On This Day

Events in History on August 11

  • 3114 BC The Mesoamerican Long Count calendar, used by several pre-Columbian Mesoamerican civilizations, notably the Mayans, begins
  • 2492 BC Traditional date of the defeat of Bel by Hayk, progenitor and founder of the Armenian nation.
  • 480 BC Greco-Persian Wars: Battle of Artemisium - Persian naval victory over the Greeks in an engagement fought off north coast of Euboea.
  • 355 Claudius Silvanus, accused of treason, proclaims himself Roman Emperor against Constantius II.
  • 1093 Foundation stone for the new Norman Durham cathedral laid by Bishop William of St. Calais in England
  • 1304 Sea battle of Zierikzee, Franco-Holland forces defeat Flemish fleet
  • 1492 Rodrigo de Borja becomes Pope Alexander VI
  • 1522 Uprising of adel/burgerij in Austria fails
  • 1597 Germany throws out English sales people
  • 1611 Emperor Rudolf forces out king of Bohemia
  • 1674 1st Battle of at Seneffe (Louis II Condé vs Willem III)
  • 1695 English & Dutch fleet capture Dunkerk
  • 1718 Battle of Cape Passaro: British fleet destroys Spanish off Sicily
  • 1772 Explosive eruption blows 4,000' off Papandayan Java, kills 3,000
  • 1786 Captain Francis Light establishes the British colony of Penang in Malaysia
  • 1804 Francis II assumes the title of first Emperor of Austria
  • 1835 George B Airy begins 46-year reign as England's Astronomer Royal
  • 1858 First ascent of the Eiger in the Bernese Alps in Switzerland
  • 1860 US's 1st successful silver mill (Virginia City, Nevada)
  • 1863 Cambodia becomes French protectorate
  • 1866 World's 1st roller rink opens (Newport, Rhode Island)
  • 1874 Harry S Parmelee patents sprinkler head
  • 1877 Asaph Hall discovers Mars's moon Deimos

USAStatue of Liberty

1885 $100,000 raised in US for pedestal for Statue of Liberty

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The Statue of Liberty, New York
The Statue of Liberty, New York
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  • 1888 California Theatre closed (now a Pac Tel Phone Store)
  • 1896 Harvey Hubbell patents electric light bulb socket with a pull chain
  • 1904 German-ltalian General Von Trotha defeats Herero in SW Africa
  • 1904 The Russian fleet in the harbor of at Port Arthur is exposed to Russian guns on the hill above the harbor; Russian ships attempt escape, but most are forced back into harbor by Japanese ships

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1908 King Edward VII of Britain meets with Emperor Wilhelm of Friedrichshof, Germany; the main point of contention is the increasing size of Germany's navy

King of England Edward VII
King of England
Edward VII
  • 1909 SOS 1st used by an American ship, Arapahoe, off Cape Hatteras, NC
  • 1909 Warren Bardsley (136 & 130) 1st to get twin tons in a Test
  • 1914 Jews are expelled from Mitchenick, Poland
  • 1914 John Bray patents animation
  • 1919 Weimar Republic begins in Germany
  • 1920 1st peace of Riga-Soviet Union recognizes Independence of Latvia
  • 1923 Dutch Premier de Geer resigns
  • 1924 1st newsreel pictures of US presidential candidates were taken
  • 1929 Persia & Iraq sign friendship treaty
  • 1929 Russian-Chinese border fights
  • 1933 Temperature reaches 136°F (57.8°C) at San Luis Potosi, Mexico (world record)
  • 1934 1st federal prisoners arrive at Alcatraz in San Francisco Bay
  • 1935 Nazi mass demonstration against German Jews
  • 1936 Chaing Kai-shek's troops conquers Kanton
  • 1939 Sergei Rachmaninov's last appearance in Europe
  • 1940 38 German aircraft shot down over England
  • 1940 German air raid on British ports Portland and Weymouth
  • 1942 - Sept 30] SS begins exterminating 3,500 Jews in Zelov Lodz Poland
  • 1942 999 Jews are taken from Mechelen transit camp in Belgium
  • 1942 British aircraft carrier HMS Eagle torpedoed & sinks
  • 1942 Lt Gen Montgomery makes landing on Gibraltar
  • 1943 Red Army recaptures Tchukujev, at Kharkov
  • 1943 US amphibians land at Brolo on north coast of Sicily

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Italy

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1944 French 5th Armour division recaptures Sées

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Klaus Barbie, Gestapo head of Lyon France leaves for Auschwitz

Gestapo Chief Klaus Barbie
Gestapo Chief
Klaus Barbie
  • 1944 US air raid on Palembang

