Events in History on April 23

  • 215 BC A temple, built on the Capitoline Hill, is dedicated to Venus Erycina to commemorate the Roman defeat at Lake Trasimene
  • 1014 King Brian Boru of Ireland defeats Viking forces at Battle of Clontarf, freeing Ireland from foreign control
  • 1154 Damascus surrenders to Sultan Nur ad-Din van Aleppo
  • 1343 St. George's Night Uprising in Estonia

Knighthood

1344 Order of the Garter founded by English King Edward III, the most senior knighthood in the UK with just 24 living members plus the monarch (or 1348)

  • 1348 The Order of Garter founded by English King Edward III, Britain's highest civic or military honor
  • 1504 King Maximilian I routes troops to Bavaria

German Beer Purity Law

1516 Duke Wilhelm IV of Bavaria endorses "The German Beer Purity Law" (Reinheitsgebot) and adds to it standards for the sale of beer in Bavaria, ensuring beer is only brewed from three ingredients – water, malt and hops

Historic Event

1563 Cornerstone laid for El Escorial, new Spanish royal palace commissioned by Philip II, by architect Juan Bautista de Toledo

Historic Event

1597 William Shakespeare's "The Merry Wives of Windsor" is first performed, with Queen Elizabeth I of England in attendance

  • 1616 Netherlands buys De Briel/Vlissingen/Fort Rammekens from England
  • 1633 Sweden & Protestant German monarchy form Union of Heilbronn
  • 1635 Oldest US public institution, Boston Latin School founded
  • 1660 Treaty of Oliwa is established between Sweden and Poland

Royal Coronation

1661 English king Charles II crowned in London

  • 1662 Connecticut chartered as an English colony

Royal Coronation

1702 Queen Anne is crowned at Westminster Abbey, London

Theater Premiere

1705 Richard Steele's play "Tender Husband" premieres in London

  • 1723 Cornelis Steenoven elected archbishop of Utrecht

Historic Event

1789 President-elect George Washington moves into Franklin House, New York

  • 1795 William Hastings acquitted in England of high treason
  • 1798 Dutch emperor accepts new Constitution
  • 1826 Missolonghi, Greece captured by Turks
  • 1827 Irish mathematician and astronomer William Rowan Hamilton presents his Theory of Systems of Rays
  • 1838 English steamship "Great Western" crosses the Atlantic docks in NYC

Historic Event

1849 Russian writer Fyodor Dostoyevsky and members of the Petrashevsky Circle are arrested in St. Petersburg

  • 1851 Canada issues its 1st postage stamps
  • 1860 Democratic convention in Charleston, South Carolina divided over slavery
  • 1861 Arkansas troops seize Fort Smith on the Arkansas River

Historic Event

1861 Robert E. Lee named commander of Virginia Confederate forces (US Civil War)

  • 1864 Battle of Cane River, Louisiana (Red River Expedition, Monett's Ferry)
  • 1871 Blossom Rock in San Francisco Bay blown up
  • 1878 1st Dutch test drive of steam tram
  • 1883 John Heemskerk Abrahamszoon forms Dutch government
  • 1891 Jews are expelled from Moscow, Russia
  • 1900 1st know occurrence of word "hillbillie" (NY Journal)
  • 1904 American Academy of Arts & Letters forms
  • 1908 Denmark, Germany, Britain, France, Netherlands & Sweden sign North Sea accord
  • 1910 International Exhibition opens in Brussels, Belgium
  • 1915 ACA becomes National Advisory Council on Aeronautics (NACA)
  • 1916 Lord Dunsany's "Night at an Inn" premieres in NYC
  • 1918 Dover Patrol overthrows Germany U-boat in East Sea
  • 1918 Raid of Zeebrugge; the British navy attempts to block German vessels from leaving port by sinking obsolete ships - mostly fails

End of the Ottoman Empire

1920 Turkish Grand National Assembly 1st meets in Ankara, under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk denounces the government of Sultan Mehmed VI and announces a temporary constitution

