Events in History on August 28

  • 475 Roman general Orestes forces western Roman Emperor Julius Nepos to flee his capital city, Ravenna, now seen as the end of the Roman Empire in the West
  • 476 German ruler Flavius Odoacer captures Pavia

End of the Western Roman Empire

476 Orestes, father of Emperor Romulus Augustulus is captured and executed by Odoacer and his followers

  • 489 King of the Ostrogoths Theodoric the Great defeats Germanic King of Italy Odoacer at the Battle of Isonzo, forcing his way into Italy
  • 1189 Third Crusade: the Crusaders begin the Siege of Acre under Guy of Lusignan

Election of Interest

1207 King John of England grants small town of Liverpool a charter (right to elect a mayor and aldermen)

  • 1521 Belgrade captured by troops of Turkish Sultan Suleyman the Magnificent
  • 1542 Turkish-Portuguese War (1538-1557) - Battle of Wofla: the Portuguese are scattered, their leader Christovão da Gama is captured and afterwards executed.

Historic Discovery

1609 English explorer Henry Hudson, discovers and explores Delaware Bay

Election of Interest

1619 Ferdinand II elected Holy Roman Emperor (rules till 1637)

  • 1632 Henry Casimir I appointed viceroy of Drenthe
  • 1637 WIC-colonel Hans Koin conquers Fort Elmina, West Africa

Battle of Interest

1640 Second Bishop's War: King Charles I's English army loses to a Scottish Covenanter force at the Battle of Newburn

  • 1655 New Amsterdam & Peter Stuyvesant bars Jews from military service
  • 1777 American Revolutionary War - Battle of Cooch's Bridge takes place near Newark, Delaware.

Historic Discovery

1789 William Herschel discovers Saturn's moon Enceladus

Horse in Race Against a Train

1830 1st American built locomotive, "Tom Thumb" races a horse-drawn car from Stockton and Stokes stagecoach company from Baltimore to Ellicott Mills. Let history record that due to mechanical problems the horse won!

  • 1837 Pharmacists John Lea & William Perrins manufacture Worcestershire Sauce
  • 1840 Nine Jewish prisoners are released from Damascus jails
  • 1845 Scientific American magazine publishes its first issue
  • 1849 Venice under Daniele Manin surrenders to Austrians under Radetsky, having been under siege since July 20 after proclaiming independence
  • 1859 A geomagnetic storm causes the Aurora Borealis to shine so brightly that it is seen clearly over parts of USA, Europe, and even as far afield as Japan
  • 1861 American Civil War: Battle of Fort Hatteras, North Carolina, 1st combined operation of Union Army and Navy results in Union domination of strategically important North Carolina Sounds
  • 1862 Battle of Groveton, Virginia (Manassas Plains) [->AUG 19]
  • 1862 Battle of Thoroughfare Gap, Virginia
  • 1862 Belle Boyd released from Old Capital Prison in Washington, D.C.
  • 1867 The United States formally takes control of Midway Atoll, years after it was sighted and claimed by Captain N.C. Brooks

1st Photograph of a Tornado

1884 First known photograph of a tornado is made near Howard, South Dakota

  • 1898 Caleb Bradham renames his carbonated soft drink "Pepsi-Cola".
  • 1907 United Parcel Service is founded by James E. Casey in Seattle, Washington.
  • 1910 Nicholas I of Montenegro again proclaims himself king (first assumed power 1860) after his reign interrupted by Turkish rule
  • 1911 45.7 cm rainfall at St George, Georgia (state record)

Historic Event

1913 Queen Wilhelmina opens Peace Palace in The Hague

  • 1914 World War I: Battle of Helgoland Bight (North Sea); British fleet decisively beats Germans, nearly 800 die, and over 200 wounded

Historic Event

1914 World War I: British General John French orders civilian evacuation of Amiens, France as German forces push in from Belgium

Battle of Interest

1914 World War I: Third day of Battle of Tannenberg, near Allenstein, East Prussia (present-day Poland); violent German vs. Russian battles

