Events in History on April 18

  • 310 St Eusebius begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 387 Bishop Ambrosius of Milan baptizes Augustinus
  • 1025 Bolesław Chrobry is crowned in Gniezno, becoming the first King of Poland

St. Peter's Basilica

1506 The cornerstone of the current St. Peter's Basilica is laid in the Vatican by Pope Julius II

  • 1518 Bona Sforza is crowned queen consort of Poland

Historic Event

1521 Diet of Worms: Cardinal Alexander questions Martin Luther

  • 1552 Mauritius of Saksen occupies Linz
  • 1663 Osman declares war on Austria
  • 1666 Peace of Kleef: Netherlands & bishop Von Galen of Munster
  • 1676 Sudbury, Massachusetts, attacked by Indians
  • 1688 "Germantown Quaker Petition Against Slavery": Francis Daniel Pastorius presents 1st formal written protest against African-American slavery in English colonies in Germantown, Pennsylvania
  • 1738 Real Academia de la Historia ("Royal Academy of History") founded in Madrid

Historic Event

1775 Paul Revere and William Dawes ride from Charlestown to Lexington warning the "regulars are coming!"

Historic Event

1783 American Revolution: George Washington issues General Order announcing the end of hostilities with Britain, giving thanks to the Almighty, and offering congratulations and authorizing an extra ration of alcohol to the troops to celebrate [1]

  • 1797 France & Austria sign ceasefire

Election of Interest

1835 William Lamb (Lord Melbourne) becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after Robert Peel resigns out of frustration

  • 1845 Whaling ship the Manhattan captained by Mercator Cooper is the first ship officially permitted visit Edo, Japan, in 220 years rescuing shipwrecked sailors
  • 1848 American victory at the battle of Cerro Gordo opens the way for invasion of Mexico
  • 1856 Russian Chancellor Count Nesselrode resigns

Historic Event

1861 Colonel Robert E. Lee turns down offer to command Union armies (US Civil War)

  • 1862 Battle of Fort Jackson, Fort St Philip & New Orlean's, Louisiana
  • 1864 Battle of Dybbøl: Denmark is defeated by Prussian and Austrian forces storming Dybbol fort in the deciding battle of the Second Schleswig War
  • 1864 Battle of Poison Springs, Arkansas (Camden Expedition)

Victory in Battle

1865 Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston surrenders to General William T. Sherman in North Carolina

  • 1868 San Francisco Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals formed

Historic Event

1874 David Livingstone, African explorer, buried in Westminster Abbey

  • 1876 Daniel O'Leary completes a 500 mile walk in 139 hrs 32 min
  • 1879 Trial of Standing Bear-Crook on indians citizen rights begins
  • 1880 An F4 tornado strikes Marshfield, Missouri, killing 99 people and injuring 100.
  • 1881 Natural History Museum opens in South Kensington, England
  • 1890 NY Commission of Emigration ends, closing Castle Garden, NYC (now known as Castle Clinton) [1]
  • 1899 John McGraw, at 26, has his managerial debut as Oriole manager

Historic Event

1899 St. Andrew's Ambulance Association is granted a Royal Charter by Queen Victoria

  • 1904 L'Humanité, under Jean Jaurès begins publishing
  • 1906 Calvinist Reformed Union in Neth Church forms in Utrecht

San Francisco Earthquake of 1906

1906 San Francisco earthquake and fire kills nearly 4,000 while destroying 75% of the city

  • 1906 The Los Angeles Times story on the Azusa Street Revival launches Pentecostalism as a worldwide movement
  • 1907 Augustus Thomas' "Witching Hour" premieres in NYC
  • 1907 Fairmont Hotel opens in San Francisco
  • 1912 Cunard liner RMS Carpathia brings 705 survivors from the RMS Titanic to New York City
  • 1912 Tripolitan War: in continuing hostilities, Turkey closes the Dardanelles Straits after an Italian naval bombardment of the coastline
  • 1915 French pilot Roland Garros is shot down and glides to a landing on the German side of the lines during World War I.