  • 1921 Charles Paddock runs world record 100m (10.4 secs)
  • 1923 Inauguration ceremonies take place at Gdynia, Poland to mark its new status as a temporary military port and fishers' shelter
  • 1924 British Empire Exhibition opens at Wembley, London
  • 1925 Having badly defeated Spain and driven her out of Spanish Morocco, the native Riffi, led by Abd-el-Krim, turn on the French in French Morocco
  • 1925 Pastor LH Perquin forms Union of Catholic Dutch Radio (KRO)
  • 1932 153-year old De Adriaan Windmill in Haarlem, the Netherlands, burns down
  • 1932 Shakespeare Memorial Theatre opens at Stratford-on-Avon, England
  • 1935 Polish Constitution of 1935 is adopted

Historic Event

1938 Sudeten Germans in Czechoslovakia demand self government

  • 1941 Greek Army surrenders to Germany; British RAF evacuates the Greek King George II to Egypt
  • 1942 1st night Exeter bombed by German Luftwaffe
  • 1942 4-day allied bombing on Rostock begins
  • 1943 British & US offensive directed at Tunis and Bizerta
  • 1945 Concentration camp Flossenburg liberated
  • 1945 US troops in Italy cross river Po
  • 1949 Chinese Red army conquers Nanjing
  • 1949 Courtesy mail boxes for motorists started in San Francisco
  • 1949 Netherlands annexes Elten & Tudderen
  • 1950 Nationalist China evacuates Hainan Island
  • 1952 Crude oil pipeline from Kirkuk, Iraq to Banias, Syria completed
  • 1953 General Charles P. Cabell, USAF, becomes deputy director of CIA
  • 1959 1st heliport in Britain opens in London
  • 1961 Algiers putsch by French generals
  • 1962 Ranger 4, 1st US satellite to reach Moon launched from Cape Canaveral
  • 1964 New York State Theater opens
  • 1965 Launch of 1st Soviet communications satellite
  • 1967 Soyuz 1 launched; Vladimir Komarov becomes 1st in-flight casualty
  • 1968 1st decimal coins issued in Britain (5 & 10 new pence, replacing shilling and two-shilling pieces)
  • 1968 United Methodist Church forms
  • 1969 Over 1000 square miles flooded in Shantung Province, China

Historic Event

1969 Sirhan Sirhan sentenced to death for killing US Senator Robert F. Kennedy (later commuted to a life sentence)

  • 1969 The Unionist Parliamentary Party votes by 28 to 22 to introduce universal adult suffrage in local government elections in Northern Ireland; the demand for 'one man, one vote' had been one of the most powerful slogans of the civil rights movement
  • 1971 Columbia University operations virtually end, by student strike
  • 1972 26th Tony Awards: Sticks & Bones & 2 Gentlemen of Verona win
  • 1972 Apollo 16 astronauts explores Moon surface
  • 1972 The Sunday Times Insight Team publish their account of the events of 'Bloody Sunday'
  • 1974 USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR

Theater Premiere

1975 Harold Pinter's play "No Man's Land" premieres in London

  • 1977 Dr Allen Bussey completes 20,302 yo-yo loops
  • 1977 Milt workers kill 300-500 students in Addis Ababa
  • 1978 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1979 Fighting in London between the Anti-Nazi League and the Metropolitan Police Special Patrol Group results in the death of protester Blair Peach.
  • 1980 Soviet sub catches fire off Japan, 9 die
  • 1982 Conch Republic is established - secession of the Florida Keys from the United States of America
  • 1982 The 8-bit personal home computer the Sinclair ZX Spectrum is released (goes on to sell 5 million worldwide)
  • 1984 AIDS-virus identified as HTLV-III (acquired immune deficiency syndrome)
  • 1985 New Coke debuts; Coca-Cola announced it is changing its secret flavor formula
  • 1986 Madrid-Nelli Cooman runs world record 60m indoor (7 sec)
  • 1987 28 construction workers killed in an apt collapse in Bridgeport, Connecticut
  • 1988 A Greek pedals self-powered aircraft, 74 miles
  • 1988 Federal smoking ban during domestic airline flights of 2 hrs or less
  • 1988 Karolina Szabo runs female world record 25k (1:29:30)/30k (1:47;06)
  • 1989 Students in Beijing China announce class boycotts

