Events in History on August 14

  • 554 Ravenna becomes seat of Byzantine military governor in Italy

BattleBattle of Interest

1040 King Duncan I of Scotland killed in battle against his first cousin and rival Macbeth (not murdered in his sleep as in Shakespeare's play). The latter does succeed him as King.

King of Scotland Macbeth
King of Scotland
  • 1183 Taira no Munemori and Taira clan take young Emperor Antoku and 3 sacred treasures and flee to western Japan to escape Minamoto clan (Traditional Japanese date: 25th Day of the 7th Month of the 2nd Year of Juei).

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1281 During Kublai Khan's Second Invasion of Japan his invading Chinese fleet of 3,500 vessels disappears in a typhoon near Japan

Mongolian Emperor and Founder of the Yuan Dynasty Kublai Khan
Mongolian Emperor and Founder of the Yuan Dynasty
Kublai Khan
  • 1385 Portuguese defeat Castilians at Aljubarrota, retain independence
  • 1395 Utrecht bishop Frederik of Blankenheim occupies Coevorden
  • 1457 Oldest known exactly dated printed book (c 3 years after Gutenberg)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1498 Christopher Columbus landed at the mouth of the Orinoco River in what is now Venezuela

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1551 Turkish fleet under Dragut occupies Tripoli
  • 1559 Spanish explorer de Luna lands in Pensacola Bay, Fla

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1585 Queen Elizabeth I of England refuses sovereignty of Netherlands

Queen of England and Ireland Elizabeth I
Queen of England and Ireland
Elizabeth I
  • 1590 Publication of Christopher Marlowe's play "Tamburlaine the Great" is recorded by Stationers' Company of London.
  • 1597 Cornelis de Houtmans fleet is 1st Dutch visit to Java
  • 1624 Dutch fleet seizes Callao the Lima in Peru
  • 1636 Spanish troops occupy Corbie at Amiens
  • 1642 Able Tasman's ships Heemskerck/Zeehaen depart out from Batavia

  • 1678 Battle of Mons - French repulse William of Orange
  • 1743 Prussian army occupies Saksen, beginning 2nd Silezian War
  • 1756 French capture Fort Oswego, NY
  • 1758 Battle of Zorndorf: Prussia beats Russia, 1000s killed
  • 1762 English fleet occupies Havana
  • 1765 Massachusetts colonists challenge British rule by an Elm (Liberty Tree)
  • 1782 Suriname forbids selling slave mothers without their babies
  • 1790 Sweden & Russia sign Peace of Verela
  • 1813 British warship Pelican attacks & captures US war brigantine Argus
  • 1816 Great Britain annexes Tristan da Cunha
  • 1820 1st US eye hospital, the NY Eye Infirmary, opens in NYC
  • 1824 General Lafayette returns to US
  • 1825 Dutch King Willem I throws foreign students out
  • 1842 Second Seminole War declared over by Colonel Worth; Indians go on to be removed from Florida to Oklahoma

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1846 Henry David Thoreau jailed for refusing to pay taxes

Naturalist/Pacifist Henry David Thoreau
Henry David Thoreau
  • 1846 The Cape Girardeau meteorite, a 2.3 kg chondrite-type meteorite strikes near the town of Cape Girardeau in Cape Girardeau County, Missouri.
  • 1848 Oregon Territory created
  • 1861 79th NY troops mutinies
  • 1861 Martial Law is declared at St Louis, Missouri, due to pro-secession sentiment which surged throughout Missouri after the Battle of Wilson's Creek

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 Abraham Lincoln receives the first group of African Americans to confer with a US president

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1864 -16] Confederate General Joe Wheeler besieges Dalton, Georgia
  • 1864 2nd day of battle at Deep Bottom Run Virginia: Federal assault
  • 1873 "Field & Stream" begins publishing
  • 1875 Society of Regte Afrikaanders establishes in Paarl
  • 1876 Prairie View State University forms

  • 1880 Construction of Cologne Cathedral completed after it began in 1248 - largest Gothic cathedral in Northern Europe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1882 Queen Victoria receives Zulu chief Cetewayo

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
  • 1885 Japan's first patent is issued to the inventor of a rust-proof paint.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1890 Cecil Rhodes' colonists reach Mashonaland (Fort Victoria)

