Events in History on August 4

  • 1181 Supernova SN 1181 in the constellation Cassiopeia observed by Chinese and Japanese astronomers, lasting until August 6
  • 1265 Battle of Evesham: English prince Edward beats Simon de Montfort the younger
  • 1347 English troops conquer Fort Calais
  • 1351 Sea battle at Zwartewaal: Willem V beats Hoeksen and English
  • 1558 1st printing of Zohar (Jewish Kabbalah)
  • 1578 Battle of The Three Kings [Battle of Alcazar quivir): Moroccans defeat a Moroccan-Portuguese alliance in northern Morocco with 10,000 killed
  • 1598 London's head office of Hanze closed
  • 1636 Johan Mauritius appointed governor of Dutch Brazil
  • 1666 Hurricane hits Guadeloupe, Martinique and St Christopher; thousands die
  • 1666 Sea battle between Netherlands and England
  • 1693 Date traditionally ascribed to Dom Pérignon's invention of Champagne
  • 1704 War of Spanish Succession, English and Dutch troops occupy Gibraltar
  • 1730 Crown prince Frederick of Prussia escapes to England
  • 1735 Jury acquits John Zenger (NY Weekly Journal) charged with seditious libel by royal governor of NY (victory for Freedom of press)

Historic Event

1753 George Washington becomes a master mason

Historic Event

1772 English poet and artist William Blake aged 14 is first apprenticed to engraver James Basire in London

  • 1789 French Revolution: The National Constituent Assembly meets and issues the first decrees that abolish centuries of feudalism in France
  • 1790 United States Revenue Cutter Service is established to serve as an armed customs enforcement service (becoming the US Coast Guard in 1915)
  • 1791 The Treaty of Sistova is signed, ending the Ottoman-Habsburg wars
  • 1821 1st edition of American magazine "The Saturday Evening Post"

Russian Antarctic Expedition

1821 Russian Antarctic expedition led by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen returns to Kronshtadt after becoming the 1st to circumnavigate Antarctica

  • 1824 Battle of Kos is fought between Turks and Greeks
  • 1830 Plans for city of Chicago laid out
  • 1845 Emigrant ship Cataraqui wrecks in Bass Strait with the loss of 400 lives, only nine survive, Australia's deadliest maritime civil disaster [1]
  • 1854 The Hinomaru is established as the official flag to be flown from Japanese ships
  • 1855 John Bartlett publishes "Familiar Quotations"
  • 1862 US government collects its 1st income tax
  • 1864 Land & naval action new Brazos Santiago, Texas
  • 1870 British Red Cross Society forms

Historic Event

1873 Indian Wars: whilst protecting a railroad survey party in Montana, US 7th Cavalry, under Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer, clashes for the 1st time with the Sioux near the Tongue River. 1 man killed on each side.

Catholic Encyclical

1879 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Aeterni Patris

  • 1881 122°F (50°C), Seville, Spain (European record)
  • 1886 Colombia adopts constitution

Historic Event

1892 Queen Wilhelmina and Emma open Merwede Canal between Amsterdam and the Rhine

Murder of Interest

1892 Sunday school teacher Lizzie Borden's father and stepmother are murdered with an axe in Fall River, Massachusetts; Borden is later arrested, tried and acquitted

  • 1897 Henry A Rucker appointed Collector of Internal Revenue for Georgia
  • 1900 An allied expeditionary force, made up of Japanese, Russian, British, French and American troops, sets off from Tientsin for Peking, China, to put down Boxer rebellion
  • 1902 The Greenwich foot tunnel under the River Thames opens
  • 1903 Cardinal Giuseppe Sarto of Venice elected Pope Pius X
  • 1903 Giuseppe Sarto elected Pope Pius X, known as the 'pope of the poor and humble'
  • 1914 German fleet under admiral Souchon fire on Algerian coast
  • 1914 US declares neutrality on the outbreak of WWI

Declaration of War

1914 WWI: Field Marshal Lord Kitchener becomes British Minister of War after British declaration of war on Germany

  • 1914 WWI: German army shoots Belgian priests and burns down village of Battice
  • 1914 WWI: Germany declares war on Belgium; Britain declares war on Germany
  • 1914 WWI: King Albert I becomes Supreme Commander of Belgian army after German declaration of war
  • 1916 Denmark and the United States sign a treaty whereby the Danish West Indies, including the Virgin Islands, are to be ceded to the US in 1917 for $25 million
  • 1916 The Turks attack the British line at Romani in the northern Sinai (WWI)
  • 1917 Pravda calls for the killing of all capitalists, priests and officers

