Events in History on April 19

  • 531 Battle of Callinicum: Roman general Belisarius defeated by Sasanian army led by Azarethes, though heavy losses on both sides result in a stalemate in northern Syria
  • 607 Comet 1P/607 H1 (Halley) approaches within 0.0898 AUs of Earth
  • 1012 Martyrdom of Alphege in Greenwich, London
  • 1451 Alam Shah of Delhi resigns throne
  • 1524 Pope Clemens VII fires Neth inquisitor-general French Van de Holly
  • 1539 Charles, protestant German monarch, signs Treaty of Frankrfurt
  • 1552 Mauritius of Saksen captures Karel

Victory in Battle

1591 Chartres surrenders to King Henry IV in France

  • 1619 Theatrum Anatomicum opens in Amsterdam

Historic Event

1713 Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI issues the Pragmatic Sanction, decreeing that Habsburg possessions could be inherited by a daughter

  • 1770 Amsterdam buys Van Aerssens family 1/3 part of Suriname

Historic Discovery

1770 British explorer Captain James Cook first sights Australia. Writes in his log book that “what we have as yet seen of this land appears rather low, and not very hilly, the face of the Country green and Woody, but the Sea shore is all a white Sand.”

The Shot Heard Round the World

1775 American Revolution begins in Lexington, Massachusetts. The "Shot Heard Round the World" takes place later that day in Concord

  • 1775 Minutemen Capt John Parker orders not to fire unless fired upon
  • 1775 New England militiamen begin the siege of Boston, hemming in the British army garrison

Historic Event

1775 Paul Revere, William Dawes and Samuel Prescott are captured by British troops riding from Lexington to Concord, Prescott escapes to warn Concord

Historic Event

1782 John Adams secures Dutch Republic's recognition of the United States as an independent government and house he purchased in The Hague, Netherlands became first American embassy.

  • 1810 Venezuela achieves home rule: Vicente Emparan, Governor of the Captaincy General is removed by the people of Caracas and a Junta is installed.
  • 1825 33 patriotic exiles return to Uruguay
  • 1836 Nikolai Gogol's "Revisor" premieres in St Petersburg
  • 1837 Cheyney University forms as the Institute for Colored Youth
  • 1839 Treaty of London constitutes Belgium an independent kingdom & Luxembourg a Grand Duchy
  • 1852 California Historical Society forms
  • 1853 Netherlands Van Hall government forms
  • 1861 Baltimore riots - 4 soldiers, 9 civilians killed
  • 1861 Lincoln orders blockade of Confederate ports (Civil War)
  • 1863 Union troops and fleet occupy For Huger, Virginia
  • 1874 Barracks on Alcatraz Island destroyed in fire
  • 1892 Charles Duryea takes the 1st American-made automotive for a test drive

Philippine Revolution

1901 In the Philippines, recently captured insurgent leader Emilio Aguinaldo issues a proclamation advising his countrymen to end their rebellion and use of peaceful means to work with the US toward independence.

  • 1904 Much of Toronto destroyed by fire
  • 1906 Belgian naval education ship Comte The Stain de Naeyer sets sail
  • 1906 SF Earthquake ends killing 452
  • 1909 A convention with Turkey recognizes Bulgarian independence

Beatification

1909 Joan of Arc receives beatification by the Roman Catholic Church

  • 1910 Halley's comet seen by naked eye 1st time this trip (Curacao)

Theater Premiere

1911 George Bernard Shaw's play "Fanny's First Play" premieres in London

  • 1916 "Bing Boys are Here" opens in London
  • 1916 Alderman Kelly reads the 'Castle Order' to a meeting of Dublin Corporation; this forged document supposedly from Dublin Castle, indicated that there was to be mass arrests of Irish Volunteers to prevent "trouble"
  • 1916 Italians troops conquer Col di Lana at Merano
  • 1919 French assembly decides on 8 hour work day
  • 1919 Leslie Irvin of US makes first premeditated free-fall parachute jump
  • 1921 Funeral of last German Emperoress, Augusta Victoria
  • 1923 New Egyptian law allows suffrage for men, except soldiers
  • 1927 "Vagabond King" opens in London
  • 1928 Japanese troops occupies Sjantung-schiereiland
  • 1928 The 125th and final fascicle of the Oxford English Dictionary is published

