Events in History on August 13

  • 3114 BC According to the Lounsbury correlation, the start of the Mayan calendar
  • 523 St John I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1099 Raniero elected as Pope Paschal II
  • 1326 Neopagan religious figure Aradia de Toscano initiated into a Dianic witchcraft cult, goes on to found tradition of Stregheria (according to Wicca writer Raven Grimassi)
  • 1516 The Treaty of Noyon between France and Spain is signed. Francis recognises Charles's claim to Naples, and Charles recognises Francis's claim to Milan.

Victory in Battle

1521 Spanish conquistadors under Hernán Cortés capture Aztec Emperor Cuauhtémoc in Tenochtitlan marking the end of the Aztec Empire

  • 1536 Buddhist monks from Kyōto's Enryaku Temple set fire to 21 Nichiren temples throughout Kyoto in the Tenbun Hokke Disturbance. (Traditional Japanese date: July 27, 1536).

Historic Event

1553 Spanish theologian and physician Michael Servetus arrested as a heretic in Geneva (put on trial the next day, eventually found guilty of heresy and burned to death)

  • 1578 Duke Frans of Anjou recognized as protector of Netherlands

Historic Event

1608 John Smith's story of Jamestown's first days submitted for publication

Appointment of Interest

1624 Cardinal Richelieu appointed Chief Minister of France by Louis XIII

Scientific Discovery

1642 Dutch astronomer Christiaan Huygens discovers Mars' southern polar cap

  • 1645 Sweden & Denmark sign Peace of Brömsebro

Historic Event

1695 Bombardment of Brussels begins by French army of Louis XIV, the Grand-Place and much of the city is destroyed during the Nine Year's War

  • 1696 State of Drenthe accredits Willem III as mayor

Victory in Battle

1704 Battle of Blenheim (Second Battle of Höchstädt): A combined British, German and Dutch army led by John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, decisively beats the French and Bavarians

Theater Premiere

1732 Voltaire's tragic play "Zaire" premieres in Paris

  • 1740 Hunger strike in Rotterdam
  • 1784 British parliament accepts East India Company Act 1784, bringing the East India Company's rule in India under the control of the British Government.
  • 1788 Prussia joins Anglo-Dutch alliance to form Triple Alliance to prevent spread of Russo-Swedish War of 1788-90

Historic Event

1792 Revolutionaries imprison French royals, including Marie Antoinette

  • 1799 British fleet under Lord Seymour overthrows Suriname
  • 1814 Anglo-Dutch Treaty: Cape of Good Hope formally ceded to the British and transporting of slaves prohibited
  • 1852 Steamer "Atlantic" crossing Lake Erie from Buffalo to Detroit collides with a fishing boat, sinks with 250 aboard
  • 1864 Battle of Deep Bottom, Virginia (Strawberry Plains) & Fussell's Mill, Virginia
  • 1868 Earthquakes kill 25,000 & causes $300 million damages in Peru & Ecuador

Historic Event

1886 John A. Macdonald uses a silver hammer to pound a gold spike, officially completing the Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway in British Columbia

  • 1889 William Gray of Hartford, Connecticut patents the coin-operated telephone
  • 1892 US black newspaper "Afro-American" begins publishing from Baltimore

Victory in Battle

1898 US forces under Admiral George Dewey captures Manila during Spanish–American War

Historic Event

1906 Black soldiers accused of raid Brownsville, Texas; despite support from local commanding officers, President Theodore Roosevelt orders dishonorable discharge for 167 soldiers; all were cleared of wrongdoing in 1972, 165 posthumously

  • 1907 1st taxicabs operate in New York City, imported by Harry N. Allen

Meeting of Interest

1908 King Edward VII of Great Britain meets with Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria at Ischl; the King tries to persuade the Emperor to advise Germany against aggressive (anti-British) policies

  • 1913 Invention of stainless steel by Harry Brearley of Sheffield, England

A Royal Fantasy!

1913 Otto Witte, German acrobat and fantasist, is purportedly crowned King of Albania

  • 1914 -14] German army occupies forts at Liege
  • 1914 Carl Wickman begins Greyhound, the 1st US bus line, in Minnesota
  • 1917 A revolt in Catalonia, the province in northeast Spain that has long seen itself as independent
  • 1918 Bayerische Motoren Werke AG (BMW) established as a public company in Germany

Historic Event

1920 Flag designed by Marcus Garvey consisting of three horizontal stripes of red, black and green is adopted as the pan-African flag

Theater Premiere

1921 Simon Kaufman & Marc Connelly's comedic play "Dulcy" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

1923 Gustav Stresemann becomes premier of German coalition government

Appointment of Interest

1923 Turkish National Congress selects Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Pasja as 1st President of Turkey

  • 1923 US Steel Corp initiates 8-hour work day
  • 1926 Enrique Tirabocchi of Argentina becomes the first to swim the English Channel from France to England (record 16 hours 33 minutes)
  • 1928 Soviet Union Spartacan Games begins

Historic Event

1932 Adolf Hitler refuses President von Hindenburg's proposal to become vice-chancellor of Germany

  • 1935 Roller derby is born when the Transcontinental Roller Derby begins at the Chicago Coliseum
  • 1937 Second Sino-Japanese War: Japanese forces begin the Battle of Shanghai, a conflict that will last 3 months and involve 1 million troops

Battle of Interest

1940 Battle of Britain: Hermann Goering's "Adlertag" (Eagle Day) offensive happens, intending to destroy the Royal Air Force; 47-48 German aircraft shot down, the RAF loses 25 planes

