Events in History on August 14

  • 554 Ravenna becomes seat of Byzantine military governor in Italy

Battle of Interest

1040 King Duncan I of Scotland killed in battle against his first cousin and rival Macbeth (not murdered in his sleep as in Shakespeare's play). The latter does succeed him as King.

  • 1183 Taira no Munemori and Taira clan take young Emperor Antoku and 3 sacred treasures and flee to western Japan to escape Minamoto clan (Traditional Japanese date: 25th Day of the 7th Month of the 2nd Year of Juei).

Letter from Kublai Khan to the Japanese Emperor

1281 During Kublai Khan's second Mongol invasion of Japan his invading Chinese fleet of 3,500 vessels disappears in a typhoon near Japan

  • 1385 Portuguese defeat Castilians at Aljubarrota, retain independence
  • 1395 Utrecht bishop Frederik of Blankenheim occupies Coevorden
  • 1457 Oldest known exactly dated printed book (c 3 years after Gutenberg)

Historic Event

1498 Christopher Columbus landed at the mouth of the Orinoco River in what is now Venezuela

  • 1551 Ottoman fleet under Dragut captures Tripoli from The Knights of Malta after a six-day bombardment
  • 1559 Spanish explorer de Luna lands in Pensacola Bay, Fla

Historic Event

1585 Queen Elizabeth I of England refuses sovereignty of Netherlands

  • 1590 Publication of Christopher Marlowe's play "Tamburlaine the Great" is recorded by Stationers' Company of London (likely first performed 1587)

Historic Event

1597 Cornelis de Houtman's Dutch fleet arrives back in Holland, the 1st Dutch visit to Java

  • 1624 Dutch fleet seizes Callao the Lima in Peru
  • 1636 Spanish troops occupy Corbie at Amiens
  • 1642 Able Tasman's ships Heemskerck/Zeehaen depart out from Batavia
  • 1678 Battle of Mons - French repulse William of Orange
  • 1743 Prussian army occupies Saksen, beginning 2nd Silezian War
  • 1756 French capture Fort Oswego, NY
  • 1758 Battle of Zorndorf: Prussia beats Russia, 1000s killed
  • 1762 English fleet occupies Havana
  • 1765 Massachusetts colonists challenge British rule by an Elm (Liberty Tree)
  • 1782 Suriname forbids selling slave mothers without their babies
  • 1790 Sweden & Russia sign Peace of Verela
  • 1813 British warship Pelican attacks & captures US war brigantine Argus
  • 1816 Great Britain annexes Tristan da Cunha
  • 1820 1st US eye hospital, the NY Eye Infirmary, opens in NYC
  • 1824 General Lafayette returns to US
  • 1825 Dutch King Willem I throws foreign students out
  • 1842 Second Seminole War declared over by US Army Colonel Worth, after nearly 7 years; more than 3000 Seminole Nation survivors re-located from Florida to Oklahoma, only about 300 allowed to remain [1]

Historic Event

1846 Henry David Thoreau jailed for refusing to pay taxes

  • 1846 The Cape Girardeau meteorite, a 2.3 kg chondrite-type meteorite strikes near the town of Cape Girardeau in Cape Girardeau County, Missouri.
  • 1848 Oregon Territory created
  • 1861 79th NY troops mutinies
  • 1861 Martial Law is declared at St Louis, Missouri, due to pro-secession sentiment which surged throughout Missouri after the Battle of Wilson's Creek

Meeting of Interest

1862 Abraham Lincoln receives the first group of African Americans to confer with a US president

  • 1864 -16] Confederate General Joe Wheeler besieges Dalton, Georgia
  • 1864 2nd day of battle at Deep Bottom Run Virginia: Federal assault
  • 1873 "Field & Stream" begins publishing
  • 1875 Society of Regte Afrikaanders establishes in Paarl
  • 1876 Prairie View State University forms
  • 1880 Ceremony to mark the completion of Cologne Cathedral attended by Emperor William I. First begun in 1248, now the largest Gothic cathedral in Northern Europe.

Historic Event

1882 Queen Victoria receives Zulu chief Cetewayo

  • 1885 British Criminal Law Amendment Act raises age of consent from 13 to 16, protects against child prostitution
  • 1885 Japan's first patent is issued to the inventor of a rust-proof paint.

Historic Event

1890 Cecil Rhodes' colonists reach Mashonaland (Fort Victoria)

  • 1893 France introduces motor vehicle registration, includes a driving test
  • 1894 Sir Oliver Joseph Lodge demonstrates wireless telegraphy (radio) using Morse code at a meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science at Oxford University
  • 1897 The town of Anosimena is captured by French troops from Menabe defenders in Madagascar.
  • 1900 1st electric tram in Netherland (Leidseplein-Brouwersgracht)
  • 1901 SS Islander hits iceberg near Alaska & sinks killing 70
  • 1901 The first claimed powered flight, by Gustave Whitehead in his Number 21.
  • 1905 Ngindo-rebellion killed 5 RC German clergymen in East-Africa
  • 1908 Race riot in Springfield Illinois
  • 1910 6th International Congress of Esperantists held in Washington, D.C.
  • 1911 General Leconte appointed temporary President of Haiti
  • 1911 United States Senate leaders begin to rotate the office of President pro tempore (for the time being) of the Senate among leading candidates to fill the vacancy left by William P. Frye's death.
  • 1912 2,500 US marines invade Nicaragua; US remains until 1925