Historic Event

1918 Adolf Hitler receives the Iron Cross first class for bravery on the recommendation of his Jewish superior, Lieutenant Hugo Gutmann

  • 1919 Hungarian communist leader Béla Kun flees to Vienna after the Hungarian Soviet Republic is overthrown by the Romanian Army

Historic Event

1919 Rodin Museum opens in Paris in The hôtel Biron containing works left to the state by the sculptor Auguste Rodin

  • 1925 1st Dutch government of Prime Minister Hendrikus Colijn forms
  • 1925 US marines leave Nicaragua after 13-year occupation
  • 1929 60,000 SA'ers/SS'ers march by Munich
  • 1929 Jones Beach in NY opens
  • 1930 Child labor laws established in Belgium
  • 1934 II British Empire Games open at London's White City Stadium
  • 1936 Ioannis Metaxas names himself dictator of Greece

Historic Event

1941 Winston Churchill departs on Prince of Wales to US

  • 1942 1st train with Jews departs Mechelen Belgium to Auschwitz
  • 1942 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Cairo, Egypt

Historic Event

1942 Colonel general Jeremenko arrives in Stalingrad and welcomed by Nikita Khrushchev

  • 1942 German occupier orders all Dutch homing pigeons killed
  • 1943 British premier Winston Churchill travels on the Queen Mary to Canada
  • 1943 Soviet units reach suburbs of Orel
  • 1943 USAAF bombs Germans in Troina

Historic Event

1944 Anne Frank arrested in Amsterdam by German Security Police (Grüne Polizei) following a tip-off from an informer who was never identified

  • 1944 British 8th Army reaches suburbs of Florence, Italy

Historic Event

1944 Finnish government passes a special act making Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim President of Finland

  • 1946 An earthquake of magnitude 8.0 hits northern Dominican Republic. 100 are killed and 20,000 are left homeless.
  • 1947 The Supreme Court of Japan is established
  • 1948 5 day Southern States filibuster succeeds in maintaining America's poll tax

Murder of Interest

1952 Gambling boss Theodore Roe is murdered by the crew of Sam Giancana

  • 1953 Black families move into Trumbull Park housing project in Chicago
  • 1954 Boscombe Down 1st flight of supersonic P-1 Lightning

Historic Event

1955 Eisenhower authorizes $46 million for construction of CIA headquarters

  • 1956 German Wilhelm Herz becomes first to ride motorcycle at 200mph (210mph/338kph) at the Bonneville Salt Flats, Utah
  • 1956 Indonesia says it will not pay debts to the Netherlands
  • 1960 Rocket propelled USAF research aircraft sets record at 2,150 MPH
  • 1961 Spokane, Washington reaches August record 108°F
  • 1964 Bodies of civil rights workers Michael Schwerner, Andrew Goodman and James E. Chaney discovered in an earthen Mississippi dam
  • 1964 North Vietnam purportedly engage US Navy ships in the Gulf of Tonkin for a second time, resulting in US Congress passing the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, granting authority to assist any Southeast Asian facing "communist aggression"; later investigation deemed the second attack never happened as shipboard communications were misinterpreted
  • 1965 Cook Islands enters into free association with New Zealand
  • 1966 8th British Empire Games & Commonwealth Games open in Kingston, Jamaica; first Games held outside 'White Dominions'
  • 1967 British pirate radio station Radio 355 resigns air
  • 1967 Shortwave group ANARC's 1st convention (Chicago)
  • 1967 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1967 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1971 US launches 1st satellite into lunar orbit from manned spacecraft
  • 1972 Arthur Bremer jailed for 63 years for shooting Alabama Governor Wallace

Historic Event

1972 Uganda dictator Idi Amin orders the expulsion of 50,000 Asians with British passport from Uganda

  • 1974 Crawford-Butler Act allows Puerto Ricans to elect own governor
  • 1976 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1977 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1977 US President Carter establishes Department of Energy
  • 1979 Italian government of Cossiga begins
  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1980 -11] Hurricane Aline, kills 272 in Texas & Caribbean
  • 1981 Columbia mated with SRBs and external tank for STS-2 mission