  • 1941 Red army evacuates Smolensk, Russia, as the German army advances
  • 1943 Red army recaptures Spas-Demensk from the German army in Kaluga Oblast, Russia

Historic Event

1944 Allied generals Bernard Montgomery, Miles Dempsey and Omar Bradley discuss a future breakthrough in the European theatre during World War II

  • 1944 British 8th Army occupies Florence
  • 1946 Britain diverts illegal emmigrants bound for Palestine to Cyprus

Historic Event

1950 US President Harry Truman gives military aid to Vietnamese regime of Bảo Đại

  • 1951 Great Britain & Iraq sign new oil contract
  • 1953 4-5 million French go on strike against economizations

Historic Event

1953 US President Dwight Eisenhower establishes Government Contract Compliance Committee

  • 1954 21st NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Detroit 31, All-Stars 6 (93,470)
  • 1959 US Military satellite Discoverer 5 launches into polar orbit
  • 1960 Central African Republic & Chad proclaim independence from France
  • 1960 USSR withdraws advisors from China
  • 1961 Construction of the Berlin Wall begins in East Germany
  • 1963 US Customs agents confiscate 21 gold coins from Witte Museum, San Antonio, Texas
  • 1964 1st broadcast by Trans World Radio on Bonaire
  • 1966 Longview, Texas radio station KLUE is struck by lightning the day after holding a "Beatles Bonfire", knocking an engineer unconscious and causing extensive damage to equipment
  • 1970 Pamphlet bombs which scatter revolutionary African National Congress propaganda leaflets explode in Cape Town, Johannesburg, Durban and Port Elizabeth, South Africa
  • 1975 Bayardo Bar attack: Provisional Irish Republican Army volunteers carry out a gun and bomb attack on a pub in Belfast frequented by Ulster Volunteer Force commanders; 4 Protestant civilians and 1 UVF member are killed
  • 1976 South Africa pledges support for a negotiated settlement in Rhodesia
  • 1977 1st test glide of space shuttle
  • 1977 Randy Bachman quits band Bachman-Turner Overdrive, they then disband
  • 1978 Bomb attack in Beirut, 175 killed
  • 1980 Suriname president Johan Ferrier ousted
  • 1980 Tatyana Kazankina of USSR sets 1.5k woman's record (3:52.47) in USSR
  • 1984 Morocco & Libya sign "Arabic-African Union" treaty
  • 1985 South African Defence Force soldiers, travelling in a convoy of more than ten armoured vehicles, surrounded the Thaba-Juluba high school in Soweto and arrest 200 students during a clampdown on school boycotts
  • 1986 KRE-AM in Berkeley CA changes call letters to KBLX (now KBFN)
  • 1987 Cards outfield sets record of no putouts in a 4-2 in 13 inning
  • 1987 Jackie Joyner-Kersee ties world record with 24'5½" jump
  • 1988 Palace of Auburn Hills in Detroit opens
  • 1988 Ronald J Dossenbach sets world record for pedaling across Canada from Vancouver, BC to Halifax, NS in 13 days, 15 hr, 4 min
  • 1989 2 hot-air balloons crash at Alice Springs, Australia, 13 killed
  • 1989 US space shuttle STS-28 lands
  • 1991 US Vice-President Dan Quayle makes a speech attacking lawyers at the annual meeting of the American Bar Association
  • 1993 Hotel in Nakhon Ratchasima Thailand, collapses, 114 killed
  • 1993 US Court of Appeals rules congress must save all E-Mail
  • 1994 Train crash in Tbilisi, Georgia, 24 killed
  • 1996 Microsoft releases Internet Explorer 3.0
  • 1997 South Park's first episode is aired.
  • 2004 156 Congolese Tutsi refugees massacred at the Gatumba refugee camp in Burundi
  • 2004 Black Friday crackdown by NSS on a peaceful protest in the capital city of Maldives, Malé.
  • 2004 Hurricane Charley, a Category 4 storm, strikes Punta Gorda, Florida and devastates the surrounding area.
  • 2008 The Baltic state slides into recession with a 0.9% fall in second-quarter GDP after a drop of 0.5% in the first quarter; it falls deeper into recession in the third quarter when the economy contracted 3.3%
  • 2014 Iranian mathematician Maryam Mirzakhani is the first woman to win the Fields Medal in mathematics
  • 2014 Israeli and Palestinian cease fire agreed to on August 8 is extended for another 120 hours to provide time for further negotiations
  • 2015 76 people are killed & 212 are wounded by an ISIL truck bomb in Baghdad, Iraq

Historic Event

2015 Swedish Prosecutors announce they are dropping allegations against Wikileaks founder Julian Assange of sexual molestation and coercion

Historic Event

2015 US Government formally returns to France Picasso's painting La Coiffeuse, stolen from Paris' National Museum of Modern Art in 2001

Historic Event

2017 Grace Mugabe, wife of the President of Zimbabwe, accused of assault in Johannesburg, South Africa

  • 2017 Gunmen kill at least 18 at a cafe in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, Islamic extremists blamed
  • 2017 More than 60 children reported to have died at Gorakhpur Hospital, India, prompting an investigation
  • 2019 Measles cases have tripled worldwide in 2019 according to WHO with 364,808 reported against vs 129,239 in 2018
  • 2020 Israel strikes historic deal with the United Arab Emirates to normalize relations, Israel suspends plans to annex parts of the occupied West Bank
  • 2020 New details about enormous "Terror Crocodile" (Deinosuchus), the size of a bus, with teeth as big as bananas, that lived during late Cretaceous period (75-84 million years ago) in North America published [1]