Events in History on August 3

Roman Empire

8 Roman Empire general Tiberius defeats Dalmatians on the river Bathinus

Historic Event

435 Deposed Patriarch of Constantinople Nestorius, considered the originator of Nestorianism, exiled by Byzantine Emperor Theodosius II to a monastery in Egypt

  • 881 Battle at Saucourt: French King Louis III beats the Vikings
  • 1108 Louis VI "The Fat" King of France, crowned at the cathedral in Orléans after his half brother prevents him reaching Reims
  • 1312 Power of Luik Patriarch murders over 200

Santa María

1492 Christopher Columbus sets sail on his first voyage with three ships, Santa María, Pinta and Niña from Palos de la Frontera, Spain for the "Indies"

  • 1527 First known letter sent from North America by John Rut while at St. John's, Newfoundland
  • 1529 "Peace of the Ladies" (Treaty of Cambrai) made between Holy Roman Empire and the French, negotiated by Louise of Savoy and Margaret of Austria
  • 1557 Dutch States-General meet at Valenciennes
  • 1596 David Fabricius discovers light variation of Mira (1st variable star)
  • 1635 Tokugawa Iemitsu, 3rd Tokugawa shogun, establishes alternate attendance (sankin kotai) feudal daimyōs spend 1 year at Edo Castle (Tokyo) and 1 year at their feudal manor, while their families remain in Tokyo as hostages (Traditional Japanese Date: June 21)
  • 1640 2,000 men VOC-army surrounds the city of Malacca
  • 1640 Zorilla's "Bire el Ojo" premieres in Toledo
  • 1645 Battle of Allersheim: French defeat Bavarians
  • 1650 Viceroy Willem II and Amsterdam reach accord about standing army
  • 1676 Nathaniel Bacon publishes "Declaration of People of Virginia"
  • 1678 Robert LaSalle builds 1st ship in America, Griffon
  • 1692 Battle at Steenkerke: French beat English/Dutch army
  • 1704 English/Dutch fleet under Rooke/Callenburgh occupy Gibraltar
  • 1708 Battle at Trencsén: Austria beats Hungarian rebellion army
  • 1778 Teatro alla Scala opens in Milan
  • 1797 Emperor Francis I permits Jews who served in military in "Countries of Bohemian Crown" to marry non Jews

Victory in Battle

1798 Battle of the Nile: British Admiral Horatio Nelson forces the remnants of the French fleet to surrender, concluding a decisive victory for the British who capture or destroy 11 French ships of the line and 2 frigates

Historic Expedition

1804 Naturalist Alexander von Humboldt lands at Bordeaux, France completing his 5 year expedition to Latin America

  • 1833 HMS Beagle reaches river mouth of Rio Negro
  • 1855 Rotterdam-Gouda railway opens
  • 1860 The Second Maori War begins in New Zealand
  • 1861 Federal fleet bombards Galveston, Texas
  • 1863 Governor Seymour asks Lincoln to suspend draft in NY
  • 1880 American Canoe Association founded at Lake George, NY, first Commodore William L. Alden
  • 1881 Boers signs Convention of Pretoria: Transvaal semi-autonomous
  • 1882 US Congress passes 1st law restricting immigration

Historic Event

1900 Firestone Tire and Rubber Company founded

  • 1904 British journalist Francis Younghusband visits forbidden city Lhasa
  • 1907 Emperor Wilhelm (Germany) meets with Tsar Nicholas (Russia) to discuss Germany's plan to build a railroad to Baghdad; the discussion helps move Russia towards Britain and eventually the Triple Alliance
  • 1908 French brothers Amadee and Jean Bouyssonie discover the fossil remains of a nearly complete 60,000 year-old Neanderthal man 'Old man of La Chappelle' at La Chappelle-aux-Saints, France
  • 1913 Wheatland Hop Riot on a California farm, 4 die in one of the first farm labour disputes
  • 1914 1st unofficial trip through the Panama Canal by the SS Christobel
  • 1914 Belgium rejects demand to allow free crossing for German Army leading to their invasion hours later

Historic Event

1914 British Foreign Secretary Edward Grey famously remarks "The lamps are going out all over Europe. We shall not see them lit again in our time."

