Events in History on August 16

  • 1384 Hongwu Emperor of Ming China, Emperor Dong, hears case of couple who tore money bills while fighting over them (equal to act of destroying stamped government documents - law necessitated 100 floggings). Hongwu Emperor decides to pardon them.

The Statue of David

1501 Michelangelo awarded the contract to create his statue of David at Florence Cathedral by the Overseers of the Office of Works (the Operai) of the Duomo

Florence Cathedral

1501 Michelangelo awarded the contract to create his statue of David at Florence Cathedral by the Overseers of the Office of Works (the Operai) of the Duomo

Victory in Battle

1513 Battle of the Spurs at Guinegate (now Eguinegatte): Henry VIII of England and Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I beat France

Treaty of Interest

1570 King of Hungary John Sigismund Zápolyai signs secret treaty with Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian II

  • 1625 Earnest Casimir of Nassau-Dietz appointed viceroy of Drenthe
  • 1691 Yorktown, Virginia founded
  • 1717 Prince Eugenius of Savoye occupies Belgrade
  • 1748 "Geldermalsen" sails to East-Indies
  • 1777 American militiamen defeat British forces at the Battle of Bennington near Vermont, during the American Revolutionary War
  • 1780 British decisively defeat Americans in Battle of Camden, South Carolina
  • 1787 Turkey declares war on Russia (Russo-Turkish War 1787-92)
  • 1794 Hungarian revolutionary Ignác Martinovics arrested in Vienna
  • 1797 Comet C/1797 P1 (Bouvard-Herschel) approaches 0.0879 AUs of Earth

Victory in Battle

1812 General Hull surrenders Detroit and Michigan territory to British forces under the command of Major General Sir Isaac Brock, who capture Fort Detroit with the help of Indigenous warriors led by Tecumseh

  • 1819 Peterloo Massacre, Manchester, England: cavalry charges demonstrators, 15 people killed and 400–700 injured
  • 1829 Siamese twins Chang & Eng Bunker arrive in Boston to be exhibited

Historic Invention

1858 Britain's Queen Victoria telegraphs US President James Buchanan for 1st time by transatlantic telegraph cable, he replies "it is a triumph more glorious, because far more useful to mankind, than was ever won by conqueror on the field of battle."

  • 1861 Skirmishes at Fredericktown/Kirkville, Missouri

Historic Event

1861 US President Abraham Lincoln prohibits Union states from trading with Confederacy

  • 1863 Chickamauga campaign of the US Civil War begins in Georgia
  • 1864 Federal assault on 4th day of battle at Deep Bottom Run, Virginia
  • 1864 Palace for People's industry official opens in Amsterdam
  • 1865 Restoration Day in the Dominican Republic: The Dominican Republic regains its independence after 4 years of fighting against the Spanish Annexation.

Battle of Interest

1869 War of the Triple Alliance: A Paraguay battalion made up of children is massacred by the Brazilian Army during the Battle of Acosta Ñu

  • 1870 Fred Goldsmith demonstrates curve ball isn't an optical illusion

Historic Event

1880 The French state commissions sculptor Auguste Rodin for a large sculpted doorway 'The Gates of Hell' for the proposed Musée des Arts Décoratifs

  • 1882 British under General Wolseley land in Alexandria
  • 1890 Alexander Clark, journalist and lawyer, named minister to Liberia

Battle of Interest

1891 President Benjamin Harrison attends the dedication of the Bennington Battle Monument in Bennington, Vermont

  • 1894 Indian chiefs from the Sioux & Onondaga tribes met to urge their people to renounce Christianity & return to their old Indian faith
  • 1896 Gold first discovered in Klondike, found at Bonanza Creek in the Yukon, Canada by George Carmack
  • 1898 Edwin Prescott patents roller coaster
  • 1904 NYC begins building Grand Central Station
  • 1905 Mbunga-rebellion occupy German post Ifakara East-Africa
  • 1906 -17] 8.6 earthquake destroys Valparaiso Chile, fire kills 20,000
  • 1907 Mulay Hafid is proclaimed the Sultan of Morocco by supporters leading to civil war; Mulay is supported by Germany while France supports the existing Sultan

Historic Event

1908 The Committee of Union and Progress, 'The Young Turks', announces a program for reforms and respect for the rights of all within the Ottoman Empire, regardless of race or religion

