Events in History on August 15

  • 636 Beginning of the five-day decisive Battle at Yarmuk: Muslim forces defeat the Byzantine army to take control of Syria for the first time

Victory in Battle

778 Battle of Roncevaux Pass: Roland, commander of the rearguard of Charlemagne's army is defeated by the Basques

  • 927 The Saracens conquer and destroy Taranto
  • 1185 The cave city of Vardzia is consecrated by Queen Tamar of Georgia
  • 1193 Philip II of France marries Ingeborg, daughter of King Valdemar I of Denmar in Amiens, requests annulment immediately after on grounds of non-consummation (bride deputes)
  • 1246 Güyük (Kuyuk), son and successor of Ogodei, formally elected Great Khan of the Mongols at Sira Ordu, five years after the death of his father
  • 1248 Construction of the new Cologne Cathedral in the Gothic style begins with the laying of the foundation stone by Archbishop Konrad von Hochstaden (completed 1880)
  • 1308 Knights of St John conquer Rhodes
  • 1454 Malatestiana Library, the first humanist civic library in Europe, opens in association with the convent of San Francesco in Cesena, Italy [1]
  • 1457 Earliest dated book, "Mainz Psalter," completed, 1st to be printed in three colours
  • 1461 Empire of Trebizond surrenders to forces of Sultan Mehmet II - last Byzantine Empire remnant to fall. Emperor David exiled and later murdered.

Royal Coronation

1461 Louis XI is crowned King of France at Reims cathedral after the death of his father Charles VII

  • 1517 Seven Portuguese armed vessels led by Fernão Pires de Andrade meet Chinese officials at the Pearl River estuary.
  • 1519 Panama City founded by Spanish conquistador Pedro Arias Dávila
  • 1534 Ignatius of Loyola co-founds the Society of Jesus (Jesuit) religious order at Sanit Densi Church in Montmartre, France
  • 1537 Asunción is founded in Paraguay
  • 1540 Arequipa is founded in Peru
  • 1548 Mary Queen of Scotland arrives in France, aged 6
  • 1549 Jesuit priest Saint Francis Xavier comes ashore at Kagoshima (Traditional Japanese date: July 22, 1549)
  • 1599 Nine Years War: Battle of Curlew Pass - Irish forces led by Hugh Roe O'Donnell successfully ambush English forces, led by Sir Conyers Clifford, sent to relieve Collooney Castle.

The Mayflower

1620 Mayflower sets sail from Southampton, England, with 102 Pilgrims

  • 1635 1st recorded north American hurricane hits the Plymouth Colony
  • 1653 -16] Dutch ship "Sperwer" stranded at Tsjedzjoe Korea
  • 1658 France, Sweden, Bavarian, Brunswick, Munster and Hessen-Kassel form Confederation of the Rhine
  • 1668 Confederation of the Rhine disbands
  • 1684 Spain & Germany sign cease fire with France
  • 1741 French troops attack the Rhine
  • 1748 United Lutheran Church the American colonies organized
  • 1760 Battle at Leignitz: Prussia beats Austria & Russia
  • 1785 French cardinal De Rohan arrested
  • 1824 Freed American slaves establish Liberia on the West African coast through the American Colonization Society (ACS)
  • 1832 Gregory XVI encyclical On liberalism & religious indifferentism
  • 1843 National black convention meets (Buffalo NY)
  • 1843 Tivoli Gardens amusement park opens in Copenhagen, world's 2nd oldest
  • 1848 M. Waldo Hanchett patents dental chair
  • 1858 Regular mail to Pacific coast begins

Historic Event

1861 Abraham Lincoln orders reinforcements be sent to Missouri

  • 1863 Submarine "HL Hunley" arrives in Charleston on railroad cars
  • 1863 The Anglo-Satsuma War begins between the Satsuma Domain of Japan and the United Kingdom (Traditional Japanese date: July 2, 1863).
  • 1864 Off New England coast, CSS Tallahassee captures 6 yankee schooners
  • 1865 Battle of Lone Jack, Missouri: fierce fighting between Union soldiers and Confederate forces prompted by bushwacker attacks destroys town of Lone Jack
  • 1867 The Representation of the People Act (1867) extends suffrage in the UK
  • 1869 The Meiji government in Japan establishes six new ministries, including one for Shinto
  • 1870 Transcontinental Railway actually completed in Colorado
  • 1876 US law removes Indians from Black Hills after gold find
  • 1891 San Sebastian Church in Manila, the first all-steel church in Asia, is officially inaugurated and blessed

