On This Day

Events in History on August 6

  • 258 Pope St Sixtus II beheaded in Rome under persecutions by Roman Emperor Valerian
  • 523 Pope Hormisdas reign as Catholic Pope ends with his death
  • 768 Antipope Constantine II deposed
  • 939 Battle at Simancas - Spain beats Moors

Historic Event

1497 Italian explorer John Cabot returns to Bristol from North America (Newfoundland) - first European to do so since the Vikings

  • 1538 Bogotá, Colombia, is founded by Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada

Historic Event

1600 Henry IV of France invades Savoy after negotiations break down over Saluzzo, controlled by Savoy since 1588

  • 1601 Spanish garrison of Meurs surrender to earl Mauritius
  • 1623 Maffeo Barberini elected Pope Urban VIII
  • 1625 Earl Earnest Casimir appointed as viceroy of Groningen
  • 1661 The Treaty of The Hague is signed whereby the Dutch Republic sells New Holland (Brazil) for 63 tonnes of gold to Portugal
  • 1675 Russian Tsar Alexis bans foreign hair styles to those below the nobility

Historic Expedition

1699 HMS Roebuck, captained by William Dampier, lands at Shark Bay, Western Australia on the first British scientific expedition to Australia

Treaty of Interest

1726 Treaty of Alliance between the Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI and the Russian Empire signed at Vienna

Historic Event

1774 Founder of the Shaker Movement, Mother Ann Lee, arrives in NY

  • 1787 Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia begins debate on the first draft of the Constitution
  • 1806 Holy Roman Empire ends; it was neither holy, Roman, nor an empire. Francis II renounces the title, becoming Emperor of Austria.
  • 1815 US flotilla ends piracy by Algiers, Tunis and Tripoli
  • 1819 Norwich University is founded in Vermont as the first private military school in the United States
  • 1821 1st edition of "Courrier of Pays-Bas" newspaper published in Brussels

Victory in Battle

1824 Battle at Junan - Simon Bolívar's army defeats the Spanish

  • 1825 Bolivia gains independence from Peru (National Day)
  • 1845 The Russian Geographical Society is founded in Saint Petersburg
  • 1856 The Great Bell is cast for the Great Clock of Westminster, London (Big Ben)
  • 1861 US Congress passes First Confiscation Act
  • 1861 Lexington, Kentucky - Union military camp forms in neutral state
  • 1861 The British annex Lagos, Nigeria
  • 1862 Confederate ironclad "Arkansas" is badly damaged in Union attack
  • 1864 Confederate forces evacuate Fort Powell in Mobile Bay, Alabama
  • 1870 Battle at Spicheren: Prussia beats France
  • 1890 At Auburn Prison in New York, murderer William Kemmler becomes the 1st person to be executed by electric chair
  • 1896 France annexes Madagascar
  • 1901 Kiowa land in Oklahoma is opened for white settlement, effectively dissolving the contiguous reservation
  • 1905 26.7 cm rainfall at Princeton, Indiana (state record)
  • 1909 Alice Ramsey and three friends become the first women to complete a transcontinental auto trip
  • 1910 NYC Mayor Wm J Gaynor seriously wounded during assassination attempt
  • 1914 WWI: Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia
  • 1914 WWI: French cavalry enters Belgium
  • 1914 WWI: German Zeppelin bombs Liege, 9 killed
  • 1914 WWI: Serbia declares war against Germany
  • 1914 Denis Patrick Dowd Jr. enlists in the French Foreign Legion, becoming the first American to fight in World War I
  • 1915 The British land more troops at Suvla Bay on the northern shore of Gallipoli in an effort to break the stalemate on the peninsula during WWI
  • 1917 World War I: Battle of Mărăşeşti between the Romanian and German armies begins
  • 1918 Ferdinand Foch becomes Marshal of France during WWI
  • 1918 World War I: Second Battle of the Marne ends
  • 1919 1st air flight over a major body of water in Australia (Harry Butler)
  • 1919 Romanian forces bring down Hungarian Soviet Republic in Budapest
  • 1921 Clason Point, Bronx to College Point, Queens muni ferry system begins
  • 1923 Henry Sullivan becomes 3rd person and first American to swim English Channel (27 hours 25 minutes Dover-Calais)

