On This Day

Events in History in 1709

Historic CommunicationGreat Frost of 1709

Jan 5 The Great Frost begins during the night, a sudden cold snap that remains Europe's coldest ever winter. Thousands are killed across the continent and crops fail in France.
Learn More >>

Le lagon gelé en 1709, painted by Gabriele Bella, showing part of a lagoon which froze in Venice in 1709
Le lagon gelé en 1709, painted by Gabriele Bella, showing part of a lagoon which froze in Venice in 1709
  • Jan 11 Colley Cibber's play "Rival Fools" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 2 British sailor Alexander Selkirk is rescued by William Dampier after being marooned on a desert island for 5 years, his story inspires "Robinson Crusoe

Explorer and Pirate William Dampier
Explorer and Pirate
William Dampier
  • Mar 27 Dike at Hardinxveld breaks (Alblasserwaard flooded)

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Jun 27 Peter the Great of Russia defeats Charles XII of Sweden at the Battle of Poltava.

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great
  • Jul 8 Battle of Poltava; Russians defeat Swedes, end of Swedish empire as a major power
  • Aug 8 1st known ascent in hot-air balloon, Bartolomeu de Gusmao (indoors)
  • Sep 3 1st major group of Swiss/German colonists reaches NC/SC
  • Sep 11 Battle at Malplaquet during War of the Spanish Succession: English, Austrian and Dutch Great Alliance defeat France
  • Oct 29 England & Netherlands sign anti-French "Barrieretraktaat"