Events in History on April 21

  • 753 BC Romulus and Remus found Rome (traditional date)

Victory in Battle

43 BC Battle of Mutina: Mark Antony is again defeated in battle by Aulus Hirtius, who is killed. Antony fails to capture Mutina and Decimus Brutus is murdered shortly after.

  • 953 Otto I the Great gives Utrecht fishing rights
  • 1104 Dedication of the transept and choir of Abbey of Ste Madeleine Vezelay, France, a masterpiece of Romanesque architecture and an important place of pilgrimage
  • 1420 Treaty of Saint Maartens Dike
  • 1453 Turkish fleet sinks ships Golden Receiver in Constantinople

Historic Event

1486 Sentencia Arbitral de Guadalupe proclaimed by Spanish King Ferdinand II of Aragon freeing Catalan remensa peasants

  • 1521 Battle at Villalar: Emperor Charles I beats Communards

First Battle of Panipat

1526 First Battle of Panipat: Central Asian conqueror Babur defeats Sultan Ibrahim Lodi, establishing the Mughal Empire in India

Historic Event

1536 Thomas Cromwell begins to plot Anne Boleyn's downfall while feigning illness

  • 1572 France & England sign anti-Spanish military covenant
  • 1600 1st date in James Clavell's novel Shogun (OS)
  • 1649 Maryland Toleration Act passed in the American colony, allowing freedom of worship for Christians but sentencing to death anyone who rejected the divinity of Jesus
  • 1654 England & Sweden sign trade agreement

Historic Event

1689 William III & Mary Stuart proclaimed King & Queen of England

  • 1739 Spain & Naples-Austria sign peace accord

Historic Event

1785 Catherine II of Russia confers on the nobility the "Charter to the Nobility", increasing further the power of the landed oligarchs

Historic Event

1789 John Adams sworn in as 1st US Vice President (9 days before Washington)

Execution

1792 Brazilian revolutionary Tiradentes, is hanged, drawn and quartered in Rio de Janeiro

  • 1794 NYC formally declares coast of Ellis Island publicly owned, so they can build forts to protect NYC from British

Victory in Battle

1796 Napoleon and the French defeat the Piedmontese at Battle of Mondovi

  • 1818 Franz Grillparzer's "Sappho" premieres in Vienna

Historic Event

1820 Danish scientist Hans Christian Ørsted is the first to identify electromagnetism, when he observes a compass needle

  • 1836 Battle of San Jacinto, Texas wins independence from Mexico
  • 1855 1st train crosses Mississippi River's 1st bridge, from Rock Island, Illinois to Davenport, Iowa
  • 1857 Alexander Douglas patents the bustle
  • 1862 Congress establishes US Mint in Denver, Colorodo
  • 1862 Ellen Price Wood's "East Lynne" premieres in Boston
  • 1863 Bahá'u'lláh, founder of the Bahá'í Faith, enters garden of Rivden near Baghdad. He makes his declaration as a Messenger of God during the 12 days spent there

Historic Event

1865 Abraham Lincoln's funeral train leaves Washington

  • 1878 First Lady Lucy Hayes begins egg rolling contest on White House lawn
  • 1878 NY installs 1st firehouse pole

Catholic Encyclical

1878 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Inscrutabili

  • 1878 Ship Azor leaves Charleston with 206 blacks for Liberia
  • 1884 Potters Field reopened as Madison Park
  • 1892 Black longshoremen strike for higher wages in St Louis, Missouri

Theater Premiere

1894 George Bernard Shaw's play "Arms and the Man" premieres in London becoming his first public success

Spain Declares War Against the United States

1898 Spanish–American War: The U.S. Congress, on April 25, recognizes that a state of war exists between the United States and Spain

  • 1905 The elective assembly of Crete proclaims union with Greece
  • 1908 American polar explorer Frederick Cook claims to have been the 1st person reach North Pole on this date (disputed)
  • 1913 German passenger ship Imperator runs aground
  • 1914 US marines occupy Vera Cruz, a major Mexican port; they will stay for 6 months
  • 1916 The Aud, carrying a cargo of 20,000 rifles to assist Irish republicans in staging what would become the 1916 Rising, is captured by the British Navy and forced to sail towards Cork Harbour
  • 1916 Ulster Protestant and Irish nationalist Sir Roger Casement lands at Tralee Bay, Ireland from a German submarine; discovered at McKenna's Fort and arrested by the Royal Irish Constabulary

