Events in History on April 21

  • 753 BC Romulus and Remus found Rome (traditional date)

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

43 BC Battle of Mutina: Mark Antony is again defeated in battle by Aulus Hirtius, who is killed. Antony fails to capture Mutina and Decimus Brutus is murdered shortly after.

Roman Politician and General Mark Antony
Roman Politician and General
Mark Antony
  • 953 Otto I the Great gives Utrecht fishing rights
  • 1420 Treaty of Saint Maartens Dike
  • 1453 Turkish fleet sinks ships Golden Receiver in Constantinople
  • 1521 Battle at Villalar: Emperor Charles I beats Communards

Battle of InterestFirst Battle of Panipat

1526 Battle at Panipat: Central Asian conqueror Babur defeats Sultan Ibrahim Lodi, establishing the Mughal Empire in India
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1536 Thomas Cromwell begins to plot Anne Boleyn's downfall while feigning illness

Lawyer and Statesman Thomas Cromwell
Lawyer and Statesman
Thomas Cromwell
Queen Anne Boleyn
Anne Boleyn
  • 1572 France & England sign anti-Spanish military covenant
  • 1600 1st date in James Clavell's novel Shogun (OS)
  • 1649 Maryland Toleration Act passed in American colony, allowing all freedom of worship
  • 1654 England & Sweden sign trade agreement
  • 1689 William III & Mary Stuart proclaimed King & Queen of England
  • 1739 Spain & Naples-Austria sign peace accord

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1785 Catherine II of Russia confers on the nobility the "Charter to the Nobility", increasing further the power of the landed oligarchs

Empress of Russia Catherine the Great
Empress of Russia
Catherine the Great

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1789 John Adams sworn in as 1st US Vice President (9 days before Washington)

2nd US President John Adams
2nd US President
John Adams

  • 1792 Brazilian revolutionary Tiradentes, is hanged, drawn and quartered in Rio de Janeiro
  • 1794 NYC formally declares coast of Ellis Island publicly owned, so they can build forts to protect NYC from British

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1796 Napoleon and the French defeat the Piedmontese at Battle of Mondovi

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1818 Franz Grillparzer's "Sappho" premieres in Vienna

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1820 Danish scientist Hans Christian Ørsted is the first to identify electromagnetism, when he observes a compass needle

Physicist, Chemist Hans Christian Ørsted
Physicist, Chemist
Hans Christian Ørsted
  • 1836 Battle of San Jacinto, Texas wins independence from Mexico
  • 1855 1st train crosses Mississippi River's 1st bridge, from Rock Island, Illinois to Davenport, Iowa
  • 1857 Alexander Douglas patents the bustle
  • 1862 Congress establishes US Mint in Denver, Colorodo
  • 1862 Ellen Price Wood's "East Lynne" premieres in Boston
  • 1863 Bahá'u'lláh, founder of the Bahá'í Faith, enters garden of Rivden near Baghdad. He makes his declaration as a Messenger of God during the 12 days spent there

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1865 Abraham Lincoln's funeral train leaves Washington

16th US President Abraham Lincoln
16th US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1878 First Lady Lucy Hayes begins egg rolling contest on White House lawn
  • 1878 NY installs 1st firehouse pole
  • 1878 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Inscrutabili
  • 1878 Ship Azor leaves Charleston with 206 blacks for Liberia
  • 1884 Potters Field reopened as Madison Park
  • 1892 Black longshoremen strike for higher wages in St Louis, Missouri

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1894 George Bernard Shaw's "Arms & the Man" premieres in London

  • 1898 Spanish-American War: The U.S. Congress, on April 25, recognizes that a state of war exists between the United States and Spain
  • 1905 The elective assembly of Crete proclaims union with Greece
  • 1908 Frederick A Cook claims to reach North Pole (He didn't)
  • 1913 German passenger ship Imperator runs aground
  • 1914 US marines occupy Vera Cruz, a major Mexican port; they will stay for 6 months
  • 1916 Ulster Protestant and Irish nationalist Sir Roger Casement lands at Tralee Bay, Ireland from a German submarine; discovered at McKenna's Fort and arrested by the Royal Irish Constabulary

  • 1916 The Aud, carrying a cargo of 20,000 rifles to assist Irish republicans in staging what would become the 1916 Rising, is captured by the British Navy and forced to sail towards Cork Harbour

BattleBattle of Interest

1918 World War I: German fighter ace Baron Manfred von Richthofen "The Red Baron", shot down and killed over Vaux sur Somme in France, Canadian pilot Arthur Roy Brown credited with the kill

World War I Fighter Ace The Red Baron
World War I Fighter Ace
The Red Baron
  • 1920 John Galsworthy's "Skin Game" premieres in London
  • 1922 The first Aggie Muster is held as a remembrance for fellow Aggies who had died in the previous year
  • 1925 Chuvash Autonomous Region in RSFSR becomes Chuvash ASSR
  • 1925 Noel Coward's "Fallen Angels" premieres in London
  • 1930 Fire at Ohio State Penitentiary kills 322
  • 1930 Vladimir Mayakovsky's "Moskva Golid" premieres in Moscow
  • 1935 King Boris of Bulgaria forbids all political parties
  • 1941 Greece surrenders to nazi-Germany
  • 1945 Allied troops occupy German nuclear laboratory
  • 1945 He Shima Okinawa conquered in 5 days, 5,000 die
  • 1945 Ivor Novello's "Perchance to Dream" premieres in London
  • 1945 Soviet army arrives at outskirts of Berlin
  • 1945 US 7th Army reaches Nuremberg
  • 1946 Socialistic Einheitspartei Germany forms in East Germany
  • 1952 BOAC begins 1st passenger service with jets (London-Rome route)
  • 1952 Secretaries' Day (now Administrative Professionals' Day) is first celebrated
  • 1954 Gregori Malenkov becomes premier of USSR
  • 1954 USAF flies French battalion to Vietnam
  • 1955 J Lawrence & R E Lee's "Inherit the Wind" premieres in NYC
  • 1955 Minas Gerais Argentina tunnel caves in; 30 die
  • 1957 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Fidei Donum
  • 1959 Alf Dean using a rod & reel hooks a 2,664lb, 16' 10" great white shark off the coast of Ceduna, Australia
  • 1960 Brasilia becomes capital of Brazil
  • 1960 Founding of the Orthodox Bahá'í Faith in Washington, D.C.
  • 1961 Dirk Stikker chosen as secretary general of NATO
  • 1961 French army revolts in Algeria
  • 1961 USAF Maj Robert M White takes X-15 to 32,000 m
  • 1962 Century 21 Exposition opens in Seattle, Washington
  • 1963 The Universal House of Justice of the Bahá'í Faith is elected for the first time
  • 1965 New York World's Fair reopens for 2nd & final season

