On This Day

Events in History in 1797

  • Jan 1 Albany replaces New York City as capital of New York
  • Jan 7 First official use of the modern Italian flag (the Tricolor) by the Cispadane Republic
  • Jan 26 Russia, Prussia and Austria sign treaty
  • Jan 30 US Congress refuses to accept 1st petition from African American
  • Feb 4 Earthquake in Quito, Ecuador kills 41,000
  • Feb 12 Joseph Haydn's song "Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser" (God Save Emperor Francis) premieres in Vienna

Victory in Battle

Feb 14 The Battle of Cape St Vincent: British fleet under Admiral Sir John Jervis defeats larger Spanish fleet under Admiral Don José de Córdoba y Ramos near Cape St. Vincent, Portugal. Captain Horatio Nelson distinguishes himself.

  • Feb 18 Trinidad is surrendered to a British fleet under the command of Sir Ralph Abercromby

Historic Event

Feb 19 The Peace of Tolentino : Pope Pius VI cedes Papal territories of Avignon, Venaissin, Ferrara, Bologna, and the Romagna to France

  • Feb 21 Trinidad, West Indies, a Spanish colony, surrenders to the British

Last Invasion of Britain

Feb 22 The Last Invasion of Britain, launched by the French during the Revolutionary Wars, begins near Fishguard, Wales

  • Feb 24 Colonel William Tate and his force of 1,000-1,500 soldiers surrender after the Last Invasion of Britain (according to legend, to Welsh women in tall black hats, mistaken for elite guards regiment)
  • Feb 26 Bank of England issues first £1 note

President Inaugurated

Mar 4 John Adams inaugurated as 2nd President of The United States, Thomas Jefferson 2nd Vice President

  • Mar 28 Nathaniel Briggs of New Hampshire patents a washing machine
  • Apr 16 Spithead Mutiny begins: British Royal Navy sailors protest over living and working conditions and pay near Portsmouth
  • Apr 17 Sir Ralph Abercromby attacks San Juan, Puerto Rico, one of the largest invasions of Spanish territories in America
  • Apr 18 France & Austria sign ceasefire
  • May 10 1st US Navy ship, the "United States," is launched

Victory in Battle

May 12 First Coalition: Napoleon I of France conquers Venice

  • May 12 Nore Mutiny: British Royal Navy sailors mutiny on the Thames, England and blockade London
  • Jun 2 Surveyor Charles Brodhead achieves the 1st ascent of Giant Mountain (4,626 feet) in Adirondack, New York, the 1st of any Adirondack High Peak [1]
  • Jun 11 Spanish Mission San José founded by Franciscan Padre Fermin Francisco de Lasuen at the Ohlone Village of Oroysom in Alta California (now Freemont, California)
  • Jun 14 Napoleon forms Ligurian Republic
  • Jun 26 Charles Newbold patents 1st cast-iron plow, though farmers fear effects of iron on soil
  • Jul 8 1st US senator (William Blount of Tennessee) expelled by impeachment
  • Jul 25 Horatio Nelson loses more than 300 men and his right arm during the failed conquest attempt of Tenerife (Spain)
  • Aug 3 Emperor Francis I permits Jews who served in military in "Countries of Bohemian Crown" to marry non Jews
  • Aug 16 Comet C/1797 P1 (Bouvard-Herschel) approaches 0.0879 AUs of Earth
  • Sep 1 2nd National Meeting in Hague
  • Oct 11 Battle of Camperdown (Kamperduin): British navy defeats Dutch fleet
  • Oct 17 Peace of Campo Formio: Austrian Dutch possessions & France
  • Oct 21 The USS Constitution (Old Ironsides) is launched in Boston
  • Oct 22 Andre-Jacques Garnerin makes 1st parachute descent from a balloon in Paris