Battle of Interest

1918 World War I: German fighter ace Baron Manfred von Richthofen "The Red Baron", shot down and killed over Vaux sur Somme in France, Canadian pilot Arthur Roy Brown credited with the kill

  • 1920 John Galsworthy's "Skin Game" premieres in London
  • 1922 The first Aggie Muster is held as a remembrance for fellow Aggies who had died in the previous year
  • 1925 Chuvash Autonomous Region in RSFSR becomes Chuvash ASSR
  • 1930 Fire at Ohio State Penitentiary kills 322

Election of Interest

1933 German philosopher Martin Heidegger elected rector of University of Freiburg

  • 1935 King Boris of Bulgaria forbids all political parties
  • 1941 WWII: Greece surrenders to Nazi Germany
  • 1945 Allied troops occupy German nuclear laboratory
  • 1945 He Shima Okinawa conquered in 5 days, 5,000 die
  • 1945 Ivor Novello's "Perchance to Dream" premieres in London
  • 1945 Soviet army arrives at outskirts of Berlin
  • 1945 US 7th Army reaches Nuremberg
  • 1946 Socialistic Einheitspartei Germany forms in East Germany
  • 1952 BOAC begins 1st passenger service with jets (London-Rome route)
  • 1952 Secretaries' Day (now Administrative Professionals' Day) is first celebrated

Historic Event

1954 Georgi Malenkov becomes premier of USSR

  • 1954 USAF flies French battalion to Vietnam
  • 1955 J Lawrence & R E Lee's "Inherit the Wind" premieres in NYC
  • 1955 Minas Gerais Argentina tunnel caves in; 30 die

Catholic Encyclical

1957 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Fidei Donum

  • 1959 Alf Dean using a rod & reel hooks a 2,664lb, 16' 10" great white shark off the coast of Ceduna, Australia
  • 1960 Brasilia becomes capital of Brazil
  • 1960 Founding of the Orthodox Bahá'í Faith in Washington, D.C.
  • 1961 Dirk Stikker chosen as secretary general of NATO
  • 1961 French army revolts in Algeria
  • 1961 USAF Maj Robert M White takes X-15 to 32,000 m
  • 1962 Century 21 Exposition opens in Seattle, Washington
  • 1963 The Universal House of Justice of the Bahá'í Faith is elected for the first time
  • 1965 New York World's Fair reopens for 2nd & final season

Historic Event

1966 Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie visits Kingston, Jamaica

  • 1967 Evangelical Broadcasting begins in Netherlands
  • 1967 Joseph Stalin's daughter Svetlana Allilueva arrives in New York City after defecting to the US
  • 1967 Military coup in Greece, Konstantinos Kollias becomes premier
  • 1968 22nd Tony Awards: Rosencranz & Guilderstern & Hallelujah Baby! win
  • 1969 The Ministry of Defence in London announces that British troops would be used in Northern Ireland to guard key public installations following a series of bombings
  • 1970 The Alliance Party of Northern Ireland (APNI) is formed; it attempts to appeal to Catholics and Protestant to unite in support of moderate policies
  • 1970 The Principality of Hutt River (previously Hutt River Province) secedes from Australia - it remains unrecognised by Australia or other nations
  • 1971 Original Codex Reguis (with Edda-liederen) returns to Iceland
  • 1972 John Young & Charles Duke explores the Moon as part of mission Apollo 16
  • 1972 Orbiting Astronomical Observatory 4 (Copernicus) launched
  • 1974 28th Tony Awards: River Niger & Raisin win