Historic Event

1989 Wine merchant William Sokolin breaks a bottle of 1787 Château Margaux, possibly belonging to Thomas Jefferson, worth $500,000 at the Four Seasons restaurant in New York

  • 1991 USSR grants republics right to secede under certain conditions
  • 1992 Marion Berry (former mayor of Washington, D.C.) let out of prison
  • 1992 McDonald's opens its 1st fast-food restaurant in China
  • 1993 Eritrea votes to secede from Ethiopia
  • 1994 Army shoots to death 23-40 fishermen in Gonaives, Haiti
  • 1994 General Tire World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by Norm Duke

Historic Event

1995 President Clinton declares a national day of mourning for Oklahoma City

  • 1996 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Reno NV on KRZQ 96.5 FM
  • 1996 Sotherby begins 4 day auction of Jackie O stuff-take in $34.5 million
  • 1996 US docuseries "Forensic Files" (Medical Detectives) premieres on TLC Network
  • 1997 Omaria massacre in Algeria: 42 villagers are killed.

Meeting of Interest

2002 Pope John Paul II meets with U.S. Catholic Church leaders at Vatican regarding sexual abuse of minors

  • 2009 Gamma ray burst (GRB) 090423 is observed for 10 seconds, the most distant object of any kind and also the oldest known object in the universe
  • 2011 Zach Daniels defeated Rick Michaels to become the new TNT Heavyweight Champion.

Election of Interest

2012 Netherlands Prime Minister, Mark Rutte, tenders resignation, paving the way for early elections

  • 2012 Rangers F.C. owner, Craig Whyte, is banned for life from any involvement in Scottish football
  • 2013 21 people are killed during violent unrest in Xinjiang, China
  • 2013 28 people are killed and 70 are injured during clashes between police and Sunni Muslims in Hawija, Iraq

Historic Event

2013 A 1% flash crash hits the US stock market after a news agency was hacked and claimed injury to President Obama

  • 2013 The French National Assembly passes an amended bill legalizing same-sex marriage
  • 2014 60 people are killed & 80 are injured after a train crashes in The Democratic Republic of the Congo

Appointment of Interest

2015 Loretta Lynch is confirmed as the first African-American woman as US Attorney-General, succeeding Eric Holder

  • 2018 Armenian President Serzh Sargsyan resigns after 10 years in office after mass protests against him beginning an unconstitutional third term
  • 2018 Mario Abdo Benítez is elected President of Paraguay
  • 2018 Van deliberately driven into pedestrians in Toronto, Canada, killing 10 and injuring 13
  • 2019 At least 54 jade miners buried by a mudslide in Kachin state, Myanmar
  • 2019 Second of two major earthquakes strikes island of Samar, Philippines, magnitude 6.3, a day after magnitude 6.1 hits Luzon Island killing at least 16 people
  • 2019 World's first malaria vaccine, giving partial protection to children, begins in Malawi by the WHO
  • 2020 Ecuador's COVID-19 death toll is then one of world's highest per capita after 7,600 more deaths than usual (503 official toll), in report by "The New York Times"
  • 2020 First findings of a frog fossil 40 million years old, found on Seymour Island, Antarctica (2015) published in "Scientific Reports"

COVID-19 Pandemic

2020 German Chancellor Angela Merkel warns this is "not the end phase but still just the beginning" of the COVID-19 pandemic

COVID-19 Pandemic

2020 US President Donald Trump suggests COVID-19 might be treated by injecting disinfectant or UV lights into a human body at a White House press briefing. Government officials and disinfectant companies quickly state doing so is not only extremely dangerous but potentially deadly.

  • 2022 59th Venice Biennale contemporary art exhibition opens, with 80 participating. Main exhibition "The Milk of Dreams" curated by Cecilia Aleman. [1]
  • 2022 Venice Biennale's top award, The Golden Lion (Best National Participation) awarded to UK's Sonia Boyce for her work "Feeling Her Way" [1]