Events in History on April 9

Roman Empire

193 Septimius Severus is proclaimed Roman Emperor by the army in Illyricum

  • 475 Byzantine Emperor Basiliscus issues a circular letter (Enkyklikon) to the bishops of his empire, supporting the Monophysite christological position
  • 715 Constantine ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 817 Louis the Pious, King of the Franks, barely survives when wooden gallery collapses in Aachen, prompts him to later name his succession
  • 1241 Battle of Liegnitz - Mongolian armies inflict one of the largest defeats in Polish history on Polish and Germans force led by Henry of Silesia with 20-25,000 killed or massacred, including Henry
  • 1388 Battle of Näfels; Glarius Swiss defeat Habsburg (Austrian) army

Royal Coronation

1413 Henry V crowned King of England at Westminster Abbey

  • 1440 Christopher of Bavaria is appointed King of Denmark (1440-48)
  • 1454 Milan and Venice sign peace of Lodi
  • 1474 Breisach land guardian Peter von Hagenbach throws out Walloon and Italians

Murder of Interest

1483 Edward V (aged 12) succeeds his father Edward IV as king of England. He is never crowned, and disappears presumed murdered, after incarceration in the Tower of London with his younger brother Richard (the "Princes in the Tower")

Historic Event

1538 Danish king Christian III enters Schmalkaldische Union

  • 1555 Marcello Cervini elected Pope Marcellus II
  • 1609 Spain & Netherlands sign 12 Year Resistant Pact
  • 1621 Spain & Netherlands 12 Year Resistant Pact ends
  • 1667 1st public art exhibition at the Palais-Royale in Paris
  • 1682 Robert La Salle claims lower Mississippi (Louisiana) for France
  • 1691 French troops occupy Mons
  • 1731 British mariner Robert Jenkins' ear cut off by Spanish Guarde Costa in the Caribbean, later catalyst for war between Britain & Spain

Historic Event

1768 John Hancock refuses to allow two British customs agents to go below deck of his ship, considered by some to be the first act of physical resistance to British authority in the colonies

Historic Event

1772 Philosopher and mathematician Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert becomes permanent secretary of the French Academy of Sciences

  • 1783 Tippu Sahib drives out British from Bednore, India
  • 1784 Great Britain ratifies the Treaty of Paris, signed September 3, 1783, ending the American Revolutionary War
  • 1808 Mayor Wolters offers French King Louis Napoleon townhall as a palace
  • 1814 Elias Canneman (L) resigns as minister of Finance of the Netherlands
  • 1816 African Methodist Episcopal Church organizes (Philadelphia)
  • 1829 Danzig (Gdańsk) dike break flood kills 1,200
  • 1833 1st US tax-supported public library in Peterborough, New Hampshire
  • 1838 UK National Gallery re-opens in its new dedicated building in Trafalgar Square, London
  • 1860 Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville uses his phonautograph to make a 10-second recording of "Au Clair de la Lune"
  • 1864 Battle of Pleasant Hill, Louisiana, Confederate assault repulsed by Union side with high cost of estimated 3,100 causalities
  • 1864 Union surgeon Mary Edwards Walker is captured by Confederate troops and arrested as a spy during US Civil War

Historic Event

1865 Confederate General Robert E. Lee and 26,765 troops surrender at Appomattox Court House to US Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant ending the Civil War in North Virginia

Historic Event

1866 Civil Rights Bill passes over President Andrew Johnson's veto

  • 1869 Hudson Bay Company cedes its territory to Canada
  • 1870 American Anti-Slavery Society dissolves
  • 1872 Samuel R Percy patents dried milk
  • 1909 The US Congress pass the Payne-Aldrich bill, raising certain tariffs on goods entering the United States
  • 1914 "World, the Flesh & the Devil", 1st color film, shown in London
  • 1914 Tampico incident - US ship crew arrested in Mexico
  • 1914 US President W Wilson refuses to recognize Huerta as President of Mexico on the ground that he has not been elected by the people

SS Libau Sets Sail

1916 The Libau sets sail from Germany with a cargo of 20,000 rifles to assist Irish republicans; Captain Karl Spindler changes the name of the vessel to the Aud to avoid British detection

  • 1917 Battle of Arras begins
  • 1917 Vimy Ridge in France stormed by Canadian troops
  • 1923 In 'Adkins vs Children's Hospital', the US Supreme Court finds that the minimum wage law for women and children, adopted by the District of Columbia, is unconstitutional
  • 1923 Sean O'Casey's "Shadow of a Gunman" premieres in Dublin

Historic Event

1928 Eugene O'Neill's "Lazarus Laughed" premieres in Pasadena

  • 1928 Turkey passes separation of church & state
  • 1940 German cruiser Blucher torpedoed and capsizes in Oslofjord, 1,000 die
  • 1940 Nazi Germany invades Denmark and Norway, and Denmark surrenders after a six-hour battle
  • 1942 Battle of Bataan; US-Filipino forces overwhelmed by Japanese at Bataan