  • 1913 Tōhoku Imperial University of Japan (modern day Tōhoku University) admits its first female students.
  • 1914 German army occupies last fort at Liege, Belgian general Leman caught
  • 1914 World War I: Battle of Cer begins.
  • 1914 Zapata & Pancho Villa over run Mexico
  • 1915 Kansas City Packers' Alex Main no-hits Buffalo Blues (Federal League), 5-0
  • 1918 US troops overrun at Archangelsk by Bolshevik troops
  • 1921 Members of the Dail (parliament) swear allegiance to the Irish Republic at their first meeting, held at Dublin House
  • 1922 AT&T radio station WBAY becomes WEAF (NYC)
  • 1924 Conference about German recovery payments opens in London
  • 1924 Dutch-Turkish peace treaty signed
  • 1930 I British Empire Games open in Hamilton, Canada
  • 1934 US explorer William Beebe descends 3,028' (923 m) in Bathysphere, off the coast of Bermuda
  • 1940 45 German aircraft shot down over England

Historic Event

1940 Pioneering 'Blood for Britain' program sending blood plasma for WWII wounded from the US, headed by Charles R. Drew, officially begins in Britain

  • 1941 HMS Mercury, Royal Navy Signals School and Combined Signals School opens at Leydene, near Petersfield, Hampshire, England.

Historic Event

1942 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill travels back to Cairo from Moscow

  • 1943 1st Long Tom bombs on Italian mainland (from Sicily)
  • 1944 2nd Canadian Division occupies Falaise, Normandy
  • 1944 Dutch begin diplomatic contact with Vatican in London
  • 1944 First flight of the Junkers Ju 287.
  • 1944 US 15th Army corp reaches Eure, surrounds Dreux
  • 1945 Puyi, the last Chinese Emperor and ruler of Manchukuo is captured by Soviet troops
  • 1946 Direct Action Day: Widespread riots erupt in Calcutta between Muslims and Hindus over whether Pakistan should be a separate state, killing over 4,000 and leaving 100,000 homeless
  • 1948 Arabs blow up Latrun pumping station in Jerusalem
  • 1948 Israeli pound becomes legal tender
  • 1950 West Indies complete historic 3-1 series win against England

Historic Event

1953 Shah of Persia Mohammad Reza Pahlavi & princess Soraya flee to Baghdad & Rome

  • 1954 200 pilgrims drown in Farahzad Iran rain storm flood
  • 1955 Fiat Motors orders 1st private atomic reactor
  • 1956 Adlai E Stevenson nominated as US Democratic presidential candidate
  • 1959 USSR introduces installment buying
  • 1960 Britain grants independence to crown colony of Cyprus
  • 1960 Joseph Kittinger parachutes from balloon at 31,330 m (84,700')
  • 1960 Republic of Congo (Zaire, Dem Rep of Congo) forms
  • 1961 250,000 West Berliners demonstrate against the division of East Berlin

Historic Event

1961 Martin Luther King Jr. protests for black voting rights in Miami, Florida

  • 1963 Independence is restored to Dominican Republic
  • 1969 First performance of Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young (Auditorium Theater, Chicago)
  • 1969 V.V. Giri is elected the fourth President of India
  • 1971 Over 8,000 workers go on strike in Derry, Northern Ireland, in protest at the introduction of Internment (allowing suspected terrorists to be indefinitely detained without trial)
  • 1972 Morocco King Hassan II's B727 shot during failed coup attempt by General Mohamed Oufkir. Reportedly, King Hassan grabbed the radio and told the rebel pilots "Stop firing! The tyrant is dead!", fooling pilots to break off attack
  • 1972 Philip Potter appointed sect-gen of World council of Churches
  • 1972 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1977 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1980 Cozy Powell quits Rainbow
  • 1984 LA federal jury acquits auto maker John Z DeLorean on cocaine charges
  • 1984 NASA launches Ampte
  • 1984 Sunken liner Andrea Doria's safe opened
  • 1986 Sudan rebels shoot a Fokker's F-27 down, 57 killed
  • 1987 Astrological Harmonic Convergence-Dawn of New Age
  • 1987 Northwest Airlines 255 plane crashes in Detroit, 156 die (1 lives)
  • 1988 IBM introduces software for artificial intelligence
  • 1988 Mayor Koch says he plans to wipe out street-corner windshield washers
  • 1989 A solar flare from the Sun creates a geomagnetic storm that affects micro chips, leading to a halt of all trading on Toronto's stock market.
  • 1989 Roger Kingdom of USA sets 110m hurdle record (12.92) in Zurich
  • 1990 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1990 Iraq orders 4000 Britons & 2500 Americans in Kuwait to Iraq

Historic Event

1990 South African President F. W. de Klerk and Nelson Mandela hold emergency talks in Pretoria about increasing violence in Soweto

