Events in History on April 28

Historic Event

1140 The Palatine Chapel, commissioned by Roger II and one of Norman Sicily's most important buildings is consecrated on Palm Sunday in Palermo (World Heritage Site 2015)

  • 1180 Philip II of France (14) marries first wife Isabella of Hainault (10) at Bapaume
  • 1192 Assassination of Conrad of Montferrat (Conrad I), King of Jerusalem, in Tyre, two days after his title to the throne confirmed by election. Killing carried out by Hashshashin.

Historic Event

1202 King Philip II expels King John of England ("Lackland") from France

  • 1253 -May 7th) Utrecht destroyed by fire
  • 1253 Nichiren, a Japanese Buddhist monk, propounds Nam Myoho Renge Kyo for the first time and declares it to be the essence of Buddhism, in effect founding Nichiren Buddhism.
  • 1376 English "Good Parliament" begins meeting in London, will sit till 10th July, then the longest-sitting English parliament
  • 1376 English parliament demands supervision of royal spending
  • 1503 Battle at Cerignalo: Spanish army under Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba defeats a French force led by Louis d'Armagnac, Duke of Nemours
  • 1521 Treaty of Worms: Emperor Charles names his brother Ferdinand Archduke of Netherlands-Austria
  • 1550 Powers of Dutch inquisition extends
  • 1611 Establishment of the Pontifical and Royal University of Santo Tomas, The Catholic University of the Philippines, oldest existing university in Asia and largest Catholic university in the world
  • 1635 Virginia Governor John Harvey accused of treason and removed from office
  • 1655 English General-at-Sea Robert Blake (he was never titled Admiral) beats North African pirate fleet

Historic Discovery

1770 British Captain James Cook, aboard the Endeavour, lands at Botany Bay in Australia

Historic Event

1796 Cease fire of Cherasco between Sardinia and Napoleon Bonaparte

  • 1804 31 British ships sail up Suriname river demanding transition colony from the Dutch

Historic Event

1818 US President James Monroe proclaims naval disarmament on Great Lakes and Lake Champlain

  • 1829 Dutch parliament accepts new press laws
  • 1847 George B. Vashon becomes 1st African American to enter New York State Bar
  • 1848 Slavery abolished in French colonies
  • 1855 1st veterinary college in US incorporated in Boston

Historic Event

1881 Billy the Kid escapes from the Lincoln County jail in Lincoln, New Mexico

  • 1881 French troops sent into Tunisia
  • 1902 Using the ISO 8601 standard Year Zero definition for the Gregorian calendar preceded by the Julian calendar, the one billionth minute since the start of January 1 Year Zero occurs at 10:40 AM on this date

Historic Event

1910 First night air flight by Claude Grahame-White in England

  • 1914 181 die in coal mine collapse at Eccles, West Virginia
  • 1919 1st jump with US Army Air Corps (rip-cord type) parachute (Les Irvin)
  • 1920 Azerbaijan SSR joins USSR (1st time)
  • 1922 WOI (Ames, Iowa) country's 1st licensed educational radio station
  • 1924 119 die in coal mine disaster at Benwood, West Virginia
  • 1925 Kurdish rebels surrender to Turkish army
  • 1925 Netherlands & Great Britain return to gold standard
  • 1934 Spanish government of Ricardo Samper forms
  • 1934 Tigers' Goose Goslin grounds into 4 straight double plays

Historic Event

1934 US President FDR signs Home Owners Loan Act

  • 1935 Moscow underground railway opens (81 km long)
  • 1937 1st commercial flight across Pacific operated by Pan Am

Treaty of Interest

1939 Adolf Hitler claims German-Polish non-attack treaty still in effect

  • 1940 SS-Obersturmbannführer (lieutenant colonel) Rudolf Höss (not Hess, different Nazi) becomes commandant of concentration camp Auschwitz
  • 1941 Last British troops in Greece surrender
  • 1942 "WW II" titled so, as result of Gallup Poll
  • 1942 German Luftwaffe estimated to have flown over 11 thousand sorties against Malta since 20th March
  • 1942 Nightly "dim-out" begins along US East Coast
  • 1943 German-Italian counter offensive in North Africa
  • 1943 US 34th Division occupies Djebel el Hara, North Tunisia
  • 1944 Exercise "Tiger" ends with 750 US soldiers dead in D-Day rehearsal after their convoy ships were attacked by German torpedo boats off Slapton Sands, Devon.

Meeting of Interest

1944 Soviet leader Joseph Stalin meets Polish-American priest Stanislaus Orlemanski in Moscow to discuss religion and the future of post-war Poland

  • 1945 British commandos attack Elbe & occupy Lauenburg
  • 1945 US 5th army reaches Swiss border

Historic Event

1947 Thor Heyerdahl and the crew of the "Kon-Tiki" sail from Peru to Polynesia

  • 1949 Former Philippine First Lady Aurora Quezon, 61, assassinated while en route to dedicate a hospital in memory of her late husband; her daughter and 10 others also killed

Election of Interest

1951 Mohammad Mosaddegh elected Prime Minister of Iran by the Parliament of Iran (Majlis)

Historic Event

1952 Dwight D. Eisenhower resigns as Supreme Commander of NATO

  • 1952 WW II Pacific peace treaty takes effect
  • 1956 Last French troops leave Vietnam
  • 1958 Great Britain performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island