Historic Event

1892 4th & last British government of William Gladstone forms

  • 1893 US no longer allowed exclusive rights in Bering Sea
  • 1900 Russian troops advance further unto Manchuria
  • 1900 The Boxer Rebellion: In China, the Empress, her family and court retainers flee while foreign troops move through Peking in an attempt to quell the rebellion
  • 1901 Arch Rock, a danger to San Francisco Bay shipping, blasted with 30 tons of nitro
  • 1901 Great Britain issues a proclamation calling on the Boers to surrender by 15 September or face banishment and confiscation of their property
  • 1906 1st freight delivery tunnel system begins, underneath Chicago

Historic Event

1906 King Edward VII of Great Britain visits German Emperor Wilhelm II to discuss the escalating rivalry between their nations' naval forces

  • 1911 Procter & Gamble unveils its Crisco shortening

Historic Event

1914 Dinant, Belgium, destroyed by German bombs. Lt Charles de Gaulle (24), injured

  • 1914 Japan joins the side of the allies
  • 1914 Panama Canal opens (under cost) with the SS Ancon making the 1st official steamship through the canal

Murder of Interest

1914 Taliesian Massacre (Spring Green, Wisconsin): Julian Carlton, a disgruntled employee, kills architect Frank Lloyd Wright's mistress Martha Borthwick, her 2 children, and 4 others with a hatchet and burns the architect's home to the ground while Wright is away on business

  • 1914 The first large public gathering of Boers in South Africa who do not want to support Britain in a war against Germany; British authorities will try to repress this movement, but discontent spreads

Historic Event

1914 US Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan, in a letter to J P Morgan, Jr., declares that loans to any of the belligerents go against US neutrality

  • 1915 Journalist Albert Siegfried Bettelheim, convicted of murder in Georgia

Historic Event

1917 Poets Wilfred Owen and Siegfried Sassoon first met at Craiglockhart War Hospital, Edinburgh, go on to have an profound influence on each other's work (actual date 15-19 Aug)

Victory in Battle

1920 Polish troops commanded by Józef Piłsudski defeat the Soviets at the Battle of Warsaw (Miracle upon the Vistula)

Historic Event

1923 Eamon de Valera arrested in Irish Free State

  • 1923 Mexico & US reaches accord over oil concession of 1917
  • 1925 Norway annexes Spitsbergen
  • 1931 Ernest Lassy completes longest canoe journey without port (6,102 mi)
  • 1931 Roy Wilkins joins NAACP as Assistant Secretary
  • 1934 US ends occupation of Haiti after 19 years; started after the 1915 assassination of Haiti's president
  • 1939 13 Nazi Luftwaffe Stuka dive bombers crash into the ground during a disastrous practice-demonstration at Neuhammer-am-Queis, Silesia, Germany (now Świętoszów, Poland) . No survivors.
  • 1940 1st edition of Jewish Weekly newspaper in Amsterdam (under Nazis)
  • 1940 Heavy dogfights above England: 75 German aircraft damaged
  • 1941 Kovono Lithuanian Jews are herded into Slobodka ghetto
  • 1942 5 hostages executed by Nazis in St-Michielsgestel
  • 1943 Allies land on Kiska Aleutians
  • 1944 Allied air raid on train in North Netherlands, 32 killed

Historic Event

1944 German field marshal Günther von Kluge vanishes for one day; he killed himself on the 19th in the aftermath of the attempt to assassinate Adolf Hitler

  • 1944 Operation Anvil: Allies land on French Mediterranean sea coast
  • 1944 Operation Dragoon: Allied troops land in Provence
  • 1944 US 12 Army corps enters Le Mans through Orleans
  • 1944 US 7th Armour division reaches Chartres
  • 1945 A riot ensues in San Francisco while the city is celebrating the end of WW II
  • 1945 US wartime rationing of gasoline & fuel oil ends

Victory over Japan

1945 Victory over Japan Day, the Japanese surrender and the end of WWII is announced in Japan (due to time zones 14th Aug in the Americas)

  • 1945 World War II: Korean Liberation Day
  • 1946 Dumont TV Network (WABD NY) is launched in the US
  • 1947 GLEEP (Graphite Low Energy Experimental Pile), the first experimental nuclear reactor in Western Europe begins operation in Oxford, England
  • 1947 India becomes a sovereign and democratic nation, independent from the United Kingdom
  • 1947 India gains independence from Great Britain, remains a dominion until 1950
  • 1948 Republic of Korea (South Korea) proclaimed (National Day)
  • 1950 8.6 Assam-Tibet earthquake kills several thousand
  • 1950 Indians make their 1st triple play at Cleveland Stadium
  • 1950 Joseph Pholien becomes Belgian premier
  • 1950 Rotterdam dock strike begins
  • 1950 Srikakulam district is formed in Andhra Pradesh, India.

