Events in History in 1831

  • Jan 1 Slave plantation owner Charles Farquharson begins his diary at Prospect Hill Plantation, Watlings Island (San Salvador). Only plantation diary to survive from the Bahamas (ends Dec 1832). [1]

Historic Publication

Jan 1 William Lloyd Garrison publishes 1st issue of abolitionist journal, "The Liberator"; publication continued until the 13th Amendment abolished slavery in 1865

  • Jan 2 "The Liberator", weekly abolitionist newspaper, begins publishing by William Lloyd Garrison in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Jan 3 1st US building & loan association organized, Frankford, Penn
  • Jan 15 1st US railroad honeymoon trip, Mr & Mrs Pierson, Charleston, South Carolina
  • Jan 15 1st US-built locomotive to pull a passenger train makes 1st run

Historic Event

Jan 22 Charles Darwin takes his Bachelors of Art exam at Christ's College, Cambridge, coming tenth out of 171 candidates

  • Feb 5 Jan van Speyk blows up his gunboat in Antwerp to avoid capture by the Belgian, killing about 30
  • Feb 7 Belgium adopts its Constitution
  • Feb 14 Ras Marye of Yejju marches into Tigray and defeats and kills Dejazmach Sabagadis in the Battle of Debre Abbay
  • Feb 19 1st practical US coal-burning locomotive makes 1st trial run in Pennsylvania
  • Feb 20 Polish revolutionaries defeat Russians in battle of Growchow

Historic Event

Mar 1 Lord John Russell introduces the Reform Bill in the British House of Commons on the government's behalf to revamp the electoral system of England and Wales and increase the franchise

  • Mar 2 John Frazee becomes 1st US sculptor to receive a federal commission

Historic Event

Mar 6 Edgar Allan Poe removed from West Point military academy

  • Mar 10 The French Foreign Legion is established by King Louis-Philippe to support his war in Algeria
  • Mar 19 1st US bank robbery, the City Bank in New York robbed of $245,000
  • Mar 29 Great Bosnian uprising: Bosniak rebel against Turkey.
  • Mar 31 Mainzer Rijnvaart Convention ends
  • Mar 31 Quebec & Montreal incorporated
  • Apr 7 Brazilian Emperor Dom Pedro abdicates, leaving his six-year old son, Dom Pedro II head of state as Prince Imperial
  • Apr 14 Soldiers marching on a bridge in Manchester, England, cause it to collapse.
  • Jun 4 National Congress selects Leopold von Saksen-Coburg as King of Belgium
  • Jun 6 2nd US national black convention (Philadelphia)
  • Jul 1 Admiral James C Ross reaches magnetic North Pole
  • Jul 21 Belgium gains independence from Netherlands, Leopold I made king
  • Aug 1 London Bridge opens to traffic
  • Aug 2 Ten day campaign begins, Dutch army occupies Belgium
  • Aug 8 Battle of Hasselt - Dutch army drives out Belgians
  • Aug 9 1st US steam engine train run (Albany to Schenectady, NY)
  • Aug 10 Hurricane hits Barbados; about 1,500 die
  • Aug 12 Dutch troops conquer Leuven
  • Aug 12 Netherlands & Belgium sign peace treaty

Historic Event

Aug 21 Former slave Nat Turner leads uprising against slavery

Historic Event

Aug 29 Michael Faraday demonstrates 1st electric transformer

  • Sep 8 William IV is crowned King of Great Britain, then aged 64 the oldest person to assume the British throne
  • Sep 15 The locomotive "John Bull" operates for the first time in New Jersey on the Camden and Amboy Railroad
  • Sep 26 Robert Montgomery Bird's play "The Gladiator" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 9 Ioannis Kapodistrias, first Head of State of modern Greece, assassinated in Nafplion
  • Nov 7 State of Gran Colombia disbands
  • Nov 17 Ecuador and Venezuela separated from Greater Colombia
  • Dec 1 Erie Canal closes for entire month due to cold weather
  • Dec 5 Former US President John Q Adams takes his seat as a member of House of Representatives
  • Dec 25 Louisiana & Arkansas are first states to observe Christmas as holiday

Darwin Discovers The Secrets of Life

Dec 27 HMS Beagle with Charles Darwin on board departs England for a survey of South America, a voyage Darwin later said "determined my whole career"

  • Dec 31 Gramercy Park is deeded to New York City