  • 1914 French fleet sails to North Africa
  • 1914 German battle cruiser Goeben leaves Messina
  • 1914 Germany invades Belgium and declares war on France, beginning World War I
  • 1914 World Alliance for Promoting International Friendship through Churches forms
  • 1918 The first allied troops land at Archangel, the Russian port on the White Seas
  • 1921 1st aerial crop dusting in Troy, Ohio, to kill caterpillars

Historic Event

1923 Vice President Calvin Coolidge becomes 30th US President upon death of President Warren G. Harding

  • 1925 Last US troops leave Nicaragua (there since 1912)
  • 1926 Traffic lights installed at Piccadilly Circus, London

Historic Event

1934 Adolf Hitler merges the offices of German Chancellor and President, declaring himself "Führer" (leader)

Theater Premiere

1939 Jean Genet's play "Ondine" premieres in Paris

  • 1940 Italian troops invade British Somalia
  • 1940 Lithuanian SSR is accepted into USSR
  • 1940 Seaplane Clare makes 1st British passenger flight to the US
  • 1941 Gas (petroleum) sales limited in US
  • 1941 German troops conquer Roslavl USSR

Historic Event

1943 General George S. Patton slaps a US GI in hospital, accusing him of cowardice

  • 1943 Nazi occupiers attack city of Orel, leave it on fire
  • 1944 Allied troops under Lieutenant-General Joseph Stilwell take Myitkyina, Burma

Historic Event

1944 Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp gases 4,000 gypsies

  • 1944 General Montgomery visits general Dempsey's headquarter
  • 1946 Belgian government of Huysmans forms
  • 1948 FDR advisor Alger Hiss accused of being a "communist"
  • 1949 Republic Indonesia proclaims cease fire
  • 1951 William H Jackson ends term as deputy director of CIA
  • 1953 Frank Blair becomes news anchor of "Today Show"
  • 1954 1st VTOL (Vertical Take-off & Land) flown
  • 1955 Hurricane Connie begins pounding US for 11 days, making landfall in North Carolina, and travelling to the Great Lakes
  • 1957 British offensive against imam Galeb Ben Ali of Oman
  • 1958 USS Nautilus reaches North Pole, 1st submarine to achieve submarine transit of North Pole
  • 1959 50 killed in uprising in Guinea-Bissau
  • 1960 Lee Petty and his sons, Richard & Maurice race against each other for the first and only time at Dixie Speedway in Birmingham, Alabama; Richard 2nd, Lee 3rd
  • 1960 Niger gains independence from France
  • 1962 29th Chicago College All-Star Game: Green Bay 42, All-Stars 20, 65,000 at Soldier Field
  • 1967 45,000 US soldiers sent to Vietnam
  • 1967 James Law rides entire NYC subway in 22 hrs 12 minutes
  • 1968 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1970 Christopher Hampton's "Philanthropist" premieres in London
  • 1970 Hurricane "Celia" becomes most expensive Gulf storm in history
  • 1970 Mairiam Hargrave of Yorkshire passes her driving test on 40th try

Historic Event

1972 British premier Edward Heath proclaims emergency crisis due to dock strike

  • 1972 Chozen-ji/Intl Zen Dojo founded by Omori Sogen Roshi, in Hawaii
  • 1972 US Senate ratifies the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty with the Soviet Union to limit the use of missile systems capable of defending against missile-delivered nuclear weapons
  • 1973 Flash fire kills 51 at amusement park (Isle of Man, UK)
  • 1973 National People's party wins Dutch Antilles National elections
  • 1975 500 drown when 2 river boats collide and sink in China's West River
  • 1975 Louisiana Superdome is dedicated
  • 1975 Poland and West Germany reach accord about returning ethnic Germans
  • 1977 Radio Shack introduces the TRS-80 personal computer, within weeks thousands were ordered
  • 1977 United States Senate Hearing on MKULTRA.
  • 1978 11th Commonwealth Games open in Edmonton, Canada
  • 1979 Fastest jai-alai shot (188 mph), Jose Arieto at Newport Jai Alai, Rhode Island
  • 1979 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Historic Event

1981 13,000 Air Traffic Controllers (PATCO) begin their strike; US President Ronald Reagan offers ultimatum to workers: 'if they do not report for work within 48 hours, they have forfeited their jobs and will be terminated'