Historic Event

1975 Last South Vietnam President Nguyen Van Thieu resigns after 10 years

  • 1976 Swine Flu vaccine, for non-epidemic, enters testing
  • 1976 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1977 Zia ur-Rahman appointed president of Bangladesh
  • 1980 Howard Stern begins broadcasting on WWWW Detroit Mich
  • 1981 US furnish $1 billion in arms to Saudi-Arabia
  • 1982 Dr Michael E Bakey performs 1st successful heart implant
  • 1982 Dutch Queen Beatrice addresses US Congress
  • 1983 1 pound coin introduced in United Kingdom
  • 1984 Centers for Disease Cont says virus discovered in France causes AIDS
  • 1984 Franz Weber of Austria skis downhill at a record 209.8 kph
  • 1984 Montreal Expo David Palmer no-hits St Louis Cards, 4-0 in a perfect 5 inn game
  • 1985 Bomb attacks in NATO/AEG-Telefunken building in Brussels
  • 1987 Dow Jones Average soared 664.7; 2nd biggest one-day gain in history
  • 1987 Tamil bomb attack in Colombo Sri Lanka, 115 killed
  • 1989 Thousands of Chinese crowd into Beijing's Tiananmen Square cheering students demanding greater political freedom
  • 1990 Reds win running their record to 9-0, best start in club history
  • 1991 French underwater archaeologist Franck Goddio discovers the San Diego, Dutch galleon sunk in 1600 off Fortune Island in the Philippines
  • 1991 Greatest extra-inning comeback, Pitts scores 6 in bottom of 11th erasing 5 run Cub lead, Pirates also trailed 7-2 in bottom of 9th
  • 1992 Mobil Oil tug with 12,000 gallons of oil run aground in Arthur Kill (a tidal strait separating Staten Island, New York City from mainland New Jersey, USA)
  • 1992 Robert Alton Harris is put to death in the California Gas Chamber for 3 murders
  • 1993 Brazil votes against a monarchy
  • 1994 Serbian army bombs distress clinic in Goradze Bosnia, 28 killed
  • 1994 The first discoveries of extrasolar planets are announced by astronomer Alexander Wolszczan

Historic Event

1995 FBI arrests Timothy McVeigh and charge him with the Oklahoma City bombing

  • 1996 Matabeleland beat Mashonaland Country Dist to win Logan Cup
  • 1996 Wayne James scores 99 & 99 & ct 11 stp 2 in Logan Cup Final
  • 1997 I. K. Gujral sworn in as Prime Minister of India
  • 2008 The United States Air Force retires the F-117 Nighthawk stealth surface-attack aircraft
  • 2012 Two trains in Sloterdijk, Netherlands, injure 117 people in a head on collision
  • 2013 185 people are killed in a conflict between Islamic extremists and the Nigerian military
  • 2013 Horacio Cartes is elected President of Paraguay

Historic Event

2016 US President Barack Obama begins a 4 day visit to the UK with Michelle Obama

  • 2017 Taliban attack army base at Mazar-e-Sharif, Afghanistan, killing more than 100

Historic Event

2019 Teenage climate activist Greta Thunberg speaks at a Extinction Rebellion protest in London amid city-wide climate protests where Waterloo Bridge was occupied over four days

  • 2019 Terror attacks on churches and hotels on Easter Sunday in three Sri Lankan cities, Colombo, Negombo and Batticaloa kill at least 253 and injure hundreds

Election of Interest

2019 Ukrainian comedian Volodymyr Zelensky wins the country's presidential election in a landslide

  • 2020 At least 25,000 extra people across 11 countries have died during COVID-19 pandemic that were not previously counted according to new mortality figures
  • 2020 Health Secretary Matt Hancock and UK government come under criticism for lack of personal protective equipment and testing for COVID-19 (despite pledge to test 100,000 a day only 19,000 done April 20th)
  • 2020 Mexico says it is entering stage three of its COVID-19 outbreak, with rapid spread and hospitalizations from 8,772 infections and 712 deaths

Historic Event

2020 South African President Cyril Ramaphosa announces $26 billion aid package and plans for gradual reopening of economy as cases reach 3,465 with 58 deaths

Historic Event

2020 US President Donald Trump announces new 60-day ban on most green cards for the US

  • 2021 Indonesian submarine RI Nanggala sinks off the coast of Bali with the loss of all 53 people on board
  • 2021 Manhattan district attorney's office announces it will no longer prosecute prostitution, dismissing 914 open cases, part of growing movement to change approach to prostitution

Historic Event

2021 Russian President Vladimir Putin warns the West not to cross a "red line" in his state of the union address, amid massing of 100,000 Russian troops on Ukraine border

  • 2022 Ex-president of Honduras Juan Orlando Hernández extradited to the US to face drug trafficking and weapons charges [1]