On This Day

Events in History on April 22

  • 296 St Gaius ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 536 St. Agapetus I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1056 Supernova Crab nebula last seen by the naked eye
  • 1073 Pope Alexander II buried and Ildebrando chosen as Pope Gregory VII
  • 1145 19th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
  • 1164 Raynald of Dassel names Guido di Crema as anti-pope Paschalis III
  • 1370 Building begins on the Bastille fortress in Paris

BrazilPortuguese Discover Brazil

1500 Pedro Álvares Cabral is the first european to discover Brazil, landing near Monte Pascoal, claims it for Portugal
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Pedro Álvares Cabral sees the land that would later be known as Brazil for the first time
Pedro Álvares Cabral sees the land that would later be known as Brazil for the first time
  • 1521 French King Francois I declares war on Spain
  • 1526 1st slave revolt in the American colonies occurs in South Carolina
  • 1529 Treaty of Saragosa: Spain and Portugal divide eastern hemisphere

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1648 English army claims King Charles I responsible for bloodshed

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • 1659 Lord Protector Richard Cromwell disbands English parliament

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1671 King Charles II sits in on English parliament

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1674 Netherlands & Munster sign peace treaty
  • 1676 Battle of Etna - Netherlands and Spain vs France, M de Ruyter fatally wounded

  • 1677 Battle at Catania: between French & Dutch fleet

USASalem Witch Trials

1692 Edward Bishop is jailed for proposing flogging as a cure for witchcraft in Salem, Massachusetts
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Dramatic lithograph of the Salem witch trials produced in 1892
Dramatic lithograph of the Salem witch trials produced in 1892
  • 1722 19 VOC "komplotteurs" in Batavia executed
  • 1728 Pierre de Marivaux' "Le Triomphe de Plutus" premieres in Paris
  • 1769 Madame du Barry becomes King Louis XV's "official" mistress
  • 1793 President Washington attends opening of Rickett's, 1st circus in US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1804 Gioachino Rossini (12) performs in Imola

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1809 Battle at Eckmuhl - Napoleon beats Austria Archduke Karl

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1817 Curacao prohibits use of white paint due to fierce sunlight
  • 1823 Baltic Club (Exchange) forms in London
  • 1823 R J Tyers patents roller skates
  • 1838 English steamship "Sirius" docks in NYC after crossing the Atlantic, first transatlantic steam passenger service
  • 1864 US mints 2 cent coin (1st appearance of "In God We Trust")
  • 1871 All German Jews emancipated after the German Constitution adopted by its last state Bavaria
  • 1884 Thomas Stevens starts 1st bike trip around world (2 yrs 9 mths)
  • 1884 US recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State
  • 1889 A 1.9 million-acre tract of Indian Territory for white colonial settlement in Oklahoma officially starts at 12pm
  • 1893 Francis Dhanis army occupies Kasongo
  • 1893 Paul Kruger elected President of Transvaal for 3rd time
  • 1897 NYC Jewish newspaper "Forward" begins publishing (still active)

  • 1898 1st Spanish-American War action sees the USS Nashville capture a Spanish ship
  • 1898 Congress passes Volunteer Army Act calling for a Volunteer Cavalry
  • 1898 US President McKinley orders blockade of Cuban harbors
  • 1903 American Power Boat Association forms
  • 1905 Operations begin uniting conservatory of Nature monument Amsterdam
  • 1913 Montenegro troops march into Skoetari, North-Albania
  • 1915 1st military use of poison gas (chlorine, by Germany) in WW I
  • 1915 The Second Battle of Ypres begins on the Western Front in WW I
  • 1916 France battles at Fort Douaumont
  • 1916 Karl Spindler scuttles the Aud near Daunt's Rock, to prevent its cargo of 20,000 rifles destined for Irish republicans falling into enemy hands
  • 1916 Chief of Staff of the Irish Volunteers Eóin MacNeill issues the Countermanding order in Dublin to try to stop what would become the Easter Rising
  • 1922 South Ossetian Autonomous Region forms in Georgian SSR
  • 1924 Hague Chambers of Commerce forms
  • 1926 Persia, Turkey & Afghanistan sign treaties of security
  • 1930 US, Britain & Japan sign London Naval Treaty
  • 1930 British troops battle pro-independence revolutionaries in the Jalalabad hills near Chittagong, Bengal province, British India, 80 troops and 12 revolutionaries killed
  • 1931 Egypt & Iraq sign peace treaty
  • 1933 Dutch government forbids leftwing radio address

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 US Division of Investigation (later the FBI) under Melvin Purvis botch an operation to capture the John Dillinger Gang at Little Bohemia Lodge, Manitowish Waters, Wisconsin. with 2 dead and 4 injured

FBI Agent Melvin Purvis
FBI Agent
Melvin Purvis
Gangster John Dillinger
John Dillinger
  • 1937 NYC college students stage 4th annual peace strike
  • 1940 Rear Admiral Joseph Taussig testifies before US Senate Naval Affairs Committee that war with Japan is inevitable
  • 1943 German counter attack in North Tunisia
  • 1943 RAF shoots down 14 German transport planes over Mediterranean Sea
  • 1944 Allies land near Hollandia, New Guinea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Adolf Hitler & Benito Mussolini meet at Salzburg

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1945 Concentration Camp at Sachsenhausen liberated

Victory in BattleRaising a Flag over the Reichstag

1945 Battle of Berlin: Upon being informed that a planned counter-attack never happened, Adolf Hitler flies into a rage, denounces the German Army and concedes World War II is lost
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Soldiers Raqymzhan Qoshqarbaev and Georgij Bulatov raise the Soviet Union flag on the roof of the Reichstag building in Berlin
Soldiers Raqymzhan Qoshqarbaev and Georgij Bulatov raise the Soviet Union flag on the roof of the Reichstag building in Berlin

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1945 SS chief Heinrich Himmler secretly meets with Count Folke Bernadotte of Sweden, asking him to act as an intermediary for a surrender offer to the Western Allies. The Allies do not take the offer seriously.

