Events in History on April 30

  • 311 Roman Emperor Galerius issues Edict of Toleration, ending persecution of Christians in the Roman Empire
  • 313 Licinius unifies the entire Eastern Roman Empire under his rule
  • 711 Islamic conquest of Iberia: Moorish troops led by Tariq ibn-Ziyad land at Gibraltar to begin their invasion of the Iberian Peninsula (Al-Andalus)

Historic Event

1064 German King Henry IV gives away Utrecht county of West Friesland

  • 1315 French chamberlain Enguerrand de Marigny is hanged on the public gallows at Montfaucon after being convicted of sorcery
  • 1349 Jewish community of Radolfzell, Germany, exterminated
  • 1396 Crusaders & Earl of Nevers depart from Dijon
  • 1483 Orbital calculations suggest that on this day, Pluto moved inside Neptune's orbit until July 23, 1503

Historic Event

1492 Christopher Columbus is given royal commission by Spanish monarchs Isabella I and Ferdinand II to equip his fleet to the New World

  • 1492 Spain announces it will expel all Jews
  • 1506 Philip of Burgundy & England sign trade agreement

Treaty of Interest

1527 Henry VIII of England and Francis I of France sign the Treaty of Westminster, pledging to combine their forces against Holy Roman Emperor Charles V in attempt to win War of the League of Cognac

  • 1562 1st French colonists in North America: Jean Ribault & colonists arrive in Florida
  • 1563 Jews are expelled from France by order of Charles VI
  • 1573 The spire of Beauvais Cathedral, France, which made it the tallest human-made monument in the world at the time, collapses (never rebuilt)

Historic Event

1616 King James I of England leaves Brielle

  • 1650 French rebel Henri de la Tour Turenne signs treaty with Spain
  • 1661 Tsjeng Tsj'eng-Kung begins siege of Dutch fort Zeelandia, Formosa
  • 1671 Petar Zrinski, the Croatian Ban from the Zrinski family, is executed.

Treaty of Interest

1725 Emperor Charles VI & King Philip IV of Spain sign Treaty of Vienna

  • 1748 Ceasefire at Aken ends

Historic Event

1763 Member of Parliament and journalist John Wilkes confined in the Tower of London, charged with seditious libel

  • 1772 John Clais patents 1st scale
  • 1774 Pope Clement XIV proclaims a universal jubilee for the second time

President Inaugurated

1789 George Washington is inaugurated as the first President of the United States of America

  • 1790 Colonial troops occupy Bonni's marroon village
  • 1794 The Battle of Boulou is fought, in which French forces defeated the Spanish under General Union.
  • 1798 US Department of the Navy forms

Treaty of Interest

1803 Chancellor Robert Livingston and James Monroe sign Louisiana Purchase Treaty in Paris at a cost of 15 million dollars, doubles the size of the USA

  • 1804 The New Hague Theater opens in The Hague, the Netherlands
  • 1808 1st practical typewriter finished by Italian Pellegrini Turri
  • 1812 (Eastern) Louisiana admitted as 18th US state
  • 1838 Nicaragua declares independence from Central American federation
  • 1857 San Jose State University forms

Historic Publication

1859 Charles Dickens' "A Tale Of Two Cities" is first published in literary periodical "All the Year Round" (weekly installments until Nov 26)

  • 1860 Navaho indians attack Fort Defiance (Canby)

Historic Event

1861 US President Abraham Lincoln orders Federal Troops to evacuate Indian Territory (US Civil War)

  • 1862 Swift Run Gap skirmishes in West Virginia

Victory in Battle

1863 -5/1] Battle of Snyder's Bluff, Virginia (part of the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War): General Sherman beaten by Confederate forces

Victory in Battle

1863 Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia: In a major victory General Robert E. Lee's troops defeat larger Army of the Potomac under Major General Joseph Hooker, Stonewall Jackson is fatally wounded

