On This Day

Events in History on August 27

  • 479 BC Greco-Persian Wars: Battle of Plataea, Persian forces led by Mardonius routed by Greek army under Pausanias; together with Greek success at Battle of Mycale halts Persian invasion of Greece
  • 479 BC Greco-Persian Wars: Battle of Mycale won by Greek forces over Persian naval troops on Ionian coast, double victory with that at Plataea ends Persian invasion
  • 663 Battle of Baekgang: Tang Chinese and Silla Korean forces defeat Korean Baekje forces and their Yamato Japanese allies on the Geum River in Korea. Last Japanese invasion of Korea for 900 years.
  • 1232 The Formulary of Adjudications is promulgated by Regent Hōjō Yasutoki. (Traditional Japanese date: August 10, 1232)
  • 1549 Battle of Dussindale: John Dudley Earl of Warwick destroys Robert Kett's army, ending Kett's rebellion in Norfolk, England
  • 1569 Pope Pius names Cosimo I de Medici as grand duke of Tuscany
  • 1585 Duke of Parma's troops occupy Antwerp
  • 1601 Olivier van Noort completes first Dutch exploration of new world
  • 1610 Polish King Wladyslaw crowned king of Russia
  • 1619 Frederik van Palts chosen as King of Bohemia
  • 1626 Battle of Lutter: Catholic League beats Danish king Christian IV
  • 1628 Java: Sultan Agung of Mataram attacks Batavia
  • 1634 Battle of Nordingen: Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar loses Duchy of Franconia
  • 1665 "Ye Bare & Ye Cubb" is the first play performed in North America in Acomac, Virginia
  • 1689 The Treaty of Nerchinsk is signed by Russia and the Qing empire
  • 1776 British defeat Americans in Battle of Long Island

BattleBattle of Interest

1782 Battle of the Combahee River near Beaufort, North Carolina, American abolitionist John Laurens is killed leading the charge

Soldier, Diplomat and Abolitionist John Laurens
Soldier, Diplomat and Abolitionist
John Laurens
  • 1783 First hydrogen balloon flight (unmanned); reaches an altitude of 900m
  • 1788 Jacques Neeker named as French minister of Finance
  • 1789 French National Assembly issues the "Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen"
  • 1798 Battle of Castlebar, Ireland: French army and Irish rebels rout a larger the British force
  • 1799 British invasion army lands in North Holland

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1813 Battle of Dresden; Napoleon defeats Austrians

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1816 Lord Exmouth bombards Algiers, a refuge for Barbary pirates
  • 1828 Uruguay gains independence during Brazil-Argentina peace talks
  • 1828 The Russians defeat the Turks at the Battle of Akhalzic.
  • 1832 Black Hawk, leader of Sauk-indians, gives himself up
  • 1859 1st successful oil well drilled, near Titusville, Pennsylvania, by Edwin Drake
  • 1861 Battle of Cape Hatteras SC-Union troops take Ft Clark
  • 1869 1st international boat race (River Thames, Oxford beats Harvard)
  • 1881 Hurricane hits Florida & Carolinas; about 700 die

Krakatoa: The World’s Mightiest ExplosionKrakatoa: The World’s Mightiest Explosion

1883 Krakatoa volcano, west of Java in Indonesia, erupts with a force of 1,300 megatons and kills approximately 40,000 people

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Anak Krakatau – the “Child of Krakatoa” – erupts in December, 2018, causing more than 400 deaths
Anak Krakatau – the “Child of Krakatoa” – erupts in December, 2018, causing more than 400 deaths
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  • 1894 Congress passes Wilson-Gorman Tariff Act, which includes a graduated income tax later struck down by the Supreme Court
  • 1896 Britain defeats Zanzibar in a 38-minute war (9:02 AM-9:40 AM). Shortest recorded war in history.

