On This Day

Events in History on August 26

  • 1071 Battle of Manzikert: Seljuq Turks led by sultan Alp Arslan beat and capture Byzantine Emperor Romanos IV Diogenes
  • 1278 Battle of Marchfeld: Rudolf of Habsburg defeats Ottokar II
  • 1303 Ala ud din Khilji captures Chittorgarh.

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1346 Battle of Crécy, south of Calais in northern France; Edward III's English longbows defeat Philip VI's army, cannons used for first time in battle

King of England Edward III
King of England
Edward III
  • 1466 A conspiracy against Piero di Cosimo de Medici in Florence, led by Luca Pitti, is discovered.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1498 Michelangelo is commissioned to carve the Pietà.

Sculptor and Painter Michelangelo
Sculptor and Painter
  • 1545 Pope Paul III names his son Pierluigi Farnese as Duke of Parma
  • 1629 Cambridge Agreement, Massachusetts Bay Company stockholders agree to emigrate
  • 1634 Battle at Nordlingen Bavarian: emperor Ferdinand II & Spain beat Sweden & German protestants
  • 1641 West India Company conquers Sao Paulo de Loanda, Angola
  • 1648 People's uprising against Anna of Austria & Cardinal Mazarin
  • 1652 Battle of Plymouth: General-at-Sea George Ayscue of the Commonwealth of England attacked a convoy of the Dutch Republic commanded by Vice-Commodore Michiel de Ruyter. Dutch victory
  • 1745 Britan, Prussia & Hannover sign treaty
  • 1748 The first Lutheran denomination in North America, the Pennsylvania Ministerium, is founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • 1778 The first recorded ascent of Triglav, the highest mountain in Slovenia.
  • 1789 The National Constituent Assembly adopts the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen at the beginning of the French Revolution

  • 1791 John Fitch granted US patent for his working steamboat
  • 1794 French troops occupy Lock
  • 1843 Charles Thurber patents a typewriter
  • 1846 W A Bartlett appointed 1st US mayor of Yerba Buena (San Francisco)
  • 1863 Battle of Rocky Gap, WV (White Sulphur Springs)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1873 First free kindergarten in the U.S. started by Susan Blow in Carondelet, a suburb of St. Louis, Missouri

Educator and Kindergarten Director Susan Blow
Educator and Kindergarten Director
Susan Blow
  • 1874 16 blacks lynched in Tennessee
  • 1894 Netherlands Social-Democratic Worker's party (SDAP) forms
  • 1895 Electric generator at Niagara Falls produces first power
  • 1896 Armenian Revolutionary Federation assaults the Ottoman Bank in Constantinople to draw attention to the mass-pogroms and massacres of Armenians instigated by the Ottoman Sultan Abdul-Hamid II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1907 Harry Houdini escapes from chains underwater at Aquatic Park in 57 seconds

Magician and Escape Artist Harry Houdini
Magician and Escape Artist
Harry Houdini
  • 1909 Middlesex beat Gloucs (Bristol) by Inn & 31 in a single day
  • 1914 -9/10] Russian army attacks Austrian army in Galicia

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1914 Battle of Tannenberg begins (WWI): 8th German army defeats Russian Narev army

German WWI General Erich Ludendorff
German WWI General
Erich Ludendorff
  • 1915 German troops overrun Brest-Litovsk, Russia
  • 1916 Philadelphia A's Bullet Joe Bush no-hits Cleve, 5-0
  • 1918 W Smith & F Bacon's "Lightnin'" premieres in NYC
  • 1920 Percy Fender (Surrey v Northants) scores 100 in 35 mins
  • 1922 Japanese cruiser Niitaka driven onto rocks in storm at Kamchatka, 284 killed
  • 1924 The Catastrophe of Smyrna: known as the Asia Minor Catastrophe to Greeks. The Ottoman army expels Greeks and other non-Turks from Asia Minor. (August 13 OS)

