Events in History on April 5

  • 823 Pope Peschalis I crowns Lotharius I as co-emperor of France
  • 1058 Bishop Giovanni "Minchus" ["the thin"] elected as Anti-Pope Benedict X

Victory in Battle

1242 Alexander Nevsky of Novgorod defeats Teutonic Knights in the Battle of the Ice

Historic Event

1424 Scottish King James I returns to Scotland after 18 years of detention at the English court

  • 1566 200 Brussel nobles offer Margaretha of Parma a petition
  • 1585 Clemens Crabbeels becomes bishop of Hertogenbosch

Historic Event

1603 New English King James I (James VI of Scotland) departs Edinburgh for London

  • 1609 Daimyo (Lord) of the Satsuma Domain in southern Kyūshū, Japan, completes his successful invasion of the Ryūkyū Kingdom in Okinawa
  • 1614 2nd parliament of King James I begin session (no enactments)

The Mayflower

1621 Mayflower sails from Plymouth, Massachusetts on a return trip to England

  • 1648 Spanish troops and feudal barons strike down people's uprising in Naples

Easter Island Moai

1722 Dutch navigator Jacob Roggeveen is the first European to discover Easter Island / Rapa Nui in the southeastern Pacific

Treaty of Interest

1739 French and Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI sign secret treaty

  • 1751 Adolf Frederik of Holstein-Gottorp crowns himself King of Sweden
  • 1762 British take Grenada, West Indies, from French

Historic Event

1764 British Parliament passes the Sugar Tax on the American colonies, introduced by Prime Minister George Grenville

  • 1768 1st US Chamber of Commerce forms (NYC)

Historic Event

1792 George Washington casts 1st presidential veto

  • 1804 High Possil Meteorite: The first recorded meteorite in Scotland falls in Possil
  • 1806 Isaac Quintard patents apple cider
  • 1812 British storm Badajoz fortress in Extremadura, Spain, held by French & Spanish
  • 1814 Netherlands Bank issues its 1st banknotes

Eruption of Mount Tambora

1815 Mount Tambora in the Dutch East Indies, has its first violent eruption after several centuries of dormancy

Victory in Battle

1818 In the Battle of Maipú, Chile's independence movement - led by Bernardo O'Higgins and José de San Martín - win a decisive victory over Spain, leaving 2,000 Spaniards and 1,000 Chilean patriots dead.

  • 1847 Birkenhead Park, the first civic public park, opens in Birkenhead, England, designed by Joseph Paxton
  • 1861 Federals abandon Ft Quitman, Texas
  • 1862 Siege of Yorktown, fought in York County and Newport News, Virginia ends (Yorktown campaign), inconclusive result (US Civil War)
  • 1865 Battle at Amelia Springs, Jetersville Virginia (Appomattox Campaign)
  • 1879 Chile declares war on Bolivia and Peru, starting the War of the Pacific.
  • 1881 Transvaal regains independence under British suzerainty

Historic Event

1887 Anne Sullivan teaches "water" to Helen Keller

  • 1893 Cleveland passes Park Act (forerunner of Metroparks)
  • 1894 11 strikers killed in riot at Connellsville, Penn

Historic Event

1895 Oscar Wilde loses libel case against Marquess of Queensberry, who accused him of homosexual practices

  • 1897 The Greco-Turkish War, also called "Thirty Days' War", is declared between Greece and the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1900 Attempted assassination of Edward Prince of Wales in Brussels, fails
  • 1901 Under threats from the Ottoman Turkish Government, Bulgaria is forced to arrest the leaders of the Macedonian Committee
  • 1902 In Glasgow, Scotland the Ibrox disaster occurs after a section of a grandstand collapses killing 25 and injuring 517
  • 1905 James Barrie's "Alice-sit-by-the-fire" premieres in London
  • 1906 Mount Vesuvius erupts and devastates towns in the Naples province, killing more than 100 people
  • 1906 St Pius X encyclical "On the Mariavites or Mystic Priests of Poland"
  • 1911 MCC tour match v Jamaica finishes in a tie
  • 1911 Waldorf W Aster acquires Daily Observer
  • 1915 French begin Woëvre-offensive
  • 1916 French troops occupy Bois de Caillette