British Businessman and Imperialist Politician Cecil Rhodes
British Businessman and Imperialist Politician
Cecil Rhodes
  • 1893 France introduces motor vehicle registration, includes a driving test
  • 1894 Sir Oliver Joseph Lodge demonstrates wireless telegraphy (radio) using Morse code at a meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science at Oxford University
  • 1897 The town of Anosimena is captured by French troops from Menabe defenders in Madagascar.
  • 1900 1st electric tram in Netherland (Leidseplein-Brouwersgracht)
  • 1901 SS Islander hits iceberg near Alaska & sinks killing 70
  • 1901 The first claimed powered flight, by Gustave Whitehead in his Number 21.
  • 1905 Ngindo-rebellion killed 5 RC German clergymen in East-Africa
  • 1907 "Ha-Tikva" adopted as official Zionist hymn
  • 1908 Race riot in Springfield Illinois
  • 1910 6th International Congress of Esperantists held in Washington, D.C.
  • 1911 General Leconte appointed temporary President of Haiti
  • 1911 United States Senate leaders begin to rotate the office of President pro tempore (for the time being) of the Senate among leading candidates to fill the vacancy left by William P. Frye's death.
  • 1912 2,500 US marines invade Nicaragua; US remains until 1925
  • 1914 British field marshal John French & Gen Wilson land in France
  • 1915 British transport Royal Edward sank by German U boat kills 1000
  • 1917 China declares war on Germany & Austria
  • 1919 Yankee Muddy Ruel hits into a triple-play
  • 1920 Little Entente formed by Czechoslovakia & Yugoslavia
  • 1921 Tannu Tuva, later Tuvinian People's Republic is established as a completely independent country (which is supported by Russia).
  • 1925 Mount Rushmore Monument first proposed
  • 1925 The original Hetch Hetchy Moccasin Powerhouse is completed and goes on line.
  • 1928 Ben Hecht & Charles MacArthur's "Front Page," premieres in NYC
  • 1929 Jewish Agency for Palestine forms
  • 1932 Philips makes 1 millionth radio
  • 1933 Jimmie Foxx hits for cycle & sets AL record with 9 RBIs
  • 1935 Social Security Act becomes law
  • 1936 Rainey Bethea is hanged in Owensboro, Kentucky in the last public execution in the United States
  • 1937 China declares war on Japan
  • 1937 Appalachian Trail is formally completed, traversing 2,000 miles and 14 US States, Georgia to Maine
  • 1940 Dutch Premier De Geer vacations in Switzerland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 US President Franklin Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill issue the joint declaration that later becomes known as the Atlantic Charter

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Dwight D. Eisenhower named commander for invasion of North Africa

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1943 -Aug 24th: Quadrant conference over strike in Pacific Ocean
  • 1943 1st allied air raid on Borneo
  • 1943 US 45th Division occupies Falcone 40 km outside of Messina

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 British premier Winston Churchill arrives at Corsica

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1944 Operation Tractable: new Canadian offensive
  • 1944 Soviet offensive at Weichsel

Victory in BattleVictory over Japan

1945 V-J Day, Japan surrenders unconditionally to end WW II (also August 15 depending on time zone)
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Ho Chi Minh's Viet Minh movement launch a coordinated uprising against French rule across Vietnam following the Japanese surrender

Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary
Ho Chi Minh
  • 1945 Japanese government notifies the Allies that it had accepted the Potsdam Declaration
  • 1947 Babe Didrikson Zaharias gives up amateur status for $300,000
  • 1947 Pakistan gains independence from Great Britain
  • 1949 Military coup in Syria under colonel Sami Hinnawi
  • 1952 Mátyás Rákosi appointed premier of Hungary
  • 1958 Canadian Football League plays 1st game (Winnipeg 29, Edmonton 21)
  • 1958 Cleveland Indian Vic Power steals home twice in 1 game
  • 1958 KLM Superconstellation crashes west of Ireland, killing 99
  • 1960 UN peace-keeping troops deployed to the Republic of Congo
  • 1962 French & Italian workers break through at Mont Blanc Vehicular Tunnel
  • 1962 NASA civilian test pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 60,000 m
  • 1962 US mail truck in Plymouth, Mass robbed of more than $1.5 million
  • 1964 Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait and Syria form common market
  • 1965 Continental Football League plays 1st games
  • 1966 1st US lunar orbiter begins orbiting Moon
  • 1967 Belgian embassy in Kinshasa, Congo, plundered
  • 1967 British pirate radio station Radio 270 broadcast from an offshore lugger, is forced to close down
  • 1967 Radio Scotland & Radio Swinging Holland go off the air
  • 1968 Montreal Expos officially become a member of NL
  • 1969 In response to events in Derry, Irish nationalists hold protests throughout Northern Ireland, some of these became violent
  • 1969 British Army deploys on the streets of Northern Ireland, marking the beginning of Operation Banner
  • 1970 City University of NY inaugurates open admissions
  • 1970 Steven Stills arrested for drug possession
  • 1971 Bahrain proclaims independence after 110 years of British rule
  • 1971 British begin internment without trial in Northern Ireland
  • 1971 Cards Bob Gibson, 35, no-hits Pirates, 11-0