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1900 Battle of Bergendal: General Buller defeats the Boer under general Louis Botha

1st Prime Minister of South Africa Louis Botha
1st Prime Minister of South Africa
Louis Botha
  • 1910 Wash Red Killefer sacrifices record 4 times against Detroit

  • 1913 Swedish engineer Gideon Sundback of Hoboken applies to patent all-purpose zipper
  • 1913 Lt Pyotr Nesterov, of Imperial Russian Air Service, performs a loop in a monoplane at Kiev (1st aerobatic maneuver in an airplane)

BattleBattle of Interest

1914 Second day of Battle of Tannenberg (WWI): Germans bombard Usdau

German WWI General Erich Ludendorff
German WWI General
Erich Ludendorff
  • 1914 US war reporter Richard H Davis visits Leuven
  • 1916 Romania declares war on Austria-Hungary
  • 1917 Indians set club record by stealing eight bases in a game
  • 1918 Dr Joseph L Johnson named as US minister to Liberia
  • 1918 Spanish flu arrives in Boston, beginning of the second wave and deadliest wave in the US
  • 1926 2nd Women's World Games (track & field competition for women) is conducted over 3-days at the Slottsskogsvallen Stadium in Gothenburg, Sweden
  • 1927 Parks College, America's oldest aviation school, opens
  • 1928 16 die in a NYC subway's 2nd worst accident

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1928 Kellogg-Briand Pact, 60 nations agree to condemn 'recourse to war for the solution of international controversies'.

US Secretary of State Frank Kellogg
US Secretary of State
Frank Kellogg
11x Prime Minister of France Aristide Briand
11x Prime Minister of France
Aristide Briand
  • 1932 200,000 English textile workers strike
  • 1932 International anti-war congress opens in Amsterdam
  • 1937 George E T Eyston sets world auto speed record at 345.49 MPH
  • 1938 Two NYC subway trains collide at 116th Street killing 2 and injuring 51
  • 1939 Erich Warsitz in a Heinkel He-178 makes the 1st manned jet-propelled flight
  • 1939 Nazi Germany demands Danzig & Polish corridor

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands receives German ambassador Grave Zech

Queen of the Netherlands Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
Queen of the Netherlands
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
  • 1940 Caproni-Campini CC-2, experimental jet plane, maiden flight (Milan)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Shah of Iran Rezā Shāh Pahlavi abdicates throne in favour of his son Mohammad Reza Pahlavi

Last Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Last Shah of Iran
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
  • 1942 Cuba declares war on Germany, Japan & Italy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Soviet woman sniper Lyudmila Pavlichenko arrives in Washington D.C., the 1st Soviet citizen welcomed at the White House, by Eleanor Roosevelt

Soviet Sniper Lyudmila Pavlichenko
Soviet Sniper
Lyudmila Pavlichenko
US First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt
US First Lady
Eleanor Roosevelt
  • 1944 200 RAF Halifax bombers attack oil installations in Hamburg
  • 1945 US troops land in Japan after Japanese surrender
  • 1948 102°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in August
  • 1950 General Foods blacklists Jean Muir of Aldrich Family for alleged communist sympathies
  • 1955 "Guinness Book of World Records" 1st published
  • 1956 Curt Robert of Columbus (Intl League) hits 4 HRs in 7 inning game
  • 1957 Hickory Smoke wins Hambletonian Stakes
  • 1957 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1957 The Constitution of Malaysia comes into force
  • 1958 Clark Griffith says Senators will probably accept offer to move to Minnesota
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at South Atlantic Ocean
  • 1958 USSR launches Sputnik 3 with two dogs aboard
  • 1961 Francis the Talking Mule is mystery guest on "What's My Line"
  • 1962 Mariner 2 launched; first probe to fly by Venus
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1966 Francis Chichester begins 1st solo sail around world
  • 1966 Race riot in Waukegan, Illinois

  • 1968 Protest by the Derry Housing Action Committee (DHAC) at the Guildhall's council chamber; after which Eamon Melaugh phones the Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association (NICRA) to organise a march in Derry
  • 1969 Lindy's Pride wins Hambletonian Stakes
  • 1969 Mike Procter hits six consecutive sixes (across two overs)
  • 1972 US bombs Haiphong, North Vietnam
  • 1977 Army shoots on market vendor women in Conakry, Guinea
  • 1979 Warrenpoint ambush: 18 British Army soldiers killed when Provisional IRA explode two roadside bombs as a British convoy passes Narrow Water Castle

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, cousin of Queen Elizabeth II and last Viceroy of India, is killed along with three companions, two of them children by the IRA when his boat is blown up near Sligo, Ireland

