Events in History on April 15

  • 69 Battle at Bedriacum, North-Italy
  • 1205 Battle at Adrianople: Bulgaria beats Emp Boudouin of Constantinople
  • 1250 Kublai is acclaimed the Great Khan by a Mongol Great Council
  • 1250 Pope Innocent IV refuses Jews of Cordova, Spain their request to build a synagogue

Historic Event

1385 At war with Castile, John I of Portugal instructs his ambassadors to negotiate an alliance with Richard II of England and to raise loans to pay his troops

  • 1450 Battle of Formigny: French defeat the English decisively in the Hundred Years' War, paving the way for the capture of English strongholds in Normandy

Meeting of Interest

1493 -20/4] Columbus meets with the Spanish monarchs Isabella I and Ferdinand II in Barcelona

  • 1528 Pánfilo the Narváez, Spanish conquistador arrives in Florida with 350 men to a hostile reception from native indians

Appointment of Interest

1534 Thomas Cromwell is appointed Chief Secretary to King Henry VIII of England

Historic Event

1581 Cortes van Thomar accepts Philip II as king of Portugal

  • 1594 Fleming Pieter Stevens appointed royal painter of Rudolf II (Prague)

Historic Event

1621 Hugo Grotius arrives in France after escaping prison in a book chest

  • 1632 Battle of Rain; Swedes under Gustavus Adolphus defeat Count Tilly of the Holy Roman Empire during the Thirty Years' War.
  • 1654 England & Netherlands sign peace treaty

Declaration of War

1689 French King Louis XIV declares war on Spain

Historic Event

1697 Charles XII succeeds his father, Charles XI, as King of Sweden

  • 1715 Pocotaligo Massacre triggers the start of the Yamasee War in colonial South Carolina.
  • 1716 Great Northern War: Prussian troops occupy Swedish controlled German port of Wismar

Historic Publication

1755 Samuel Johnson's "A Dictionary of the English Language" published in London

  • 1776 Duchess of Kingston found guilty of bigamy
  • 1783 American Revolution: the Continental Congress ratified preliminary articles of peace, ending the seven-year-long war with Great Britain.
  • 1788 Britain, Netherlands & Prussia sign peace treaty
  • 1793 Bank of England issues first £5 note

Historic Event

1802 William Wordsworth and his sister Dorothy see a "long belt" of daffodils, inspiring the former to pen "I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud".

  • 1817 1st American school for the deaf opens (Hartford, Connecticut)
  • 1817 The American Asylum [now American School for the Deaf (ASD)], 1st permanent US school for deaf founded by Rev. Thomas Gallaudet, Dr. Mason Cogswell, and teacher Laurent Clercn (West Hartford, Connecticut,)
  • 1850 City of San Francisco incorporated
  • 1851 Earl G Andressy sentenced to death in Hungary
  • 1853 Protestant church questions king Willem III RC bishops
  • 1858 Battle of Azimghur, Mexicans defeat Spanish loyalists

Historic Event

1861 Federal army (75,000 volunteers) mobilized by US President Abraham Lincoln (US Civil War)

Historic Event

1862 American poet Emily Dickinson first corresponds with author and future literary mentor Thomas Wentworth Higginson, a relationship that lasts the rest of her life

  • 1864 General Steeles' Union troops occupies Camden, Arkansas

Abraham Lincoln's Deathbed

1865 Abraham Lincoln dies nine hours after he is shot by John Wilkes Booth while attending the play "Our American Cousin" at Ford's Theatre in Washington

  • 1865 Mobile, Alabama is captured by Union forces after a siege led by General Canby

Historic Event

1865 Otto von Bismarck elevated to rank of Count of Bismarck-Schönhausen

  • 1870 Last day US silver coins allow to circulate in Canada
  • 1874 NY legislature passes compulsory education law
  • 1877 Boston-Somerville installs the world's 1st telephone in Massachusetts
  • 1878 Harley Procter introduces Ivory Soap

Historic Publication

1880 Guy de Maupassant's short story masterpiece "Boule de Suif" (Dumpling) is first published in the collection "Les Soirées de Médan"

Historic Event

1892 General Electric Company formed by merger of Thomas Edison's General Electric Company with Thomson-Houston Electric Company, arranged by J. P. Morgan and incorporated in NY

  • 1895 Josephine Blatt (US) makes hip-and-harness lift of 3564 lb (record)
  • 1900 An early 50 mile race is won by an electric car in over 2 hrs
  • 1900 Exposition Universelle (World's Fair) in Paris opens (till 12th Nov)
  • 1901 1st British motorized burial