Historic Event

1950 Sukarno proclaims the unitary Republic of Indonesia and becomes its 1st President

  • 1952 9 inches of rain fall creates a 20 ft wave in Lynmouth, England, killing 34

Historic Event

1953 General Omar Bradley leaves office as the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff after four years and retires from active military service

Appointment of Interest

1954 Dictator Alfredo Stroessner names himself the 42nd President of Paraguay

  • 1955 Hurricane Connie dissipates after killing 77 in the US eastern seaboard and mid-atlantic states
  • 1957 David Simons reaches 30,942 m in Man High 2 balloon
  • 1957 USAF Capt Joe B Jordan reaches 31,513 m in F-104 jet fighter
  • 1958 Soviet Marshal Bulganin resigns as director of State Bank
  • 1960 Congo (formerly Congo/Brazzaville) declares Independence from France
  • 1960 UFO is sighted by 3 California patrolmen
  • 1961 Keiyo Road is specified as the first driveway in Japan
  • 1962 Netherlands & Indonesia sign accord over New Guinea
  • 1962 Shady Grove Baptist Church burned in Leesburg, Georgia
  • 1963 Fulbert Youlou resigns as President of Congo-Brazzaville
  • 1964 Race riot in Dixmoor, Illinois - a suburb of Chicago
  • 1966 Radio Free Asia (South Korea) begins radio transmission

Historic Publication

1967 Pope Paul VI publishes constitution Regimini Ecclesiae Universae

  • 1967 UK's Marine Offences Bill making pirate radio stations a crime goes into effect, pirate station Radio 355 closes down
  • 1968 Pirate Radio Free London begins transmitting

Historic Event

1968 Romanian president Nicolae Ceausescu visits Prague

  • 1968 USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR
  • 1971 Bahrain gains independence from Britain
  • 1971 KVRL (now KRIV) TV ch 26 in Houston, Texas (Fox) begins
  • 1971 The Social Democratic and Labour Party announce a campaign of civil disobedience in response to the introduction of Internment in Northern Ireland

Historic Event

1971 US President Richard Nixon announces 90-day freeze on wages, prices & rents

  • 1973 Black September kills 3 and wounds 55 in Athens
  • 1973 David Storey's play "Cromwell" premieres in London
  • 1973 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1974 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1974 Hurricane and floods ravage Bangladesh, 4,000 killed
  • 1974 South Korean President Park Chung-Hee escapes assassination attempt
  • 1975 Bangladesh military coup under Khondakar Moustaque Ahmed
  • 1975 Joanne Little acquitted of murdering her prison guard in North Carolina - 1st woman to successfully use defense of deadly force to resist rape
  • 1975 Miki Takeo makes the first official pilgrimage to Yasukuni Shrine by an incumbent prime minister on the anniversary of the end of World War II
  • 1977 "Wow" possible alien radio signal from deep space received at "The Big Ear", Ohio State's radio telescope in Delaware
  • 1977 Herbert Kappler, head of Nazi police and security services (SS) in Rome during WWII, escapes from prison hospital in Rome
  • 1978 US House of Representatives approves (233-169), 39-month extension for ERA
  • 1979 Andrew Young resigns as US ambassador to the United Nations
  • 1982 Equatorial Guinea adopts constitution
  • 1984 The PKK in Turkey starts a campaign of armed attacks upon the Turkish military
  • 1985 First Iraqi air raid on Iran's main oil export terminal, Kharg Island

Historic Event

1985 P. W. Botha gives the "Rubicon" Speech in Durban, South Africa, disappointing many by refusing to consider immediate and major reforms in the country's apartheid system

Historic Event

1986 US President Ronald Reagan decides to support a replacement for Challenger

  • 1987 At Pan Am games in Indianapolis, USA & Cuba are tied with 2 outs in 9th, Ty Griffin HR, Cuba 1st loss in 20 years of Pan Am competition
  • 1988 At 4PM LILCO consumers used a record 3,813 megawatts
  • 1988 NYC begins $70 million program to rebuild 900 Bronx apartments