Historic Event

1914 British field marshal John French & Gen Wilson land in France

  • 1915 British transport Royal Edward sank by German U boat kills 1000
  • 1917 China declares war on Germany & Austria
  • 1920 Little Entente formed by Czechoslovakia & Yugoslavia
  • 1921 Tannu Tuva, later Tuvinian People's Republic is established as a completely independent country (which is supported by Russia).
  • 1925 Mount Rushmore Monument first proposed
  • 1925 The original Hetch Hetchy Moccasin Powerhouse is completed and goes on line.
  • 1928 Ben Hecht & Charles MacArthur's "The Front Page," premieres in NYC
  • 1929 Jewish Agency for Palestine forms
  • 1932 Philips makes 1 millionth radio
  • 1935 Social Security Act becomes law
  • 1936 Rainey Bethea is hanged in Owensboro, Kentucky in the last public execution in the United States
  • 1937 Appalachian Trail is formally completed, traversing 2,000 miles and 14 US States, Georgia to Maine
  • 1937 China declares war on Japan
  • 1940 Dutch Premier De Geer vacations in Switzerland

Historic Event

1941 US President Franklin Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill issue the joint declaration that later becomes known as the Atlantic Charter

Historic Event

1942 Dwight D. Eisenhower named commander for invasion of North Africa

  • 1943 -Aug 24th: Quadrant conference over strike in Pacific Ocean
  • 1943 1st allied air raid on Borneo
  • 1943 US 45th Division occupies Falcone 40 km outside of Messina

Historic Event

1944 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives at Corsica

  • 1944 Operation Tractable: new Canadian offensive
  • 1944 Soviet offensive at Weichsel

Historic Event

1945 Ho Chi Minh's Viet Minh movement launch a coordinated uprising against French rule across Vietnam following the Japanese surrender

Victory over Japan

1945 V-J Day, Japan surrenders unconditionally to end WW II (also August 15 depending on time zone)

  • 1947 Pakistan gains independence from Great Britain
  • 1949 Military coup in Syria under colonel Sami Hinnawi

Historic Publication

1952 Alan Turing's ground-breaking paper on mathematical biology “The Chemical Basis of Morphogenesis” is published [1]

  • 1952 Mátyás Rákosi appointed premier of Hungary
  • 1958 Canadian Football League plays 1st game (Winnipeg 29, Edmonton 21)
  • 1958 Cleveland Indian Vic Power steals home twice in 1 game
  • 1958 KLM Superconstellation crashes west of Ireland, killing 99
  • 1960 UN peace-keeping troops deployed to the Republic of Congo
  • 1962 French & Italian workers break through at Mont Blanc Vehicular Tunnel

Historic Event

1962 NASA civilian test pilot Joseph A. Walker takes X-15 to 60,000 m

  • 1962 US mail truck in Plymouth, Mass robbed of more than $1.5 million
  • 1964 Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait and Syria form common market
  • 1965 Continental Football League plays 1st games
  • 1966 1st US lunar orbiter begins orbiting Moon
  • 1967 Belgian embassy in Kinshasa, Congo, plundered
  • 1967 British pirate radio station Radio 270 broadcast from an offshore lugger, is forced to close down
  • 1967 Radio Scotland & Radio Swinging Holland go off the air
  • 1968 Montreal Expos officially become a member of NL
  • 1969 British Army deploys on the streets of Northern Ireland, marking the beginning of Operation Banner
  • 1969 In response to events in Derry, Irish nationalists hold protests throughout Northern Ireland, some of these became violent
  • 1970 City University of NY inaugurates open admissions
  • 1970 Steven Stills arrested for drug possession
  • 1971 Bahrain proclaims independence after 110 years of British rule
  • 1971 British begin internment without trial in Northern Ireland
  • 1971 Cards Bob Gibson, 35, no-hits Pirates, 11-0
  • 1971 France performs nuclear test
  • 1972 2 British soldiers are killed by an IRA booby trap bomb in Belfast
  • 1972 A Catholic civilian is shot dead during an IRA attack on a British Army patrol in Belfast
  • 1973 US ends secret bombing of Cambodia
  • 1974 Congress authorizes US citizens to own gold
  • 1974 Turkish army attacks Nicosia Cyprus
  • 1974 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1974 USSR performs underground nuclear test

Coup d'état

1975 -15] Pakistani military coup against Bangladeshi President Sheikh Mujibur Rahman

  • 1975 Norwegian King Olav V opens Longyearbyen Airport on Spitsbergen
  • 1976 10,000 Northern Ireland women demonstrate for peace in Belfast
  • 1977 77,691 see NY Cosmos beat Fort Lauderdale Strikers 8-3 at Giants Stadium
  • 1979 Rainbow seen in Northern Wales for a 3 hours duration
  • 1980 17,000 workers go on strike at the Lenin Shipyard in Gdańsk, Poland, marking the beginning of the Solidarity movement