Appointment of Interest

1916 Edith Wharton is appointed Chevalier of the Legion of Honour, France’s highest award, for her contribution to the war effort

  • 1916 US Secretary of State Warns Germany that the USA may break diplomatic relations unless torpedo attacks on unarmed ships stop
  • 1918 The People's Council of Latvia proclaims the independence of the new country of Latvia
  • 1921 Junior Achievement incorporated in Colorado Spring
  • 1921 Philip James Barry's "Punch for Judy" premieres in NYC
  • 1923 Poland annexes Central Lithuania
  • 1924 1st crossword puzzle book published by Simon & Schuster
  • 1925 World's Fair opens in Chicago
  • 1926 Rhein Stadium opens in Dusseldorf, Germany

Historic Event

1927 Chiang Kai-shek forms anti-government in China

  • 1929 Palace for People's industry in Amsterdam devastated by fire
  • 1930 Attempted raid on the armoury of police and auxiliary forces in Chittagong in Bengal province, British India by armed pro-independence revolutionaries led by Surya Sen popularly known as Master-da
  • 1934 1st "Washateria" (laundromat) opens (Fort Worth, Texas)
  • 1935 Gen Sarazen's double eagle on 15th, wins him his 2nd Masters
  • 1935 Netherlands election (Musserts NSB wins 8% of vote)
  • 1936 Pan-Am Clipper begins regular passenger flights from San Francisco to Honolulu
  • 1938 Headless Mad Butcher victim found in Cleveland

Historic Event

1939 Franz von Papen becomes German ambassador in Turkey

  • 1939 Hubert Pierlot forms Belgian government
  • 1942 "Stars & Stripes" paper for US armed forces starts

Historic Event

1942 James Doolittle bombs Tokyo & other Japanese cities

Attack on Pearl Harbor

1943 Operation Vengeance: US Army Air Force P-38G fighter aircraft from Kukum Field on Guadalcanal ambush and shoot down the transport bomber aircraft of Isoroku Yamamoto, commander-in-chief of the Imperial Japanese Navy and mastermind behind the Pearl Harbor attack

  • 1945 Clandestine Radio 1212, after broadcasting pro-nazi propaganda for months used their influence to trap 350,000 German army group B troops
  • 1945 Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Bolivia established
  • 1945 Epe freed (by corporal G van Aken)
  • 1946 International Court of Justice opens at The Hague Netherlands
  • 1946 League of Nations dissolves (3 months after UN starts)

Historic Event

1946 US recognizes Tito's Yugoslavia government

  • 1949 Republic of Ireland withdraws from British Commonwealth
  • 1950 1st opening night-game, Cards beat Pirates, 4-2
  • 1950 Polish Catholic church & government sign accord over relations
  • 1951 Dutch Antilles government of Da Costa Gomez forms
  • 1951 France, West Germany & Benelux form European Steel & Coal Community

Historic Event

1954 Egyptian Colonel Gamal Abdel Nasser seizes power and appoints himself Prime Minister

  • 1955 1st "Walk"/"Don't Walk" lighted street signals installed
  • 1955 1st Bandoeng Conference opens in Indonesia, attended by 29 nations - first international assembly of Asian-African nations
  • 1956 Egypt & Israel agree to a cease fire

Historic Event

1958 A United States federal court rules that poet Ezra Pound is to be released from an insane asylum.

  • 1958 Government troops reconquer Padang, Middle-Sumatra, Indonesia
  • 1961 CONCP is founded in Casablanca as a united front of African movements opposing Portuguese colonial rule
  • 1963 Dr James Campbell performed the 1st human nerve transplant
  • 1964 Artisans strike in Belgium ends
  • 1967 Jonathan Frid makes his 1st appearance as 200-year-old vampire Barnabas Collins on TV's "Dark Shadows", show becomes a huge hit
  • 1968 178,000 employees of US Bell Telephone System go on strike
  • 1968 Dutch Department of Amnesty International forms
  • 1968 London Bridge is sold to US oil company (to be erected in Arizona)
  • 1968 Mart Crowley's "Boys in the Band" premieres in NYC
  • 1968 Peter Luke's "Hadrian VII" premieres in London
  • 1968 San Francisco's Old Hall of Justice demolished
  • 1968 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1972 The Widgery Report on 'Bloody Sunday' in Northern Ireland is published, causing outrage among the people of Derry who call it the "Widgery Whitewash"

