Events in History on April 7

  • 30 Scholars' estimate for Jesus' crucifixion by Roman troops in Jerusalem [or April 3]

Historic Event

451 Attila the Hun plunders Metz in Northeastern France

Historic Event

529 First draft of Corpus Juris Civilis (fundamental work in jurisprudence) issued by Eastern Roman Emperor Justinian I

  • 1118 Pope Gelasius II excommunicated by Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor, forcing him to flee Rome and rule in exile
  • 1348 Prague University, first university in central Europe, formed by Charles IV
  • 1456 Louis van Burbon becomes prince-bishop of Luik
  • 1498 Crowd storms Savonarola's convent San Marco Florence, Italy
  • 1509 France declares war on Venice
  • 1521 Inquisitor-general Adrian Boeyens bans Lutheran books

Historic Event

1521 Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan's fleet reaches Cebu

  • 1541 Francis Xavier leaves Lisbon on a mission to the Portuguese East Indies
  • 1584 Ieper surrenders to duke Van Parma

Appointment of Interest

1625 Albrecht von Wallenstein appointed German supreme commander

  • 1645 Michael Cardozo becomes 1st Jewish lawyer in Brazil

Historic Event

1655 Fabio Chigi replaces Pope Innocent X as Alexander VII

  • 1712 Slave revolt in New York kills 6 white men, 21 African Americans executed
  • 1739 Dick Turpin executed in England for horse stealing
  • 1776 Captain John Barry and the USS Lexington captures the Edward
  • 1788 1st settlement in Ohio, at Marietta

Historic Event

1794 English chemist and theologian Joseph Priestley departs England for America on board Sansom at Gravesend

Historic Event

1795 France adopts the metre as the basic measure of length

  • 1798 Mississippi Territory organized

Historic Expedition

1805 Lewis and Clark Expedition leaves Fort Mandan (on the Missouri River near what is now Washburn, North Dakota), beginning their journey to the Pacific Ocean

Victory in Battle

1818 General Andrew Jackson conquers Spanish Fort San Marcos (St Marks), in Spanish Florida during his pursuit of the Native American Seminole Tribe, in what would become known as the First Seminole War

  • 1827 English chemist John Walker invents wooden matches
  • 1831 Brazilian Emperor Dom Pedro abdicates, leaving his six-year old son, Dom Pedro II head of state as Prince Imperial

Historic Event

1853 Queen Victoria asks John Snow to administer chloroform during the delivery of her eighth child, Leopold, leads to wider acceptance of obstetrical anesthesia

  • 1860 Grand duke Frederik I liberalizes laws in Bathe
  • 1862 Grant defeats Confederates at Battle of Shiloh, Tenn, Island #10 falls
  • 1863 Battle of Charleston, South Carolina failed Federal fleet attack on Fort Sumter
  • 1865 Battle of Farmville, Virginia
  • 1868 Thomas D'Arcy McGee, one of the Canadian Fathers of Confederation is assassinated by the Irish, in one of the few Canadian political assassinations, and only federal politician
  • 1890 Completion of the first Lake Biwa Canal, Japan
  • 1891 Nebraska introduces 8 hour work day

Historic Expedition

1895 Polar explorer Fridtjof Nansen reaches record 86°13.6′N latitude north, expedition closest to the North pole

  • 1901 SDAP demands general voting right, abolishing First Chamber
  • 1902 Texas Oil Company (Texaco) forms
  • 1906 Act of Algeciras drawn between Moroccan police & banking business
  • 1917 J.M. Barrie's play "The Old Lady Shows Her Medals" premieres in London
  • 1917 Manuel de Falla's ballet "El Sombrero de tres Picos" ("The Three-Cornered Hat") premieres at Teatro Eslava in Madrid, Spain
  • 1919 1st parcel of land is purchased for Cleveland Metroparks

Election of Interest

1921 Revolutionary leader, Sun Yat-sen is elected President of China at Canton, though China remains divided into north and south and subject to rivalries of warlords

Historic Event

1922 Warren G. Harding's Interior Secretary, Albert B. Fall, leases the Teapot Dome oil reserves to Harry Sinclair, setting in motion the Teapot Dome scandals

  • 1923 1st brain tumor operation under local anesthetic performed (Beth Israel Hospital in NYC) by Dr K Winfield Ney
  • 1923 Workers Party of America (NYC) becomes official communist party
  • 1926 Forest fire burns 900 acres & kills 2 (San Luis Obispo California)

