Events in History in 1863 (Part 2)

Battle of Interest

Sep 20 US Civil War Battle of Chickamauga, near Chattanooga, Tennessee ends with a Union withdrawal

  • Sep 21 Union forces retreat to Chattanooga after defeat at Chickamauga
  • Sep 23 Confederate siege of Chattanooga begins
  • Sep 27 Jo Shelby's cavalry in action at Moffat's Station, Arkansas
  • Oct 1 5 Russian warships welcomed in NYC
  • Oct 1 Dutch Breda-Tilburg railway opens

Historic Event

Oct 3 US President Abraham Lincoln designates last Thursday in November as Thanksgiving Day

  • Oct 5 Confederate sub David damages Union ship Ironsides
  • Oct 6 Battle at Baxter Springs, Kansas
  • Oct 6 Dr Charles H Sheppard opens 1st public bath, in Brooklyn
  • Oct 9 Battle of Brady Station, Virginia (Culpeper Court House, Bristoe Station)
  • Oct 10 Skirmish at Blue Springs, Tennessee (166 casualties)
  • Oct 11 Skirmish at Rheatown/Henderson's Mill, Tennessee
  • Oct 13 Skirmish at Blountsville, Tennessee (50 casualties)
  • Oct 14 Battle at Bristoe Station, Virginia (about 2000 casualties)
  • Oct 15 Cliff House opens in San Francisco, 1st of many on the site
  • Oct 16 Grant is given command of Union forces in West
  • Oct 18 Battle of Charlestown, WV
  • Oct 19 Battle of Buckland Mills, Virginia
  • Oct 26 International conference begins in Geneva aimed at improving medical conditions on battlefields - beginning of the Red Cross
  • Oct 27 Dutch railway to Harlingen opens
  • Oct 27 First Sanitation Fair to raise funds for US Civil War relief opens in Chicago organized by Mary Ashton Livermore
  • Oct 28 Battle at Wauhatchie, Georgia: 865 killed or injured
  • Oct 29 International Committee of Red Cross forms as result Geneva held conference (Nobel 1917, 1944, 1963)
  • Oct 31 The Maori Wars resumed as British forces in New Zealand led by General Duncan Cameron began their Invasion of the Waikato
  • Nov 1 -8] Averell's Raid (on)to Lewisburg, West Virginia
  • Nov 1 Fortifications built on Angel Island (San Francisco Bay) by troops
  • Nov 3 Battle of Grand Coteau in Southwestern Louisiana in the American Civil War
  • Nov 6 Battle of Rogersville, Tennessee, Confederates recapture Rogersville
  • Nov 7 Battles of Rappahannock Station & Kelly's Ford, Virginia
  • Nov 14 Skirmish at Danville, Mississippi
  • Nov 16 Battle of Campbell's Station TN, 492 causalities
  • Nov 17 -Dec 4th) Battle of Knoxville, Tennessee
  • Nov 17 Abraham Lincoln begins 1st draft of his Gettysburg Address

Words That Echoed Down The Decades

Nov 19 US President Abraham Lincoln delivers his Gettysburg address beginning; "Four score and seven years ago..."

  • Nov 23 Battle of Chattanooga & Orchard Knob, Tennessee begins (results in Union victory 25 Nov)
  • Nov 23 Patent granted for a process of making color photographs
  • Nov 24 Battle of Chattanooga, Columbia & Lookout Mt begins in Tennessee
  • Nov 25 Battle of Missionary Ridge, Tennessee
  • Nov 26 -Dec 2] Mine Run campaign, VA
  • Nov 27 -29] Battle at Fort Esperanza, Texas
  • Nov 27 Battle of Payne's Farm, Virginia
  • Nov 29 Battle of Fort Sanders, Tennessee: Confederate troops fail to break through Union defenses with 8-900 causalities
  • Nov 30 Confederate troops vacate Fort Esperanza, Texas

Historic Siege

Dec 3 Confederate General James Longstreet abandons his siege at Knoxville, TN

  • Dec 8 2,500 reported killed as result of fire at Jesuit Church of La Compana, Santiago, Chile
  • Dec 8 Abraham Lincoln issues his Amnesty Proclamation and plan for Reconstruction of the South
  • Dec 14 Battle of Bean's Station-Confederacy repulses Union in Tennessee
  • Dec 15 Romania's mountain railway, from Anina to Oravita, opens
  • Dec 15 Skirmish at Bean's Station, Tennessee (Knoxville Campaign)

Appointment of Interest

Dec 16 Braxton Bragg is replaced by Joseph E. Johnston as commander of the Confederate Army of Tennessee