On This Day

Events in History on April 23

  • 215 BC A temple, built on the Capitoline Hill, is dedicated to Venus Erycina to commemorate the Roman defeat at Lake Trasimene
  • 1014 King Brian Boru of Ireland defeats Viking forces at Battle of Clontarf, freeing Ireland from foreign control
  • 1154 Damascus surrenders to Sultan Nur ad-Din van Aleppo
  • 1229 Ferdinand III of Castile conquers Cáceres
  • 1343 St. George's Night Uprising in Estonia
  • 1348 1st English order of knighthood founded (Order of Garter)
  • 1504 King Maximilian I routes troops to Bavaria

GermanyGerman Beer Purity Law

1516 Duke Wilhelm IV of Bavaria endorses "The German Beer Purity Law" (Reinheitsgebot) and adds to it standards for the sale of beer
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The German Beer Purity Law (Reinheitsgebot)
The German Beer Purity Law (Reinheitsgebot)
  • 1516 The German Beer Purity Law (Reinheitsgebot), is enforced across all of Bavaria by Wilhelm IV, Duke of Bavaria, stating beer should be brewed from only three ingredients – water, malt and hops

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1597 William Shakespeare's "The Merry Wives of Windsor" is first performed, with Queen Elizabeth I of England in attendance

Playwright William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare
Queen of England and Ireland Elizabeth I
Queen of England and Ireland
Elizabeth I
  • 1616 Netherlands buys De Briel/Vlissingen/Fort Rammekens from England
  • 1633 Sweden & Protestant German monarchy form Union of Heilbronn
  • 1635 Oldest US public institution, Boston Latin School founded
  • 1660 Treaty of Oliwa is established between Sweden and Poland

CrownRoyal Coronation

1661 English king Charles II crowned in London

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1662 Connecticut chartered as an English colony

CrownRoyal Coronation

1702 Queen Anne is crowned at Westminster Abbey

Queen of England Queen Anne
Queen of England
Queen Anne
  • 1705 Richard Steele's "Tender Husband" premieres in London
  • 1723 Cornelis Steenoven elected archbishop of Utrecht

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1789 President-elect George Washington moves into Franklin House, New York

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1795 William Hastings acquitted in England of high treason
  • 1798 Dutch emperor accepts new Constitution
  • 1826 Missolonghi, Greece captured by Turks
  • 1827 Irish mathematician and astronomer William Rowan Hamilton presents his Theory of Systems of Rays
  • 1838 English steamship "Great Western" crossing Atlantic docks in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1849 Russian writer Fyodor Dostoyevsky and members of the Petrashevsky Circle are arrested in St. Petersburg

  • 1851 Canada issues its 1st postage stamps
  • 1860 Democratic convention in Charleston, South Carolina divided over slavery

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1861 Robert E. Lee named commander of Virginia Confederate forces (US Civil War)

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • 1861 Arkansas troops seize Ft Smith
  • 1864 Battle of Cane River, Louisiana (Red River Expedition, Monett's Ferry)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1867 Queen Victoria & Napoleon III turn down plans for a channel tunnel

Queen of the United Kingdom Queen Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Queen Victoria
  • 1871 Blossom Rock in San Francisco Bay blown up
  • 1878 1st Dutch test drive of steam tram
  • 1883 John Heemskerk Abrahamszoon forms Dutch government
  • 1891 Jews are expelled from Moscow, Russia

  • 1900 1st know occurrence of word "hillbillie" (NY Journal)
  • 1904 American Academy of Arts & Letters forms
  • 1908 Denmark, Germany, Britain, France, Netherlands & Sweden sign North Sea accord
  • 1910 International Exhibition opens in Brussels
  • 1915 ACA becomes National Advisory Council on Aeronautics (NACA)
  • 1916 Lord Dunsany's "Night at an Inn" premieres in NYC
  • 1918 Battle of Zeebrugge ends
  • 1918 Dover Patrol overthrows Germany U-boat in East Sea
  • 1918 National Urban League forms
  • 1920 Turkish Grand National Assembly 1st meets in Ankara

