Events in History on August 30

  • 257 St Sixtus II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1125 Duke Lotharius of Supplinburg elected king of Germany
  • 1146 European leaders outlaw the crossbow, intending to end war for all time
  • 1363 Beginning of the Battle of Lake Poyang; two Chinese rebel leaders Chen Youliang and Zhu Yuanzhang are pitted against each other in what was one of the largest naval battles in history during Mongol-led Yuan Dynasty
  • 1464 Pietro Barbo elected to succeed Pope Pius II as Pope Paul II
  • 1481 2 Latvian monarchs executed for conspiracy to Polish king Casimir IV
  • 1563 Jewish community of Neutitschlin, Moravia, expelled
  • 1574 Ram Das becomes the 4th Sikh Guru

Historic Event

1590 Tokugawa Ieyasu enters Edo Castle (Traditional Japanese date: August 1, 1590)

  • 1645 Dutch & Indians sign peace treaty (New Amsterdam (NY))
  • 1673 Leopold I, Spain, Netherlands & Lutherans form anti-French covenant

Historic Event

1682 William Penn leaves England to sail to the New World

  • 1721 Russian and Swedish sign Treaty of Nystad, ending North Sea War
  • 1757 Battle at Gross Jagerndorf: Russian army beats Prussia [OS=Aug 19]
  • 1776 Continental Army evacuates Long Island and falls back to Manhattan, NYC
  • 1791 HMS Pandora sank after running aground on a reef the previous day, on her return from her search for the Bounty and the mutineers who had taken her
  • 1799 Batavian fleet surrenders to British
  • 1800 Gabriel Prosser leads a slave rebellion in Richmond, Virginia
  • 1813 Battle of Kulm: French forces defeated by Austrian-Prussian-Russian alliance
  • 1835 City of Melbourne, Australia, is founded
  • 1836 The city of Houston is founded by Augustus Chapman Allen and John Kirby Allen
  • 1843 1st time African-Americans participate in a national political convention (Liberty Party)
  • 1850 Honolulu, Hawaii, becomes a city
  • 1860 1st British tram begins operating in Birkenhead
  • 1861 John Frémont issues proclamation freeing slaves of Missouri rebels
  • 1862 Battle of Altamont-Confederates beat Union forces in Tennessee

Second Battle of Bull Run

1862 Second Battle of Bull Run in Manassas, Virginia, ends with a Confederate victory over Union forces

  • 1873 Austrian explorers Julius von Payer and Karl Weyprecht discover the archipelago of Franz Joseph Land in the Arctic Sea.
  • 1885 13,000 meteors seen in 1 hour near Andromeda
  • 1888 Lord Walsingham kills 1,070 grouse in a single day

Historic Event

1890 President Benjamin Harrison signed the first U.S. law requiring inspection of meat products

  • 1894 British explorer Frederick Lugard begins his expedition to Niger
  • 1895 Belgium begins compulsory Roman Catholic education
  • 1896 Eight provinces in the Philippines are declared under martial law by the Spanish Governor General Ramon Blanco. Including provinces of Batangas, Rizal, Cavite and Nueva Ecija
  • 1897 The town of Ambiky is captured by France from Menabe in Madagascar
  • 1900 Last 2,000 British prisoners in Nooitgedagt, South Africa, freed
  • 1901 English engineer Hubert Cecil Booth patents the powered vacuum cleaner
  • 1905 Pogoro/Ngindo attack Fort Mahenge in German East-Africa
  • 1906 NY Highlander Joe Doyle debuts pitching back-to-back shut-outs
  • 1909 Burgess Shale fossil site - one of most diverse and best-preserved in the world, discovered by Charles Doolittle Walcott in Candaian Rocky Mountains (now British Columbia's Yoho National Park)
  • 1914 1st German plane bombs Paris, 2 killed

Battle of Interest

1914 Battle of Tannenberg (WWI) in East Prussia ends in destruction of the Russian Second Army with 122,000-170,000 killed, injured or captured by the German 8th Army led by Paul von Hindenburg and Erich Ludendorff

  • 1916 Boston's Dutch Leonard no-hits St Louis Browns, 4-0
  • 1918 Czechoslovakia forms independent republic

Assassination Attempt

1918 Fanya Kaplan attempts but fails to assassinate Lenin, new leader of Soviet Russia

  • 1919 Ernst Toller's "Die Wandlung" premieres in Berlin
  • 1925 6th Iron pilgrim at Diksmuide Belgium

Historic Event

1928 Jawaharlal Nehru requests independence of India

Election of Interest

1932 Hermann Goering elected Chairman of the German Reichstag

  • 1933 Air France forms from five French airlines

Historic Event

1933 Portuguese dictator António de Oliveira Salazar forms secret police (PIDE)

  • 1939 General Reijnders appointed supreme commander of Dutch army

Appointment of Interest

1939 Isoroku Yamamoto appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Japanese fleet

  • 1939 Poland mobilizes for war

Historic Event

1941 Winston Churchill approves a nuclear programme (Tube Alloys), first national leader to do so

  • 1942 Nazi-Germany annexes Luxembourg
  • 1944 Philip Yordan's "Anna Lucasta" premieres in NYC
  • 1944 Soviet troops enter Bucharest, Romania
  • 1945 Hong Kong liberated from Japanese control

Historic Event

1945 US General Douglas MacArthur lands in Japan

  • 1949 Roly Jenkins (Worcs v Surrey) takes his 2nd hat-trick of the game
  • 1951 US & Philippines sign mutual defense pact
  • 1954 Hurricane Carol kills 68 on the US East Coast
  • 1956 Lake Pontchartrain Causeway opens in Louisiana, longest continuous bridge in the world
  • 1956 USSR performs nuclear test (atmospheric tests)
  • 1956 White mob prevents enrollment of blacks at Mansfield High School, Texas
  • 1957 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Historic Event