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1966 Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie visits Kingston, Jamaica

Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie
Ethiopian Emperor
Haile Selassie
  • 1967 Evangelical Broadcasting begins in Netherlands
  • 1967 Military coup in Greece, Konstantinos Kollias becomes premier
  • 1967 Svetlana Alliluyeva, Josef Stalin's daughter defects to the US in NYC
  • 1968 22nd Tony Awards: Rosencranz & Guilderstern & Hallelujah Baby! win
  • 1969 The Ministry of Defence in London announces that British troops would be used in Northern Ireland to guard key public installations following a series of bombings
  • 1970 The Principality of Hutt River (previously Hutt River Province) secedes from Australia - it remains unrecognised by Australia or other nations
  • 1970 The Alliance Party of Northern Ireland (APNI) is formed; it attempts to appeal to Catholics and Protestant to unite in support of moderate policies
  • 1971 Original Codex Reguis (with Edda-liederen) returns to Iceland
  • 1972 John Young & Charles Duke explores Moon (Apollo 16)
  • 1972 Orbiting Astronomical Observatory 4 (Copernicus) launched
  • 1974 28th Tony Awards: River Niger & Raisin win

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975 Last South Vietnam President Nguyen Van Thieu resigns after 10 years

Vietnamese Politican Nguyen Van Thieu
Vietnamese Politican
Nguyen Van Thieu
  • 1976 Swine Flu vaccine, for non-epidemic, enters testing
  • 1976 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1977 Zia ur-Rahman appointed president of Bangladesh
  • 1980 Howard Stern begins broadcasting on WWWW Detroit Mich
  • 1981 US furnish $1 billion in arms to Saudi-Arabia
  • 1982 Dr Michael E Bakey performs 1st successful heart implant
  • 1982 Dutch Queen Beatrice addresses US Congress
  • 1983 1 pound coin introduced in United Kingdom
  • 1984 Centers for Disease Cont says virus discovered in France causes AIDS
  • 1984 Franz Weber of Austria skis downhill at a record 209.8 kph
  • 1984 Montreal Expo David Palmer no-hits St Louis Cards, 4-0 in a perfect 5 inn game
  • 1985 Bomb attacks in NATO/AEG-Telefunken building in Brussels

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1986 Geraldo Rivera opens Al Capone's vault on TV & finds nothing

Gangster Al Capone
Al Capone
  • 1987 Dow Jones Average soared 664.7; 2nd biggest one-day gain in history
  • 1987 Tamil bomb attack in Colombo Sri Lanka, 115 killed
  • 1989 Thousands of Chinese crowd into Beijing's Tiananmen Square cheering students demanding greater political freedom
  • 1990 Reds win running their record to 9-0, best start in club history
  • 1991 Greatest extra-inning comeback, Pitts scores 6 in bottom of 11th erasing 5 run Cub lead, Pirates also trailed 7-2 in bottom of 9th
  • 1991 French underwater archaeologist Franck Goddio discovers the San Diego, Dutch galleon sunk in 1600 off Fortune Island in the Philippines
  • 1992 Mobil Oil tug with 12,000 gallons of oil run aground in Arthur Kill (a tidal strait separating Staten Island, New York City from mainland New Jersey, USA)
  • 1992 Robert Alton Harris is put to death in the California Gas Chamber for 3 murders
  • 1993 Brazil votes against a monarchy
  • 1994 Serbian army bombs distress clinic in Goradze Bosnia, 28 killed
  • 1994 The first discoveries of extrasolar planets are announced by astronomer Alexander Wolszczan
  • 1995 FBI arrests Timothy McVeigh and charge him with the Oklahoma City bombing
  • 1996 Matabeleland beat Mashonaland Country Dist to win Logan Cup
  • 1996 Wayne James scores 99 & 99 & ct 11 stp 2 in Logan Cup Final
  • 1997 Ashes of Timothy Leary & Gene Roddenberry launched into orbit
  • 1997 I. K. Gujral sworn in as Prime Minister of India
  • 2008 The United States Air Force retires the F-117 Nighthawk.
  • 2012 Two trains in Sloterdijk, Netherlands, injure 117 people in a head on collision
  • 2013 185 people are killed in a conflict between Islamic extremists and the Nigerian military
  • 2013 Horacio Cartes is elected President of Paraguay

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2016 US President Barack Obama begins a 4 day visit to the UK with Michelle Obama

44th US President Barack Obama
44th US President
Barack Obama
US First Lady Michelle Obama
US First Lady
Michelle Obama
  • 2017 Taliban attack army base at Mazar-e-Sharif, Afghanistan, killing more than 100