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • 1946 SED, Sozialistic Einheitspartei Deutschlands, party forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951 Ticker-tape parade for General MacArthur in NYC

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • 1952 1st atomic explosion on network news, Nob, Nevada
  • 1952 Eugene Ionesco's "Les Chaises" premieres in NYC
  • 1954 Achiel van Acker forms Belgian government
  • 1954 USSR joins UNESCO
  • 1961 Uprising of French parachutist of General Salan and Challe in Algeria
  • 1962 Pirates tie then record of 10 straight wins to start season

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Lester B. Pearson is sworn in as the 14th Prime Minister of Canada

Prime Minister of Canada Lester B. Pearson
Prime Minister of Canada
Lester B. Pearson
  • 1964 World's Fair at Flushing Meadow, Corona Park, NY opens
  • 1966 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1967 Martial Law goes into effect in Greece
  • 1969 1st human eye transplant performed
  • 1969 Bernadette Devlin, the youngest woman ever to be elected to Westminster, makes a controversial maiden speech in the House of Commons concerning the situation in Northern Ireland
  • 1970 First Earth Day celebrated, founded by Gaylord Nelson
  • 1971 Soviet spacecraft Soyuz 10 launched
  • 1971 Soyuz 10 launches as the world's first mission to the first-ever space station (the Salyut 1) however the docking was unsuccessful and the cosmonauts returned to Earth
  • 1972 Apollo astronauts John Young & Charles Duke ride on Moon
  • 1972 An 11-year-old boy killed by a rubber bullet fired by the British Army in Belfast; he was the first to die from a rubber bullet impact

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Shimon Peres becomes the 8th Prime Minister of Israel

Israeli Statesman Shimon Peres
Israeli Statesman
Shimon Peres
  • 1978 Firestone World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by Earl Anthony
  • 1981 10,000 copper workers in Chile strike
  • 1981 Almost 1 million West German metal workers go on strike
  • 1981 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1981 More than $3.3 million is stolen from the First National Bank of Arizona in Tucson in the then largest US bank robbery in history
  • 1982 Launch of STS-3-Lousma & Fullerton [03/23]
  • 1983 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

  • 1983 Soyuz T-8 returns to Earth
  • 1983 Stern mag announces major historical find-discovery of 60 volume personal diaries written by Adolf Hitler (turned out to be a hoax)
  • 1986 Consumer Price Index drops .04% for 2nd month in a row
  • 1986 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1987 Sri Lanka Air Force bomb Tamil, 100s killed
  • 1990 Lebanon release US hostage Robert Polhill after 39 months
  • 1991 Earthquake strikes Costa Rica & Panama, kills 95

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1991 Intel releases 486SX chip

Semiconductor Pioneer and CEO of Intel Andrew Grove
Semiconductor Pioneer and CEO of Intel
Andrew Grove
  • 1992 6.0 earthquake in California
  • 1992 Gas explodes in sewer, kills 200 in Guadalajara, Mexico
  • 1992 Plane crash at Perris Valley Airport California, kills 16 parachutists
  • 1993 Candid Camera creator Allen Funt suffers a stroke at 78
  • 1993 Holocaust Memorial Museum dedicated in Washington, D.C.
  • 1993 The web browser Mosaic version 1.0 is released.
  • 1994 7,000 Tutsi slaughtered by Hutus in the stadium at Kibuye, Rwanda
  • 1994 Borge Ousland is the 1st person on a solo and unsupported journey to reach the North Pole
  • 1994 In Denmark the largest lollipop, weighing 3,011 pounds, made
  • 1994 Schelto Patijn appointed Mayor of Amsterdam
  • 1995 General Tire World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by Mike Aulby
  • 1997 Haouch Khemisti massacre in Algeria - 93 villagers killed.
  • 1997 The Japanese embassy hostage crisis ends in Lima, Peru.
  • 1999 Luis Garavito [The Beast, Tribilín], Colombian serial killer described as "the world's worst serial killer" (138-300+ victims) apprehended
  • 2000 In a pre-dawn raid, federal agents seize six-year-old Elián González from his relatives' home in Miami, Florida.
  • 2000 The Big Number Change takes place in the United Kingdom
  • 2004 Two fuel trains collide in Ryongchon, North Korea, killing up to 150 people.
  • 2006 243 people are injured in pro-democracy protest in Nepal after Nepali security forces open fire on protesters against King Gyanendra.
  • 2006 Four Canadian soldiers are killed 75 kilometers north of Kandahar, Afghanistan by a roadside bomb planted by Taliban militants, the worst single day combat loss for the Canadian army since the Korean War
  • 2013 6 people are killed in a shooting rampage in Belgorod, Russia
  • 2016 Paris Agreement on climate change signed in New York binding 195 nations to an increase in the global average temperature to less than 2°C above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the increase to 1.5°C
  • 2018 Bus crash in North Korea kills 36, with most Chinese tourists
  • 2018 Saudi-led coalition airstrike kills more than 20 at a wedding in northwestern Yemen
  • 2018 Gunman opens fire at a Waffle House in Nashville, Tennessee, killing four before James Shaw Jr. wrestled the rifle from the gunman's hands
  • 2020 Sudan bans female genital mutation and makes it a criminal offense