Events in History on April 27

  • 1124 David I becomes King of Scots

Victory in Battle

1296 Battle of Dunbar: The Scots are defeated by Edward I of England

Excommunication

1509 Pope Julius II excommunicates Italian state of Venice

  • 1518 Treaty of St Truiden: anti-French Trapdoors and Bourgondisch covenant
  • 1522 Battle of Bicocca: a combined French and Venetian force is decisively defeated by a Spanish-Imperial and Papal army
  • 1539 Re-founding of the city of Bogotá, New Granada (nowadays Colombia), by Nikolaus Federmann and Sebastián de Belalcázar.
  • 1565 1st Spanish settlement in the Philippines forms at Cebu City
  • 1576 Peace of Beaulieu and Paix de Monsieur
  • 1578 Duel of the Mignons claims the lives of two favorites of Henry III of France and two favorites of Henry I, Duke of Guise.
  • 1643 Tirso de Molina's "Bellaco Sois, Gomez" premieres in Madrid

Historic Event

1646 King Charles I flees Oxford

  • 1650 The Battle of Carbisdale: Royalist army under Marquess of Montrose invades mainland Scotland from Orkney; defeated by a Covenanter army.
  • 1662 Netherlands & France sign military covenant

Historic Publication

1667 Blind and impoverished, English poet John Milton sells the copyright of "Paradise Lost" for £10

  • 1694 Frederik August I "the Strong" becomes monarch of Saksen
  • 1773 British Parliament passes Tea Act (Boston won't like this)
  • 1805 US Marines attack shores of Tripoli
  • 1813 Americans under General Pike capture Toronto; Pike is killed
  • 1828 Zoological Gardens at Regent's Park in London opens
  • 1838 Fire destroys half of Charleston

Palace of Westminster

1840 Foundation stone for new Palace of Westminster, London, laid by Sarah Barry wife of its architect Charles Barry

  • 1841 Imakita Kosen, 1st Zen teacher of D.T. Suzuki, found the awakening
  • 1857 Establishment of Jewish congregations in Lower Austria prohibited
  • 1859 "Pomona" sinks in North Atlantic drowning all 400 aboard

Historic Event

1860 Thomas Jackson is assigned to command Harpers Ferry

Historic Event

1861 US President Abraham Lincoln suspends writ of habeas corpus (US Civil War)

  • 1861 West Virginia secedes from Virginia after Virginia secedes from Union (US Civil War)
  • 1863 Battle of Streight's raid: Tuscumbia to Cedar Bluff, AL
  • 1865 Cornell University (Ithaca NY) is chartered
  • 1865 Steamboat "SS Sultana" explodes in the Mississippi River, killing up to 1,800 of the 2,427 passengers in the greatest maritime disaster in United States history. Most were paroled Union POWs on their way home.
  • 1874 White League, Paramilitary white supremacist organization, forms

Historic Event

1877 Rutherford B. Hayes removes Federal troops from Louisiana, Reconstruction ends

  • 1881 Pogroms against Russian Jews start in Elisabethgrad
  • 1890 French troops under Capt Archinard occupy Oussebougou, West Sudan
  • 1893 Richard "King Dick" Seddon succeeds John Balance as premier of New Zealand and leader of Liberal Party
  • 1897 Grant's Tomb (famed of song & legend) dedicated
  • 1899 Foundation of the Phonogrammarchiv of the Austrian Academy of Science, the world's first research sound archive (added to UNESCO's Memory of the World 1999) [1]
  • 1903 Long Island's Jamaica Race Track opens

First Labour Government

1904 The Australian Labor Party under Prime Minister Chris Watson becomes the first Labor government in the world

  • 1905 World Exposition opens in Liège
  • 1909 Sultan of Turkey Abdul Hamid II is overthrown
  • 1910 Belgian parliament rejects socialist motion for general voting rights

Historic Event

1910 Louis Botha and J. B. M. Hertzog establish the moderately nationalist South African Party promising equality of Britons and Boers

  • 1911 Following the resignation and death of William P. Frye, a compromise is reached to rotate the office of President pro tempore (for the time being) of the United States Senate

