Events in History on August 9

Victory in Battle

48 BC Caesar's civil war: Battle of Pharsalus - Julius Caesar decisively defeats Pompey at Pharsalus and Pompey flees to Egypt.

  • 378 Battle of Adrianople: Goth army defeats Roman forces under Emperor Valens, who is killed
  • 681 Bulgaria is founded as a Khanate on the south bank of the Danube, after defeating the Byzantine armies of Emperor Constantine IV south of the Danube delta.
  • 1173 Construction of the Tower of Pisa begins, and it takes two centuries to complete
  • 1253 Clare of Assisi's rules confirmed by Pope Innocent IV for Clare's Order of Poor Ladies
  • 1329 Quilon the first Indian Diocese erected by Pope John XXII and Jordanus appointed the first Bishop
  • 1378 Cardinals declare pope Urbanus VI lawless (anti christian/devil)
  • 1483 Opening of the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican
  • 1559 Willem of Orange becomes viceroy of Holland, Zealand and Utrecht
  • 1596 Henry van Cuyk becomes bishop of Roermond
  • 1638 Jonas Bronck of Holland becomes 1st European settler in Bronx

Historic Event

1655 Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell divides England into 11 districts

  • 1666 Rear Admiral Robert Holmes leads a raid on the Dutch island of Terschelling, destroying 150 merchant ships in the Vlie estuary, and pillaging the town of West-Terschelling, an act later known as "Holmes's Bonfire".
  • 1673 Dutch under Admiral Cornelis Evertsen de Jonge recapture NY from English; regained by English in 1674
  • 1726 Netherlands signs Covenant of Hannover
  • 1757 English Fort William Henry, NY, surrenders to French & Indians troops

Historic Event

1778 Captain James Cook reaches Cape Prince of Wales, Bering Straits

  • 1790 Robert Gray's Columbia Rediviva returns to Boston after 3 year journey, 1st American ship to circumnavigate the Globe
  • 1803 1st horses arrive in Hawaii

Historic Event

1803 Robert Fulton tests his steam paddle-boat on the River Seine, France, but it sinks

Historic Event

1810 Napoleon annexes Westphalia as part of the First French Empire

  • 1815 Napoleon Bonaparte sets sail for exile on St Helena on board British ship the Northumberland
  • 1829 "Stourbridge Lion" locomotive goes into service

Historic Event

1830 Louis-Philippe formally accepts crown of France, following abdication of Charles X

  • 1831 1st US steam engine train run (Albany to Schenectady, NY)
  • 1841 Erie boat in Buffalo NY catches fire; 242 die
  • 1842 US-Canada border defined by Webster-Ashburton Treaty
  • 1848 Austria & Sardinia sign cease fire

Historic Event

1848 US Barnburners (anti-slavery) party merges with Free Soil Party nominating Martin Van Buren for president

  • 1849 Hungarian Republic crushed by Austria & Russia

Historic Publication

1854 American transcendentalist Henry David Thoreau publishes "Walden"

  • 1855 Battle of Acapulco during Mexican Liberal uprising
  • 1859 Otis Tufts patents the first passenger elevator in the US
  • 1862 Battle of Cedar Mountain [Slaughter's Mountain], fought in Culpeper County, Virginia, Confederate victory (US Civil War)
  • 1863 Skirmish at Calfkiller Creek, Tennessee - Union troops attack Confederate scouts
  • 1864 Siege of Fort Morgan, Alabama, by Union forces begins (Confederates surrender 23 August)

Historic Event

1877 Henry Morton Stanley's party reaches Boma, Congo, after 999 days, losing half of the 228 members.

  • 1890 First 44 Javans arrive in Suriname to work 5 years on sugar plantations
  • 1893 1st US bowling magazine, Gut Holz, published in New York

Historic Invention

1898 Rudolf Diesel of Germany obtains patent #608,845 for his internal combustion engine, later known as the diesel engine

  • 1901 34-35°N/98-99°W open for US colonization

Royal Coronation

1902 Edward VII of Great Britain crowned King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, succeeding his mother Queen Victoria

  • 1904 Libanus McLouth Todd of Rochester, New York patents his check-writing machine, the Protectograph designed to protect against check forgers
  • 1907 1st Boy Scout camp concludes at Brownsea Island in Poole Harbour, Southern England
  • 1910 Chicago resident Alva Fisher receives US patent for an electric washing machine
  • 1914 German U-15 was sunk by the British cruiser, H.M.S. Birmingham
  • 1915 British attack at Chanak Bair at Gallipoli during WWI

Historic Event

1915 British naval officer David Beatty is confirmed in the rank of vice-admiral

  • 1917 Canadian Parliament passes the Compulsory Military Act which is opposed by many French Canadians from Québec
  • 1920 Bulgarian & allied Peace of Neuilly-sur-Seine goes into effect
  • 1930 113°F (45°C) at Perryville, Tennessee (state record)
  • 1930 Percy Williams runs world record 100m (10.3 sec)

Historic Event

1942 Mahatma Gandhi and 50 others arrested in Bombay after passing of a "quit India" motion and campaign by the All-India Congress

  • 1942 Vice-Adm Mikawa lands at Guadalcanal, Solomon Island

Theater Premiere

1943 Bertolt Brecht's play "Life of Galileo" premieres in Zurich

  • 1944 12 workers of Dutch illegal paper "Trouw" executed at Camp Vught
  • 1944 Smokey Bear debuts as spokesman for fire prevention for US Forest Service (named after NYC fireman Smokey Joe Martin)
  • 1944 US 79th/90th division enter Le Mans