  • 1863 Mexican forces attacked the French Foreign Legion in Hacienda Camarón, Mexico.
  • 1864 Battle of Jenkin's Ferry, Arkansas; General W R Scurry is killed
  • 1864 New York becomes 1st state to charge a hunting license fee
  • 1869 Hawaiian YMCA organized
  • 1871 The Camp Grant Massacre of Apache Indians in Arizona Territory is committed by white and Mexican adventurers, 144 die
  • 1888 1888 Moradabad hailstorm: hail stones allegedly as big as oranges kill 246 people and some 1600 sheep and cattle in Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh
  • 1889 1st US national holiday, on centennial of Washington's inauguration

Scientific Discovery

1897 English physicist and head of the Cavendish laboratory J. J. Thomson announces his discovery of the electron in a lecture to the Royal Institution

  • 1898 Championship wrestling match at Met turns into a brawl
  • 1900 Casey Jones dies heroically in a train wreck at Vaughn, Mississippi, while driving Cannonball Express (immortalized in "Ballad of Casey Jones")
  • 1900 The "Hawaiian Organic Act" is enacted by US Congress making Hawaii a US territory
  • 1904 Ice cream cone makes its debut at St. Louis World's Fair invented by Ernest A. Hamwi (independently of other claimant Italo Marchiony in NY)
  • 1907 Honolulu, Hawaii, becomes an independent city.
  • 1911 Portugal approves female suffrage
  • 1916 Germany ratifies bill bringing in Daylight Saving Time - first country in the world
  • 1920 The British Government ends military conscription

Catholic Encyclical

1921 Pope Benedict XV encyclical "On Dante"

  • 1925 Automaker Dodge Brothers, Inc is sold to Dillon, Read & Company for $146 million plus $50 million for charity
  • 1927 Princess Juliana gets seat in Dutch Council of State
  • 1928 Cherkess Autonomous Region forms in RSFSR (until 1957)
  • 1929 Ernst Streeruwitz becomes Chancellor of Austria, lasts less than 5 months
  • 1934 Austria gets "Austrian fascist" constitution
  • 1935 World Congress for Women's Rights concludes in Istanbul
  • 1937 The Philippines holds a plebiscite for Filipino women on whether they should be extended the right to suffrage; over 90% would vote in the affirmative
  • 1939 New York World's Fair opens
  • 1939 Tropicana ballet of Havana, Cuba, forms
  • 1940 Air New Zealand then known as TEAL makes its inaugural flight with a flight from Auckland to Sydney. Later becomes 1st airline in the world to boil hot water in-flight to offer customers hot tea and coffee.
  • 1942 1st submarine built on Great Lakes launched, (Peto), Manitowoc, Wisconsin
  • 1943 Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp for Jews forms
  • 1943 Dutch strike against forced labor in Nazi Germany's war industry
  • 1944 NY Giant Phil Weintraub gets 11 RBIs

Historic Event

1945 Adolf Hitler commits suicide along with his new wife Eva Braun in the Fuhrerbunker in Berlin as the Red Army captures the city

  • 1945 Concentration camp Munchen-Allag freed

Historic Event

1945 Lord Haw-Haw (William Joyce) calls for crusade against the Bolsheviks

  • 1945 Record 48 U-boats sunk by the Allies this month
  • 1945 Red Army occupies Demmin
  • 1945 Soviet Army frees Ravensbruck concentration camp
  • 1945 US troops attack the Elbe
  • 1947 Boulder Dam renamed in honor of Herbert Hoover
  • 1948 Org of American States charter signed at Bogota, Colombia
  • 1948 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • 1953 Little-Bigger League changes its name to Babe Ruth League
  • 1955 Element atomic number 101, Mendelevium, announced
  • 1955 Imperial Bank of India nationalized
  • 1955 West German unions protest for 40-hour work week & higher wages
  • 1961 1st shuttle flights between Washington, D.C., Boston & NYC begin (Eastern)