Historic Event

1923 Gustav Stresemann is named chancellor and foreign minister during riots and strikes in Germany

  • 1926 American Gertrude Ederle (20) becomes 1st woman to swim English Channel in 14 hours, 39 minutes, a record for male or female
  • 1929 Young Plan, which sought to settle German reparations debts after World War I, is agreed
  • 1930 Supreme Court Justice John Force Crater disappears in NYC
  • 1930 Remains of balloon expedition of Solamon August Andrées to North Pole in 1897, found at Kvit oya Spitsbergen
  • 1934 US troops leave Haiti, which had been occupied since 1915

Historic Event

1937 Franco's artillery fires on Madrid

  • 1937 US and USSR sign trade treaty
  • 1940 Estonia is annexed into Soviet empire
  • 1942 -8] Riots by Dutch Jews
  • 1942 Canadian destroyer HMCS Assiniboine sinks U-210
  • 1942 Churchill fires Gen Auchinlek as Middle-East commander

Historic Event

1942 Hermann Goering proclaims occupied areas "thoroughly empty to plunder"

  • 1943 US 1st Infantry division occupies node Troina Sicily
  • 1944 All 1,200 Jewish death marchers from Lipcani Moldavia have died
  • 1944 Anti-German attack at Avranches fails

Historic Event

1944 Deportation of 70,000 Jews from Lodz Poland to Auschwitz begins

  • 1944 US 20th Army corp under general Walker occupies Nantes

Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima

1945 Atomic bomb dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima by the US B-29 Superfortress "Enola Gay"

  • 1946 US officially submits to jurisdiction of World Court
  • 1948 Willem Drees forms Socialist government (KVP/Social Democratics/CHU/Liberal) in the Netherlands
  • 1951 Typhoon floods kill 4,800 in Manchuria
  • 1951 The National Museum of Racing opens in Congress Park at Saratoga Springs, N.Y
  • 1958 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island
  • 1960 The UN Security Council lay down rules which would allow UN forces to enter Congo
  • 1961 Gherman S. Titov is the 2nd Russian in space aboard Vostok 2 (17 orbits)
  • 1961 1st case of motion sickness in space reported
  • 1962 Jamaica becomes independent after 300 years of British rule

Catholic Encyclical

1964 Pope Paul VI publishes encyclical Ecclesiam Suam

  • 1964 Prometheus, the world's oldest tree aged at least 4,862 years old, is accidentally cut down in Nevada, USA
  • 1965 Pakistani soldiers crossed the Line of Control into Kashmir

Historic Event

1965 US President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Voting Rights Act prohibiting voting discrimination against minorities

  • 1966 Salazarbrug over Tag opens (longest suspension bridge in Europe)
  • 1966 US citizens demonstrate against war in Vietnam
  • 1967 Pope Paul VI publishes constitution Pro comperto sane
  • 1970 Italian government of Mariano Rumor resigns
  • 1970 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1974 Explosion and fire destroy Great Northern RR yard in Wenatchee, Washington
  • 1976 Zulfikar Ali Bhutto lays the foundation stone of Port Qasim, Karachi
  • 1979 Marcus Hooper, 12, becomes then youngest person to swim English Channel
  • 1980 University adm declares 5 Pac-10 schools ineligible for conference titles and post-season play due to transcript and curriculum abuses
  • 1981 Argentine ex-president Isabel Peron freed
  • 1981 NASA launches US Navy communication system Fltsatcom-5 - fails after being damaged during flight
  • 1982 WQXI (Atlanta) is 1st to use Harris Corp AM stereo system
  • 1982 Three ANC members are sentenced to death in South Africa
  • 1983 Supertanker Castillo de Bellvar catches fire and sinks northwest of Capetown, South Africa
  • 1983 Bomb planted by Umkhonto we Sizwe, the armed wing of ANC, explodes at a synagogue in Johannesburg, South Africa
  • 1984 203.05 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange
  • 1985 19th NASA Space Shuttle Mission (51-G): Challenger 8 lands at Edwards AFB
  • 1985 STS 51-I vehicle moves to launch pad
  • 1986 Phil Katz releases PKARC version 1.0, for IBM
  • 1988 The Tompkins Square Park Police Riot in New York City spurs reform of the NYPD, who were responsible for the melee that transpired the night of August 6-7
  • 1989 Jaime Paz Zamora inaugurated as president of Bolivia
  • 1989 Pilot Union tells pilots okay to cross Eastern picket lines
  • 1989 Twenty former South African political prisoners, in defiance of the restriction orders, launch a campaign against apartheid laws