  • 1930 Hack Wilson hits his 44th HR, breaks Chuck Klein's NL record
  • 1935 CCC camp opens in Brecksville Reservation of Cleveland Metroparks

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1937 Franco's troops conquer Santander

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1937 Pumping to build Treasure Island in San Francisco Bay is finished
  • 1938 British leaders & Arabians fight in Palestine
  • 1939 Belgium mobilizes
  • 1939 Croatia gets autonomous status
  • 1940 Chad is the first French colony to join the Allies under the administration of Félix Éboué, France's first black colonial governor.
  • 1942 7,000 Jews are rounded up in Vichy-France
  • 1942 Japanese troops land on Milne Bay, New Guinea
  • 1942 Soviet counter offensive begins in Moscow
  • 1942 Transport #24 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1944 Bulgaria announces withdrawal & German troops are to be disarmed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Charles de Gaulle marches along the Champs-Elysees, despite coming under fire.

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • 1944 US 12nd Army Corps crosses river Seine East of Paris
  • 1945 Japanese diplomats board USS Missouri to receive instructions on Japan's surrender at the end of WWII
  • 1951 Jongbloed in Paris demonstrates artificial heart
  • 1952 Fluoridation of San Francisco water begins
  • 1957 USSR announces successful test of intercontinental ballistic missile

Historic InventionMorris Mini-Minor

1959 British Motor Corporation introduces the Morris Mini-Minor, designed by Alec Issigonis, it was only 10 ft long but seated 4 passengers
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The 1959 Mini
The 1959 Mini
  • 1961 Official International Hockey Hall of Fame opens in Toronto
  • 1964 Italian Communist Party selects Luigi Longo as chairman

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1964 LBJ nominated at Democratic convention in Atlantic City, NJ

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1966 KLOC (now KCSO) channel 42 in Charlotte, North Carolina (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1967 Dean Chance pitches a 2-1 no-hitter, & Twins sweep Cleveland
  • 1967 Dutch 2nd Chamber demands US stop bombing North Vietnam
  • 1970 Minister of Home Affairs Robert Porter resigns from the Stormont government (North Ireland parliament)
  • 1971 Dutch Queen Juliana & Prince Bernhard visit Indonesia
  • 1971 NY Giant football team announces they're leaving Bronx for NJ in 1975
  • 1972 NY Cosmos beat St Louis Stars, 2-1 to win NASL championship
  • 1972 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1973 University of Texas (Arlington) is first accredited school to offer belly dancing
  • 1974 Guinee-Bissau becomes independent of Portugal
  • 1974 Soyuz 15 carries 2 cosmonauts to space station Salyut 3
  • 1977 Frank Martinus Arion forms Surinamese Writers group 77
  • 1978 Cardinal Albino Luciani of Venice becomes Pope John Paul I
  • 1978 Soyuz 31 carries 2 cosmonauts (1 East German) to Salyut 6
  • 1980 John Birges plants a bomb at Harvey's Resort Hotel in Stateline, Nevada.
  • 1981 Space Shuttle vehicle moves to Launch Complex 39A for STS-2 mission

USAVoyager 2 Spacecraft

1981 Voyager 2 takes photos of Saturn's moon Titan
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NASA's Voyager 2 spacecraft launched atop its Titan/Centaur-7 launch vehicle
NASA's Voyager 2 spacecraft launched atop its Titan/Centaur-7 launch vehicle
  • 1982 NASA launches Telesat-F
  • 1983 Floods destroy most of the old town of Bilbao, Spain.
  • 1984 Tatyana Kazankina of USSR sets 3k woman record (8:22.62) in Leningrad