Historic Event

1961 Premier Fidel Castro of Cuba receives Lenin-Peace Prize

Historic Event

1962 NASA civilian pilot Joseph A. Walker takes X-15 to 75,190 m

  • 1966 Anton LaVey founds the Church of Satan in San Francisco, California

Ostankino Tower

1967 Ostankino Tower, the then highest free-standing structure in the world at 540m is finished in Moscow, Russia

  • 1970 US troops invade Cambodia

Historic Event

1973 US President Nixon announces the resignation of H. R. Haldeman, Ehrlichman and others

Historic Event

1974 US President Richard Nixon hands over partial transcripts of Watergate tape recordings

  • 1975 North Vietnamese troops capture Saigon, ending the Vietnam War
  • 1976 Royal Canadian Mint opens a branch in Winnipeg, Manitoba
  • 1976 The Betsy Ross Bridge, spanning the Delaware River from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to Pennsauken, New Jersey opens

Historic Event

1977 Human rights group Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo begin protesting at the forced disappearances of thousands, under the military dictatorship of Jorge Rafael Videla, in Buenos Aires

  • 1977 Ron Cey sets record of 29 RBIs in April
  • 1980 Juliana, Queen of the Netherlands, abdicates; Princess Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard becomes Queen
  • 1980 Ronald Harwood's play "The Dresser" premieres in London with Freddie Jones and Tom Courtenay
  • 1980 Terrorists seize Iranian Embassy in London
  • 1982 Alvaro Magana chosen to succeed Jose N Duarte as President of El Salvador
  • 1982 Iranian offensive in Khusistan
  • 1984 1,700 skiers participate in an alpine event at Are, Sweden
  • 1985 Dale Murphy drives in record tying 28th & 29th runs of April
  • 1985 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1985 Last edition of Brink Daily Mail and Sunday Express in South Africa
  • 1986 Ashrita Furman performs 8,341 somersaults over 12 miles
  • 1986 Mariners strike out 16 times, set record of 36 in 2 consecutive games
  • 1988 NY Knights 1st arena football game beats Cobras 60-52 (10,157 in LA)
  • 1988 The then largest banana split ever, at 4.5 miles long, is made along Market Street in Selinsgrove, Pennsylvania
  • 1988 World Exposition, Expo 88 opens in Brisbane Australia

Beatification

1989 Pope John Paul II beatifies Victoire Rasoamanarivo of Madagascar

Historic Event

1989 World Wide Web (WWW) is first launched in the public domain by CERN scientist Tim Berners-Lee

  • 1990 US hostage Frank Reed freed after 4 years in hands of pro-Iranians
  • 1993 The World Wide Web source code is released by CERN, making the software freely available to all
  • 1993 Virgin Radio broadcasts for the first time in the United Kingdom.
  • 1995 After 120 years the last 15 A & S department stores close
  • 1996 Dutch Itallian Beppo-SAX launches from Cape Canaveral
  • 1996 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Grand Rapids MI on WKLQ 94.5 FM

Historic Event

1996 US President Clinton approves the sale of $227 million of crude oil from the Strategic Petroleum Reserve; US gas prices are at their highest levels in 5 years

  • 1997 Big Ben stops at 12:11 PM for 54 minutes
  • 1997 President Clinton's daughter Chelsea chooses to attend Stanford College
  • 1997 Tajik Prest Imomali Rakhmonov wounded in assassination attempt
  • 1997 Tino Martinez hits record 34 RBIs in April
  • 1999 Cambodia joins the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) bringing the total members to 10
  • 2000 Pope John Paul II canonizes Polish nun Sister Faustina [Helena Kowalska] as a Catholic saint
  • 2001 The Mitchell Report on the Arab-Israeli conflict is published
  • 2001 US Vice President Cheney calls for increased domestic production of fossil fuels and increased usage of nuclear power to meet America's energy demand