Historic Event

1932 Bonnie Parker is captured in a failed hardware store burglary, and subsequently jailed. A grand jury fails to indict her, however, and she is released a few months later

Historic Event

1932 President Herbert Hoover suggests 5 day work week

Historic Event

1933 FDR announces US will leave gold standard

  • 1936 First day of the Great Uprising in Palestine, anti-Jewish riots break out
  • 1939 Connecticut finally approves Bill of Rights (148 years late)
  • 1940 "Lake Shore Ltd" derails speed killing 34 near Little Falls, New York
  • 1940 Dutch prime minister De Geer declares state of siege

Theater Premiere

1941 Bertolt Brecht's play "Mother Courage and her Children" premieres in Zurich

  • 1941 Bulgarian troops invade Macedonia
  • 1941 Milk rationed in Holland

Historic Event

1943 Bicycle Day - Swiss chemist Dr. Albert Hofmann deliberately takes LSD for the first time

Historic Event

1943 Jews refuse to surrender the Warsaw Ghetto to SS officer Jürgen Stroop, who then orders its destruction, beginning the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

  • 1944 Allied fleet attack Sabang Sumatra
  • 1945 Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Guatemala are established
  • 1945 US aircraft carrier Franklin heavy damaged in Japanese air raid
  • 1945 US offensive against Shuri-barrier on Okinawa
  • 1947 AAU record for a 25-foot rope climb is set in 4.7 seconds

Election of Interest

1948 Chiang Kai-shek elected President of Nationalist China

Historic Event

1951 General Douglas MacArthur ends his military career

  • 1955 The German automaker Volkswagen, after six years of selling cars in the United States, founds Volkswagen of America in Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey to standardize its dealer and service network
  • 1959 Uprising in La Paz Bolivia, fails
  • 1960 Comiskey Park's famed "exploding" scoreboard begins operating
  • 1964 Rightist coup in Laos, Suvanna Phuma remains premier
  • 1965 "Whipped Cream & Other Delights", fourth full album by Herb Alpert & the Tijuana Brass Band, is released
  • 1965 1st all news radio station (WINS 1010 AM in NYC) begins operating
  • 1965 At a cost of $20,000, the outer Astrodome ceiling is painted because of sun's glare, this causes the grass to die
  • 1965 T.A.M.I. Show premieres in London
  • 1966 In 1st regular season game at Anaheim Stadium, Angels lose 3-1 to Chic
  • 1967 Yugoslav author Mihaljo Mihaljov sentenced 4½ years
  • 1968 Belgian construction workers strike
  • 1968 NL owners approve expansion for 2 new teams
  • 1969 Serious rioting in the Bogside area of Derry following clashes between Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association marchers and Loyalists and members of the Royal Ulster Constabulary
  • 1970 24th Tony Awards: Borstal Boy & Applause win
  • 1971 Sierra Leone becomes a republic (National Day)
  • 1971 USSR Salyut 1 launched; 1st manned lab in orbit
  • 1972 Bangladesh becomes a member of the British Commonwealth

Historic Event

1972 British Prime Minister Edward Heath confirms that a plan to conduct an arrest operation, in the event of a riot during the march on 30 January 1972, was known to British government Ministers in advance

  • 1972 Hungary revises its constitution to declare itself a socialist state
  • 1972 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1973 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1975 India launches 1st satellite with help of USSR
  • 1978 Yitzhak Navron elected 5th president of Israel
  • 1979 FCC raids & shuts down pirate radio station WFAT (Brooklyn New York)
  • 1982 Guinon Bluford announced as 1st African American NASA astronaut