Historic Event

1901 Pope Leo XIII issues an allocution deploring hostile actions against the Roman Catholic Church throughout Europe

  • 1902 Pope Leo XIII encyclical "On Church in US"
  • 1902 Rioting and arson continue in Russia with peasants plundering estates to find food.
  • 1902 Russian minister of interior and head of secret police, Sipyengin, is assassinated by the 'Terror Brigade' of the Socialist Revolutionaries
  • 1906 The Armenian organization AGBU is established.
  • 1911 Jack Lawrence Theater (Playhouse) opens at 137 W 48th St NYC

Iceberg Sinks 'Unsinkable' Titanic

1912 RMS Titanic sinks at 2:27 AM off Newfoundland as the band plays on, with the loss of between 1,490 and 1,635 people

  • 1915 Manuel de Falla's ballet "El Amor Brujo" premieres in Madrid

Historic Publication

1918 Georges Clémenceau publishes secret French/Austrian documents

  • 1920 New Canadian small cent coin is released
  • 1920 Sacco & Vanzetti Trial: paymaster shot and killed along with his guard
  • 1921 Black Friday in Britain: leaders of transport and rail unions announce a decision not to call for strike action in support of the miners; despite widespread feeling decision a breach of solidarity and a betrayal of the miners
  • 1922 The legendary Poodle Dog Restaurant closes in San Francisco
  • 1923 1st sound on film public performance shown at Rialto Theater (NYC)
  • 1923 Insulin becomes generally available for diabetics
  • 1924 Flemish-Walloon riots in Louvain, Belgium, 1 dead
  • 1924 Rand McNally publishes its first road atlas.
  • 1924 WHO-AM in Des Moines Iowa begins radio transmissions
  • 1926 Sesquicentennial Stadium opens in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; renamed Philadelphia Municipal Stadium, later renamed JFK Stadium (demolished 1992); played host to Tunney-Demspy fight (1926); 41 Army-Navy football games; professional football; and many concerts, including the US portion of Live-Aid (1985)
  • 1927 Switzerland & USSR agree to diplomatic relations
  • 1928 Alioto's on Fisherman's Wharf (San Francisco) forms
  • 1931 1st backwards walk across American begins
  • 1939 Albert Lebrun elected president of France
  • 1940 British troops land at Narvik, Norway
  • 1941 1st helicopter flight of 1 hr duration, Stratford, Ct

Historic Event

1942 George VI awards George Cross to people of Malta

  • 1943 Metropolitan Life Insurances issues a $225 million check to Chase
  • 1945 British Army liberates Nazi concentration camp Bergen-Belsen

Historic Event

1945 FDR buried in grounds of Hyde Park home

Catholic Encyclical

1945 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical "Communium Interpretes Dolorum"

  • 1945 US troops occupy concentration camp Colditz
  • 1947 Operations begin at Radio Netherlands World radio
  • 1948 1st Jewish-Arab military battle, arabs defeated
  • 1948 Indian territory of Himachal Pradesh created
  • 1949 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Redemptoris nostri
  • 1951 Michael Gorsira is 1st person in charge of Curacao
  • 1952 Franklin National Bank issues 1st bank credit card
  • 1952 The maiden flight of the B-52 Stratofortress prototype
  • 1952 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1953 Malans National Party wins South African elections

Historic Event

1955 Ray Kroc opens first McDonald's Inc. fast food restaurant in Des Plaines, Illinois

  • 1955 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1957 Saturday mail delivery restored in the US after Congress gives the Post Office $41 million