Important Vote

2002 A referendum in Pakistan overwhelmingly approves the Presidency of Pervez Musharraf for another five years

  • 2004 U.S. media release graphic photos of American soldiers abusing and sexually humiliating Iraqi prisoners at Abu Ghraib prison

Historic Event

2007 German Chancellor Angela Merkel officially hands over the Waldseemüller Map (oldest known document to name America) to the US Library of Congress [1]

Historic Event

2008 Two skeletal remains found near Ekaterinburg, Russia, were confirmed by Russian scientists to be the remains of Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia and one of his sisters

  • 2009 Chrysler automobile company files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy
  • 2009 Failed attack on the Dutch Royal Family results in 7 deaths and 17 injured
  • 2009 The United Kingdom formally ends combat operations in Iraq
  • 2012 Overloaded ferry in the Brahmaputra River, India, killing 103 people
  • 2012 Spain's economy double dips after a 0.3% contraction and 25% unemployment rate
  • 2012 The unfinished One World Trade Center overtakes the Empire State building to become the tallest building in New York
  • 2013 13 people are killed after a bomb explodes in Damascus
  • 2013 Apple offers the largest bond offering from a private company of 17 Billion
  • 2013 Hannah Warren, who was born without a trachea, at 2, becomes the youngest patient to receive a stem cell bioengineered organ

Historic Event

2013 Willem-Alexander becomes the first male Monarch of Netherlands in 123 years, following the abdication of his mother, Queen Beatrix

  • 2014 Masked gunmen and pro-Russian separatists take control of more buildings in eastern Ukraine
  • 2015 MESSENGER spacecraft is intentionally deorbited and destroyed

Historic Event

2015 US senator Bernie Sanders announces he will seek the Democratic Party's nomination for President

  • 2018 Coordinated double suicide attack kills 36 in Kabul, Afghanistan, including nine journalists
  • 2018 Etienne Terrus art museum in Elne, France, reveals half of its collection are fakes
  • 2018 Pakistani city of Nawabshah sets global record for an April temperature, recording high of 50.2C
  • 2018 Sajid Javid is named UK Home Secretary by Prime Minister Teresa May
  • 2018 World's oldest known spider, a female trapdoor, dies after being killed by a wasp sting in Western Australia, aged 43

Historic Event

2019 Japanese Emperor Akihito declares his abdication at a ceremony in Tokyo which officially takes effect the following day

  • 2019 New type of dementia identified and named limbic-predominant age-related TDP-43 encephalopathy (Late) after misdiagnosed as Alzheimer's disease
  • 2020 British Captain Tom Moore, who raised more £30 million for the National Health Service walking in his garden, turns 100 and made an honorary colonel by the Queen

Historic Event

2020 Eurozone economy shrinks at -3.8% between Jan and Mar 2020, the fastest rate on record with Euro Bank President Christine Lagarde warning the 2nd quarter will be even worse

  • 2020 Russian Prime Minister Mikhail V. Mishustin says he has COVID-19
  • 2020 South Korea reports no new domestic cases of COVID-19 for 1st time, their virus cases peaked Feb 29

COVID-19 Pandemic

2020 UK PM Boris Johnson says Britain is past the peak of the COVID-19 outbreak

COVID-19 Pandemic

2020 US President Donald Trump claims COVID-19 originated in a lab in Wuhan, while the Office of the Director of National Intelligence saying the virus is not manmade

  • 2021 45 killed and 150 injured in a crush of people at the Israeli Lag B'Omer festival at Mount Meron
  • 2021 Australia announces a ban on citizens returning from India, stranding 8,000 people, and making it a criminal offence to return, amid India's COVID-19 crisis - first democratic country to do so
  • 2022 Bach Long Bridge, the world's longest glass-bottom bridge at 632m opens in Moc Chau Island mountain park, Vietnam [1]
  • 2022 Jacky Hunt-Broersma sets world record for running 104 consecutive marathons in 104 days, after surviving cancer and with a prosthetic leg. [1]