Events in History in 1851

  • Jan 1 City of Glasgow steamer inaugurates Philadelphia-Liverpool line
  • Jan 15 General Mariano Arista replaces Mexican President José Joaquín de Herrera
  • Jan 28 Northwestern University (Chicago) chartered
  • Jan 31 San Francisco Orphan's Asylum founded, 1st in California
  • Feb 12 Edward Hargraves and three other men discover gold at Ophir, New South Wales, beginning Australia's first gold rush [1]
  • Feb 15 Black abolitionists invade Boston courtroom rescuing a fugitive slave
  • Mar 3 Congress authorizes smallest US silver coin (3 cent piece)
  • Mar 7 Poll tax levied on Russo-Polish Jews entering Austrian Galicia ends
  • Mar 25 Yosemite Valley discovery made public by Major James D. Savage and Captain John Boling after being shown by Indian guides in California
  • Apr 15 Earl G Andressy sentenced to death in Hungary
  • Apr 23 Canada issues its 1st postage stamps
  • May 1 First public flushing toilets the 'Monkey Closets' unveiled by George Jennings as part of The Great Exhibition at Hyde Park, London, costing one penny
  • May 1 Great Exhibition opens in the Crystal Palace, at Hyde Park, London
  • May 3 Sixth major fire in San Francisco destroys 1500-2000 buildings
  • May 6 Dr John Gorrie patents a "refrigeration machine"
  • May 6 Linus Yale Jr. patents the Yale cylinder lock
  • May 6 New slave regulations go into effect in Suriname
  • May 6 San Francisco Chamber of Commerce starts
  • May 15 King Mongkut [Rama IV or Phra Chomklao Chaoyuhua] crowned in Siam (Thailand)
  • May 18 Amsterdam-Nieuwediep telegraph connection linked

Conference of Interest

May 29 Sojourner Truth addresses 1st Black Women's Rights Convention in Akron, Ohio

  • Jun 2 1st US alcohol prohibition law enacted (Maine)
  • Jun 9 San Francisco Committee of Vigilance forms (1st time)
  • Jun 15 Jacob Fussell, Baltimore dairyman, sets up 1st ice-cream factory
  • Jun 22 Fire destroys part of San Francisco, including City Hall and Jenny Lind Theatre, city's seventh fire in 2 years
  • Jun 30 Battle of Viervoet: Basotho forces led by Moshoeshoe defeat the British over the British imposed Walden line
  • Jul 13 John F Loudon discovers tin on East Indian Island of Billiton
  • Jul 23 Treaty of Traverse des Sioux signed by Sioux Indians and US
  • Jul 28 Total solar eclipse captured on a daguerreotype photograph
  • Jul 29 Annibale de Gasparis discovers asteroid 15 Eunomia
  • Aug 12 American inventor Isaac Singer patents the sewing machine
  • Aug 22 Gold fields discovered in Australia
  • Sep 15 Saint Joseph's University is founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Sep 18 New York Times starts publishing (2 cents a copy)
  • Sep 22 City of Des Moines, Iowa incorporated as Fort Des Moines
  • Oct 1 1st Hawaiian stamps issued
  • Oct 2 The pasilalinic-sympathetic compass(a contraption built to test the pseudo-scientific hypothesis that snails create a permanent telepathic link when they mate) is demonstrated but proves to be a fake.
  • Oct 24 William Lassell discovers Ariel & Umbriel, satellites of Uranus
  • Oct 30 Alfred de Musset's "Bettine" premieres in Paris
  • Nov 9 Kentucky marshals abduct abolitionist minister Calvin Fairbank from Jeffersonville, Indiana, and take him to Kentucky to stand trial for helping a slave escape.
  • Nov 11 Alvan Clark patents telescope
  • Nov 13 1st meeting of anti-revolutionary "Netherlands & Orange"
  • Nov 13 Telegraph connection between London-Paris linked
  • Nov 13 The Denny Party lands at Alki Point, the first settlers of what would become Seattle, Washington

Historic Publication

Nov 14 "Moby-Dick" by Herman Melville first published by Harper and Brothers in the US

  • Dec 2 French President Charles Louis Bonaparte in a Coup d'etat overthrows the Second Republic establishing himself as Emperor.
  • Dec 4 President Louis Napoleon Boaparte's forces crush an attempted coup d'etat in France
  • Dec 9 1st Young Men's Christian Association in North America set up in Montreal
  • Dec 22 The first freight train is operated in Roorkee, India.
  • Dec 24 Fire devastates US Library of Congress in Washington, destroys 35,000 volumes
  • Dec 29 1st American Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) chapter opened in Boston, Massachusetts