Historic Event

1919 Eamon de Valera becomes President of Dail Eireann

  • 1919 Polish Army executes 35 young Jews
  • 1922 KOB-AM in Albuquerque NM begins radio transmissions
  • 1922 WDZ-AM in Decatur IL begins radio transmissions

Historic Event

1923 Firestone Tire and Rubber Company starts producing inflatable tires

  • 1925 Belgian Workers Party wins parliamentary election
  • 1929 Lithuania signs Litvinov-pact
  • 1932 Dominion of Newfoundland: 10,000 rioters seize the Colonial Building leading to the end of self-government
  • 1932 Dutch textile strike broken by trade unions
  • 1935 Croatian Farmers Party wins Yugoslavian election
  • 1936 Tupelo, Mississippi virtually annihilated by a tornado, 216 die
  • 1938 Anti-Jewish riots break out in Dabrowa, Poland
  • 1939 Membership of Hitler Youth becomes obligatory
  • 1941 San Francisco Castro & Fillmore streetcars replaced by buses

Poon Lim's 133 Day South Atlantic Odyssey

1943 Chinese steward Poon Lim is found off the coast of Brazil by a Brazilian fisherman family after being adrift 133 days, after British ship SS Benlomond torpedoed by german U-boat

  • 1943 Mortsel, Belgium: Allies target Minerva car factory, used for repairing Luftwaffe planes for bombing raid; collateral damage from missed targets kills 936 civilians, Belgium's greatest loss of WWII
  • 1944 140 Lancasters bomb aircraft factory in Toulouse
  • 1944 World War II: 270 inhabitants of the Greek town of Kleisoura are executed by the Germans
  • 1945 World War II: Dutch city of Almelo is freed by the Second Canadian Corps
  • 1949 60 year old St Anthony's Hospital n Effingham, Illinois, catches fire, 77 people killed
  • 1950 Prague espionage trial against bishops & priests begins

Historic Event

1951 Julius & Ethel Rosenberg, atomic spies, sentenced to death

  • 1952 Henry Wittenberg wins his 8th AAU wrestling title
  • 1956 Ceylon's Mahajana Eksath Peramuna (MEP), led by S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike wins the general elections in a landslide
  • 1958 Ripple Rock, an underwater threat to navigation in the Seymour Narrows in Canada is destroyed in one of the largest ever non-nuclear controlled explosions
  • 1961 Dutch governor Platteel installs New Guinea Council
  • 1962 Herb Gardner's "Thousand Clowns" premieres in NYC
  • 1962 Mgr J Daems appointed bishop of Antwerp

Historic Event

1962 NASA civilian pilot Neil Armstrong takes X-15 to 54,600 m

  • 1962 St Bernard Tunnel finished-Swiss/Italians workers shake hands
  • 1963 Susuga Malietoa Tanumafili II becomes chief of Western Samoa
  • 1964 1st driverless trains run on London Underground
  • 1965 Lava Lamp Day celebrated
  • 1965 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1967 ATS II launched but fails to reach orbit
  • 1968 Jack Murphy Stadium in San Diego opens
  • 1969 Massive anti-Vietnam War demonstrations occur in many U.S. cities
  • 1971 Fran Phipps is 1st woman to reach North Pole
  • 1971 Mount Etna erupts in Sicily

Historic Event

1971 Sri Lanka's communist Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna (JVP) launches insurrection against the United Front government of Sirimavo Bandaranaike

  • 1971 US Lt William Calley sentenced to life imprisonment for murdering 22 unarmed South Vietnamese civilians in the My Lai Massacre
  • 1972 Mets trade Ken Singleton to Expos for Rusty Staub
  • 1973 Pioneer 11 launched to Jupiter
  • 1975 Soyuz 18A launch aborted short of orbit; cosmonauts return safely