Historic Event

1989 F. W. de Klerk becomes President of South Africa

  • 1990 At least 150 people die in clashes between the African National Congress and Inkatha Freedom Party, South Africa
  • 1990 Phils Terry Mulholland no-hits Giants 6-0 (8th no hitter of 1990)
  • 1991 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1992 Colombo '92 closes in Genoa Italy
  • 1993 Televangelist Robert Tilton announces he is divorcing Marte

Historic Event

1994 South African President Nelson Mandela receives Anne Frank Penning

  • 1994 Terrorist Carlos the Jackal, captured in Khartoum Sudan
  • 1995 "Macarena" single is released by Los del Rio
  • 1997 Dow Jones drops 247.37 pts
  • 1999 Beni Ounif massacre in Algeria; some 29 people are killed at a false roadblock near the Moroccan border, leading to temporary tensions with Morocco.

Historic Publication

2006 Der Spiegel, Spiegel Online, publishes documents confirming German writer Günter Grass' membership of the Waffen-SS in World War II

  • 2007 An 8.0-magnitude earthquake off the Pacific coast devastates Ica and various regions of Peru killing 514 and injuring 1,090.
  • 2008 Lee Berger and his nine-year-old son, Matthew, discover the two-million-year-old fossils of a new species of human ancestor (Australopithecus sediba) at Malapa Cave, South Africa
  • 2009 Portugal leaves recession after three consecutive quarters of negative growth having its GDP recover by 0.3% in the second quarter of 2009
  • 2013 20 people are killed and 200 are injured in an explosion in Beirut
  • 2015 North Korea creates its own time zone -moving its clocks back half an hour to GMT+8.5

Historic Event

2017 Barack Obama's tweet "No one is born hating another person because of the color of his skin or his background or his religion..." in response to Charlottesville violence becomes most-liked tweet ever

  • 2017 Falling tree kills 13, injures 49 at a religious festival in Funchal, on Portuguese island of Madeira
  • 2017 Scientists genetic study of the apple reveal its origin was in Kazakhstan, published in "Nature Communications"
  • 2018 Australian Senator Fraser Anning evokes Nazi euphemism "a final solution to the immigration problem", in proposing outlawing Muslim immigration into Australia in parliament speech
  • 2018 Bar-hopping for pintxos (Basque tapas) in San Sebastián, Spain, named world's best food experience in Lonely Planet's Ultimate Eatlist
  • 2018 Boat overturns in floods near the Nile in Northern Sudan, leaving 25 dead, most of them school children
  • 2018 First ever US execution by fentanyl of Carey Dean Moore at Nebraska State Penitentiary in Lincoln

Historic Event

2018 Italian PM Giuseppe Conte declares a 12-month state of emergency in Liguria after the collapse of the Morandi Bridge

  • 2018 Record 72,000 Americans (up 10%) killed by drug overdoses in 2017 in new figures by Centers for Disease Control
  • 2018 Suicide bomber attacks tuition centre in Kabul, Afghanistan, killing 48 and injuring 67

Historic Event

2018 US President Donald Trump revokes security clearance of former CIA Director and Trump critic John Brennan

  • 2019 American Michael Gargiulo, found guilty of stabbing three women, killing two in Los Angeles, while awaiting trial for third killing
  • 2019 Israel bars US Democratic congresswomen Rashida Tlaib and Ilhan Omar from entering for supporting Palestinian-led boycott movement
  • 2019 Whistleblower releases damaging report on General Electric titled "General Electric, a Bigger Fraud Than Enron" claiming $38 billion accountancy fraud

Historic Event

2021 Afghan President Ashraf Ghani flees the country as Taliban forces enter the capital Kabul and take control

Election of Interest

2021 Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau calls a snap election for 20 September, two years ahead of schedule

  • 2021 Petrol tanker explosion kills 27 and injures 79 in al-Tleil, Lebanon, amid the country's continuing economic crisis
  • 2022 Deputy President William Ruto declared winner of Kenyan Presidential election won with just 50.5% of the vote, defeating former Prime Minister Raila Odinga [1]
  • 2022 Scotland becomes the first country in the world to make period products free for all [1]
  • 2022 Solange Knowles becomes the first black woman to compose for the New York City Ballet [1]