Historic Event

1959 Fidel Castro begins US goodwill tour

Historic Event

1959 US Secretary of State John Foster Dulles resigns

  • 1960 Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), organizes at Shaw U
  • 1962 US national debt above $300,000,000,000
  • 1964 Chesapeake Bay Bridge opens (world's longest)
  • 1969 North Korea shoots at US airplane above Japanese sea
  • 1970 Libyan leader Gadaffi launches "Green Revolution"
  • 1972 A member of the British Army is shot dead by the Official IRA in the Divis area of Belfast.
  • 1972 A member of the Official Irish Republican Army is shot dead by British soldiers at Joy Street in the Markets area of Belfast close to his home
  • 1974 Military coup in Niger, president Diori Hamani deposed
  • 1975 1st appearance of San Diego Chicken
  • 1975 Gabon amends constitution
  • 1978 43 die as 2 express trains collide head-on south of Bologna, Italy
  • 1978 Great Britain performs nuclear test
  • 1979 A disastrous earthquake (of M 7.1) on Montenegro coast.
  • 1981 Janet Cooke says her Pulitzer award-winning story about an 8-year-old heroin addict is a lie, Washington Post relinquishes Pulitzer Prize on fabricated story
  • 1982 Apollo Computer announces DN400, DN420, & landscape display
  • 1984 Extremist Sikhs plunder 40 stations in Punjab India
  • 1984 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1985 Challenger moves to launch pad for 51-B missing
  • 1986 The United States launches Operation El Dorado Canyon against Libya.
  • 1986 US air raids Libya, responding to La Belle disco, Berlin bombing
  • 1987 Alfred Uhry's "Driving Miss Daisy" premieres in NYC
  • 1988 Meteorite explode above Indonesia
  • 1988 Wendy Wasserstein's play "Heidi Chronicles" premieres in NYC
  • 1989 Students in Beijing pro-democracy protests
  • 1989 Then largest lottery in North America ($69M) drawn in Illinois
  • 1990 Greenidge & Haynes make 298 opening stand (v England), combination best
  • 1991 Dutch checker Ton Sijbrands improves world record blind checker games (15 wins)
  • 1991 East-Europe Bank forms in London
  • 1991 Europe foreign ministers lift most remaining sanctions against South Africa
  • 1991 New York State raises maximum unemployment benefits to $280 per week
  • 1992 Billionaire Leona Helmsley is sent to jail for tax evasion
  • 1992 Lincoln Hospital in Bronx. New York loses its accreditation
  • 1992 The National Assembly of Vietnam adopts the 1992 Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
  • 1994 Indians loses 1st game at Jacobs Field, KC wins 2-1
  • 1994 WMMS-FM's Jeff & Flash, & entire station staff, are fired
  • 1997 America On Line begins service in Japan
  • 1997 Fire sweeps through a campsite of Muslims making the Hajj pilgrimage; the official death toll is 343.
  • 1997 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Charlotte NC on WXRC 95.7 FM

Historic Event

2000 Giant Sequoia National Monument proclamation signed by President Bill Clinton in California, preserving one-third of all giant sequoia groves, the world's largest tree [1]

  • 2002 An Air China Boeing 767-200, flight CA129 crashes into a hillside during heavy rain and fog near Busan, South Korea, killing 128.
  • 2009 Even though official government sources state that Argentina's GDP will actually grow this year, private consulting firms state that Argentine economy has actually been in recession since October 2008
  • 2010 Volcanic ash from the eruption of Eyjafjallajökull in Iceland leads to the closure of airspace over most of Europe.
  • 2011 "Black Friday" for online poker in the US: indictment United States v. Scheinberg shuts down sites, accusing companies of fraud and money laundering
  • 2012 400 Islamist Militants escape from a Pakistan prison after an insurgent attack
  • 2012 China loosens monetary policy and allows the Yuan to fluctuate up to 1% against the US dollar
  • 2012 US Secret Service inappropriate conduct scandal begins with at least 11 people implicated
  • 2013 33 people are killed and 163 are injured in a wave of bombings across Iraq

Election of Interest

2013 Nicolás Maduro is narrowly elected President of Venezuela

  • 2017 Suicide car bomb targets buses carrying Syrian evacuees at Rashidin, 126 killed including 70 children
  • 2019 Measles cases jump 300% in first three months of 2019, according to World Health Organization, largest rise in Africa (700%) with 800 deaths in Madagascar

Notre Dame on Fire

2019 Paris cathedral Notre Dame catches fire, toppling its spire and destroying its roof

  • 2020 Revised death count for New York taking into account assumed COVID-19 deaths makes the city's per-capita death rate higher than Italy at 10,367 at this date

Election of Interest

2020 South Korea is 1st country to hold a general election under COVID-19, President Moon Jae-in's ruling Democratic party wins in a landslide

  • 2020 US's deadliest day during COVID-19 pandemic with 2,752 deaths reported
  • 2021 "The failed response in Brazil has caused a humanitarian catastrophe" reports Dr. Christos Christou, president of Doctors Without Borders, as country records a quarter of world's COVID-19 deaths in last week [1]
  • 2021 A shooting at a FedEx facility in Indianapolis, Indiana, leaves eight dead and five injured
  • 2021 Court in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, sentences former warlord Amadé Ouérémi to a life sentence for massacres by his militia after the 2010 election
  • 2021 India record over 200,000 (200,739) daily new cases of COVID-19 for the first time with 1,038 deaths amid massive second wave