On This Day

Events in History in 1675

  • Jan 1 Don Carlos de Gurrea/Aragon becomes Spanish land guardian of S Neth
  • Jan 5 Battle at Turkheim (Colmar): French army beats Brandenburg
  • Jan 8 1st American commercial corporation chartered (NY Fishing Co)
  • Jan 31 Cornelia/Dina Olfaarts found not guilty of witchcraft
  • Feb 21 Prince Willem III appointed viceroy of Gelderland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 2 Prince William III installed as governor of Overijssel

King of England William III
King of England
William III

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4 John Flamsteed appointed 1st Astronomer Royal of England

1st Astronomer Royal John Flamsteed
1st Astronomer Royal
John Flamsteed
  • Jun 20 Abenaki, Massachusetts, Mohegan and Wampanoag Native Americans form anti-English front under Metacom

St Paul's Defies Bombing ConflagrationSt Paul's Defies Bombing Conflagration

Jun 21 Foundation stone for London's St. Paul’s Cathedral is laid

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Herbert Mason's iconic photograph of St Paul's surrounded by fire and destruction
Herbert Mason's iconic photograph of St Paul's surrounded by fire and destruction
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 22 Royal Greenwich Observatory established in England by Charles II

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • Jun 25 Battle at Rathenow: Brandenburgers beat Sweden
  • Jun 28 Battle at Fehrbellin: Brandenburg army beats Sweden
  • Aug 6 Russian Tsar Alexis bans foreign hair styles to those below the nobility
  • Aug 10 King Charles II and John Flamsteed lay the foundation stone of the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, London
  • Aug 10 Portuguese-Jewish synagogue opens in Amsterdam
  • Sep 6 Swedish admiral Stenbock sails out with fleet of 66 ships
  • Sep 9 New England colonies declare war on Wampanoag indians
  • Oct 4 Dutch mathematician Christiaan Huygens patents the pocket watch

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 29 Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz makes the first use of the long s, ∫, for integral, helping discover integral and differential calculus

Philosopher and Mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
Philosopher and Mathematician
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
  • Nov 2 A combined attack by the Plymouth, Rhode Island, Massachusetts Bay and Connecticut colonies attacks the Great Swamp Fort, owned by the Narragansetts during King Philip's War
  • Nov 4 Storm hits Western Europe: flood in Amsterdam
  • Nov 11 German mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz demonstrates integral calculus for the first time to find the area under the graph of y = f(x) function
  • Nov 14 Pope Clemens X declares Gorcumse martyrs divine
  • Nov 22 English king Charles II adjourns Parliament