Sinking ShipThe Sinking of the Rainbow Warrior

1985 French government denies knowledge of attack on Rainbow Warrior
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The Rainbow Warrior sunk in Auckland harbour
The Rainbow Warrior sunk in Auckland harbour
  • 1986 Robert Chambers, the "Preppie Killer" murders Jennifer Levin in New York City's Central Park, afterwards claimed "rough sex" as motive
  • 1987 Paul Molitor goes 0-for-4 ends hitting streak at 39 consecutive games
  • 1988 Mehran Karimi Nasseri arrives at Charles de Gaulle International Airport.
  • 1989 Trumbull, Conn, is 1st US team since 1983 to win Little League WS
  • 1990 2 murdered college students found in Gainesville, Florida
  • 1990 Bo Jackson hits 4th of 4 consecutive HRs
  • 1992 Hurricane Andrew makes landfall in Louisiana as Category 3 storm after causing deaths and severe damage in Florida
  • 1993 Ernest Shonekan is appointed interim president of Nigeria by General Ibrahim Babangida
  • 1995 Andrew Symonds hits 20 sixes in match for Gloucestershire v Glamorgan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1996 US President Bill Clinton signs welfare reform into law, representing major shift in welfare policy

42nd US President Bill Clinton
42nd US President
Bill Clinton
  • 1997 Beni-Ali massacre in Algeria; 60-100 people killed.

  • 1999 Michael Johnson breaks the 400 metres world record with a time of 43.18 seconds.
  • 2002 Earth Summit 2002 begins in Johannesburg, South Africa.
  • 2003 The Columbia Accident Investigation Board releases its final reports on Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.
  • 2008 Russia unilaterally recognizes the independence of the former Georgian breakaway republics Abkhazia and South Ossetia
  • 2011 The 787 Dreamliner, Boeing's all-new composite airliner, receives certification from the EASA and the FAA
  • 2012 17 villagers in Afghanistan's Kajaki district are beheaded by an unknown organization
  • 2012 36 people are killed in a bus crash in Yan'an, China
  • 2012 A Legionella outbreak in Quebec City, Canada, kills 8 and infects 104
  • 2013 All 25,000 applicants to the University of Liberia fail their university entrance examination
  • 2014 Democratic Republic of Congo's health ministry informs the WHO of an outbreak of Ebola; later confirmed as a different strain to that affecting west Africa
  • 2014 Israel and Hamas accept another ceasefire
  • 2015 WDBJ TV reporter Alison Parker and cameraman Adam Ward are fatally shot live on TV by an ex-colleague in Moneta, Virginia
  • 2017 Hurricane Harvey downgraded to a tropical storm, National Hurricane Center warns of “multiday rainfall disaster”
  • 2017 Violent clashes after conviction of spiritual leader Gurmeet Ram Rahim Singh kill 31 in Panchkula, 120 admitted to hospital
  • 2017 Half a million people take part in a peace march in Barcelona, following terrorist attacks

BeatificationPapal Visit

2018 Pope Francis asks for forgiveness in speech on child abuse in Dublin, during first official visit to Ireland since 1979

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2018 Emmerson Mnangagwa is sworn in as President of Zimbabwe

President of Zimbabwe Emmerson Mnangagwa
President of Zimbabwe
Emmerson Mnangagwa
  • 2018 Australian Foreign Minister Julie Bishop resigns after losing Liberal Party leadership contest
  • 2018 Archbishop Carlo Maria Vigano, former US Vatican Ambassador, claims Pope Francis knew of and ignored sex abuse allegations against Cardinal Theodore McCarrick
  • 2019 Johnson & Johnson ordered to pay state of Oklahoma $572 million in 1st trial against opioid manufacturer

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2019 Indonesian President Joko Widodo proposes moving the country's sinking and over-crowded capital from Jakarta to the island of Borneo (Kalimantan)

President of Indonesia Joko Widodo
President of Indonesia
Joko Widodo
  • 2019 Meeting of the G7 agrees on $20 million aid package to fight fires in the Amazon in Biarritz
  • 2019 Leo DiCaprio's environmental organization Earth Alliance donates $5 to fighting fires in the Amazon