Events in History in 1675

  • Jan 1 Don Carlos de Gurrea/Aragon becomes Spanish land guardian of S Neth
  • Jan 5 Battle at Turkheim (Colmar): French army beats Brandenburg
  • Jan 8 1st American commercial corporation chartered (NY Fishing Co)
  • Jan 31 Cornelia/Dina Olfaarts found not guilty of witchcraft
  • Feb 21 Prince William of Orange appointed viceroy of Gelderland

Dutch History

Mar 2 Prince William III installed as governor of Overijssel

Appointment of Interest

Mar 4 John Flamsteed appointed 1st Astronomer Royal of England

  • Jun 20 Abenaki, Massachusetts, Mohegan and Wampanoag Native Americans form anti-English front under Metacom
  • Jun 20 King Philip's War begins when a small band of Wampanoag men attack and kill colonists in Swansea, Massachusetts, returning a few days later and destroying town

Event of Interest

Jun 22 Royal Greenwich Observatory established in England by Charles II

  • Jun 25 Battle at Rathenow: Brandenburgers beat Sweden
  • Jun 28 Battle at Fehrbellin: Brandenburg army beats Sweden
  • Jun 28 King Philip's War: Colonial militia destroys Wampanoag settlement at Mount Hope in Bristol, Rhode Island, in response to recent attacks at Swansea, Massachusetts
  • Aug 6 Russian Tsar Alexis bans foreign hair styles to those below the nobility
  • Aug 10 King Charles II and John Flamsteed lay the foundation stone of the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, London
  • Aug 10 Portuguese-Jewish synagogue opens in Amsterdam
  • Sep 6 Swedish admiral Stenbock sails out with fleet of 66 ships
  • Sep 9 New England colonies declare war on Wampanoag indians

Historic Invention

Oct 4 Dutch mathematician Christiaan Huygens patents the pocket watch

Event of Interest

Oct 29 Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz makes the first use of the long s, ∫, for integral, helping discover integral and differential calculus

  • Nov 2 King Philip's War: Plymouth Colony Governor Josiah Winslow leads Plymouth, Rhode Island, Massachusetts Bay and Connecticut militias attacks against the Narragansetts, fearing they would join King Philip's cause
  • Nov 4 Storm hits Western Europe: flood in Amsterdam
  • Nov 11 German mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz demonstrates integral calculus for the first time to find the area under the graph of y = f(x) function
  • Nov 14 Pope Clemens X declares Gorcumse martyrs divine
  • Nov 22 English king Charles II adjourns Parliament
  • Dec 15 King Philip's War: After peace talk fail, Narraganset warriors attack the Jireh Bull Blockhouse, in South Kingston, Rhode Island, killing at least 15 colonists
  • Dec 19 King Philip's War: Combined colonial millitias stake massive attack against the Great Swamp Fort, owned by the Narragansetts, totally destroying the settlement and killing or displacing hundreds of non-combatant women and children