Election of Interest

1976 Harold Wilson resigns as James Callaghan becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

  • 1977 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1982 British Royal Navy aircraft carriers Invincible and Hermes, with escort vessels, depart Portsmouth, England for the Falkland Islands in response to the Argentine invasion
  • 1982 Lord Carrington, British Foreign Secretary resigns for his failure to foresee the invasion of the Falkland Islands
  • 1983 France throws out 47 Soviet diplomats
  • 1986 Record for a throw-and-return boomerang toss is set (121m)
  • 1986 US soldier & Turkish woman killed in West Berlin disco bombing
  • 1989 Poland grants legal status to trade union Solidarność (Solidarity)

Historic Publication

1991 Kitty Kelley publishes an unauthorized biography of former US First Lady Nancy Reagan

  • 1991 Southeast Airlines Embracer 120 crashes in Georgia, killing 23
  • 1991 Space Shuttle STS 37 (Atlantis 8) launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida
  • 1991 US begins air drops to Kurd refugees in Northern Iraq

Historic Event

1992 Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori suspends the constitution and dissolves Congress

  • 1992 Serbian troops begin besieging Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia, which would become the longest siege in modern warfare
  • 1992 Several hundred-thousand abortion rights demonstrators march in Washington, D.C.
  • 1992 Thailand General Suchinda Kraprayoon installed as president
  • 1995 Pages of Codex Argenteus (the Silver Bible), the oldest text in the Gothic language (5th century) stolen from Uppsala University Library, Sweden in broad daylight (recovered a month later)
  • 1996 John Bobbitt is put under house arrest in Las Vegas for 120 days
  • 1997 Galileo, 3rd Ganymede Flyby (Orbit 7)

Lockerbie Bombing of Pan Am Flight 103

1999 Two Libyans suspected of bringing down Pan Am flight 103 in 1988 are handed over for eventual trial in the Netherlands

  • 2009 North Korea launches its controversial Kwangmyŏngsŏng-2 rocket. The satellite passed over mainland Japan, which prompted an immediate reaction from the United Nations Security Council, as well as participating states of Six-party talks
  • 2012 77-year old pensioner's suicide outside Greek parliament prompts further protests in Athens
  • 2012 International internet group Anonymous hack several Chinese bureaus in opposition to censorship
  • 2012 Severe storms in Argentina kill 14 people
  • 2013 60 people are killed in Nigeria after a bus collides with an oil tanker
  • 2013 Japan’s Nikkei 225 reaches its highest level in five years
  • 2015 Rolling Stone Magazine retracts its "Rape on Campus" story about a gang rape at the University of Virginia after being discredited
  • 2016 Iceland's Prime Minister Sigmundur David Gunnlaugsson resigns after the Panama Papers leak show a conflict of interest
  • 2016 PayPal announces it is cancelling a $3.6 million investment in North Carolina after the state passes anti-gay legislation
  • 2016 San Francisco becomes the first US city to mandate paid parental leave

Historic Event

2020 British monarch Queen Elizabeth II makes an address to the nation “we will meet again”, for only the 5th time in her 66-year reign


2020 British Prime Minister Boris Johnson admitted to hospital suffering from COVID-19

  • 2021 India records over 100,000 new daily COVID cases for the first time, more than half in the state of Maharashtra, which begins a new lockdown
  • 2021 Tropical Cyclone Seroja causes floods and landslides in southeast Indonesia and East Timor, killing at least 113 people according to local authorities [1]
  • 2022 Shanghai lockdown extended to cover the whole city as COVID-19 cases increase, as China remains one of the last to employ a "zero-Covid" system [1]

Historic Event

2022 Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky urges UN Security Council to act against Russia, accusing Russian military of the worst war crimes since WWII, including execution, rape and torture of civilians [1]