On This Day

Events in History in 1803

  • Jan 1 Emperor Gia Long orders all bronze wares of the Tây Sơn Dynasty to be collected and melted into nine cannons for the Royal Citadel in Huế, Vietnam.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 12 US Senate approves Thomas Jefferson's nomination of James Monroe and Robert Livingstone to negotiate purchase of New Orleans from France

5th US President James Monroe
5th US President
James Monroe
3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
  • Feb 4 William Dunlap adapts French melodrama "Voice of Nature"
  • Feb 5 English explorer George Bass and crew set sail from Sydney to Tahiti and Chile - they're never seen again
  • Feb 14 Apple parer patented by Moses Coats, Downington, Pennsylvania

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Feb 14 Chief Justice John Marshall declares that any act of U.S. Congress that conflicts with the Constitution is void

Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States John Marshall
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
John Marshall
  • Feb 19 US Congress accepts Ohio's constitution, statehood not ratified till 1953
  • Feb 24 US Supreme Court 1st rules a law unconstitutional (Marbury v Madison)
  • Feb 25 In the last significant act of the Holy Roman Empire, more than 100 German polities are abolished in a major internal reorganization
  • Feb 27 Great fire in Bombay, India
  • Mar 1 Ohio becomes 17th state of the Union
  • Mar 3 1st impeachment trial of a US federal judge, John Pickering, begins
  • Mar 3 Colégio Militar is founded in Portugal by Colonel Teixeira Rebello.
  • Mar 5 First newspaper published in Australia the Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser by government printer and ex-convict George Howe [1]
  • Mar 19 Friedrich Schiller's "Die Braut von Messina" premieres in Weimar
  • Apr 1 French law rules the use of intention

  • Apr 26 Meteorites fall in L'Aigle, France
  • Apr 30 Chancellor Robert Livingston and James Monroe sign Louisiana Purchase Treaty in Paris at a cost of 15 million dollars, doubles the size of the USA
  • May 17 John Hawkins & Richard French patent the Reaping Machine
  • May 18 "Peace of Amiens" between French Republic and Great Britain ends as Britain declares war on France, due to France's imperialist policies in the West Indies, Italy, and Switzerland
  • May 22 1st US public library opens in Connecticut

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Jun 9 British explorer Matthew Flinders arrives in Sydney becoming the first person to circumnavigate Australia, proving it is one continent [1]

Explorer and Cartographer Matthew Flinders
Explorer and Cartographer
Matthew Flinders

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 4 The Louisiana Purchase is announced to the American people by President Thomas Jefferson

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
  • Jul 5 The convention of Artlenburg leads to the French occupation of Hanover (which had been ruled by the British king)
  • Jul 23 Republican Robert Emmet leads Irish rebellion against the British Crown in Dublin
  • Jul 26 The Surrey Iron Railway, arguably the world's first public railway, opens in south London
  • Aug 9 1st horses arrive in Hawaii

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Aug 9 Robert Fulton tests his steam paddle-boat on the River Seine, France, but it sinks

Commercial Steamboat Inventor Robert Fulton
Commercial Steamboat Inventor
Robert Fulton
  • Sep 23 Battle of Assaye: British-Indian forces beat Maratha Army
  • Oct 20 US Senate ratifies the Louisiana Purchase

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Oct 21 English scientist John Dalton reads his paper on the absorption of gases by water to the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Soc - 1st outline of his atomic theory

Chemist, Physicist and Meteorologist John Dalton
Chemist, Physicist and Meteorologist
John Dalton
  • Nov 18 Battle of Vertieres; Haitian population inflict final defeat on French force attempting to quell slave rebellion on colony of Saint-Dominque
  • Nov 29 Dessalines & Christophe declare St Domingue (Haiti) independent
  • Nov 30 Spain cedes her claims to Louisiana Territory to France
  • Dec 20 French flag lowered in New Orleans to mark the formal transfer of the Louisiana Purchase from France to USA for $27M