  • 1991 Belgium census is 10,000,963 inhabitants

Historic Event

1991 John Gutfreund announces his resignation as chief executive of Salomon Brothers amid illegal bidding scandal

Historic Event

1991 US President George H. W. Bush declares recession is near an end

  • 1992 Moses Kiptanui of Kenya runs world 3,000m record 7:28.96 in Cologne, Germany
  • 1993 South Africa relinquishes sovereignty over Walvis Bay
  • 1993 The Debian distribution first announced by Ian Murdock, a student at Purdue University (Murdock initially called his system the "Debian Linux Release")
  • 1994 Chandrika Kumaratungo's party wins Sri Lanka elections
  • 2002 Africa Women's Peace Train leaves Kampala for Johannesburg
  • 2003 U.S. Representative from South Dakota Bill Janklow hits and kills a motorcyclist with his car at a rural intersection near Trent, South Dakota; he will eventually be convicted of manslaughter and will resign from Congress.
  • 2005 West Caribbean Airways Flight 708 crashes near Machiques, Venezuela, killing all 160 aboard.
  • 2011 World Youth Day 2011, organised by the Catholic church, begins in Madrid
  • 2012 113 people are killed and over 200 wounded in a series of attacks across Iraq
  • 2012 South African police open fire on striking mine workers and kill at least 34 people

Historic Event

2012 Wikileaks founder, Julian Assange is granted political asylum by Ecuador

  • 2013 61 people are killed after the ferry MV Thomas Aquinas sinks in the Philippines
  • 2015 'Batman' samaritan Lenny B. Robinson is killed in a car accident in Maryland
  • 2016 Wildfire breaks out in San Bernardino County, California, engulfing 15,000 acres, prompting evacuation of 82,000 people
  • 2017 Baltimore city council removes confederate statues under cover of darkness in response to Charlottesville violence
  • 2017 Last batch of Farc rebel weapons removed by the UN in Colombia
  • 2017 Lebanon parliament abolishes article 522, which exempted rapists from prosecution if they married their victim
  • 2017 Over 100 Maasai houses destroyed in Tanzania by game park authorities as part of a border dispute near Serengeti National Park

Historic Event

2017 Philippine police kill 32 in raids near Manilia, most deadly night in President Rodrigo Duterte’s war on drugs

  • 2017 Three suicide bombers kill 27 people outside a refugee camp near Maiduguri in Borno state, Nigeria, Boko Haram suspected
  • 2018 British Columbia, Canada, declares State of Emergency with 566 wildfires burning, prompting evacuation of 3,000 people

Historic Event

2018 Pope Francis and the Vatican issues statement in support of the 300 victims of "predator priests" in Pennsylvania

  • 2018 Unprecedented flooding and landslides in Kerala, India, reported to have killed 106 people with 150,000 homeless
  • 2018 World's first floating dairy farm opens in Merwehaven harbour, Rotterdam, the Netherlands, with 40 cows milked by robots
  • 2019 Huge fire in Chalantika slum in Dhaka, Bangladesh, destroys 1,200 houses and leaves up to 10,000 homeless
  • 2020 At least 17 people killed in attack on beach resort in Mogadishu, Somalia, by al-Shabab group
  • 2020 Biggest protests in Thailand in six years as 10,000 people demonstrate in Bangkok for reforms of the government and the monarchy
  • 2020 Japan's economy, the world's third largest, posts its worst-ever decline, falling 7.8% (April-June quarter)

Election of Interest

2020 Largest-ever demonstration in Belarus as 100,000 people gather in Minsk to protest against controversial election results and regime of Alexander Lukashenko

  • 2021 First official water shortage declared at Lake Mead, major reservoir on Colorado river supplying 40 million people, with cuts mandated mainly for Arizona
  • 2021 Malaysian Prime Minister Muhyiddin Yassin and his cabinet resign after losing their majority amid political turmoil

Historic Event

2021 US President Joe Biden says "I stands squarely behind my decision" to withdraw US troops from Afghanistan, despite sudden collapse of the country to the Taliban

Appointment of Interest

2022 Australian Prime Minister Anthony Albanese reveals former PM Scott Morrison secretly appointed himself to five ministerial portfolios between March 2020 and May 2021 [1]

  • 2022 Sections of China's Yangtze River launch weather modification programs due to severe drought conditions, including seeding clouds with silver iodide rods to encourage rain
  • 2022 US President Joe Biden signs the Inflation Reduction Act into law with $370 billion of spending and tax cuts to combat climate change [1]