TurkeyEnd of the Ottoman Empire

1920 Turkish Grand National Assembly, under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk denounces the government of Sultan Mehmed VI and announces a temporary constitution
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The last Ottoman sultan, Mehmed VI, departs his palace in Istanbul after the abolition of the monarchy
The last Ottoman sultan, Mehmed VI, departs his palace in Istanbul after the abolition of the monarchy
  • 1921 Charles Paddock runs world record 100m (10.4 secs)
  • 1923 Inauguration ceremonies take place of Gdynia as a temporary military port and fishers' shelter.
  • 1924 British Empire Exhibition opens at Wembley
  • 1925 Pastor LH Perquin forms Union of Catholic Dutch Radio (KRO) forms
  • 1925 Having badly defeated Spain and driven her out of Spanish Morocco, the native Riffi, led by Abd-el-Krim, turn on the French in French Morocco
  • 1932 Shakespeare Memorial Theatre opens at Stratford-on-Avon
  • 1932 153-year old De Adriaan Windmill in Haarlem, the Netherlands, burns down
  • 1935 Polish Constitution of 1935 is adopted
  • 1936 Carl Hubbell's 1st start of season is his 17th straight win
  • 1938 Sudeten Germans in Czechoslovakia demand self government
  • 1941 Greece Army surrenders to German Nazis RAF brings Greek king George II to Egypt
  • 1942 4-day allied bombing on Rostock begins
  • 1942 1st night Exeter bombed by German Luftwaffe
  • 1943 British & US offensive directed at Tunis and Bizerta
  • 1945 Concentration camp Flossenburg liberated
  • 1945 US troops in Italy cross river Po
  • 1949 Chinese Red army conquers Nanjing
  • 1949 Courtesy mail boxes for motorists started in San Francisco
  • 1949 Netherlands annexes Elten & Tudderen
  • 1950 Nationalist China evacuates Hainan Island
  • 1952 Bob Cain of Browns & Bob Feller of Indians each pitch a one-hitter
  • 1952 New York Giant Hoyt Wilhelm wins his 1st relief game & hits his only HR
  • 1952 Oil pipeline from Kirkuk to Banias completed
  • 1953 General Charles P Cabell, USAF, becomes deputy director of CIA
  • 1959 1st heliport in Britain opens in London
  • 1961 Algiers putsch by French generals.
  • 1962 Ranger 4, 1st US satellite to reach Moon launched from Cape Canaveral
  • 1964 New York State Theater opens
  • 1965 Launch of 1st Soviet communications satellite
  • 1967 Soyuz 1 launched; Vladimir Komarov becomes 1st in-flight casualty
  • 1968 1st decimal coins issued in Britain (5 & 10 new pence, replacing shilling and two-shilling pieces)
  • 1968 United Methodist Church forms
  • 1969 Over 1000 square miles flooded in Shantung Province, China

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 Sirhan Sirhan sentenced to death for killing Bobby Kennedy

US Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy
US Attorney General
Robert F. Kennedy
  • 1969 The Unionist Parliamentary Party votes by 28 to 22 to introduce universal adult suffrage in local government elections in Northern Ireland; the demand for 'one man, one vote' had been one of the most powerful slogans of the civil rights movement
  • 1971 Columbia University operations virtually end, by student strike
  • 1971 Soyuz 10 launched; cosmonauts become 1st in Salyut 1 space station
  • 1972 26th Tony Awards: Sticks & Bones & 2 Gentlemen of Verona win
  • 1972 Apollo 16 astronauts explores Moon surface
  • 1972 The Sunday Times Insight Team publish their account of the events of 'Bloody Sunday'
  • 1974 USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR
  • 1975 Harold Pinter's play "No Man's Land" premieres in London
  • 1977 Dr Allen Bussey completes 20,302 yo-yo loops
  • 1977 Milt workers kill 300-500 students in Addis Ababa