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Allies refuse Japan's offer to surrender on the condition that Emperor Hirohito retains his status

Emperor of Japan Hirohito
Emperor of Japan
  • 1949 1st Naples-Capri swim, 17 miles (27 km) (Giovanni Gambi)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1949 Gaston Eyskens forms Belgian government

Prime Minister of Belgium Gaston Eyskens
Prime Minister of Belgium
Gaston Eyskens
  • 1950 King Boudouin I takes oath as royal prince of Belgium

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 Ethel Rosenberg testifies before grand jury on allegations of spying for the Soviet Union

Soviet Spy Ethel Rosenberg
Soviet Spy
Ethel Rosenberg
  • 1951 100,000 acres flooded from Mississippi River in Kansas, Oklahoma, Missouri and Illinois
  • 1952 Hussein Ibn Talal I, proclaimed King of Jordan
  • 1954 Formal peace treaty ends over 7 yrs of fighting in Indochina between the French and the Communist Viet Minh
  • 1955 Indonesia government of Harahap forms
  • 1956 1st flight 4-motor Cessna 620
  • 1960 Chad declares Independence from France
  • 1962 Andrian G Nikolayev, becomes 3rd Russian in space aboard Vostok 3
  • 1962 Bolotnikov runs world record 10km (28:18.2)
  • 1963 Kingston Trio are mystery guest on "What's My Line?"
  • 1963 Four ANC political detainees escape from Pretoria Central prison in South Africa
  • 1964 Race riot in Paterson NJ
  • 1965 6 day insurrection starts in Watts section of Los Angeles
  • 1965 Watts riots begin in Southeast Los Angeles, lasts 6 days
  • 1967 Al Downing becomes 12th to strike-out side on 9 pitches
  • 1968 Fifteen Guinea Special - last main-line steam passenger train service in Britain. Selection of British Rail steam locomotives make a return 120-mile journey Liverpool to Carlisle, before having their fires dropped for the last time.
  • 1970 Tony Perez becomes 1st to hit a HR in red seats at Riverfront
  • 1970 Two Royal Ulster Constabulary officers are killed by the Irish Republican Army when they set off a booby trap bomb planted in a car near Crossmaglen, County Armagh
  • 1971 Construction begins on Louisiana Superdome
  • 1971 4 people are shot dead in separate incidents in Belfast; three of them by the British Army, as violence continues following the introduction of Internment and Operation Demetrius
  • 1972 "Cheech & Chong Day" in San Antonio Texas
  • 1972 Two IRA members are killed when a bomb they were transporting exploded prematurely
  • 1974 Coup in East-Timor under UDT
  • 1974 Head-on collision between two buses kills 21 (Ankara, Turkey)
  • 1975 Expos' Jose Mangual struck out 5 times in a game
  • 1975 US vetoes proposed admission of North & South Vietnam to UN
  • 1976 Race riot in Cape Town, South Africa; 17 die
  • 1977 Geoff Boycott scores his 100th FC hundred, v Aust at Headingley

Papal InaugurationFuneral of Pope Paul VI

1978 Funeral of Pope Paul VI held in the Vatican

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Pope Paul VI's body lying in view in the Vatican after his death
Pope Paul VI's body lying in view in the Vatican after his death
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  • 1978 Legionnaire's disease bacteria isolated in Atlanta
  • 1979 28°F in Embarrass Minnesota
  • 1980 Angola revises its constitution
  • 1980 Mohammed Ali Radjai appointed premier of Iran
  • 1982 Twins Terry Felton loses & runs career to 0-14 (en route to 0-16)
  • 1982 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1982 The South African Defence Force (SADF) raids Southern Angola

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1984 During a radio voice test, US President Reagan jokes he "signed legislation that would outlaw Russia forever. We begin bombing in 5 minutes."

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1984 Men's choir Maranatha Netherlands forms
  • 1984 USSR performs (underground) nuclear test
  • 1985 Challenger flies to Kennedy Space Center via Davis-Monthan AFB, Ariz
  • 1987 France & Great-Britain send minesweepers to Persian Gulf
  • 1988 Charlotte Colisieum in Charlotte NC opens
  • 1988 Meir Kahane renounced US citizenship to stay in Israeli Parliament

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1988 Al-Qaeda formed at a meeting between Osama bin Laden, Ayman al-Zawahiri and Dr Fadl in Peshawar, Pakistan

Islamic Militant and Terrorist Osama bin Laden
Islamic Militant and Terrorist
Osama bin Laden
  • 1989 "Nightmare on Elm Street 5: Dream Child" premieres
  • 1989 Geoff Marsh & Mark Taylor complete 329 opening stand v England

