Events in History in 1844

  • Jan 1 1st edition of New Rotterdam's Daily (3x per week)
  • Jan 15 University of Notre Dame receives its charter in Indiana
  • Jan 25 Recontre between Reps Weller & Shriver, US House of Representative

Historic Expedition

Feb 14 John C. Frémont and his party become the first Europeans to discover Lake Tahoe during his second expedition through the American West

  • Feb 27 Dominican Republic gains independence from Haiti (National Day)
  • Feb 28 12-inch gun aboard USS Princeton explodes, killing Secretary of State Abel P. Upshur, Secretary of the Navy Thomas Gilmer, and other high-ranking U.S. federal officials
  • Mar 8 King Oscar I ascends to the throne of Sweden-Norway
  • Mar 21 Origin of Baha'i Era-Baha'i calendar starts here (Baha 1, 1)
  • Mar 21 The original date predicted by William Miller of Massachusetts for the return of Christ and the end of the world
  • Mar 28 Jose Zorilla's "Don Juan Tenorio" premieres in Madrid
  • Apr 12 Texan envoys sign Treaty of Annexation with the United States

Presidential Convention

May 1 Whig convention nominates Henry Clay as presidential candidate

  • May 6 Johan Thorbecke argues general right to vote
  • May 23 Declaration of Bab (Baha'i festival) ('Azamat 7, 1)

Historic Communication

May 24 Samuel Morse taps out "What hath God wrought" in the world's first telegraph message

  • May 25 1st telegraphed news dispatch is published in Baltimore Patriot

Historic Event

Jun 6 Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) formed by George Williams in London

Historic Invention

Jun 15 Charles Goodyear patents the vulcanization of rubber

  • Jun 22 Influential North American fraternity Delta Kappa Epsilon is founded at Yale University
  • Jul 3 The last pair of Great Auks is killed
  • Jul 27 Fire destroys US mint at Charlotte, North Carolina

Historic Event

Aug 8 Brigham Young chosen as head of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints following the death of Joseph Smith

  • Aug 29 1st white-indian lacrosse game in Montreal, Indians win
  • Sep 5 Iron ore discovered in Minnesota's Mesabi Mountains
  • Sep 28 Oscar I of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Sweden

Historic Expedition

Oct 1 German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt departs Jimbour, the farthest outpost of settlement on the Queensland Darling Downs, to begin his exploration of Australia's Northern Territory from Moreton Bay to Port Essington

  • Oct 22 Millerite Adventists wait for appearance of Jesus
  • Nov 6 Spain grants Dominican Republic independence
  • Nov 23 Independence of the Duke of Schleswig-Holstein from Denmark.
  • Dec 3 RC Society Apostole of Prayer forms

Election of Interest

Dec 4 James Knox Polk elected 11th US President

  • Dec 11 1st dental use of nitrous oxide in Hartford, Connecticut
  • Dec 21 The Rochdale Pioneers commence business at their cooperative in Rochdale, England, starting the Cooperative movement.