On This Day

Events in History on August 31

  • 1142 Possible date for establishment of the Iroquois (Haudenosaunee) League - with the aid of Hiawatha and Deganawidah
  • 1230 Bishop Willebrand of Utrecht grants Swells state justice
  • 1310 German king Heinrich VII makes his son Johan king of Bohemia
  • 1422 Henry VI becomes King of England at the age of 9 months

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1745 Jacobite Rising 1745: Bonnie Prince Charlie reaches Blair Castle, Scotland

Pretender to the British throne Bonnie Prince Charlie
Pretender to the British throne
Bonnie Prince Charlie
  • 1751 British troops under Sir Robert Clive occupy Arcot, India
  • 1772 Hurricane destroy ships off Dominica
  • 1778 British kill 17 Stockbridge indians in Bronx during Revolution
  • 1836 HMS Beagle anchors in Postage Praia, Cape Verde Islands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1837 Ralph Waldo Emerson gives his famous "The American Scholar" speech to Phi Beta Kappa Society at Harvard College, Cambridge, Massachusetts, declares American literary independence from Europe

Lecturer and Poet Ralph Waldo Emerson
Lecturer and Poet
Ralph Waldo Emerson
  • 1842 Micah Rugg patents a nuts & bolts machine
  • 1842 US Naval Observatory authorized by an act of Congress
  • 1843 Liberty Party nominates James Birneyas presidential candidate
  • 1850 California pioneers organized at Montgomery & Clay Streets
  • 1864 Atlanta Campaign: Battle of Jonesboro Georgia, 1900 casualties
  • 1876 Ottoman sultan Murat V is deposed and succeeded by his brother Abd-ul-Hamid II.

  • 1886 1st major earthquake recorded in eastern US, at Charleston, South Carolina, 110 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1886 Crocker-Woolworth National Bank organized

Business Tycoon and Railroad Executive Charles Crocker
Business Tycoon and Railroad Executive
Charles Crocker

MurderMurder of Interest

1888 The body of Jack the Ripper's first victim, Mary Ann Nichols, is found in Whitechapel in London's East End

First Victim of Jack the Ripper Mary Ann Nichols
First Victim of Jack the Ripper
Mary Ann Nichols
  • 1894 The Industrial Conciliation and Arbitration Act passed by Richard Seddon’s Liberal government, making New Zealand the first country in the world to outlaw strikes in favour of compulsory arbitration
  • 1895 1st pro football game (QB John Brallier paid $10 & won 12-0)
  • 1896 Louis Napoleon Parker's "Rosemary" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1897 British General Kitchener's army occupies Berber, North of Khartoum

General and Secretary of War Horatio Kitchener
General and Secretary of War
Horatio Kitchener
  • 1900 British troops over run Johannesburg
  • 1902 Split skirt 1st worn by Mrs Adolph Landeburg (horse rider)
  • 1903 Joe McGinnity wins his 3rd doubleheader of month
  • 1905 Mbunga rebellion takes German Fort Mahenge East Africa
  • 1907 Britain & Russia sign treaty with Afghanistan, Persia & Tibet
  • 1907 Britain, Russia & France form Triple Entente

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1910 Theodore Roosevelt makes a speech in Kansas advocating a 'square deal': property shall be 'the servant and not the master of the commonwealth'

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1911 The "Sullivan Act" requiring New Yorkers to possess licences for firearms small enough to be concealed comes into effect
  • 1911 Anthony Fokker's demonstrates aircraft "Snip"
  • 1913 Massive protest rally on Sackville Street attacked by the Dublin Metropolitan Police; two strikers killed by the police
  • 1914 24.8 cm rainfall at Bloomingdale, Michigan (state record)
  • 1914 General von Kluck decides not to attack Paris
  • 1914 German troops reconquer Soldau/Neidenburg East-Prussia

  • 1914 Ecuador becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1915 Brazil becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1917 In China, Sun Yat-sen and his supporters' 'rump' parliament establishes a military government and elects Sun Yat-sen as commander-in-Chief

Father of Modern China Sun Yat-sen
Father of Modern China
Sun Yat-sen
  • 1919 John Reed forms American Communist Labor Party in Chicago
  • 1919 Petlyura's Ukrainian Army kills 35 members of a Jewish defense group
  • 1919 Ukrainian (Petlyura) Army recaptures Kiev
  • 1920 Belgium starts paying old age pensions
  • 1920 Detroit radio station is 1st to broadcast a news program on the air
  • 1923 League of Nations gives Belgium mandate of Ruanda-Urundi (was German)
  • 1923 Italian troops occupy Corfu