Historic Event

1926 Mussolini is shot at 3 times by Violet Gibson in Rome, she only hits him once in the nose

  • 1931 Seals Stadium opens in San Francisco
  • 1933 'National Beer Day" Cullen-Harrison act comes into effect legalising sale of low alcohol beer
  • 1933 1st 2 NAZI anti-Jewish laws, bars Jews from legal & public service
  • 1933 University Bridge, Seattle opens for traffic

Historic Event

1934 In India, Mahatma Gandhi suspends his campaign of civil disobedience

  • 1939 Italy invades Albania

Historic Event

1940 US Post Office issues first postage stamp of African American educator Booker T. Washington

  • 1941 British generals O'Connor & Neame captured in North Africa
  • 1943 British and US troops make contact at Wadi Akarit, South-Tunisia
  • 1943 German Lt colonel Claus von Stauffenberg seriously wounded at allied air raid

D-Day

1944 World War II: General Montgomery speaks to generals at St. Paul's School about his vision for the upcoming D-Day landings

  • 1945 Battle of Okinawa: Massive kamikaze attack of around 110 Japanese aircraft damages three US battleships off Okinawa island
  • 1945 Battle of Okinawa: US planes intercept Japanese fleet heading for Okinawa on a suicide mission, super battleship Yamato and four destroyers are sunk
  • 1945 Kuniaki Koiso resigns as Prime Minister of Japan after the US invasion of Okinawa; he is replaced by Kantaro Suzuki
  • 1945 Sonderkommando Elbe, special Luftwaffe units designed to destroy Allied planes by ramming them mid-air, are sent on their first and only mission of World War II
  • 1946 Part of East Prussia incorporated into Russian SFSR
  • 1946 Syria's independence from France is officially recognised.
  • 1948 A Buddhist monastery burns in Shanghai, China, leaving twenty monks dead
  • 1948 World Health Organization formed by the United Nations
  • 1951 American Bowling Congress begins 1st masters tournament
  • 1951 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • 1953 1st west-to-east jet transatlantic nonstop flight

Election of Interest

1953 UN General Assembly begins session that will elect Dag Hammarskjöld of Sweden as Secretary-General

  • 1954 German government refuses to recognize DDR

Conference of Interest

1954 US President Dwight D. Eisenhower in news conference is first to voice fear of a "domino-effect" of communism in Indo-China

  • 1956 Spain relinquishes her protectorate in Morocco
  • 1957 Last of NY's electric trolleys completes its final run
  • 1959 Oklahoma ends prohibition, after 51 years
  • 1959 Radar 1st bounced off Sun, Stanford Calif

Historic Event

1962 Yugoslav ex-president Milovan Djilas returns to jail

  • 1963 Yugoslavia proclaimed a Socialistic republic
  • 1964 IBM announces the System/360.
  • 1965 Bevan Congdon makes a stumping as 12th man NZ v Pakistan
  • 1966 US recovers a lost hydrogen bomb from the Mediterranean sea floor (whoops)
  • 1967 Israeli Syrian border fights
  • 1967 Tom Donahue, San Francisco DJ begins new radio format - Progressive (KMPX-FM)
  • 1969 Supreme Court strikes down laws prohibiting private possession of obscene material
  • 1969 The Internet's symbolic birth date: publication of RFC 1

Historic Event

1971 US President Richard Nixon orders lt Calley (Mi Lai) free

  • 1972 Three members of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) die in a premature bomb explosion in Belfast
  • 1973 Cleveland sets day-game & opening-game attendance records of 74,420
  • 1974 Herb Gardner's "Thieves" premieres in NYC
  • 1975 Preliminary meeting in Paris on world economic crisis between oil-exporting, oil-importing, and non-oil Third World countries

Historic Event

1976 Chinese Politburo fires vice-premier Deng Xiaoping

  • 1977 Consumer Product Safety Commission bans "TRIS" flame-retardant
  • 1977 German Federal Prosecutor Siegfried Buback and his driver are shot dead by two Red Army Faction members, starting the "German Autumn"
  • 1978 Guttenberg bible sells for $2,000,000 in New York City