Nuclear Bombing of Nagasaki

1945 US drops second atomic bomb "Fat Man" on Nagasaki, Japan, destroying part of the city

  • 1950 Lusty Song riden by Delvin Miller wins the Hambletonian in Goshen, New York
  • 1951 Dutch Korea volunteers win US Collective Unit Citation
  • 1952 General strike against overtime conscription in Belgium
  • 1953 1st elected Prime Minister of Jammu and Kashmir, Sheikh Abdullah dismissed by the Indian government and later arrested
  • 1956 1st state-wide state-supported educational TV network, Alabama
  • 1956 South African women demonstrate against pass laws
  • 1960 Race riot in Jacksonville, Florida
  • 1961 James Benton Parsons is 1st African American to be nominated to a US Federal District Court
  • 1965 Fire in Titan II silo in Searcy, Arkansas, kills 53
  • 1967 Biafran offensive against Nigerian army

Historic Event

1968 Yugoslav president Tito visits Prague

  • 1969 Manson family commits Tate-LaBianca murders
  • 1970 Peruvian Airlines LANSA Flight 502 explodes killing 101 people including 45 US exchange students
  • 1971 Operation Demetrius (or Internment) is introduced in Northern Ireland allowing suspected terrorists to be indefinitely detained without trial; the security forces arrested 342 people suspected of supporting paramilitaries
  • 1972 There is widespread and severe rioting in Nationalist areas of Northern Ireland on the anniversary of the introduction of Internment
  • 1973 USSR launches Mars 7

Richard Nixon's Resignation Letter

1974 Richard Nixon resigns as President of the United States and Vice President Gerald Ford swears the oath of office to take his place as the 38th US President

  • 1976 USSR launches Luna 24, last Lunar flight to date from Earth
  • 1977 Chris Old completes a century in 37 mins, Yorks v Warwicks
  • 1977 Military-controlled Government of Uruguay announces the return to civilian rule through general elections in 1981 to democratically elect a President and Congress
  • 1978 USSR performs (underground) nuclear test
  • 1979 English seaside resort Brighton gets 1st British nude beach
  • 1980 Belgian constitution revised
  • 1981 NL beats AL 5-4 in 52nd All Star Game (Cleveland Stadium)
  • 1981 Six English lifeguards set relay swim record English Channel (7:17)
  • 1984 STS 41-D vehicle again moves out to launch pad
  • 1987 The National Union of Mineworkers begin South Africa's longest wage strike
  • 1988 Just 1 day after 8/8/88 NY's daily number is 888
  • 1990 12 Arab leaders agree to send pan-Arab forces to protect Saudi Arabia
  • 1990 Russian spacecraft Soyuz TM-10 launches
  • 1991 British radio show "On the Hour" debuts on BBC Radio 4 with first appearance of Alan Partridge character
  • 1992 Record temperature in Berlin-Dahlem 99.3°F (37.4°C)
  • 1993 King Albert II of Belgium, crowned
  • 1994 Stanley Betrian put in charge of Curacao
  • 1995 South Africa celebrates the first National Women's Day
  • 1997 Security guard Abner Louima, attacked by NYC police
  • 1999 Charles Kennedy wins the race to succeed Paddy Ashdown as the leader of the Liberal Democrats, UK

Historic Event

1999 Russian President Boris Yeltsin fires his Prime Minister, Sergei Stepashin, and for the fourth time fires his entire cabinet.

Historic Event

2000 South African President Thabo Mbeki unveils the Women's Monument commemorating the role of women in the anti-apartheid struggle

Historic Event

2001 US President George W. Bush announces his support for federal funding of limited research on embryonic stem cells.

  • 2012 The death toll from the Philippines' floods rise to 70
  • 2013 8 people are killed and 24 are injured after gunmen open fire on a Sunni mosque in Quetta, Pakistan
  • 2016 Longest ever hunger strike ends, Indian human rights campaigner Irom Sharmila tastes honey after 16 years

Inflatable Trump-like Chicken

2017 Giant inflatable chicken resembling US President Donald Trump placed outside US White House as a political protest

  • 2017 Nepal's parliament bans menstruation huts (comes into effect August 2018)
  • 2017 North Korea says it plans to fire rockets on US territory Guam in continuing escalation of tension between it and the US
  • 2018 Argentina's Senate rejects bill to legalize abortion in first 14 weeks
  • 2018 Saudi-led air coalition strikes a school bus in Sada Province, Yemen, killing 43, many of them children
  • 2019 Landslide from torrential rain kills 59 in Mon state, Myanmar, with 80,000 in emergency evacuation sites
  • 2020 Brazil passes 100,000 COVID-19 deaths, the world's 2nd highest, with over 3 million recorded cases

Election of Interest

2020 Disputed Belarusian presidential election sees long time dictator Alexander Lukashenko officially win 80% of the votes but unofficially lose 60-70% of the votes to main opposition candidate Sviatlana Tsikhanouskaya. Sparks widespread protests in Belarus and international condemnation.

  • 2020 New Zealand marks 100 days without community transmission of COVID-19
  • 2021 Cholera outbreak in Nigeria has killed more than 800 people with 31,425 suspected cases since January 2021 according to Nigeria Centre for Disease Control [1]
  • 2021 Herd of 14 elephants returning home from a 500km (300-mile) trek across China, lead authorities to evacuate 150,000 people out of their path [1]
  • 2021 Landmark UN IPCC climate report "is a "Code Red for humanity", rise of 1.5C now certain, catastrophic change can still be avoided if the world works fast [1] [2]