Historic Event

1911 Indian passive resistance is suspended when General J.C. Smuts enters into negotiations with Mahatma Gandhi

  • 1912 Relief laws in Netherlands replace those of 1854
  • 1914 Honduras becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty

Historic Event

1915 Counterattack launched by Turkish forces under the command of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk against allied troops

  • 1916 The British renew their assault on the Irish Volunteer position in Mount Street; shelling also sets the buildings on fire
  • 1920 Pogrom leader Petljoera declares Ukraine Independence
  • 1921 Hadjememaar, [Corn de Gelder] elected in Amsterdam
  • 1922 Fritz Lang's "Dr Mabuse, der Spieler" premieres in Berlin
  • 1922 Yakut ASSR formed in Russian SFSR
  • 1927 Carabineros de Chile (Chilean national police force and gendarmery) created
  • 1931 100°F (38°C), Pahala, Hawaii (state record)

Historic Event

1933 Adolf Hitler authorizes creation of Ministry of Aviation, in part to revive the German Luftwaffe, under Reichsmarshall Hermann Goering

  • 1933 Jessop & Son department store in Nottingham, England, acquired by John Lewis Partnership. The partnership's first shop outside London.
  • 1933 Karl Jansky reports reception of cosmic radio signal in Washington, D.C.
  • 1935 Brussels World Exposition opens
  • 1937 1st US social security payment made

Historic Event

1940 Himmler orders establishment of Auschwitz Concentration Camp

  • 1941 German troops occupy Athens, Greece
  • 1942 Belgian Jews are forced to wear stars
  • 1942 Tornado destroys Pryor, Oklahoma, killing 100, injuring 300
  • 1943 Soviet Union breaks contact with Polish government exiled in London

Historic Event

1943 Witold Pilecki escapes from Auschwitz after having voluntarily been imprisoned there to gain information about the Holocaust

  • 1945 2nd Republic of Austria forms

Historic Event

1945 Italian partisans capture Benito Mussolini at Dongo (Lake Como)

  • 1945 US 5th army enters Genoa
  • 1945 World War II: The Völkischer Beobachter, the newspaper of the Nazi Party, ceases publication
  • 1946 1st radar installed aboard a commercial ship
  • 1948 Arab legion attacks Gesher bridge on Jordan River
  • 1950 South Africa passes Group Areas Act segregating races
  • 1953 1st general elections in British Guiana, won by the People's Progressive Party with Cheddi Jagan first person of Indian descent to be elected head of government outside South Asia
  • 1956 Burma Premier U Nu's Volksliga voor Vrijheid loses election
  • 1959 "Today" show goes abroard 1st time (Paris France)

Historic Event

1959 Mao Zedong resigns as Chairman of the PRC after the disastrous failure of the Great Leap Forward

  • 1959 The last Canadian missionary leaves the People's Republic of China.
  • 1960 1st atomic powered electric-drive submarine launched (Tullibee)

Historic Event

1960 South Korean President Syngman Rhee resigns after 12 years in power

  • 1960 Togo (formerly French Togo) declares independence from French administration
  • 1961 NASA launches Explorer 11 into Earth orbit to study gamma rays
  • 1961 Sierra Leone declares independence from UK
  • 1962 Arnold Wesker's "Chips with Everything" premieres in London
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
  • 1963 "Jopie" Pengel forms government in Suriname

Historic Event

1963 Cuban premier Fidel Castro arrives in Moscow

  • 1965 RC Duncan patents "Pampers" disposable diaper
  • 1967 Expo 67 opens in Montreal, Canada, featuring a giant Biosphere designed by Buckminster Fuller
  • 1967 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1968 Baltimore Oriole Tom Phoebus no-hits Boston, 6-0
  • 1968 Congress of Political Party Radicals (PPR) forms in Netherlands
  • 1968 The Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association (NICRA) hold a rally to protest the banning of a Republican Easter parade
  • 1972 Apollo 16 returns to Earth
  • 1974 Pan Am 707 crashes into mountains of Bali, killing 107
  • 1975 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1976 Arabic Monetary Fund established in Abu Dhabi
  • 1977 Bloody riots in Soweto, South Africa
  • 1977 HCC, Hobby Computer Club, forms in Netherlands
  • 1978 Afghanistan revolution (National Day), pro-Russian military coup
  • 1978 Cooling tower collapses at a coal-fired power plant at Willow Island, West Virginia, kills 51
  • 1981 Xerox PARC introduces the computer mouse
  • 1984 Over 70 inches of snow falls on Red Lake Montana