Catholic Encyclical

1944 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Orientals Ecclesiae

  • 1945 Battleship Admiral Scheer sunk by RAF bombing in Kiel
  • 1945 Liberty ship at Bari Italy carrying aerial bombs explodes, kills 360
  • 1945 World War II: The Battle of Königsberg, East Prussia, ends.
  • 1947 Atomic Energy Commission confirmed
  • 1947 Tornadoes striking West Texas & Oklahoma kill 169, injuring 1,300
  • 1948 Massacre at Deir Yassin.
  • 1949 UN International Court of Justice holds Albania responsible for incidents in Corfu Channel and awards Britain damages
  • 1950 4th Tony Awards: Cocktail Party & South Pacific win
  • 1952 Hugo Ballivian's government is overthrown by the Bolivian National Revolution, starting a period of agrarian reform, universal suffrage and the nationalisation of tin mines
  • 1955 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1959 NASA names 1st 7 astronauts for Project Mercury
  • 1960 South African Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd survives an assassination attempt by David Pratt despite being twice shot in the face

Historic Event

1962 US President JohnF. Kennedy throws out 1st ball at Washington's new DC Stadium

Historic Event

1963 Winston Churchill becomes 1st honorary US citizen

  • 1967 1st Boeing 737 (a 100 series) makes its maiden flight
  • 1968 German DR adopts constitution

Historic Event

1968 Martin Luther King Jr., buried in Atlanta

  • 1968 Ralph Aberbathy elected to head So Christian Leadership Conference
  • 1969 1st flight of Concorde 002 (Filton-Bristol)
  • 1972 USSR & Iraq sign friendship treaty
  • 1973 Netherlands recognizes North Vietnam
  • 1973 Otto Kerner, former governor of Illinois, convicted for his role in an illegal racetrack scheme
  • 1975 24 OECD members sign an agreement to establish a $25 billion lending facility to provide assistance to industrial nations hurt by high oil prices
  • 1976 US & Russia agreed on size of nuclear tests for peaceful use
  • 1977 Communist party in Spain allowed legally after 40 years
  • 1980 Belgium's Marten's government resigns
  • 1980 Soyuz 35 carries 2 cosmonauts to Salyut 6
  • 1981 US sub George Washington rams Japanese freighter Nisso Maru
  • 1983 6th NASA Space Shuttle Mission: Challenger 1 returns to Earth
  • 1988 US imposes economic sanctions on Panama
  • 1989 Washington, D.C. march supporting 1973 Roe vs Wade decision (allow abortions)
  • 1991 Georgia SSR votes to secede from USSR

Election of Interest

1992 John Major elected Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after his Conservative Party wins the most votes in British electoral history

Historic Event

1992 US Fed court finds Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega guilty of 8 out of 10 drug and racketeering charges

  • 1992 William O Studeman, becomes deputy director of CIA
  • 1994 BPAA US Open by Justin Hromek
  • 1994 STS-59 (Endeavour) launches into orbit
  • 1999 Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara, President of Niger, is assassinated at the airport in Niamey, Niger

Historic Event

2002 Funeral of Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother at Westminster Abbey UK. More than a million people line the streets

Invasion of Iraq

2003 Baghdad falls to U.S. forces, ending the invasion of Iraq, but resulting in widespread looting

  • 2011 Gunman murders five people, injures eleven, and commits suicide in a mall in the Netherlands
  • 2013 12 civilians and UN peacekeepers are killed in an ambush in Jonglei, Sudan
  • 2013 13 people are killed and 3 are injured from a shooting spree in Velika Ivanča, Serbia
  • 2013 37 people are killed and 850 are injured after a magnitude 6.1 earthquake strikes Iran
  • 2013 The French Senate approves a bill for same-sex marriage
  • 2014 Stuart Parkin is awarded the Millennium Technology Prize for his work on magnetic storage
  • 2017 Suicide car bombing in Mogadishu, Somalia kills at least 17, Al-Shabaab group claim responsibility
  • 2017 Twitter footage of passenger forcibly removed from United Airlines flight in Chicago after flight overbooked causes outrage
  • 2017 Two Egyptian coptic churches in Tanta and Alexandria attacked by suicide bombers leaving at least 44 dead
  • 2018 US Senator Tammy Duckworth of Illinois becomes the first senator to give birth while in office
  • 2019 Nine prominent Hong Kong pro-democracy protesters found guilty on public nuisance charges for their part in 2014 "Umbrella Movement"
  • 2019 Wolves have returned to the Netherlands after 140 years claim ecologists
  • 2021 La Soufrière volcano begins erupting on the Caribbean island of St. Vincent with a plume of ash 20,000 feet into the sky