Presidential Convention

1980 Democratic Convention in NYC nominates Jimmy Carter for president and Walter Mondale for vice president

  • 1981 George Foster hits his 8th HR into red seats at Riverfront
  • 1982 Iran "Ramadan-offensive" in Iraq
  • 1984 IBM releases PC DOS version 3.0
  • 1984 West Indies complete 5-0 series annihilation of England
  • 1985 Political violence by the youth begins after funeral of assassinated Victoria Mxenge, a civil rights lawyer, who was respected and liked by the Congress of South African Students

Historic Event

1986 Pakistani opposition leader Benazir Bhutto arrested

  • 1988 Detroit beats Sox, 18-6, at Fenway, ends Boston winning streak at 24

Historic Event

1989 President P. W. Botha of South Africa resigns

  • 1990 Angel's Louis Palonia is 74th to hit an inside park grandslam
  • 1993 Nigerian presidential election
  • 1993 St Louis reliever Lee Smith is fastest to get 40 saves
  • 1994 Doc Gooden leaves Betty Ford Center
  • 1994 Space telescope Hubble photographs Uranus with rings
  • 1994 Terrorist "Carlos" arrested in Khartoum, Sudan
  • 1995 Iran's official news agency, IRNA, reports that Iran has been unable to sell 200 million barrels per day of crude oil since the imposition of a unilateral oil embargo by the US
  • 1995 Shannon Faulkner becomes 1st woman to attend the Citadel

Historic Event

1997 Convicted Oklahoma City bomber Timothy McVeigh formally sentenced to death by Oklahoma Court of Appeals

  • 1997 Soyuz TM-25 lands

Historic Event

1998 Winnie Mandela sued by the South African government

  • 2003 Widescale power blackout in the northeast United States and Canada.
  • 2007 Coordinated bombings in Yazidi communities in Iraq kill at least 500 people, the second-deadliest terror attack of all time
  • 2012 46 people are killed and 80 injured after a series of suicide bombings in Afghanistan
  • 2012 Hungary falls back into recession as GDP falls by 0.2% in the second quarter of 2012 following a fall of 1.0% in the first quarter
  • 2013 14 people are killed and 26 are injured by two roadside bombings in Baqubah, Iraq
  • 2013 638 people are killed in violent clashes between police and protesters across Egypt
  • 2015 Most extensive face transplant surgery ever performed on Patrick Hardison by Dr. Eduardo Rodriguez at New York University Langone Medical Center
  • 2017 Cholera has now infected more than 500,000 people in Yemen and killed over 2,000 according to the World Health Organization
  • 2017 Mudslide and flooding in Freetown, Sierra Leone kills over 500 with 600 missing
  • 2017 Parliamentary citizenship scandal deepens in Australia after Barnaby Joyce, Deputy PM revealed to be a New Zealand citizen

Historic Event

2017 US President Donald Trump condemns racist violence at the White House after criticism of his earlier response to Charlottesville violence

  • 2018 2.3 million estimated Venezuelans have left crisis-hit Venezuela since 2015 according to the UN
  • 2018 Italy's Morandi Bridge collapses in Genoa, taking 30 vehicles with it and killing 43
  • 2018 Pennsylvania grand jury alleges 300 "predator priests" abused over 1000 children over 30 years and Catholic leaders covered it, up after 2-year investigation
  • 2019 "It is raining plastic," survey published, plastic found in 90% of rain samples taken in Colorado by the US Department of the Interior and US Geological Survey
  • 2019 "The 1619 Project" produced by Nikole Hannah-Jones, to examine legacy of slavery in America, launched in "The New York Times Magazine"
  • 2019 Iowa congressman Steve King says without rape and incest "“Would there be any population of the world left if we did that?" in video for "The Des Moines Register"
  • 2020 Joshua Cheptegei of Uganda breaks Ethiopian legend Kenenisa Bekele’s 16-year-old 5,000m world record with a run of 12:35.36 at the Diamond League meet in Monaco
  • 2021 7.2 magnitude earthquake strikes south-west Haiti near city of Les Cayes, killing at least 2,200 people, injuring many more and destroying 52,000 homes
  • 2021 Calder Fire, near Lake Tahoe, begins in California, goes on to destroy 1000 structures and over 218,000 acres [1]
  • 2021 It rains for the first time at Greenland ice sheets' highest point, at Summit Station research facility, above freezing conditions create some melting for 337,000 square miles of ice [1]
  • 2021 Spain records its highest ever temperature of 47.2C (117F) in Montoro, Córdoba [1]
  • 2022 Fire at Abu Sefein Church in Giza, Egypt, results in 41 deaths [1]
  • 2022 Unsealed court papers of FBI search of Trump residence Mar-a-Lago show 11 sets of classified documents recovered, some labelled top secret [1]
  • 2126 Comet Swift-Tuttle approaches close to Earth