  • 1978 Reds Joe Morgan ends record streak of 91 cons errorless games at 2nd
  • 1978 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1979 Fighting in London between the Anti-Nazi League and the Metropolitan Police Special Patrol Group results in the death of protester Blair Peach.
  • 1980 Soviet sub catches fire off Japan, 9 die
  • 1982 Conch Republic is established - secession of the Florida Keys from the United States of America
  • 1982 The Sinclair ZX Spectrum is released.
  • 1984 AIDS-virus identified as HTLV-III (acquired immune deficiency syndrome)
  • 1985 New Coke debuts; Coca-Cola announced it is changing its secret flavor formula
  • 1986 Grand Floridian Beach Resort groundbreaking
  • 1986 Madrid-Nelli Cooman runs world record 60m indoor (7 sec)
  • 1987 28 construction workers killed in an apt collapse in Bridgeport, Connecticut
  • 1988 A Greek pedals self-powered aircraft, 74 miles
  • 1988 Federal smoking ban during domestic airline flights of 2 hrs or less
  • 1988 Karolina Szabo runs female world record 25k (1:29:30)/30k (1:47;06)
  • 1989 Students in Beijing China announce class boycotts

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1989 Wine merchant William Sokolin breaks a bottle of 1787 Château Margaux, possibly belonging to Thomas Jefferson, worth $500,000 at the Four Seasons restaurant in New York

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
  • 1991 USSR grants republics right to secede under certain conditions
  • 1992 Marion Berry (former mayor of Washington, D.C.) let out of prison
  • 1992 McDonald's opens its 1st fast-food restaurant in China
  • 1993 Eritrea votes to secede from Ethiopia
  • 1994 Army shoots to death 23-40 fishermen in Gonaives, Haiti
  • 1994 General Tire World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by Norm Duke

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1994 Libertarian party nominates Howard Stern for Governor of NY

Radio shock jock Howard Stern
Radio shock jock
Howard Stern

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1995 President Clinton declares a national day of mourning for Oklahoma City

42nd US President Bill Clinton
42nd US President
Bill Clinton
  • 1996 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Reno NV on KRZQ 96.5 FM
  • 1996 Sotherby begins 4 day auction of Jackie O stuff-take in $34.5 million
  • 1996 US docuseries "Forensic Files" (Medical Detectives) premieres on TLC Network
  • 1997 Omaria massacre in Algeria: 42 villagers are killed.

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

2002 Pope John Paul II meets with U.S. Catholic Church leaders at Vatican regarding sexual abuse of minors

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 2003 Beijing closes all schools for two weeks because of the SARS virus.

  • 2009 Gamma ray burst (GRB) 090423 is observed for 10 seconds, the most distant object of any kind and also the oldest known object in the universe
  • 2012 Netherlands Prime Minister, Mark Rutte, tenders resignation, paving the way for early elections
  • 2012 Rangers F.C. owner, Craig Whyte, is banned for life from any involvement in Scottish football
  • 2013 28 people are killed and 70 are injured during clashes between police and Sunni Muslims in Hawija, Iraq
  • 2013 21 people are killed during violent unrest in Xinjiang, China

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2013 A 1% flash crash hits the US stock market after a news agency was hacked and claimed injury to President Obama

44th US President Barack Obama
44th US President
Barack Obama
  • 2013 The French National Assembly passes an amended bill legalizing same-sex marriage
  • 2014 60 people are killed & 80 are injured after a train crashes in The Democratic Republic of the Congo

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

2015 Loretta Lynch is confirmed as the first African-American woman as US Attorney-General, succeeding Eric Holder

82nd Attorney General of the United States Eric Holder
82nd Attorney General of the United States
Eric Holder
  • 2018 Van deliberately driven into pedestrians in Toronto, Canada, killing 10 and injuring 13
  • 2018 Armenian President Serzh Sargsyan resigns after 10 years in office after mass protests against him beginning an unconstitutional third term
  • 2018 Mario Abdo Benítez is elected President of Paraguay
  • 2019 At least 54 jade miners buried by a mudslide in Kachin state, Myanmar
  • 2019 Second of two major earthquakes strikes island of Samar, Philipines, magnitude 6.3, a day after magnitude 6.1 hits Luzon Island killing at least 16 people
  • 2019 World's first malaria vaccine, giving partial protection to children, begins in Malawi by the WHO