Historic Event

1990 President Ghulam Ishaq Kahn dismisses Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto in Pakistan

  • 1990 UN Security Council votes 13-0 (2 abstensions Cuba and Yemen) to place economic sanctions against Iraq

Historic Communication

1991 Tim Berners-Lee releases files describing his idea for the World Wide Web. WWW debuts as a publicly available service on the Internet.

  • 1993 Japan Hosokawa government begins

Catholic Encyclical

1993 Pope John Paul II publishes encyclical Veritatis splendor

  • 1994 Algerian Muslim fundamentalists threaten school/Universities
  • 1995 Thousands gather in Hiroshima for the 50th anniversary of the atomic bombing of the city
  • 1996 NASA announces that life may have existed on Mars after examining meteorite ALH84001, thought to be from Mars

Historic Event

1996 US President Bill Clinton signs a new bill imposing sanctions on non-US companies which invest over $40 million a year in the energy sectors of Iran or Libya

  • 1996 Korean Air Flight 801 crashes in the United States territory of Guam, killing 228 people
  • 1997 Microsoft announces it will invest $150 million in Apple Computer Inc
  • 2008 Access 31 TV stops broadcasting in Perth, Western Australia
  • 2008 A military junta led by Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz stages a coup d'etat in Mauritania, overthrowing president Sidi Ould Cheikh Abdallahi
  • 2011 A helicopter containing members of Navy SEAL 6 is shot down in Afghanistan killing 38
  • 2012 Mount Tongariro, New Zealand, erupts for the first time in a century
  • 2012 A large fire erupts at the Chevron oil refinery in Richmond, Ohio, injuring six employees
  • 2013 18 people are killed and 55 are wounded by a car bomb explosion in Damascus, Syria
  • 2013 25 people are killed and 60 are wounded by a series of car bombs in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2013 1 person is killed and 4 are injured after a hot air balloon crash in Montbovon, Sweden
  • 2013 An alleged chemical weapons attack on Damascus, Syria, is claimed by Syrian rebels
  • 2015 Eqyptian President Abdel Fatah al-Sisi inaugurates the Suez Canal Expansion at a ceremony in Ismaïlia
  • 2015 World's largest ever Pinball tournament Pinburgh with 700 machines held in Pittsburgh
  • 2015 Republican Presidential nomination race begins with debate between 7 lesser ranked candidates in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 2017 UEFA Women's Euro Final: Dutch forward Vivianne Miedema scores 2 as the Netherlands beat Denmark 4-2 in Enschede, the Netherlands
  • 2018 South Sudan peace accord signed between South Sudanese President Salva Kiir and rebel leader Riek Machar in Sudan attempting to end 5 years of civil war
  • 2018 Saudi Arabia's state airline suspends direct flights to Toronto and expels ambassador after Canada calls for release of detained activists for civil and women's rights
  • 2018 Chicago police appeal for more help after 66 people shot in the city in one weekend
  • 2018 PepsiCo CEO Indra Nooyi announces she will be stepping down
  • 2018 Boston appoints its first African American Police Commissioner William G. Gross
  • 2019 A quarter of humanity is running out of water with 17 countries under extreme water stress including Cape Town, Los Angeles and Bangalore, according to report by the World Resources Institute
  • 2019 The Philippines declares a national dengue epidemic with 622 people killed and 146,000 cases so far in 2019
  • 2019 Barneys New York files for bankruptcy, amid figures 7,567 US retails stores have closed so far in 2019 compared to 5,864 in 2018
  • 2019 US government imposes wide-ranging sanctions on the Venezuelan government
  • 2019 Lawyer representing 800 boy scouts identify 350 sex abusers within Boy Scouts of America saying "It's the largest paedophile ring on earth"
  • 2020 COVID-19 detected cases in Africa pass 1 million with 21,983 deaths
  • 2020 US COVID-19 death toll could reach 300,000 by 1 December, about 70,000 lives saved if masks worn consistently, according to University of Washington study [1]