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923 Mussolini orders the Greek Government to apologize for the deaths of an Italian general and his staff on the Greco-Albanian border

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1925 Anthropologist Margaret Mead first arrives in Samoa

Cultural Anthropologist Margaret Mead
Cultural Anthropologist
Margaret Mead

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929 Committee chaired by Owen D. Young finalizes the "Young Plan" to reduce German reparations from World War I to 112 billion Gold Marks ($US8 billion) paid over 59 years

Diplomat and Industrialist Owen D. Young
Diplomat and Industrialist
Owen D. Young
  • 1935 1st national skeet championship (Indianapolis)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 FDR signs an act prohibiting export of US arms to belligerents

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1935 Russian Aleksei Stachanov digs 105 tons of cabbages in 6 hours
  • 1937 Det's rookie Rudy York sets record for HRs of 18 HRs in August
  • 1939 Japanese invasion army driven out of Mongolia
  • 1939 Staged "Polish" assault on radio station in Gleiwitz
  • 1940 1st edition of illegal opposition newspaper Free Netherlands
  • 1940 RAF Fighter Command loses 39 aircraft against Luftwaffe's 41
  • 1940 German occupiers in Netherlands begin soap rationing
  • 1940 US National Guard assembles
  • 1942 Battle at Alam Halfa: German & Italians assault
  • 1942 U-boats sink and damage 131 allied ships this month (639,946 tons)
  • 1943 1st battle of Essex/new Yorktown: US assault on Marcus Island
  • 1943 Japanese occupiers intern Jewish Congregation of Sorabajo
  • 1944 Allied offensive at "Gothen-linie" Italy
  • 1944 French provisional government moves from Algiers to Paris
  • 1944 French troops liberate Bordeaux
  • 1944 Soviet & Romanian troops march into Bucharest

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 The Liberal Party of Australia is founded by Robert Menzies

12th Australian Prime Minister Robert Menzies
12th Australian Prime Minister
Robert Menzies
  • 1947 Hungarian communist party wins election
  • 1948 Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands celebrates golden jubilee
  • 1951 1st 33 1/3 album introduced in Dusseldorf
  • 1954 Hurricane Carol hits New England, 70 die, Costliest ever hurricane at the time and 1st storm name to be retired.
  • 1955 1st sun-powered automobile demonstrated (Chicago, Illinois)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 Federation of Malaya gains independence from Great Britain

Malaysia's Founding Father Tunku Abdul Rahman
Malaysia's Founding Father
Tunku Abdul Rahman
  • 1959 Sandy Koufax breaks Dizzy Dean's NL mark of 18 strikeouts in a game
  • 1960 Agricultural Hall of Fame forms
  • 1961 Amsterdam National Ballet forms
  • 1962 Trinidad & Tobago gain independence from Britain (National Day)
  • 1964 Ground is broken for Anaheim Stadium, future home of Angels
  • 1965 US Congress establishes Department of Housing & Urban Development
  • 1965 The Aero Spacelines Super Guppy Aircraft makes its first flight.
  • 1968 12,000 die in 7.8 quake destroys 60,000 buildings in NE Iran
  • 1968 Roy Face ties W Johnson's record of 802 pitching appearances with club
  • 1968 Verne Gagne beats Dick Beyers (Dr X) in Minn, to become NWA champ
  • 1970 Lonnie McLucas, a Black Panther activist, convicted
  • 1970 Molukkers occupy Indonesian ambassador's home in Wassenaar
  • 1971 An inquiry into allegations of brutality by the security forces against those interned without trial in Northern Ireland is announced
  • 1973 PBA National Championship Won by Earl Anthony
  • 1974 Pirate Radio Veronica moves into Scheveningen harbor
  • 1976 Mexican peso devalued
  • 1976 Trinidad & Tobago adopts constitution

