Events in History in 1538

  • Jan 27 States of Gelderland accepts Willem van Kleef as viceroy
  • Feb 24 Treaty of Nagyvarad/Peace of Grosswardein signed between Ferdinand I of Austria and John Zápolya of Hungary.

Schmalkaldic League

Apr 9 Danish king Christian III enters Schmalkaldische Union

John Calvin Expelled

May 26 Geneva expels John Calvin and his followers from the city. Calvin lives in exile in Strasbourg for the next three years.

  • Jun 10 Catholic German monarchy signs League of Neuremberg

Truce of Nice

Jun 18 Truce of Nice signed between Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and French King Francis I ending the Italian War of 1536-38

  • Jul 25 The City of Guayaquil is founded by the Spanish Conquistador Francisco de Orellana and given the name Muy Noble y Muy Leal Ciudad de Santiago de Guayaquil
  • Aug 6 Bogotá, Colombia, is founded by Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada
  • Sep 21 Shrine of Saint Swithun in Winchester smashed up in the middle of the night as part of the English Reformation
  • Sep 28 Battle at Preveza: Ottoman fleet under Barbarossa beats Papal alliance off Northwestern Greece
  • Oct 28 The first university in the New World, the Universidad Santo Tomás de Aquino, is established on Hispaniola

Event of Interest

Dec 16 French King Francis I orders a renewed pursuit of Protestants


Dec 17 Pope Paul II excommunicates King Henry VIII of England