Events in History in 1492

Completion of the Reconquista

Jan 2 Muhammad XII, the last Emir of Granada, surrenders his city to Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabel I of Castile, ending both the Reconquista and centuries of Muslim rule in the Iberian peninsula

  • Jan 16 The first grammar of a modern language, Spanish, is presented to Queen Isabella.
  • Jan 19 Supplies to build Portuguese trading post Castelo de São Jorge da Mina (Elmina Castle) arrive on the Gold Coast (now Ghana), first European building south of the Sahara

Event of Interest

Mar 4 King James IV of Scotland concludes an alliance with France against England

Event of Interest

Mar 31 Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon issue the Alhambra Decree which expels Jews from their kingdoms

Contract of Interest

Apr 17 Christopher Columbus signs a contract with the Spanish monarchs to find the "Indies" with the stated goal of converting people to Catholicism. This promises him 10% of all riches found, and the governorship of any lands encountered.

  • Apr 30 Christopher Columbus is given royal commission by Spanish monarchs Isabella I and Ferdinand II to equip his fleet to the New World
  • Apr 30 Spain announces it will expel all Jews
  • May 15 Cheese & Bread rebellion: German mercenaries kill 232 residents of Alkmaar, Netherlands

Santa María

Aug 3 Christopher Columbus with Juan de la Cosa second-in-command sets sail on his first voyage with three ships, Santa María, Pinta and Niña from Palos de la Frontera, Spain for the "Indies"

  • Aug 11 Rodrigo de Borja becomes Pope Alexander VI
  • Aug 12 Christopher Columbus arrives in the Canary Islands on his first voyage to the New World
  • Sep 6 Christopher Columbus' fleet leaves Gomera, Canary islands
  • Sep 25 Crewman on Pinta sights "land"-a few weeks early
  • Oct 2 King Henry VII of England invades France
  • Oct 7 Christopher Columbus misses Florida when he changes course
  • Oct 12 Christopher Columbus's expedition makes landfall on a Caribbean island he names San Salvador (likely Watling Island, Bahamas). The explorer believes he has reached East Asia (OS 21 Oct)
  • Oct 12 Flemish rebel leader Philip van Kleef surrenders
  • Oct 13 English admiral Sir Edward Poynings' fleet occupies Lock
  • Oct 14 Christopher Columbus leaves San Salvador; arrives in Santa Maria of Concepcion (Bahamas)
  • Oct 16 Christopher Columbus' fleet anchors at "Fernandina" (Long Island, Bahamas)
  • Oct 19 Christopher Columbus sights "Isabela", now Fortune Island/Long Cay, Bahamas
  • Oct 24 24 Jews are burned at the stake in Mecklenburg, Germany
  • Oct 26 Lead (graphite) pencils first used
  • Oct 28 Christopher Columbus sights Cuba and claims it for Spain under the name "Juana"
  • Nov 5 Christopher Columbus learns how to grow and harvest maize (corn) from Cuba's indigenous population
  • Nov 7 Ensisheim Meteorite strikes a wheat field near the village of Ensisheim in Alsace, France. Oldest meteorite with a known date of impact.

Event of Interest

Nov 9 Peace of Etaples between Henry VII of England and Charles VIII of France