  • 1977 Aleksandr Fedotov sets aircraft alt rec of 38.26 km (125,524')
  • 1977 Spyros Kyprianou appointed president of Cyprus
  • 1977 Ian Smith, espousing racial segregation, wins Rhodesian general election with 80% of overwhelmingly white electorate's vote
  • 1978 Constitution adopted by Sri Lanka
  • 1978 Emily & William Harris plead guilty to 1974 kidnapping of Patty Hearst
  • 1978 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1979 Comet Howard-Koomur-Michels collides with Sun
  • 1979 Donald McHenry named to succeed Andrew Young as US UN ambassador
  • 1980 Poland's Solidarity trade union federations forms and is officially recognised by the Polish government
  • 1980 The Gdańsk Agreement is signed, allowing Polish citizens to bring democratic changes within the communist political structure
  • 1981 Royals manager Jim Frey is fired & replaced by Dick Howser
  • 1982 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1983 Edwin Moses of USA sets 400m hurdle record (47.02) in Koblenz
  • 1985 "Prakas" sets trotting mile record of 1:53.4 at Du Quoin, Illinois
  • 1985 Night Stalker suspect that terrorized California captured in East Los Angeles
  • 1986 Aeromexico DC-9 & small plane collide in LA, killing 82 (15 on the ground)
  • 1986 Russian cargo ship crashes into cruise ship Admiral Nakhimov; 398 die
  • 1987 South Africa's longest mine strike in history ends
  • 1988 5-day power blackout of downtown Seattle begins
  • 1988 Arbitrator George Nicolau rules owners conspired against free agents
  • 1988 Bomb attack on office of South Africa Council of Churches
  • 1989 Arbitrator T Roberts orders owners to pay $105 million for collusion
  • 1990 Dennis Eckersley saves his 40th game of the season
  • 1990 East & West Germany sign a treaty to join legal & political systems
  • 1991 Richard J Kerr, ends term as deputy director of CIA
  • 1991 Rockies bat out of order against Expos in 1st inning
  • 1991 William H. Webster ends term as 14th director of CIA
  • 1991 Uzbekistan declares independence from the Soviet Union following the failed coup in Moscow
  • 1992 Dynamite explosion in Philippines mine; 500 die
  • 1992 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Cleveland, Ohio on WNCX 98.5 FM

  • 1993 Venezuela president Carlos Perez flees
  • 1993 HMS Mercury, the Royal Navy's communications training establishment, closes after 52 years in commission.
  • 1994 Last Russian soldiers leave Estonia & Latvia
  • 1994 The Provisional Irish Republican Army (Sinn Féin) declares a ceasefire in Northern Ireland
  • 1997 Last episode of Rolanda airs

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1997 Diana, Princess of Wales, dies in a car crash in a road tunnel in Paris

Princess of Wales Diana Spencer
Princess of Wales
Diana Spencer
  • 1998 North Korea reportedly launches Kwangmyongsong, its first satellite.
  • 1999 The first of a series of apartment bombings in Moscow, killing one person and wounding 40 others.
  • 1999 A LAPA Boeing 737-200 crashes during takeoff from Jorge Newbury Airport in Buenos Aires, killing 65, including 2 on the ground.

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

2004 Barbara Pierce Bush gives a speech to the Republican Convention

Twin daughter of US President George W. Bush Barbara Pierce Bush
Twin daughter of US President George W. Bush
Barbara Pierce Bush
  • 2005 A stampede on Al-Aaimmah bridge in Baghdad kills 1,199 people.

Person of InterestThe Scream

2006 Stolen on August 22, 2004, Edvard Munch's famous painting "The Scream" is recovered from a raid by Norwegian police. The painting was said to be in a better-than-expected condition.
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"The Scream", pastel on cardboard by Edvard Munch
  • 2012 Apple loses its patent dispute with Samsung in Tokyo, Japan
  • 2015 Violent protests in Kiev after Ukraine parliament vote leave 1 national guard dead, 100 injured

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2015 President Obama officially re-designates Alaska’s Mt. McKinley as Denali, its native American name

44th US President Barack Obama
44th US President
Barack Obama
  • 2015 US President Barack Obama arrives in Alaska on a 3 day tour highlighting climate change
  • 2016 Brazilian Senate votes to impeach President Dilma Rousseff, removing her from office
  • 2017 International Organization for Migration states 18,500 Rohingya Muslims have fled from violence in Myanmar's Rakhine state after 110 deaths, making for Bangladesh
  • 2017 Indicationss Neanderthals were the first to make glue out of tar strengthened by research published in "Scientific Reports"
  • 2018 19-year old Indonesian boy rescued after 49 days afloat when his floating fish trap became adrift
  • 2019 US missile attack in al-Qaeda jihadist training camp in Idlib province, Syria, kills 40
  • 2019 Gunman kills seven and injures 22 during high speed chase in Odessa, Texas
  • 2019 India removes citizenship status from 1.9 million people in state of Assam, leaving them off its new National Register of Citizens
  • 2019 Major track crash during Formula 2 race at Spa-Francorchamps, Belgium kills Anthoine Hubert and critically injures Juan Manuel Correa