Historic Event

1978 US President Jimmy Carter defers production of neutron bomb

  • 1979 Henri La Mothe dives 28' into 12 3/8" of water
  • 1980 Jimmy Carter breaks relations with Iran during hostage crisis
  • 1981 Willem Klein mentally extracts 13th root of a 100-digit # in 29 sec
  • 1982 Iran minister of Foreign affairs Ghotbzadeh arrested
  • 1983 Oldest human skeleton, aged 80,000 years, discovered in Egypt
  • 1983 STS-6 specialist Story Musgrave & Don Peterson perform the 1st STS spacewalk
  • 1983 WIBC Championship Tournament in Las Vegas, attracts 75,480 women bowlers for 83-day event
  • 1985 1st live telecast of Easter Parade in New York
  • 1985 New Jersey General Hershel Walker rushes for USFL record 233 yards
  • 1987 National Museum of Female Physicians opens in Washington, D.C.
  • 1988 Murderer of Gerrit Jan Heijns, Ferdi Elsas, arrested in the Netherlands
  • 1988 Russia announces it will withdraw its troops from Afghanistan
  • 1988 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1989 Soviet sub sinks in Norwegian Sea, with about a dozen deaths
  • 1990 BPAA US Open by Ron Palombi Jr
  • 1990 Fire kills 110 on a ferry in Norway, in an unrelated event, 30 die in a ferry flip over in Burma
  • 1990 John Poindexter (US National Security Advisor) found guilty of five counts of lying to Congress and obstruction regarding the Iran-Contra scandal
  • 1990 Michael Milken pleads innocent to security law violations
  • 1991 Compton Gamma Ray Observatory orbits Earth
  • 1991 George Washington Bridge (connecting New York City with Fort Lee, New Jersey, over the Hudson River) raises toll from $3.00 to $4.00
  • 1992 Republika Srpska (aka the Bosnian Serb Republic) announces its independence.
  • 1993 Dante Bichette hits the 1st Colo Rockie HR (Shea Stadium NY)
  • 1994 1st night game at Cleveland's Jacobs Field, Indians 6 Seattle 2

Rwandan Genocide

1994 Beginning of the Rwandan Genocide; the Presidential Guard begins killing moderate politicians and public figures in Kigali, including Prime Minister Agathe Uwilingiyimana

  • 1997 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Ft Myers FL on WRXK 96.1 FM
  • 1999 The World Trade Organization rules in favor of the United States in its long-running trade dispute with the European Union over bananas
  • 2001 Mars Odyssey is launched

Historic Event

2003 U.S. troops capture Baghdad; Saddam Hussein's regime falls two days later.

Historic Event

2005 Head of government of the Federal District, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, faces an impeachment process at the Mexican Congress

Historic Event

2009 Former Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori is sentenced to 25 years in prison for ordering killings and kidnappings by security forces

  • 2012 130 Pakistani Army soldiers are buried in an avalanche near the Siachen Glacier
  • 2012 Joyce Banda becomes President of Malawi
  • 2013 15 people, including 9 children, are killed by an air strike on Aleppo by the Syrian Air Force
  • 2016 Longest-ever captured python found on Penang in Malaysia (26ft/8m)
  • 2017 Smurfs: The Lost Village is released in the United States
  • 2017 Truck driven into a department store in Stockholm, killing 4 in a terror attack

Historic Event

2017 US President Donald Trump orders missile strike on Syrian airfield after chemical weapons attack on Khan Sheikhoun

  • 2018 Suspected gas attack on Douma by Syrian government airforce kills more than 40 people and injuries more than 500
  • 2019 Rebel force the Libyan National Army under General Khalifa Haftar begins advancing on Tripoli with 21 killed and 27 injured over next few days as they try to take the capital
  • 2019 Rwanda marks 25 years and the beginning of 100 days of mourning since the genocide that killed 800,000 people
  • 2019 US President Donald Trump announces Kirstjen Nielsen, Secretary of Homeland Security is leaving her position
  • 2020 Australia's highest court overturns the child sexual abuse conviction of Catholic Cardinal George Pell
  • 2020 China ends its lockdown of Wuhan, the city at the center of the COVID-19 pandemic after 76 days as the country reports no new deaths for the 1st time
  • 2020 US Acting-Secretary of the Navy Thomas Modly resigns after calling USN Capt. Brett Crozier of aircraft carrier USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN71) "too naive and too stupid", in an address to the ship's crew
  • 2020 Wisconsin holds its Democratic primary with in-person voting in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic, after a mail-in voting rejected by the Wisconsin Legislature
  • 2021 UK COVID-19 variant B.1.1.7 (Alpha) now the dominant variant in the US according to the CDC, as 108 million Americans have received at least one vaccine dose [1]
  • 2022 Ketanji Brown Jackson becomes the first black woman to be confirmed by the US Senate to the Supreme Court in 53-47 vote [1]
  • 2022 Yemeni President Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi transfers power to an eight-member council to negotiate with the Houthis in attempt to end country's seven-year civil war [1]