  • 1971 France performs nuclear test
  • 1972 2 British soldiers are killed by an IRA booby trap bomb in Belfast
  • 1972 A Catholic civilian is shot dead during an IRA attack on a British Army patrol in Belfast
  • 1973 US ends secret bombing of Cambodia
  • 1974 Congress authorizes US citizens to own gold
  • 1974 Turkish army attacks Nicosia Cyprus
  • 1974 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1974 USSR performs underground nuclear test

BattleCoup d'état

1975 -15] Pakistani military coup against Bangladeshi President Sheikh Mujibur Rahman

Founding Father of Bangladesh Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
Founding Father of Bangladesh
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
  • 1975 Norwegian King Olav V opens Longyearbyen Airport on Spitsbergen
  • 1976 10,000 Northern Ireland women demonstrate for peace in Belfast
  • 1977 77,691 see NY Cosmos beat Fort Lauderdale Strikers 8-3 at Giants Stadium
  • 1979 Rainbow seen in Northern Wales for a 3 hours duration

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1980 Democratic Convention in NYC nominates Jimmy Carter & Walter Mondale

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
  • 1980 17,000 workers go on strike at the Lenin Shipyard in Gdansk, Poland, marking the beginning of the Solidarity movement
  • 1981 George Foster hits his 8th HR into red seats at Riverfront
  • 1982 Iran "Ramadan-offensive" in Iraq
  • 1984 IBM releases PC DOS version 3.0
  • 1984 West Indies complete 5-0 series annihilation of England
  • 1985 Political violence by the youth begins after the funeral of assassinated Victoria Mxenge, a civil rights lawyer, who was respected and liked by the Congress of South African Students

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1986 Pakistani opposition leader Benazir Bhutto arrested

Pakistani Politican Benazir Bhutto
Pakistani Politican
Benazir Bhutto
  • 1988 Detroit beats Sox, 18-6, at Fenway, ends Boston winning streak at 24

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1989 President P. W. Botha of South Africa resigns

President of South Africa P. W. Botha
President of South Africa
P. W. Botha
  • 1990 Angel's Louis Palonia is 74th to hit an inside park grandslam
  • 1991 Twins Dave Winfield is 23rd to hit 400 HR
  • 1993 Nigerian presidential election
  • 1993 St Louis reliever Lee Smith is fastest to get 40 saves
  • 1994 Doc Gooden leaves Betty Ford Center
  • 1994 Space telescope Hubble photographs Uranus with rings
  • 1994 Terrorist "Carlos" arrested in Khartoum, Sudan
  • 1995 Shannon Faulkner becomes 1st woman to attend the Citadel
  • 1995 Iran's official news agency, IRNA, reports that Iran has been unable to sell 200 million barrels per day of crude oil since the imposition of a unilateral oil embargo by the US
  • 1997 Convicted Oklahoma City bomber Timothy McVeigh formally sentenced to death by Oklahoma Court of Appeals
  • 1997 Soyuz TM-25 lands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1998 Winnie Mandela sued by the South African government

Anti-Apartheid Activist and Politician Winnie Mandela
Anti-Apartheid Activist and Politician
Winnie Mandela
  • 2003 Widescale power blackout in the northeast United States and Canada.
  • 2007 Coordinated bombings in Yazidi communities in Iraq kill at least 500 people, the second-deadliest terror attack of all time
  • 2012 46 people are killed and 80 injured after a series of suicide bombings in Afghanistan
  • 2012 Hungary falls back into recession as GDP falls by 0.2% in the second quarter of 2012 following a fall of 1.0% in the first quarter
  • 2013 14 people are killed and 26 are injured by two roadside bombings in Baqubah, Iraq
  • 2013 638 people are killed in violent clashes between police and protesters across Egypt
  • 2015 Most extensive face transplant surgery ever performed on Patrick Hardison by Dr. Eduardo Rodriguez at New York University Langone Medical Center

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2017 US President Donald Trump condemns racist violence at the White House after criticism of his earlier response to Charlottesville violence

45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality Donald Trump
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality
Donald Trump
  • 2017 Cholera has now infected more than 500,000 people in Yemen and killed over 2,000 according to the World Health Organisation
  • 2017 Parliamentary citizenship scandal deepens in Australia after Barnaby Joyce, Deputy PM revealed to be a New Zealand citizen
  • 2017 Mudslide and flooding in Freetown, Sierra Leone kills over 500 with 600 missing
  • 2018 2.3 million estimated Venezuelans have left crisis-hit Venezuela since 2015 according to the UN
  • 2018 Italy's Morandi Bridge collapses in Genoa, taking 30 vehicles with it and killing 43
  • 2018 Pennsylvania grand jury alleges 300 "predator priests" abused over 1000 children over 30 years and Catholic leaders covered it, up after 2-year investigation
  • 2126 Comet Swift-Tuttle approaches close to Earth