On This Day

Events in History in 1770

  • Jan 13 Pierre de Beaumarchais' "Les Deux Amis" premieres in Paris
  • Jan 19 Battle of Golden Hill (Lower Manhattan)

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jan 28 Frederick North becomes Prime Minister of Great Britain after Augustus FitzRoy resigns

British Prime Minister Frederick North
British Prime Minister
Frederick North
British Prime Minister Augustus FitzRoy
British Prime Minister
Augustus FitzRoy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 5 Boston Massacre (Incident on King Street): British soldiers kill 5 men in a crowd throwing snowballs, stones and sticks at them. African American Crispus Attucks 1st to die; later held up as early black martyr. Massacre galvanizes anti-British feelings.

Former Slave and Seaman Crispus Attucks
Former Slave and Seaman
Crispus Attucks

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

Mar 31 Immanuel Kant is appointed Professor of Logic and Metaphysics at the University of Königsberg

Philosopher Immanuel Kant
Immanuel Kant
  • Apr 12 British parliament repeals the Townshend Revenue Acts, which had fueled opposition to British rule in colonial America
  • Apr 19 Amsterdam buys Van Aerssens family 1/3 part of Suriname

DiscoveryHistoric Discovery

Apr 19 British explorer Captain James Cook first sights Australia

Explorer James Cook
James Cook
  • Apr 20 Captain James Cook arrives in New South Wales
  • Apr 28 British Captain James Cook, aboard the Endeavour, lands at Botany Bay in Australia
  • May 26 The Orlov Revolt, a first attempt to revolt against the Turks before the Greek War of Independence ends in disaster for the Greeks.
  • Jun 3 Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo founded in California
  • Jun 11 Captain James Cook discovers Great Barrier Reef off Australia
  • Jun 19 General Church of New Jerusalem established
  • Jun 19 Emanuel Swedenborg reports the completion of the Second Coming of Christ in his work True Christian Religion
  • Jun 28 Quakers open a school for blacks in Philadelphia
  • Jul 5 Battles of Chesma and Larga between the Russian and Ottoman Empires
  • Jul 6 Battle at Cesme: Russian fleet beats Turkish
  • Aug 22 James Cook's expedition lands on the east coast of Australia