Historic Event

1958 US Vice President Richard Nixon begins goodwill tour of Latin America

  • 1958 Vanguard TV-5 launched for Earth orbit (failed)
  • 1961 Lt Col Gueorgui Mossolov takes E-66A to 34,714 m altitude
  • 1963 17th Tony Awards: "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?" and "A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum" win
  • 1964 Japan joins the OECD
  • 1965 Richard Helms replaces Marshall S. Carter as deputy director of CIA
  • 1965 US marines invade Dominican Republic, stay until October 1966
  • 1965 William F. Raborn Jr. replaces John A. McCone as 7th head of CIA
  • 1966 Cleveland ties record with 10th straight win since Opening Day
  • 1966 OCAM, Common Afro-Mauritian Organization forms

Agreement of Interest

1967 The Douglas Aircraft Company behind schedule with deliveries of the DC-8 and DC-9 and close to bankruptcy agrees to merge with the McDonnell Aircraft Corporation to form McDonnell Douglas

Historic Event

1969 Charles de Gaulle resigns as president of France

  • 1971 Dutch social democratic party/D'66/DS'70 win parliamentary election
  • 1971 Samuel Lee Gravely Jr. becomes 1st black admiral in US Navy
  • 1973 Over 6000 Mk. 82 500 pound bombs detonate over 18 hrs in a railyard in northern California. 5500 structures damaged, town of Antelope destroyed, with every building reduced to foundations. Leads to Transportation Safety Act (1974)
  • 1975 South-Vietnam Gen Duong Van Minh sworn in as president till April 30
  • 1977 American defense employee Christopher John Boyce convicted for selling secrets to the Soviet Union

Historic Event

1977 Andreas Baader and members of terrorist group the Red Army Faction (Baader-Meinhof Gang) jailed for life after a trial lasting nearly 2 years in Stuttgart, Germany

  • 1977 The Budapest Treaty on the International Recognition of the Deposit of Microorganisms for the Purposes of Patent Procedure is signed
  • 1980 Cyrus Vance, Carter's US Secretary of State, resigns
  • 1980 Reunion Arena in Dallas opens
  • 1980 US Secretary of State Cyrus Vance resigns in protest over the Iran hostage rescue attempt
  • 1981 Galician current Statute of Autonomy
  • 1983 Argentine government declares all 15-30,000 missing persons dead
  • 1983 NASA launches Geos-F
  • 1987 American engineer Ben Linder is killed in an ambush by U.S.-funded Contras in northern Nicaragua.
  • 1988 Aloha Airlines Boeing 737 roof tears off in flight; kills stewardess
  • 1989 Argentina, hit by rocketing inflation, runs out of money

Historic Event

1989 Iran protests sale of "Satanic Verses" by Salman Rushdie

  • 1990 Last issue of Dutch communist daily De Waarheid (The Truth)
  • 1990 Professional Bowlers Association Tournament of Champions: Dave Ferraro beats Tony Westlake, 226–203
  • 1991 Space Shuttle STS 39 (Discovery 12) launched
  • 1992 Italian President Francesco Cossiga formally resigns
  • 1993 Carlo Ciampi forms Italian government with ex-communists

Historic Event

1994 Aldrich Ames, former CIA officer and his wife Rosario plead guilty to spying for the Soviet Union and Russia

  • 1994 Freddy Thielemans sworn in as Mayor of Brussels, Belgium
  • 1995 Gas explosion in South Korean metro, 103 die
  • 1995 Sri Lankaan BAE748 crashes at Palaly, 52 die
  • 1996 In Australia's worst massacre in modern history, Martin Bryant shoots and kills 35 in Port Arthur, Tasmania. Leads to a compulsory gun buy back program and major changes to gun control laws.
  • 2001 Millionaire Dennis Tito becomes the world's first space tourist

Shrek the Sheep

2004 Shrek the sheep from Tarras, Central Otago, New Zealand, is finally shorn live on TV after 6 years avoidance; the fleece weighed 27 kg (60 lb)

  • 2005 The Patent Law Treaty goes into effect.
  • 2012 Tent collapse in St Louis, Missouri, kills one and injures 110 people
  • 2013 3 people are killed and 14 are injured after a gas explosions causes a building to collapse in Reims, France
  • 2013 8 people are killed and dozens are injured after Taliban attacks on election candidates in Pakistan
  • 2018 Indian government announces electricity has now reached every Indian village
  • 2018 World's largest child sacrifice, 140 remains uncovered by archaeologists near Trujillo, Peru, dating back 550 years to Chimú civilisation
  • 2019 Largest demonstrations since 2014 in Hong Kong over plans to change law to send suspects to mainland China for trial

Election of Interest

2019 Spanish general election: no party wins a majority, Socialists under Pedro Sanchez win most with 29%

  • 2020 Argentina bans all commercial domestic and international flights until September 1 because of COVID-19

COVID-19 Pandemic

2020 President Vladimir Putin warns Russia has not yet reached the peak of COVID-19 infections, with 93,000 recorded cases and 867 deaths

COVID-19

2020 US confirmed cases of COVID-19 pass 1 million, while death toll of 58,365 surpasses that of US soldiers killed in Vietnam War (Johns Hopkins)

  • 2021 NASA's Parker Solar Probe becomes the first spacecraft to cross the Alfvén critical boundary, the outer atmosphere of the Sun [1]

Historic Event

2021 US President Joe Biden makes a major speech to a joint session of Congress calling for a new era of government spending [1]

Historic Event

2022 Russian missiles strike Ukrainian city of Kyiv during a visit by UN Secretary-General António Guterres