USAVoyager 2 Spacecraft

1989 Voyager 2 discovers two partial rings of Neptune

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NASA's Voyager 2 spacecraft launched atop its Titan/Centaur-7 launch vehicle
NASA's Voyager 2 spacecraft launched atop its Titan/Centaur-7 launch vehicle
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  • 1990 Egypt & Morocco troops land in Saudi Arabia to prevent Iraqi invasion
  • 1990 ArenaBowl IV, Joe Louis Arena, Detroit: Detroit Drive beats Dallas Texans 51-27, Art Schlichter MVP
  • 1991 400,000 demonstrate for democracy in Madagascar, 31 killed
  • 1991 Shiite Muslims release US hostage Edward Tracy
  • 1991 Space shuttle STS 43 (Atlantis 9) lands
  • 1991 Wilson Alvarez hurls a no-hitter in his 1st big league start

BeatificationPapal Visit

1993 Pope John Paul II visits Mexico

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1994 Joao B "Nino" Vieira elected President of Guinee-Bissau
  • 1997 Benin legalizes Jan 10th as a voodoo holiday

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1998 Palestine Liberation Organisation and Palestinian National Authority president, Yasser Arafat, arrives in Cape Town on his first state visit to South Africa at the invitation of President Nelson Mandela

Palestinian Leader Yasser Arafat
Palestinian Leader
Yasser Arafat
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
  • 1999 Total solar eclipse in India-North -France (2m23s)
  • 1999 The Salt Lake City Tornado tears through the downtown district of the city, killing one.
  • 2003 Jemaah Islamiyah leader Riduan Isamuddin, better known as Hambali, is arrested in Bangkok, Thailand.
  • 2003 A heat wave in Paris results in temperatures rising to 112°F (44° C), leaving about 144 people dead.
  • 2003 NATO takes over command of the peacekeeping force in Afghanistan, marking its first major operation outside Europe in its 54-year-history.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2008 Airbnb is founded by Brian Chesky, Joe Gebbia and Nathan Blecharczyk

Co-founder of Airbnb Brian Chesky
Co-founder of Airbnb
Brian Chesky
  • 2012 153 people are killed and 1300 injured in Tabriz and Ahar, Iran after two earthquakes of up to 6.4 magnitude
  • 2012 13 people are killed and 15 injured by a lightning strike at a Mosque in Bangladesh
  • 2013 22 people are killed by flash floods in Kabul, Pakistan
  • 2013 2 people are killed and 30 are injured after a coach crash in southern France
  • 2015 Spain's top matador Francisco Rivera Ordóñez Jr. is gored and injured by a bull in Huesca

AgreementAgreement of Interest

2015 Greek debt crisis: European Commission announces a bailout with Greece and its creditors has been agreed "in principle"

Economist and Prime Minister of Italy Mario Draghi
Economist and Prime Minister of Italy
Mario Draghi
  • 2015 Largest ever outbreak of Legionnaires' disease in New York - 12 dead, with over 100 cases in the South Bronx
  • 2015 Japan's Sendai Nuclear Power Plant restarts the first nuclear reactor since the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster
  • 2016 A Greenland shark declared oldest vertebrate animal in the world at 392 years by international team of scientists
  • 2017 Fipronil contaminated eggs now affecting fifteen EU countries, Hong Kong and Switzerland according to European Commission
  • 2017 Chinese crime writer Liu Yongbiao after announcing novel called "Beautiful Writer who Killed", arrested for murders of four people nearly 22 years ago
  • 2019 Argentine President Mauricio Macri suffers defeat in preliminary election to Alberto Fernández, prompting 20% fall in the value of the peso

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

2020 US Democratic candidate for President Joe Biden announces California Senator Kemala Harris is his running mate, the 1st woman of color selected by a major party

46th US President, Vice President and Senator Joe Biden
46th US President, Vice President and Senator
Joe Biden

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2020 President Vladimir Putin in a propaganda stunt announces Russia has become the 1st country to grant regulatory approval to a Covid-19 vaccine, called “Sputnik V", despite no scientific data being published or phase 3 trials having even begun

Russian President Vladimir Putin
Russian President
Vladimir Putin

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

2020 Belarus's opposition leader Sviatlana Tsikhanouskaya flees the country amid large-scale protests over the country's disputed election results that returned Dictator Alexander Lukashenko to power

Dictator and 1st President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko
Dictator and 1st President of Belarus
Alexander Lukashenko
Human Rights Activist and Politician Sviatlana Tsikhanouskaya
Human Rights Activist and Politician
Sviatlana Tsikhanouskaya