On This Day

Events in History in 1842

  • Jan 1 1st illustrated weekly magazine in US publishes 1st issue, NYC
  • Jan 2 1st US wire suspension bridge for general traffic opens in Penn

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 3 Charles Dickens and his wife Catherine leave Liverpool, England for America on board the RMS Britannia

Novelist Charles Dickens
Charles Dickens
  • Jan 6 4,500 British & Indian troops leave Kabul, massacred before reaching India
  • Jan 8 Dutch King Willem II charters Technical College Delft
  • Jan 12 Franciscan nuns begin missionary work on Netherland Antilles
  • Jan 13 Dr. William Brydon, a surgeon in the British Army during the First Anglo-Afghan War, becomes famous for (reputedly) being the sole survivor of an army of 16,500 when he reaches the safety of a garrison in Jalalabad.
  • Jan 22 Charles Dickens arrives in Boston, Massachusetts with his wife, Catherine
  • Feb 7 Battle of Debre Tabor: Ras Ali Alula, Regent of the Emperor of Ethiopia defeats warlord Wube Haile Maryam of Semien
  • Feb 10 Moreton Bay Penal Colony abolished and opened for free settlement (modern city of Brisbane, Australia) [1]
  • Feb 15 1st adhesive postage stamps in US (private delivery company), NYC
  • Feb 21 1st known sewing machine patented in US, John Greenough, Washington, D.C.
  • Mar 3 1st US child labor law regulating working hours passed (Mass)
  • Mar 5 Over 500 Mexican troops led by Rafael Vasquez invade Texas, briefly occupy San Antonio and then head back to the Rio Grande.
  • Mar 17 Treaty of 1842: Wyandotte (Huron) Indian nation cedes 114,000 acres of land in Ohio and Michigan to US, in exchange for 148,000 acres west of the Mississippi [1] [2]
  • Mar 30 Ether used as an anaesthetic for 1st time by Dr Crawford Long (Georgia)

  • Apr 13 Lord Rosse successfully casts 72" (183-cm) mirror for a telescope
  • May 5 City-wide fire burns for over 100 hours in Hamburg, Germany
  • May 8 Versailles to Paris train catches fire; 50 die
  • May 14 Illustrated London News; the world's first illustrated weekly newspaper, begins publication
  • May 22 Farmers Lester Howe and Henry Wetsel discover Howe Caverns in New York state when they stumble upon a large gaping hole in the ground

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 25 Christian Doppler presents his idea, now known as the Doppler Effect, to the Royal Bohemian Society, Prague

MurderAssassination Attempt

May 30 John Francis attempts to assassinate Queen Victoria

Queen of the United Kingdom Queen Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Queen Victoria

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

Jun 15 John C. Frémont sets off from Kansas River on his first expedition of the Oregon Trail with frontierman Kit Carson as his guide

Frontiersman Kit Carson
Kit Carson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 26 Ellen G. White is baptized by John Hobart in Portland, Maine

Christian Pioneer Ellen G. White
Christian Pioneer
Ellen G. White
  • Aug 1 Rotherhithe Tunnel under the Thames opens
  • Aug 1 Lombard Street Riot erupts in Philadelphia [1] [2]
  • Aug 9 US-Canada border defined by Webster-Ashburton Treaty
  • Aug 14 Second Seminole War declared over by Colonel Worth; Indians go on to be removed from Florida to Oklahoma
  • Aug 21 The city of Hobart, Tasmania, is founded.
  • Aug 29 Great Britain and China sign Treaty of Nanking, ending the Opium war
  • Aug 31 Micah Rugg patents a nuts & bolts machine
  • Aug 31 US Naval Observatory authorized by an act of Congress
  • Sep 4 Work on Cologne cathedral recommences after a 284-year hiatus
  • Sep 18 1st edition of Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, published

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 15 Karl Marx becomes editor-in-chief of Rheinische Zeitung

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx
  • Nov 8 Belgium King Leopold I proclaims child labor laws (for 1889)
  • Nov 9 The first U.S. design patent for typefaces and borders was issued to George Bruce of New York City
  • Nov 17 Fugitive slave George Latimer captured in Boston
  • Nov 22 Mount St Helens in Washington erupts
  • Nov 26 The University of Notre Dame is founded
  • Dec 19 US recognizes independence of Hawaii