Pripyat: Nuclear Wasteland

1986 Soviet authorities order the evacuation of the city of Pripyat (pop. 50,000) 1 day after the Chernobyl nuclear accident

Historic Event

1987 US Justice Department bars Austrian Chancellor Kurt Waldheim from entering US, due to his aid of Nazi Germany during WW II

  • 1989 Beijing students take over Tiananmen Square in China
  • 1989 Hurricane in Bangladesh kills 500
  • 1989 Mandatory seatbelt law goes into effect in Italy
  • 1990 50th annual barbershop quartet singing convention held (Mich)
  • 1991 Firestone World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by David Ozio
  • 1992 Betty Boothroyd becomes the first woman to be elected Speaker of the British House of Commons in its 700-year history.
  • 1992 The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, comprising Serbia and Montenegro, is proclaimed
  • 1993 Afghan Antonov AN-32 crashes at Tashqurgan, kills 76
  • 1994 29.0°C in Genevad, Sweden (Swedish April high temperature record)

Historic Event

1994 Former US President Richard Nixon buried in Nixon Library in Yorba Linda, California

  • 1994 Freedom Day: day 2 of South Africa's 1st multi-racial elections and day most voted - some queuing for 10 hours
  • 1996 Brunswick World Tournament of Champions won by Dave D'Entremont
  • 1997 Frank Nobilo wins Greater Greensboro Chrysler Classic at Forest Oaks
  • 2002 The last successful telemetry from the NASA space probe Pioneer 10
  • 2005 The superjumbo jet aircraft Airbus A380 makes its first flight from Toulouse, France
  • 2006 Construction begins on the Freedom Tower for the new World Trade Center in New York City
  • 2007 Estonian authorities remove the Bronze Soldier, a Soviet Red Army war memorial in Tallinn, amid political controversy with Russia.
  • 2011 Deadliest day of the 2011 super outbreak of tornadoes, the largest tornado outbreak in United States history

Historic Event

2011 U.S. President Barack Obama, coerced by incessant false "birther" accusations, publicly releases a copy of his birth certificate

  • 2012 Four explosions in Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine, kill 27 people
  • 2013 10 people are killed and 25 are injured after a bomb attack in Karachi, Pakistan

Historic Event

2018 German leader Angela Merkel has a 1-day trip to Washington, DC, meeting US President Donald Trump

Summit of Interest

2018 Historic Korean summit, the North's Kim Jong-un and Moon Jae-in of South Korea agree to officially end Korean war and rid peninsula of nuclear weapons

  • 2018 Mass protests across Spain after 5 men convicted of sexual abuse but not rape of teenage girl during Running of the Bulls festival in Pamplona
  • 2018 More than 40 Tuareg killed over two days by suspected jihadists in Menaka region, Mali

Historic Event

2019 Pope Francis donates $500,000 for migrants stranded in Mexico trying to reach the US

  • 2019 Shooter opens fire in a synagogue in Poway, California, killing one and injuring three

COVID-19

2020 Global confirmed cases of COVID-19 pass 3 million with the death toll at 205,000. US has 1/3 of all new cases.

  • 2020 US Defense Department declassifies and releases videos of unidentified "aerial phenomena" from 2004 and 2015

COVID-19 Pandemic

2021 Brazil's Senate orders an official inquiry into President Jair Bolsonaro' and government official's handling of the COVID-19 pandemic

  • 2021 Pfizer announces it is working on a new antiviral therapy to treat COVID-19 at its onset and prevent hospitalization [1]
  • 2022 Italian women footballers finally turn professional after Italian Football Federation changes status of top division (takes effect 1 July) and ends capped amateur salaries [1]

Historic Event

2022 SpaceX, launches its Crew Dragon capsule with four astronauts, including Jessica Watkins - becomes 1st black woman to serve extended mission on International Space Station [1]

  • 2022 US CDC report finds that more than half of people (57.7%) had antibodies for COVID-19 by February 2022, with 75.2% of children and teenagers [1]