Events in History in 1808

  • Jan 1 African Benevolent Society (education) forms
  • Jan 1 Congress prohibits importation of slaves
  • Jan 1 Sierra Leone becomes a British colony
  • Jan 10 Herman Daendels succeeds Albertus Wiese as Governor-General of Dutch-East Indies
  • Jan 12 The organizational meeting that led to the creation of the Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, is held in Edinburgh.
  • Jan 19 Louis Napoleon signs 1st Dutch aviation law
  • Jan 26 Rum Rebellion, the only successful (albeit short-lived) armed takeover of the government in Australia
  • Feb 11 Anthracite coal 1st burned as fuel, experimentally, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania
  • Feb 21 Russia invades Finland, then part of the Swedish Kingdom, with 24,000 troops
  • Mar 2 The inaugural meeting of the Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, was held in Edinburgh.
  • Mar 7 Portugal's regent Dom Juan IV arrives in Rio De Janeiro

Event of Interest

Mar 19 Charles IV, king of Spain, abdicates after riots and a popular revolt at the winter palace Aranjuez. His son, Ferdinand VII, takes the throne

Event of Interest

Mar 23 Napoleon's brother Joseph takes the throne of Spain

  • Mar 26 Charles IV of Spain abdicates in favor of his son, Ferdinand VII
  • Mar 31 French created Kingdom of Westphalia orders Jews to adopt family names

Event of Interest

Apr 6 John Jacob Astor incorporates the American Fur Company

Event of Interest

Apr 8 Roman Catholic Diocese of Baltimore promoted to an archdiocese by Pope Pius VII, with the founding of the dioceses of New York, Philadelphia, Boston, and Bardstown (now Louisville)

  • Apr 9 Mayor Wolters offers French King Louis Napoleon townhall as a palace
  • Apr 17 Bayonne Decree by Napoleon I of France orders seizure of US ships
  • Apr 30 1st practical typewriter finished by Italian Pellegrini Turri
  • May 2 Uprising against French occupation begins in Madrid

The Third of May 1808

May 3 Day depicted by Spanish painter Goya in his "The Third of May", painted 1814

  • May 3 Finnish War: Sweden loses the fortress of Sveaborg to Russia
  • May 3 Peninsular War: The Madrid rebels who rose up on May 2 are fired upon near Príncipe Pío hill
  • May 30 Napoleon Bonaparte annexes Tuscany & gave it seats in French Senate
  • Jun 1 1st US land-grant university founded as Ohio University in Athens, Ohio
  • Jun 15 Joseph Bonaparte becomes King of Spain
  • Jul 2 Simon Fraser completes his trip down Fraser River, British Columbia, lands at Musqueam
  • Jul 15 French marshal Joachim Murat becomes King of Naples
  • Jul 20 Napoleon decrees all French Jews adopt family names

Event of Interest

Jul 28 Mahmud II succeeds Mustafa IV as sultan of the Ottoman Empire

Victory in Battle

Aug 21 Battle of Vimeiro: British and Portuguese forces led by General Arthur Wellesley defeat French force under Major-General Jean-Andoche Junot near the village of Vimeiro, Portugal, the first Anglo-Portuguese victory of the Peninsular War.

  • Sep 13 Finnish War: In the Battle of Jutas, Swedish forces under Lieutenant General Georg Carl von Döbeln beat the Russians, making von Döbeln a Swedish war hero.
  • Sep 30 Covent Garden Theatre Royal destroyed by fire in London
  • Oct 17 Political rights of Jews suspended in Duchy of Warsaw
  • Oct 31 Holland Brigade battle at Durango, Spain
  • Nov 10 Osage Treaty / Treaty of Fort Clark, Osage Nation cedes territory in Missouri and Arkansas to the US

Election of Interest

Dec 7 James Madison elected 4th US President and George Clinton Vice-President