Historic Event

1981 Oliver North is assigned to White House duty

  • 1983 Bettino Craxi sworn in as premier of Italy

Historic Publication

1983 Danielle Steel’s romance novel “Thurston House” is published

  • 1983 France performs nuclear test
  • 1983 Revolution in Republic of Upper Volta brings Thomas Sankara to power
  • 1984 Republic of Upper Volta becomes Burkina Faso (National Day)
  • 1986 Reports of probable OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) agreement on output quotas sends oil prices higher
  • 1988 Congress votes $20,000 to each Japanese-American interned in WW II
  • 1988 Hertz car rental will pay out $23 million in consumer fraud case
  • 1990 95.5°F (35.3°C) in De Bilt Netherlands (highest Aug temperature in Netherlands)
  • 1990 European community proposes a boycott of Iraq
  • 1991 The Greek cruise ship Oceanos sinks off the Wild Coast of South Africa
  • 1993 Angolan air force bombs Huambo
  • 1993 Rwandian Hutus and Tutsis sign peace treaty in Arusha, Tanzania
  • 1994 Dwingeloo 1, near milky way system, discovered
  • 1994 Truck carrying millions of bees overturns on NY parkway

Battle of Interest

1995 Operation Storm begins in Croatia, the Croatian army attacks territory under the Republic of Serbian Krajina in the largest land battle since WWII

  • 1997 185,000 Teamsters union United Parcel Service drivers walk off the job.
  • 1997 In Colombia, international oil company Occidental Petroleum declare force majeure on all oil exports from the Cano Limon field after a series of attacks knocked out a major oil pipeline
  • 2002 Soham murders: 10 year old school girls Jessica Chapman and Holly Wells go missing from the town of Soham, Cambridgeshire.

Historic Event

2005 Prime Minister Paul Martin announces that Michaëlle Jean will be Canada's 27th and first black Governor General

  • 2006 Dame Silvia Cartwright steps down as the Governor-General of New Zealand and is replaced by The Honourable Anand Satyanand, who is sworn in 23 August
  • 2007 NASA's Phoenix spaceship is launched

Meeting of Interest

2009 Kim Jong-il meets former president Bill Clinton. He pardons and releases captured American journalists Euna Lee and Laura Ling who were found guilty of entering the country illegally.

  • 2011 Mark Duggan is shot by police in London at 29, sparking widespread riots that cost an estimated £200 million worth of property damage
  • 2012 45 people are killed by a suicide bombing in Abyan, Yemen

Historic Event

2013 Hassan Rouhani is inaugurated as the President of Iran

  • 2014 Hamas and Israel agree to another 72 hour ceasefire
  • 2015 31 people are killed and 100 are injured after floods partially sweep two passenger trains off a bridge in Madhya Pradesh, India
  • 2015 A plague of locusts in Southern Russia prompts a state of emergency to be declared
  • 2017 Aldi supermarket withdraws all eggs from sale after chemical fipronil found in eggs from The Netherlands

Historic Event

2017 Rwandan President Paul Kagame wins a third term with 98.63% of the vote

Assassination Attempt

2018 President Nicolás Maduro of Venezuela survives an assassination attempt by drone, live on TV

  • 2019 Car explosion kills 20 with 47 injured in Cairo, Egypt, in terrorist-related incident
  • 2019 China's central bank allows its currency to weaken under usual 7-1 ratio to the US dollar for first time in a decade in response to further US trade tariffs
  • 2019 Frank Zapata is the first person to cross the English Channel by flyboard in 22 minutes
  • 2019 Gunman kills nine and injures 27 at a bar in Dayton, Ohio, in 2nd mass shooting in 24 hours in the US
  • 2020 COVID-19 infection spike forces a return to lockdown in Manila and surrounding provinces in the Philippines, affecting 27 million people as cases pass 100,000
  • 2020 Huge explosions at the port of Beirut, Lebanon, kill more than 200 and leaves over 6,000 thousand people injured
  • 2020 UN says COVID-19 pandemic has created biggest educational disruption in history affecting nearly 1.6 million students in 190 countries, 94% worldwide [1]
  • 2021 Global known COVID-19 caseload passes 200 million, with the death toll at 4.2 million according to Johns Hopkins
  • 2021 Largest wildfire in California so far in 2021, the Dixie Fire at 320,000 acres, destroys the gold rush town of Greenville [1]
  • 2021 Mediterranean region evolving into a "wildfire hotspot" according to authorities, amidst extreme temperatures with Greece experiencing one of its worst heatwaves in 40 years [1]

Historic Event

2022 US Attorney General Merrick Garland announces charges against four police officers for violating the rights of Breonna Taylor during a 2020 raid that resulted in her death [1]