Wash Caps 1st playoff penalty shot
  • 1985 Jack C. Burcham is 5th to receive "Jarvik 7" permanent artificial heart

Election of Interest

1986 Desmond Tutu elected Anglican Archbishop of Capetown, South Africa

  • 1986 Double-decker ferry sinks in stormy weather in Bangladesh killing 200
  • 1986 US aircraft attacks 5 terrorist locations in Libya
  • 1987 Turkey asks to join European market
  • 1988 USSR, US, Pakistan & Afghanistan sign Afghanistan treaty
  • 1989 1,100,000,000th Chinese born

Historic Event

1989 In the Iran-Contra trial, Oliver North's case goes to the jury

  • 1992 Court throws out Apple's lawsuit against Microsoft
  • 1992 UAW ends 5 month strike against Caterpillar Inc
  • 1992 UN imposes embargo against Libya takes effect
  • 1994 Branch Davidian cult leader David Koresh promises to surrender after completion of his Seven Seals manuscript

Historic Event

1994 Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis operated on for a bleeding ulcer

  • 1994 US F-15 accidentally shoots 2 US helicopters down over Iraq, 26 die
  • 1999 A severe hailstorm strikes Sydney, Australia causing A$1.7 billion in insured damages, the most costly natural disaster in Australian history
  • 1999 NATO mistakenly bombs a convoy of ethnic Albanian refugees - Yugoslav officials say 75 people are killed

Historic Event

2002 Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez returns to office two days after being ousted and arrested by the country's military

  • 2003 The Human Genome Project is completed with 99% of the human genome sequenced to an accuracy of 99.99%
  • 2003 U.S. troops in Baghdad capture Abu Abbas, leader of the Palestinian group that killed an American on the hijacked cruise liner the Achille Lauro in 1985
  • 2005 The Oregon Supreme Court nullifies marriage licenses issued to gay couples a year earlier by Multnomah County

Historic Event

2007 At least 200,000 demonstrators in Ankara, Turkey protest against the possible candidacy of incumbent Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan.

  • 2010 Icelandic Volcano Eyjafjallajökull begins erupting from the top crater in the centre of the glacier

Historic Event

2012 J. K. Rowling, author of the Harry Potter novels, launches her website "Pottermore"

  • 2013 11 people are killed and 50 are injured after a hotel fire in Xiangyang, China
  • 2013 20 people are killed in attacks in Mogadishu, Somalia
  • 2013 33 people are killed after a bus tumbled off a cliff in Trujillo, Peru

Election of Interest

2013 Justin Trudeau, son of long-serving Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau, is elected leader of the Liberal Party of Canada

  • 2015 Archaeologists announce they have found at Lomekwi in Kenya 3.3 million-year old stone tools, the oldest ever discovered and which pre-date the earliest humans
  • 2017 Meethotamulla rubbish dump collapses onto houses in Colombo, Sri Lanka killing 26
  • 2018 National Gardening Day, since 2018 and according to the National Day Calendar
  • 2018 US, UK and French forces carry out airstrikes on sites associated with Syria's chemical weapons program, in response to Douma gas attack
  • 2019 11 tornadoes hit US southern states killing eight in Mississippi, Texas and Louisiana

Historic Event

2019 Congresswoman Ilhan Omar at center of controversy over comments about 9/11 at speech to Council on American-Islamic Relations after tweet by Donald Trump, defended by Nancy Pelosi

  • 2019 Seychelles President Danny Faure makes first-ever live speech from a submersible pleading for better marine protection
  • 2019 South Bend mayor Pete Buttigieg officially announces his presidential campaign in Indiana, first openly gay candidate to run for US president

Historic Event

2020 Former President Barack Obama endorses his former Vice President Joe Biden for president

  • 2020 IMF warns the global economy expected to contract by 3% in 2020 due to COVID-19 "Great Lockdown", steepest downturn since the Great Depression
  • 2020 Parts of Europe begin to ease lockdown restrictions after 5-6 weeks with some shops opening in Austria and parts of Italy

COVID-19 Pandemic

2020 PM Narendra Modi extends India's COVID-19 lockdown until May 3

COVID-19

2020 US President Donald Trump freezes funding for the World Health Organization pending a review, for mistakes in handling the COVID-19 pandemic and for being "China-centric", prompting international criticism

  • 2021 Coinbase becomes the first major cryptocurrency company to trade shares on the New York stock exchange
  • 2021 Former Minnesota police officer who shot Daunte Wright with a gun instead of a taser is arrested and charged with second-degree manslaughter,
  • 2021 Human cells grown in monkey cells for 20 days reported by US-Chinese team at the Salk Institute in "Cell" [1]

Historic Event

2021 US President Biden says "It's time to end America's longest war" confirming his decision to withdraw all US troops from Afghanistan by Sept 11

  • 2022 Russian ship Moskva, flagship of its Black Sea fleet, sinks in the Black Sea during the invasion of Ukraine amid conflicting accounts [1]
  • 2022 The biggest surge in years of attacks by Arab militants in Israel leaves 14 dead, leading to Israel army operations that kill a further 20 [1]