Historic Event

1973 US Government ends Mandatory Oil Import Program, established in 1959 by President Eisenhower

  • 1974 Red Brigade kidnaps Italian attorney general Mario Sossi
  • 1976 30th Tony Awards: "Travesties" & "A Chorus Line" win

Historic Event

1977 Alex Haley author of "Roots" awarded Pulitzer Prize

  • 1977 Pulitzer prize awarded to Michael Cristofer for "Shadow Box"
  • 1978 Senate votes to turn Panama Canal over to Panama on Dec 31, 1999
  • 1979 Major Haddad declares South-Lebanon independent
  • 1980 Zimbabwe (formerly Southern Rhodesia) declares independence from UK
  • 1982 Canada Constitution Act replaces British North America Act
  • 1982 Zimbabwean capital Salisbury renamed Harare
  • 1983 A lone suicide bomber kills 63, at US Embassy in Lebanon
  • 1983 KMO-AM in Tacoma Wash changes call letters to KAMT (now KKMO)

Historic Event

1983 Pulitzer Prize awarded to Alice Walker for the novel "The Color Purple"

  • 1984 Space Shuttle Challenger flies back to Kennedy Space Center via Kelly Air Force Base
  • 1986 IBM produces 1st megabit-chip
  • 1986 Robert M Gates becomes deputy director of CIA
  • 1986 Titan rocket explodes seconds after liftoff from Vandenberg AFB
  • 1987 Bob Land wins his 6th straight Kenduskeag Stream Canoe Race
  • 1987 Pat Knauff, France sets 1-leg downhill ski speed record (115.012 mph)
  • 1990 Bankruptcy court forces Frank Lorenzo to give up Eastern Airlines
  • 1990 Supreme Court rules states could make it a crime to possess or look at child pornography, even in one's home
  • 1991 Congress ends railroad worker 1 day strike
  • 1991 US Census Bureau said it failed to count up to 63 million in 1990 census

Historic Event

1994 Former US President Richard Nixon suffers a stroke and passes away 4 days later

  • 1994 Lebanon drops relations with Iran
  • 1994 STS-59 (Endeavour) lands [approx]
  • 1995 Houston Post folds after 116 years
  • 1996 In Lebanon, at least 106 civilians are killed when the Israel Defense Forces accidentally shell the UN compound at Quana.
  • 2007 The Supreme Court of the United States upholds the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act in a 5-4 decision
  • 2012 The Casoria Contemporary Art Museum in Naples begins burning artworks after cultural institution budget cuts
  • 2013 27 people are killed and 65 are injured in a cafe bombing in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2013 Two earth-like planets are discovered orbiting the star Kepler-62
  • 2014 12 Nepalese climbers are killed by an avalanche on Mt Everest
  • 2017 British Prime Minister Teresa May announces she will seek a "snap" election
  • 2018 Protests begin in Managua, Nicaragua, over proposed changes to social security, protesters beaten by suspected pro-government gangs
  • 2019 Irish Journalist Lyra McKee shot to death covering riots in Derry, Northern Ireland with dissident republican group the New IRA claiming responsibility
  • 2020 Canada's worst modern mass shooting as a gunman kills 18 people, including a Royal Canadian Mounted Police officer, across Nova Scotia
  • 2020 French flagship aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle reports over 1,000 cases of COVID-19, prompting an investigation
  • 2022 Russia begins a major new offensive in Donbas, during their invasion of Ukraine [1]

Historic Event

2022 South African President Cyril Ramaphosa declares a national state of disaster, after floods and mudslides in Durban area result in over 400 deaths and destroy over 4,000 homes [1]

Historic Event

2022 US Federal judge rules as "unlawful" Biden administration’s mandate that masks be worn on public transportation [1]