On This Day

Events in History in 1683

  • Mar 31 Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I and King John III Sobieski of Poland sign a covenant against Turkey, beginning of the Holy League
  • May 17 Pirates sack Velacruz, New Spain, taking 4,000 prisoners for ransom
  • May 21 West Indian Company sells 1/3 of Suriname
  • Jun 6 The Ashmolean Museum in Oxford, England, opens as the world's first university museum

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 12 Rye house plot against English King Charles II uncovered

English Politician John Trenchard
English Politician
John Trenchard
King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II

AgreementTreaty of Interest

Jun 23 William Penn signs friendship treaty with Lenni Lenape indians in Pennsylvania; only treaty "not sworn to, nor broken"

English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William Penn
English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania
William Penn
  • Jul 16 Turkish troops under Kara Mustafa reach Vienna
  • Jul 16 Manchu/Chinese Qing Dynasty naval forces under commander Shi Lang defeat the Kingdom of Tungning in the Battle of Penghu near the Pescadores Islands.
  • Jul 24 1st settlers from Germany to US, leave aboard Concord
  • Sep 3 Turkish troops break through defense of Vienna
  • Sep 6 Le Plecta appointed French minister of Finance
  • Sep 9 Expelled Polish & Lotharings reach Wienerwald
  • Sep 12 Austro-Ottoman War: Battle of Vienna - several European armies join forces to defeat the Ottoman Empire
  • Sep 15 Germantown in Pennsylvania is founded by 13 immigrant families
  • Sep 17 Dutch scientist Antonie van Leeuwenhoek is the first to report the existence of bacteria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 24 King Louis XIV expels all Jews from French possessions in America

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • Oct 3 The Qing Dynasty naval commander Shi Lang reaches Taiwan (under the Kingdom of Tungning) to receive the formal surrender of Zheng Keshuang and Liu Guoxuan after the Battle of Penghu.
  • Oct 6 13 Mennonite families from Germany found Germantown, Philadelphia
  • Nov 1 The English crown colony of New York is subdivided into 12 counties.
  • Nov 22 Purcell's "Welcome to All the Pleasures" premieres in London
  • Dec 25 English Whig leader Duke of Monmouth flees to Holland