Supreme Allied Commander and Last Viceroy of India Lord Mountbatten
Supreme Allied Commander and Last Viceroy of India
Lord Mountbatten
  • 1980 Chon Doo Hwan elected president of South Korea
  • 1981 Divers begin to recover a safe found aboard sunken Italian liner Andrea Doria
  • 1981 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1982 Soyuz T-7 returns to Earth
  • 1983 Haiti adopts constitution
  • 1983 US performs nuclear test

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1984 US President Ronald Reagan announces 'Teacher in Space' project

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1984 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1984 War Against Indiscipline is launched by the Buhari regime in Nigeria
  • 1985 20th Space Shuttle Mission (51-I)-Discovery 6-launched

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1985 General Ibrahim Babangida overthrows Major General Muhammadu Buhari's regime in Nigeria

President of Nigeria Muhammadu Buhari
President of Nigeria
Muhammadu Buhari
General and President of Nigeria Ibrahim Babangida
General and President of Nigeria
Ibrahim Babangida
  • 1986 Protests erupt in Soweto, South Africa, against evictions carried out after an 11 week rent boycott
  • 1989 100 march through Bensonhurst protesting racial killings

  • 1989 89th US Golf Amateur Championship won by Chris Patton
  • 1990 52 Americans arrive in Turkey from Iraq
  • 1990 Market prices plunge as OPEC nears informal agreement to increase output to cover shortfall due to invasion; cash market trading experiences abrupt decline.
  • 1991 Moldavia declares independence from USSR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1991 Nigerian President Ibrahim Babangida creates nine states: Abia, Enugu, Delta, Jigawa, Kebbi, Osun, Kogi, Taraba, and Yobe

General and President of Nigeria Ibrahim Babangida
General and President of Nigeria
Ibrahim Babangida
  • 1993 Yak-40 crashes in Tadzjikistan, 79 killed/1 lives
  • 1993 The Rainbow Bridge connecting Tokyo's Shibaura and the island of Odaiba is completed.
  • 1995 Worst fire in New York in 80 years ends after 4 days

RussiaOstankino Tower

2000 540-metre (1,772 ft)-tall Ostankino Tower in Moscow catches fire, three people are killed.

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Ostankino Tower, Moscow
Ostankino Tower, Moscow
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  • 2003 Mars makes its closest approach to Earth in nearly 60,000 years, passing 34,646,418 miles (55,758,005 km) distant.
  • 2006 Comair Flight 5191 crashes on takeoff from Blue Grass Airport in Lexington, Kentucky, bound for Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport in Atlanta, Georgia killing 49 of 50 on board

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

2008 Barack Obama becomes the first African-American to be nominated by a major political party for President of the United States

44th US President Barack Obama
44th US President
Barack Obama
  • 2012 First interplanetary human voice recording is broadcast from the Mars Rover Curiosity
  • 2014 Medical charity Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) calls the international response to Ebola “irresponsible” and “slow and derisory”
  • 2015 Greek President Prokopis Pavlopoulos names top Supreme Court judge, Vassiliki Thanou caretaker Prime Minister - Greece's 1st female Prime Minister

Book releaseHistoric Publication

2015 "The Shepherd's Crown" by Terry Pratchett published by Doubleday, 5 months after the author's death, last book in the Discworld series

Novelist Terry Pratchett
Novelist
Terry Pratchett
  • 2018 UN releases report saying Myanmar military leaders should face genocide and crimes against humanity charges for violence against Rohingya
  • 2019 At least 25 people killed in a fire at a bar, deliberately lit by gang members in Coatzacoalcos, Mexico
  • 2020 Australian terrorist Brenton Tarrant sentenced to life without parole, for the killing of 51 mosque worshippers in Christchurch, New Zealand, 1st time the country imposes the sentence [1]
  • 2020 Hurricane Laura makes landfall in Louisiana near the Texas border as a category 4 storm with 150 mph winds, killing at least 16

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

2020 Mike Pence accepts nomination for vice president at the Republican convention, calling for "law and order" after the shooting of Jacob Blake

48th Vice President of the United States Mike Pence
48th Vice President of the United States
Mike Pence
Victim of Police Brutality Jacob Blake
Victim of Police Brutality
Jacob Blake