  • 1916 Germany declares war on Romania
  • 1916 Italy declares war against Germany
  • 1917 Ten suffragists arrested as they picket the White House
  • 1919 General John Smuts becomes premier of South Africa
  • 1921 2nd Pan-African Congress meets (London, Brussels & Paris)
  • 1922 WEAF in NYC airs 1st radio commercial (Queensboro Realty-$100 for 10 mins)
  • 1924 Georgian opposition stages the August Uprising against the Soviet Union
  • 1925 Meteorite falls on Ellemeet, Schouwen, Devil Island
  • 1937 Toyota Motors becomes an independent company.
  • 1938 Mauthausen concentration camp opens in Austria
  • 1938 Northwestern University awards honorary degree to dummy Charlie McCarthy
  • 1938 On Connie Mack Day at Philadelphia's Shibe Park, the A's win a doubleheader

Historic Event

1939 Gen Bernard Montgomery ("Monty") becomes commander of 3rd "Iron" Infantry division

  • 1939 Journalist Care Hollingworth observes the “large numbers of troops, literally hundreds of tanks, armored cars and field guns” Germany had aligned along the Polish border. Three days later, Hitler invades Poland and WWII begins.
  • 1939 Netherland mobilizes
  • 1940 French colonies Cameroon/Congo-Brazzaville support Gen De Gaulle
  • 1941 Last meeting of resistance fighter Comte d'Estienne d'Orves
  • 1942 Gunther Hagg (Sweden) sets world record for 3,000m (8:01.2)
  • 1942 Transport #25 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany

Historic Event

1943 Benito Mussolini transferred from La Maddalena Sardinia to Gran Sasso

  • 1943 Denmark declares a universal strike against Nazi occupiers
  • 1944 Last German troops in Marseille surrendered & Toulon cleared
  • 1944 US air raid on Ambon Island, Dutch East Indies
  • 1950 Earle & Roy Mack, purchase 54% of the Philadelphia A's from Connie Mack Jr
  • 1952 German & Israeli reach accord about recovery payments
  • 1952 Yakov Malik succeeds Valerian Zorin as Soviet Foreign minister
  • 1953 "Me & Juliet" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 358 performances
  • 1955 1st NFL preseason sudden death football, Rams beats Giants 23-17

Historic Event

1955 Chicago black teenager Emmett Till is kidnapped, beaten and shot dead by white men in Money, Mississippi. His killers are eventually acquitted, but the case helps ignite the US civil rights movement.

  • 1957 US Senator James Thurmond (Rep, SC) begins 24-hr filibuster against civil rights bill
  • 1962 55.9 cm rainfall at Hackberry, Louisiana (state record)
  • 1962 Dr Geza De Kaplany tortures his wife with acid to punish her for supposed infidelity
  • 1963 Evergreen Point Floating Bridge connecting Seattle & Bellevue opens

March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom

1963 Martin Luther King Jr. delivers his "I have a dream" speech addressing the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom civil rights march at Lincoln Memorial, Washington, D.C.

  • 1964 Race riot in Philadelphia
  • 1964 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1964 US weather satellite Nimbus 1 launched
  • 1965 1st Subway sandwich shop opens in Bridgeport, Connecticut
  • 1967 Asif Iqbal & Intikhab Alam make 190 stand for 9th wkt v England
  • 1968 Northern Irish MP Gerry Fitt tables a House of Commons motion criticising the Royal Ulster Constabulary at Dungannon, "citizens of Northern Ireland should be allowed the same rights of peaceful demonstration as those in other parts of the United Kingdom"
  • 1968 Police & anti-war demonstrators clash at Chicago's Democratic National Convention
  • 1971 The US dollar is allowed to float against the Japanese yen for the first time.
  • 1972 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1973 6.8 quake centered in Oaxaca State in Mexico kills 527
  • 1973 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1973 India & Pakistan sign POW accord
  • 1973 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1974 Soyuz 15 returns to Earth
  • 1976 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1978 Donald Vesco rode 21'-long Kawasaki motorcycle at 318.598 mph
  • 1978 Ja'afar Sharif-Emami appointed premier of Iran
  • 1979 IRA bomb explodes in Brussels' Great Market
  • 1979 Train crash at Nijmegen, 7 die
  • 1980 First use of a Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) machine to scan the human body at Aberdeen Royal Infirmary, Scotland
  • 1981 National Centers for Disease Control announces high incidence of Pneumocystis & Kaposi's sarcoma in gay men
  • 1982 The first Gay Games are held in San Francisco.
  • 1982 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1983 Greg Luzinski is 1st player to put 3 HRs onto roof at Comiskey Park

