On This Day

Events in History in 1798

  • Jan 1 Russia appoints 1st Jewish censor to censor Hebrew books
  • Jan 8 11th Amendment ratified, judicial powers construed
  • Jan 22 Coup d'état in Batavian Republic
  • Jan 30 Rep Matthew Lyon (Vt) spits in face of Rep Roger Griswold (Ct) in US House of Representatives, after an argument
  • Feb 2 Federal St Theater, Boston, becomes 1st in US destroyed by fire
  • Feb 10 Louis Alexandre Berthier invades Rome (15th February proclaim a Roman Republic, 20th February take Pope Pius VI prisoner)
  • Feb 20 Louis Alexandre Berthier removes Pope Pius VI from power.
  • Mar 4 Catholic women force to do penance for kindling sabbath fire for Jews
  • Mar 7 The French army enters Rome: the birth of the Roman Republic
  • Mar 9 Dr George Balfour becomes 1st naval surgeon in the US navy
  • Mar 29 Republic of Switzerland forms
  • Apr 7 Mississippi Territory organized
  • Apr 23 Dutch emperor accepts new Constitution
  • Apr 30 US Department of the Navy forms
  • May 24 Irish Rebellion of 1798 led by the United Irishmen against British rule begins
  • May 26 British kill about 500 Irish insurgents at the Battle of Tara

  • May 27 The Battle of Oulart Hill takes place in Wexford, Ireland, large rebel force kills local militia
  • Jun 5 The Battle of New Ross: The attempt to spread United Irish Rebellion into Munster is defeated.
  • Jun 7 Jews of Pesaro Italy fast commemorating murder of Jews
  • Jun 7 Thomas Malthus publishes the first edition of his influential 'Essay on the Principle of Population' (date of the unsigned preface)
  • Jun 13 Mission San Luis Rey de Francia founded in California
  • Jun 25 US passes Alien Act allowing president to deport dangerous aliens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 1 Napoleon's fleet reaches Alexandria, Egypt

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Jul 6 US law makes aliens "liable to be apprehended, restrained, ... & removed as alien enemies"
  • Jul 7 Quasi-War: the U.S. Congress rescinds treaties with France sparking the 'war'
  • Jul 11 US Marine Corps established by an act of Congress
  • Jul 14 1st direct US federal tax on states-on dwellings, land and slaves
  • Jul 14 US Sedition Act prohibits "false, scandalous & malicious" writing against government
  • Jul 16 US Public Health Service forms & US Marine Hospital authorized
  • Jul 21 Napoleon Bonaparte wins Battle of Pyramids in Egypt (Battle of Embabeh) against Mamluk rulers, wiping out most of the Egyptian army
  • Jul 23 Napoleon captures Alexandria, Egypt

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Aug 1 Battle of the Nile: British Royal Navy under Admiral Horatio Nelson attacks and decimates the French fleet at Aboukir Bay off the Nile Delta, Egypt

British Admiral Horatio Nelson
British Admiral
Horatio Nelson
  • Aug 2 Battle of the Nile: British Royal Navy under Admiral Horatio Nelson further decimates the French fleet
  • Aug 3 Battle of the Nile: British Admiral Horatio Nelson forces the remnants of the French fleet to surrender, concluding a decisive victory for the British who capture or destroy 11 French ships of the line and 2 frigates

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 22 French troops land in Kilcummin harbour in County Mayo, Ireland, to aid Wolfe Tone's United Irishmen's Irish Rebellion

Irish Republican and Revolutionary Wolfe Tone
Irish Republican and Revolutionary
Wolfe Tone
  • Aug 27 Battle of Castlebar, Ireland: French army and Irish rebels rout a larger the British force

  • Sep 1 Britain signs treaty with Nizam of Hyderabad, India
  • Sep 2 First bank robbery in the US: Bank of Pennsylvania robbed of $162,821 at Carpenter's Hall, Philadelphia
  • Sep 3 Battle of St. George's Caye: Week long battle begins between the Spanish Empire and Great Britain off the coast of Belize
  • Sep 5 New conscription law goes into effect in France
  • Sep 10 British Honduras beats Spain in battle of St George
  • Oct 12 Flemish uprising against French occupied Boerenkrijg
  • Oct 12 Friedrich von Schiller's "Wallensteins Lager" premieres in Weimar
  • Nov 8 Irish revolutionary Wolfe Tone is sentenced to death by hanging for his part in the Irish Rebellion of 1798. Tone requests to be shot instead so as to die a soldier's death.
  • Nov 16 Kentucky becomes first state to nullify an act of Congress
  • Nov 17 -21) Snow storms in New England, hundreds die
  • Nov 27 Rabbi Shneur Zalman, author (Tanya), released from St Petersburg jail
  • Dec 4 Rebellious Flemish farmers occupy Hasselt
  • Dec 5 Dutch troops occupy Hasselt
  • Dec 14 David Wilkinson of Rhode Island patents a nut & bolt machine
  • Dec 17 1st impeachment trial against a US senator (William Blount, Tennessee) begins
  • Dec 24 Russia & Britain sign Second anti-French Coalition