1957 US senator Strom Thurmond speaks 24hrs 27m against civil rights

  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at S Atlantic Ocean
  • 1960 East Germany imposes a partial blockade on West Berlin
  • 1961 James Benton Parsons is confirmed as 1st African American judge of a US District Court
  • 1961 Last Spanish troops leave Morocco
  • 1961 USSR says it will resume nuclear testing
  • 1962 Japan conducts a test of the NAMC YS-11, its first aircraft since the war and its only successful commercial aircraft from before or after the war
  • 1963 Hotline communication link between the Pentagon in Washington, D.C. and the Kremlin in Moscow installed. Often known as the "red telephone" no phones were ever used, relying instead on Teletype equipment, fax machines and most recently secure email.
  • 1964 Electric designer Norman Manley records back-to-back holes-in-one on the 7th & 8th holes at Del Valle in Saugus, California; Guinness BWR' best
  • 1965 Section of Allalin glacier wipes out construction site at Mattmark Dam near Saas-Fee, Switzerland

Historic Event

1967 US Senate confirm Thurgood Marshall as 1st black justice

  • 1969 Racial disturbances in Fort Lauderdale, Florida
  • 1974 Express train runs at full speed into Zagreb, Yugoslavia, rail yard killing 153
  • 1974 Launching of 1st Dutch satellite, ANS, from Vandenberg
  • 1974 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1975 KTW-AM in Seattle, Washington changes call letters to KYAC (now KKFX)
  • 1976 Turks & Caicos Islands adopts constitution
  • 1979 -Sept 13] Hurricane David, kills 1200 in Florida, Domincana & Dominican Republic
  • 1979 1st recorded occurrence of a comet hitting the sun, releases energy equal to one million hydrogen bombs

Historic Event

1982 PLO leader Yasser Arafat leaves Beirut

  • 1983 8th NASA Space Shuttle Mission: Challenger 3 launches for a 6-day excursion
  • 1983 Guion Bluford becomes 1st African-American astronaut in space
  • 1984 12th NASA Space Shuttle Mission (41D): Discovery 1 launches for a 6-day excursion
  • 1984 Sotheby's in London begins 2 day auction of rock memorabilla
  • 1986 Soviet authorities arrested Nicholas Daniloff (US News World Report)
  • 1987 Ben Johnson of Canada runs 100m in world record 9.83 sec
  • 1988 France performs nuclear test
  • 1990 Tatarstan announces its sovereignty with the Declaration on the State Sovereignty of the Tatar Soviet Socialist Republic
  • 1991 Tamil Tigers capture Sri Lanka poet Selvi
  • 1992 David Lewett & Jane Luu discovers comet: "1992 QB1" 64 mil km from Sun

Historic Event

1993 150,000,000th visitor to Eiffel Tower

  • 1993 Hassan II mosque opens in Casablanca, second largest mosque in the world
  • 1994 Gund Arena in Cleve opens
  • 1995 Cable News Network joins the internet
  • 1995 Tigers teammates Lou Whitaker & Alan Trammell play in 1,914 game together tying AL record
  • 1999 East Timorese vote for independence in a referendum.
  • 2007 NASA spacecraft Voyager 2 crosses the termination shock, where solar and interstellar winds met (following Voyager 1 in 2004)
  • 2012 A blast in the Xiaojiawan coal mine, China, kills 26 miners with 21 missing
  • 2012 Cholera outbreak kills 229 people in Sierra Leone
  • 2013 15 people are killed by a liquid ammonia leak at a cold storage plant in Shanghai, China
  • 2015 English author Frederick Forsyth (The Day of the Jackal) reveals that he worked for MI6 for more than 20 years

Historic Event

2015 Former Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir bin Mohamad calls for the removal of then Prime Minister Najib Razak during the second day of street protests

  • 2017 Authorities say floods across Bangladesh, Nepal and India have killed more 1200 people and damaged 697,000 houses
  • 2017 Brazilian court blocks President Michel Temer from abolishing Renca, which would open parts of the Amazon to mining

Hurricane Irma

2017 Hurricane Irma forms near Cape Verde Islands, will go on to become category 5 hurricane and kill at least 102

Historic Event

2017 Late author Terry Pratchett' unfinished works destroyed by steamroller as per his instructions

  • 2018 Argentina's central bank raises interest rates to 60% in attempt to stabilize the peso
  • 2019 Outlook for the Great Barrier Reef downgraded to very poor according to official Australian report
  • 2019 Second interstellar comet ever detected by Ukrainian amateur astronomer Gennady Borisov (later named 2I/Borisov)
  • 2020 Global cases of COVID-19 pass 25 million with death toll at 843,000
  • 2020 India reports world's highest single-day increase in COVID-19 cases at 78,761
  • 2021 Algeria becomes the last country to stop selling leaded petrol, ending 99 years of gasoline use worldwide, saving 1.2 million lives a year [1]
  • 2021 America ends its longest-ever war of 20 years in Afghanistan as the last military evacuation plane flies out of Kabul
  • 2021 China restricts online gaming for under 18s to one hour on Fridays, weekends and holidays ordering companies to enforce this [1]
  • 2022 In Jackson, Mississippi', the city's largest water treatment plant fails, leaving 150,000 people without safe running water, closing schools and businesses [1]
  • 2022 Ukraine begins a counterattack against Russia in the southern Kherson region [1]