On This Day

Events in History in 1861 (Part 2)

  • Aug 16 Skirmishes at Fredericktown/Kirkville, Missouri
  • Aug 19 Confederacy Congress allies with government of Missouri
  • Aug 20 Skirmish at Jonesboro, MO
  • Aug 27 Battle of Cape Hatteras SC-Union troops take Ft Clark
  • Aug 28 Battle of Fort Hatteras, North Carolina
  • Aug 29 American Civil War: US Navy squadron captures forts at Hatteras Inlet, North Carolina.
  • Aug 30 John Frémont issues proclamation freeing slaves of Missouri rebels
  • Sep 1 Grant assumes command of Federal forces at Cape Girardeau MI
  • Sep 1 Skirmishes at Boone Court House WV & Blue Creek WV
  • Sep 3 Confederate forces enter Kentucky, thus ending its neutrality

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 6 General Ulysses S. Grant occupies Paducah, Kentucky

Union General and US President Ulysses S. Grant
Union General and US President
Ulysses S. Grant
  • Sep 9 Nurse Sally Tompkins is officially commissioned as an officer (and its only woman officer) by the Confederate US Army
  • Sep 10 -15] Battle at Cheat Mountain, Elkwater, West Virginia
  • Sep 10 Battle of Carnifex Ferry in Virginia, 170 casualties
  • Sep 13 1st naval battle of Civil War, Union frigate "Colorado" sinks privateer "Judah" off Pensacola, Fla
  • Sep 16 Battle of Princeton, West Virginia
  • Sep 16 British Post Office Savings Banks opens
  • Sep 17 First class for escaped slaves taught by Mary Peake at Fortress Monroe Virginia (now Hampton University).
  • Sep 20 Battle of Lexington, MI-captured by Union
  • Sep 22 Fort Fauntleroy (Wingate) in New Mexico fires on and kills Navajo Indians after horse race dispute
  • Sep 25 Secretary of US Navy authorizes enlistment of slaves
  • Oct 2 Former US VP John C Breckinridge flees Kentucky
  • Oct 6 Naval Engagement at Charleston, South Carolina, USS Flag vs BR Alert
  • Oct 6 Revolt of Russian student shuts down university of Petersburg
  • Oct 11 Battle of Dumfries, VA (Quantico Creek)
  • Oct 12 Confederate ironclad Manassas attack Union's Richmond on Mississippi
  • Oct 16 Confederacy starts selling postage stamps
  • Oct 21 Battle of Balls Bluff, VA (Leesburg, Harrison's Island)
  • Oct 22 1st telegraph line linking West & East coasts completed
  • Oct 24 First US transcontinental telegram is sent (from San Francisco to Washington, D.C.)
  • Oct 24 West Virginia secedes from Virginia
  • Oct 25 First Battle of Springfield [Zagonyi's Charge], fought in Springfield, Missouri, Union victory (US Civil War)
  • Oct 25 Telegraph message sent from St Louis to San Francisco
  • Oct 25 Toronto Stock Exchange created
  • Oct 26 Pony Express (Missouri to California) ends after 19 months

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 1 General George McClellan made general in chief of Union armies

Union General George McClellan
Union General
George McClellan
  • Nov 2 American Civil War: Western Department Union General John C. Frémont is relieved of command and replaced by David Hunter
  • Nov 3 Battle of Port Royal, fought in Port Royal Sound, South Carolina begins, Union victory (US Civil War)
  • Nov 4 University of Washington founded in Seattle

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 6 Jefferson Davis elected to 6 year term as US Confederate President

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • Nov 7 Battle of Belmont, fought in Mississippi County, Missouri begins, first combat test for Brigadier General Ulysses S. Grant, Union victory (US Civil War)
  • Nov 7 Battle of Port Royal, fought in Port Royal Sound, South Carolina ends, Union forces capture Fort Walker and Fort Beauregard (US Civil War)
  • Nov 8 Battle of Mount Ivy, Kentucky

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 8 USS San Jacinto commanded by Charles Wilkes captures two Confederate diplomats from the British mail steamer Trent, almost causing a war between the US and the UK

Naval Officer and Explorer Charles Wilkes
Naval Officer and Explorer
Charles Wilkes
  • Nov 9 1st documented Canadian football game (at U of Toronto)
  • Nov 13 A letter is written by Reverend Mark R. Watkinson petitioning the Treasury Department to "recognize Almighty God" on American coins; the department eventually decides on the motto "In God We Trust"
  • Nov 18 The first provisional meeting of the Confederate Congress is held in Richmond, Virginia
  • Nov 19 Julia Ward Howe committed "Battle Hymn of the Republic" to paper
  • Nov 19 The first petroleum shipment (1,329 barrels) from the U.S. to Europe leaves Philadelphia, USA, for London, England on the Elizabeth Watts
  • Nov 20 Secession ordinance is filed by Kentucky's Confederate government
  • Nov 22 Battle of Fort McRee, Florida
  • Nov 24 Luik-Visé-Maastricht railway opens
  • Nov 26 West Virginia created as a result of dispute over slavery with Virginia
  • Nov 28 Confederate congress officially admits Missouri to Confederacy
  • Nov 30 Harper's Weekly publishes EE Beers' "All quiet along the Potomac"
  • Dec 9 Battle of Bird Creek, Indian Terr (High Shoal, Chusto-Talasah)
  • Dec 9 American Civil War: The Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War is established by the U.S. Congress.
  • Dec 13 Battle of Alleghany Summit, West Virginia
  • Dec 19 Battle of Black Water (American Civil War)
  • Dec 20 Battle of Dranesville, VA

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 30 Associated Banks in NYC halt gold payments to government and investors, to disrupt Abraham Lincoln's US bank reform program

16th US President Abraham Lincoln
16th US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • Dec 31 22,990mm of rain falls in Cherrapunji Assam in India in 1861, a world record