Historic Event

1982 Sally Ride is named the 1st American woman astronaut

  • 1982 USSR Salyut 7 space station put into orbit
  • 1983 France performs nuclear test
  • 1984 Nemesis, death star of dinosaurs 1st appears in print (Nature magazine)
  • 1985 16th NASA Space Shuttle Mission (51-D): Discovery 4 returns to Earth
  • 1985 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1987 Jacqueline Blanc, sets women's downhill ski speed rec (124.902 mph)
  • 1987 Last wild condor captured on California wildlife reserve
  • 1987 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1989 Central Park Five: Violent rape of jogger Trisha Meili in NYC's Central Park becomes one of the most widely publicized crimes of the 1980s. Five teenagers are wrongfully convicted and spend between 6-12 years in prison.
  • 1989 Gun turret explodes on USS Iowa, killing 47 sailors
  • 1989 Republic Day in Sierra Leone
  • 1990 Contra guerrillas, leftist Sandinistas & incoming government agree to truce n Nicaragua's civil war
  • 1991 Greyhound Bus posts $195 million loss for 1990
  • 1993 After a 51 day siege by the FBI 76 Branch Davidians die in a fire near Waco Texas (accident, suicide, tear gas are disputed causes)
  • 1993 Fire in psychiatric institute in South Korea, kills 40
  • 1993 South Dakota governor George Mickelson and seven others are killed when a state-owned aircraft crash lands in Iowa
  • 1994 Inkatha ends boycott of South African multi-racial election
  • 1994 US Supreme Court outlaws excluding people from juries because of gender

Historic Event

1995 Oklahoma City bombing, Timothy McVeigh sets a truck bomb at Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building, killing 168 and injuring 500

  • 1996 South Africa defeat Pakistan to win the Pepsi Cup in Sharjah
  • 1997 Renee Slaughter crowned 14th Miss Hawaiian Tropic Intl
  • 1999 German Reichstag reopens with new glass dome by architect Norman Foster
  • 1999 The German Bundestag returns to Berlin.

Papal Inauguration

2005 Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger elected Pope Benedict XVI on the second day of the Papal conclave.

Historic Event

2011 Fidel Castro resigns his position of First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba after 45 years of holding the title [1]

  • 2013 Boston bombing suspects killed and captured in Boston after 4 days
  • 2015 Boat carrying approx. 850 migrants is shipwrecked in the Mediterranean between Italian and Libya, with only 27 migrants rescued.
  • 2017 Fox News confirms they would be letting go of Bill O'Reilly after allegations of sexual harassment
  • 2018 King Mswati III of Swaziland changes the name of Swaziland to Eswatini, which translates as the “Land of the Swati”

Election of Interest

2018 Miguel Diaz-Canel is elected Cuba's new president, after former president Raúl Castro steps down

  • 2018 US Senator Tammy Duckworth (Illinois (D)) is the first parent to bring a baby into the Senate chambers, a day after the Senate votes to allow babies on the chamber's floor

COVID-19

2020 Turkey passes Iran to become the Middle Eastern country with the most COVID-19 cases with 86,306 infections, Iran continues to have the most deaths

COVID-19 Pandemic

2020 UK COVID-19 death toll reaches 16,060 (hospitals only), as "The Sunday Times" criticizes Boris Johnson's government's response, saying they "sleepwalked into disaster"

  • 2020 US COVID-19 death toll passes 40,000, with 742,442 cases recorded according to Johns Hopkins tally
  • 2021 Cuba's Communist party announces Miguel Díaz-Canel will replace Raúl Castro as party leader, after the latter steps down
  • 2021 NASA successfully flies its drone helicopter Ingenuity on Mars, first powered aircraft to fly on another world
  • 2021 New Zealand and Australia open a travel bubble between the two countries after more than a year of border closures

Historic Event

2022 US Biden administration restores climate impacts and community say to the National Environmental Policy Act, previously removed by Donald Trump [1]

  • 2022 US inflation hits 8.5%, the highest since 1981, driven by a rise in gas prices, rent and food [1]