  • 1981 France performs nuclear test in Pacific
  • 1981 Senegalese opposition parties, under the leadership of Mamadou Dia, launch the Antiimperialist Action Front-Suxxali Reew Mi.
  • 1983 John Sain of South Bend, Indiana, builds 3.91 m house of cards
  • 1983 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1984 365.7 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange
  • 1984 Bomb attack on Madras India airport, 32 killed
  • 1985 "Nihilator" set harness pacing mile (1:49.6) in East Rutherford, NJ
  • 1985 Train crash at Flaujac, France: 35 killed
  • 1987 Discovery in Orbital Processing Facility is powered up for STS-26
  • 1988 David "Skip" Storch (37) swims 152.9 miles (246 km) of Hudson River from Albany to NYC
  • 1989 Lawrence Delisle drives his 4 kids into river
  • 1990 98.8°F (37.1°C) in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire (UK record)
  • 1990 Radio Kuwait resigns air, due to Iraqi invasion
  • 1990 US announces commitment of Naval forces to Gulf regions
  • 1991 Giant Victory driven by Jack Moiseyev wins Hambletonian, 2nd $1m purse in 22 days for Moiseyev after winning Meadowlands Pace
  • 1994 102.4°F (39.1°C) in Tokyo Japan: record
  • 1994 1st Jordanian plane to fly over Israeli airspace (King Hussein pilot)
  • 1996 US General William F. Garrison accepts responsibility for outcome of the 1993 raid in Somalia, and retires from military service
  • 1997 Oued El-Had and Mezouara massacre in Algeria; 40-76 villagers killed.
  • 1997 Sky Tower opens in Auckland, New Zealand, at 328 metres (1,076 ft) the tallest freestanding structure in the Southern Hemisphere
  • 2000 South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission's Amnesty Committee grants amnesty to Curnick Ndlovu, the KwaZulu-Natal leader of the African National Congress and United Democratic Front, for committing sabotage during December 1961 and June 1963 near Durban
  • 2001 The Real IRA detonate a car bomb in Ealing, London, injuring 7 people

Historic Event

2001 US President George W. Bush signs into law the Iran and Libya Sanctions Act (ILSA) Extension Act of 2001

  • 2004 MESSENGER spacecraft launches from Cape Canaveral

Statue of Liberty

2004 The pedestal of the Statue of Liberty reopens after being closed since the September 11, 2001 attacks

  • 2005 President Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya of Mauritania is overthrown in a military coup while attending the funeral of King Fahd in Saudi Arabia
  • 2012 United Nations General Assembly reproaches The United Nations Security Council over its lack of action in Syria
  • 2013 80 people are killed in a wave of insurgency across Iraq
  • 2013 9 children are killed by a suicide bombing in Jalalabad, Afghanistan
  • 2014 At least 13 Palestinians reported killed in ongoing air raids and tank shelling by Israel
  • 2014 The Israeli Defence Force remove much of its ground forces from the Gaza Strip following the destruction of 32 tunnels built by Hamas and other militants

Historic Event

2015 Chilean-born author Isabel Allende receives the US Presidential Medal of Freedom from Barack Obama

  • 2015 The Athens Stock Exchange re-opens after a month and falls by 22%

Historic Event

2015 US President Obama unveils his Clean Power Plan to cut greenhouse gases

Election of Interest

2017 Iranian President Hassan Rouhani is elected for his second term as President

  • 2017 Massachusetts woman Michelle Carter sentenced to 2 1/2 years for urging her boyfriend to commit suicide
  • 2019 Suspected domestic terrorist shoots and kills 22 and injures 24 at a Walmart store in El Paso, Texas
  • 2020 Hurricane Isaias makes landfall in the US as a Category 1 hurricane near Ocean Isle Beach, North Carolina
  • 2020 Number of Iranian COVID-19 deaths triple that of government tally, showing 42,000 have died instead of 14,405, according to BBC Persian Service investigation [1]
  • 2020 Spain's former King Juan Carlos announces he will go into exile abroad amid his implication in a corruption inquiry
  • 2021 132 wildfires in Turkey's southern coastal Manavgat district have burnt 118,789 hectares of land in six days, killing eight people [1]
  • 2021 Hawaii's largest wildfire on record, Mana Road Fire in South Kohala, finally being brought under control after burning through 40,000 acres
  • 2022 48% of Mexico's states experiencing drought, conditions acute in Monterrey where authorities deliver nine million liters of water daily to 400 neighborhoods after taps have run dry [1]
  • 2022 Ascent skyscraper in Milwaukee certified as the world's tallest timber building at 25 stories, 86.6 metres (284 feet) [1]
  • 2022 Cells of recently dead pigs brought back to life by researchers at Yale University, with huge implications for organ transplants and stroke sufferers, as well as ethical questions over definition of death [1]

Historic Event

2022 US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi is the first speaker to visit Taiwan in 25 years, prompting condemnation from the Chinese Communist Party [1]