Historic Event

1983 Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin announces his resignation

  • 1983 Joseph Kreckman sets record of 2,215 clay pigeons shot in an hour
  • 1984 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1986 Bolivia president Victor Paz Estensoro calls state of siege
  • 1986 US Navy officer Jerry A Whitworth sentenced to 365 years for spying
  • 1988 70 killed in crash of three Italian air force fighters at air show at Ramstein, Germany
  • 1989 1st regular-season matchup of defending Cy Young Award winners
  • 1990 F5 strength tornado hits Plainfield, Illinois, killing 29 and injuring 353
  • 1991 Lexington Ave IRT subway train derails at Union Square, 5 die
  • 1993 Dam breaks in Qinghai West China, 223 killed
  • 1993 Jakovlev-42 crashes in Tadzjikistan, 76 killed
  • 1993 Long Beach California beats Panama for little league world championship
  • 1993 Singapore vice-premier Teng Cheong elected president
  • 1994 1st Japanese gay pride parade
  • 1995 Kuwaiti Oil Minister Abdul Mohsen al-Medej announces that his country will increase its oil production capacity to as much as 3.5 million barrels per day by 2005
  • 1995 Northants 7-781 declared defeats Nottinghamshire 527 & 157
  • 1996 Liam Botham takes 5-67 on 1st-class debut Hants v Middlesex
  • 1997 Belgian amusement park riders were stuck upside down for 90 minutes
  • 1998 Pakistan's National Assembly passes a constitutional amendment to make the "Qur'an and Sunnah" the "supreme law" but the bill is defeated in the Senate.
  • 2003 An electricity blackout cuts off power to around 500,000 people living in south east England and brings 60% of London's underground rail network to a halt.

Historic Event

2007 The Venetian Macao, the second-largest casino in the world, opens in Macao, owned by Las Vegas Sands

Presidential Convention

2012 Mitt Romney is officially nominated as the United States Republican Party's candidate

  • 2013 51 people are killed in a series of bombings across Iraq
  • 2013 China and Russia walk out of a UN Security Council meeting after the US pushes for immediate action against Syria's use of chemical weapons
  • 2017 Investigation into German nurse Niels Högel, a serving life sentence for killing two patients, concludes he probably killed 86 more
  • 2017 Kenya brings in world's toughest ban on plastic bags with possible US$38,000 fine and four years in jail
  • 2017 North Korea launches missile that flies over Japan, the country's J-Alert warning system warns people to take cover
  • 2018 Chinese ride-sharing firm Didi Chuxing issues public apology after second Hitch passenger killed within three months
  • 2018 Puerto Rico raises official death toll of 2017 Hurricane Maria from 64 to 2,975

Historic Event

2019 British PM Boris Johnson prorogues parliament, suspending it for 5 weeks to limit opposition to a no deal Brexit, prompting a furious backlash

Historic Event

2019 Climate change activist Greta Thunberg arrives in New York after sailing across the Atlantic in an emissions-free voyage

  • 2019 Discovery of 3.8-million-year-old skull of early human ancestor Australopithecus anamensis, found by Yohannes Haile-Selassie, at Miro Dora, Ethiopia, upends previous evolutionary theory published in journal "Nature"

Historic Event

2019 New Italian coalition government formed of anti-establishment Five Star Movement and center-left Democratic Party ousting Matteo Salvini

  • 2019 US Senator Kirsten Gillibrand ends her campaign for president
  • 2020 Japanese tech company SkyDrive says it has completed the first manned test flight of a flying car
  • 2022 Pakistan appeals for international aid as the death toll from monsoon rain and floods rises to over 1,000 people